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Coal is Q black rock made . up mostly of ccrbon. If s the most plentiful fuel. we hevel

• , *·_'Ir. .

.... ,. ......

.' . • .. 11 ...... • .'

When coal is burned, it creates

' .

.......... .,. ....

....

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COI)vrighf, Friends Of Coal I ~~di"\.,, ';\' ,~ilipHV. 2009

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MUD PRESSURE MILLIONS

COAL SAND WEIGHT'

PEAT SWAMPS HEAT

o

____ --N-

of years ago I

_........-A __ ~

covered much of America. Giant trees and plants grew here.

When the plants died. they were buried by --_D.'and _U_ A

spongy materia' calJed- E-_ was formed

from the rotting plants.

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@)

The G--

of the mud and sand created great

and __ A~. Over timet this caused the peat to turn

to _0 __ -

SUB-8<ITUMINOUs coal

The more carbon coo I has I the more energy it has.

Lign,ite has the least. Anthracite has the most energy ,.

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o TUBAMPL

@) ABPEIPI

,~~~-:~~ ~

dil MPWMIPI

8 EKGIR

@) TKRE FA~[)LMPMI

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~~. ,.

~~· .. ,O,!

by digging it out of the earth. This is called mining. There are 2 kinds of mining:

Huge earth-moving

mcchines take away rock and dirt (called overburden) the+ L...-------- cover the coal.

Conn~!.ct the dots to see whnt one of these machines, called an electr-ic shovel, looks like.

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To reach the messages, start at the end of each sentence and read each letter back toward the beginhihg.

o .sroc cirtcele ni yod hcae slennut otni 09 srekro W

G) .(laoe fo lIaw a) "mces" a morf laoc spir enihccm A

o .srleb royevnoc orne ro srac elttuhs otni looc eht sdaol enihcam eht ,emit emas eht tA

8 .ria hserf ni gnirb stfahs riA

8 .ytefas rof detset si slenrurr eht ni ria ehT

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sorted by size at "the preparation plant. or tit· I .,

I e.

carry 'the coal. to -.--.----::~ electric plants or

!:'Ir~~ other places in -----~II ... -i""""_j"I__l.1....1U!._11 long riunit trains. fl

~LU.J-.-Ll--===-,---- Barges and

~~~LL~~~II~~~~~~~~~r trucks may carry

--~ the cecl, too.

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Unscramble the sentences below to find out why coal is such a good source of e.nergy.

In other words, the more cool we use in the U. S q the less we have to depend on other countries 'for our ener9lY~

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Match each shape in the mes:soges below to one in the box to the right. Write down the letter inside the shape .

@~® 6~~@>(9J @@J [fJ ® @ L1J ® <lJ (g] CiJ ~

. 0 Ana ]OOQDQ()Q 8QAOOOO6D

(1)

@~ Q~~

~-~~)/j

Y

(>

~~,~",,~

-

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nearly everyone in the U ~S" uses energy from coal for basic and hi-tech needs ..

Can you find & circle 3 things that uses energy from coal?

\;/\/j -7

~ :1 ~

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1. Coal is burned in a boiler to heat water. This makes steam.

,

+,

2. Steam turns a turbine (0 propelle.r on a rod).

3. The spinning furbine spins magnets inside loops of wire. This is called a generator,

The Result is Electricityl

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To keep coal from harming our land, air and water:

Coal is cleaned before being burned.

"Scrubbers" take. out most of the harmful gClses.

Soil is replaced. Gross and trees are ;.planted after surface mining.

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Find and circle the one thing in each box rbc+ coal helps produce.

STONES TREES SUN

LEAVES STICKS

MOUNTAINS STEEL

CLOUDS HILLS PLANTS FOREST SUN MEADOW

ANIMALS JUNGLE

SWAMPS MOUNDS

VALLEYS CANYONS

MARSHES STONES

TREES LEAVES SUN STICKS MOUNTAINS CLOUDS HILLS PLANTS

FLOWERS PLANTS SHRU

VINES LILACS ROS

BUTTERCUPS DAISIE

FERNS GRASS CLOVE

WEEDS LILACS IRISE

MARIGOLDS PANSIE

VIOLETS PLASTIC

DAFFODILS FLOWE

PLANTS SHRUBS VIN

ROSES WE

BUTTERCUPS 81

FRUITS BERRIES PEARS RASBERRIES CHERRY APF'LES

BLUEBERRIES LEMON

STRAWBERRIES CITRUS

PEACHES GRAPES BANANAS

ORANGES PINEAPr'LES

TOMATOES MELONS OLIVES

LEMON PERFU MES PEARS\

MANGO CRAB APPLES

LIMES GRAPEFRUIT

CUCUMBERS PAPAYA

ANIMALS BIRDS ROBINS

BLUEBIRDS BLUE JAYS

CARDINALS DEER

RACCOONS FISH

EAGLES SPARROWS

RUBBER RABBITS

BEARS FISH HAWKS

MOUSE SQUIRRLES BLACKBIRDS CANARIES

FOXES CHICKADEES

TIGERS ROBINS FISH

BLUEBIRDS BL E

Here are some clues.

OeJpyrlght, Friends of Coal bladles Auxiliary, 2009

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Coal is a big part of our energy' futurel

WEST VIRGINIA COAL ASSOCIIATION PO BOX 3923 CHARLESTON! WV 25339 304/342-4153 FAX: 304/34:Z-7651 WWW"WVCOAl.COM