Khafres Pyramid

Khufus successor, Djedefre, built his pyramid off-site at Abu Roash. The person w
ho succeeded him, Khafre, returned to Giza and built a pyramid that, although sm
aller than Khufus, was on a slightly higher elevation.
It contains only a single satellite pyramid on the outside and inside its archit
ecture is simpler than Khufus. It has two entranceways, both on the north side, o
ne located 38 feet (12 m) above the base of the pyramid and another on ground le
vel.
Both entrances lead to passageways that ultimately lead to the burial chamber. R
obbed long ago this chamber contains a black granite sarcophagus that, when foun
d in the 19th century, contained the bones of a bull, an animal loaded with reli
gious symbolism in ancient Egypt, the body of the king himself was gone.
[Pin It] The Sphinx and the Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt are pictured here. USGS
and University of Pennsylvania research shows that ancient pollen and charcoal
preserved in deeply buried sediments in Egypt's Nile Delta document the regions a
ncient droughts and fires, including a huge drought 4,200 years ago associated w
ith the demise of Egypt's Old Kingdom, the era known as the pyramid-building tim
e.
Credit: Benjamin P. Horton , University of Pennsylvania
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The Sphinx
All three of Gizas pyramids had mortuary temples connecting to valley temples thr
ough a causeway. However, in the case of Khafres pyramid, his valley temple also
has an enigmatic monument nearby known as the Sphinx with an uncompleted temple
dedicated to it.
The Sphinx was a mythical creature seen in art throughout the ancient Middle Eas
t as well as India and Greece. The face of the giant example at Giza may have be
en based on that of Khafre. Efforts at conserving and restoring the Sphinx go ba
ck at least as far as 3,400 years.