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Lab -machine experiments

Lab -machine experiments

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12/13/2012

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Subject: Assignment Number Assignment Title Laboratory Room Bench Colour Student Number Student Name

of

Engineering
 

48550 Electrical Energy Technology 1 Three-Phase Synchronous Machine as a Generator CB01.1816

Group Partner(s) Student Number Student Name

Declaration of Originality: The work contained in this assignment, other than that specifically attributed to another source, is that of the author(s). It is recognised that, should this declaration be found to be false, disciplinary action could be taken and the assignments of all students involved will be given zero marks. In the statement below, I have indicated the extent to which I have collaborated with other students, whom I have named.

Signature

Statement of Collaboration:

   

UTS Engineering 48550 Electrical Energy Technology

Laboratory 1 THREE-PHASE SYNCHRONOUS MACHINE AS A GENERATOR

EACH STUDENT ATTENDING THIS LAB SHOULD READ CAREFULLY THE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS BELOW, SIGN THIS COVER SHEET AND RETURN IT TO YOUR LAB TUTOR • STUDENTS ARE WARNED OF POSSIBLE ELECTRIC SHOCK RISK AND FIRE RISK IN THE LAB AREA. • NO FOOD OR DRINK IS ALLOWED IN THE LAB. • AS THE BENCH POWER SUPPLIES HAVE 150 V AC AVAILABLE, THE TESTS COVERED IN THIS LAB CAN BE LETHAL IF A MISTAKE IS MADE. • FIND OUT THE LOCATION OF YOUR NEAREST EMERGENCY STOP BUTTON BEFORE STARTING. • DO NOT TURN ON THE SUPPLY UNTIL YOU HAVE DRAWN THE CIRCUIT DIAGRAM AND YOUR CONNECTIONS HAVE BEEN CHECKED BY YOUR TUTOR. • DO NOT DISCONNECT ANY LEADS WHILE THE SUPPLY IS ON. • ALWAYS SET THE VARIABLE VOLTAGE TO ZERO BEFORE TURNING ON THE SUPPLY. • RETURN THE VOLTAGE TO ZERO BEFORE SWITCHING OFF, UNLESS THERE IS AN EMERGENCY. • REMEMBER TO DIAL 6 FOR EMERGENCY. • REMEMBER TO DIAL 0000 FOR AMBULANCE. I have read these precautions and shall carry them out.

Signed:
   

(Please sign)

LAB 1 -- THREE PHASE SYNCHRONOUS MACHINE AS A GENERATOR
AIM • • • • To measure the open and short circuit characteristics. To calculate the synchronous reactance and core loss from the characteristics. To measure the voltage and power with leading, unity power factor loads. To calculate the voltage regulation and efficiency.

APPARATUS • • • • • Lyb-o-tec bench with DC and three-phase AC power supplies. 4-pole DC machine set as prime mover. 3-phase, 4-pole stator, 3-phase, 4-pole salient rotor with slip-rings and AC brush gear for synchronous machine. Metering equipment of the test bench. Rectifier and loads supplied by the instructor.

PRELIMINARY WORK 1. Study the methods for the open circuit test and short circuit test from the textbook and lecture notes. 2. Establish a program for the test procedures. 3. Sketch the anticipated shape of the regulation characteristic (terminal voltage against load current). 4. Construct a wiring diagram of the motors proposed in this lab in the scheme shown below. • Add voltage meters and current meters if you need.

SM.R

AC.S

+ -

AC
 

1   

SM.R

AC.S

+ -

AC

+ -

+
DC

AC

SM.R

AC.S

+ -

AC

2   

EXPERIMENT Assemble the synchronous machine and connect the stator windings in star. Assemble the DC machine as a separate excited motor: connect 4 shunt field coils in series including an ammeter and supply this circuit separately from a rectifier connected to the single phase AC supply. Use the DC supply of the bench to energize the armature circuit of DC motor. Mount the DC machine above the AC motor and couple the shafts with the hose piece coupling. Use a rectifier connected between two phases of the 3-phase power supply for the field excitation for the synchronous machine. METHOD 1. Determination of Synchronous Reactance

(a) Open Circuit Test Set the field current of the DC motor to 2A and maintain the speed at 1500 rev/min. Increase the excitation current of the synchronous machine rotor in convenient steps and record the stator terminal voltage versus rotor excitation current. Draw the corresponding graph. Preferably limit the synchronous machine excitation current to 2.5A and assume that the corresponding stator terminal voltage is the nominal voltage. At least 6 readings are required.
Stator Voltage: Voc (V) Excitation current: Ir (A)

(b) Short Circuit Test Maintain the speed at 1500 rev/min. Reduce the synchronous motor excitation current to minimum and switch off the supply from the AC/DC rectifier. Short-circuit the stator winding of the synchronous machine in a star connection and connect an ammeter in one of the three phase. Increase the rotor excitation current to the value corresponding to the nominal stator voltage that occurs in the open circuit test. Record the stator short circuit current and calculate the synchronous reactance. Keep the speed at 1500 rev/min during the test!
Short circuit current: Isc (A)

2.

Regulation Test

Maintain the speed at 1500 rev/min. Reduce the synchronous motor excitation current to minimum and switch off the supply from the rectifier. Disconnect the short circuit of the stator winding terminals and successively connect balanced three phase loads of (i) resistors, and (ii) capacitors.
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Switch on the excitation current to the value corresponding to the nominal stator voltage that occurs in the open circuit test. Record the stator terminal voltage versus load current for as many load values as permitted by the terminal connections on the load equipment. Keep the speed at 1500 rev/min during the test! Draw the corresponding graphs of the terminal voltages against load currents.
Excitation current: Ir (A)

Terminal voltage: Vs (V)

Load current: Il (A)

Resistance: R (ohm) 30 60 90 120 150

Excitation current: Ir (A)

Terminal voltage: Vs (V)

Load current: Il (A)

Capacitance: C (uF) 10 20 40

3.

Calculation of Regulation

Use the value of synchronous reactance obtained from step 1 to calculate the regulation and compare with the test results on the same graph. REPORT 1. Illustrate your test procedure with a circuit connection diagram and the corresponding equivalent circuit. 2. Report your results, with suitably titled and labelled graphs comparing the calculated and measured results on the same axes wherever possible and including the wiring diagrams showing all machine and meter connections, etc. (see also instructions in general section on laboratory reports). 3. Discuss the results and offer quantitative theoretical explanations of any differences between the calculated and measured results.

4   

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