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ASHRAE Handbooks

1-2


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8 10
9

12

. .

:

.

1/1-2

:
. 4-2 8 6 1-2 .

)(1 - 2

% 99

97.5
%

%1

% 2.5

%5

%1

2/1-2

% 2.5

%5

) (2 -2

24

55 50

21

%
50 40

> 23
> 26
> 26

50 40
55 50
55 50

21
21
21

50 40
50 40
50 40

26

40

23 21

26 23

60 55

23 21

30 - 20
30 20

26 23

60 50

23 21

30 20

26 23

60 50

23 21

30 20

31 29

23 21

26 23

50 40

23 21

30 20

22 20

55 40

22 20

55 40

10

22 20

55 40

22 20

55 40

11

26 22

50 40

26 22

50 40

12

26 23

55 45

23 21

50 40

13

26 23

55 45

26 23

40 30

14

36 26

13 4

15

26 23

55 50

23 21

30 20

16

26 23

55 50

23 21

50 40

17

26 23

55 50

23 21

50 40

18

26 23

55 50

23 21

50 40

19

26 23

55 50

23 21

50 40

20

26 23

55 50

23 21

21

20 18

60 55

20 18

50-40
30 20

22

25.5 24

55 50

23 21

50 40

23

23 21

55 45

23 21

55 45

24

) (3 - 2

24 20

60 - 50

24 - 20

60 - 50

24 20

60 - 50

24 - 20

60 - 50

24 20

60 - 50

24-20

60 - 50

24 20

60 - 50

24 - 20

60 - 50

24 20

60 - 50

24

60 - 30
60 30

24 - 20
24

60 - 50

60 - 30

27 - 24
24

60 - 30
30

27 - 24
24

50

30

24

50

24

10

24

50

24

30

11

23

50 - 30

22

50 - 30

12

13

14

26 - 23

50 - 40

23 - 21

30 - 20

15

2-2

.
1/2-2 ) /o.(

)Thermal Conductivity (K

2/2-2 ) .2o. /(

)Thermal Resistance (R


X
K

)(x

=R

3/2-2 ) /o.2(

)Thermal Conductance (C

1
C

=R

4/2-2 ) /o.2(
Overall Coefficient heat transmission
)Thermal transmittance (U Value


.

1
R

=U

1 x1 1 x 2 1
+ + + +
fi k 1 c k 2 f o

= R
T

)(4-2

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
1
2
3
4
5

1
2
3
4
5

:













:
)(




:

Beech
Spruce
Oak
Mahogany
Pitch Pine

)/(3

)/ o.( k

530
800
750
950
1200
1790
1950
1800
1140
2000
985
1800
1500

0.2
0.25
0.41
0.39
0.39
0.6
1.00
1.25
1.6
1.4
0.33
1.59
1.39

1350
1700
2000
2100
2450

0.16
0.40
1.20
1.10
1.60

700
415
770
700
660

0.17
0.105
0.16
0.155
0.14


)/ o.(

.
*
*

1000
840
829
880
880
840
850
835
811

)(5-2

1
2
3
1
2
3
4
5
6

1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
5
6

:

Plywood
Chip board

)(


:

)/(3

)/ o.( k

530
400

0.14
0.17
0.212

11300
7830
7130
2740
8780
8310

34.8
45.3
110
221
150
120

320
950
1335
1406

0.15
0.39
0.12
0.175

1520
1750
1650
2000
2600
2650

0.33
0.42
0.93
1.3
2.6
2.9


)/ o.(

.
*

129
500
390
896
400
400

800
900
880

)(6-2

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

) (

)/ (

)/ .( k

1055

0.16

1440

0.7

1570

1.00 0.9

1200

0.42

2470

1.00

2460

1.44

120 - 70

0.047-0.038


)/ o.(

40 28

0.033 0.027

40 15

0.037-0.03

15

0.045

32

0.045

72

0.05-0.045

130

0.043

130

0.43

70

0.049

350-100

0.055-0.043

150

0.044

.
*
*

10

750

)(7-2

0.027-0.02
0.026

176-32

0.06-0.039

610-400

0.11-0.079

880-400

0.25-0.1

1000-600
480
100
960-480

0.19-0.11
0.17
0.056
0.303-0.135

40-30
30

)/ o.( k

)/(3


)/ o.(

130-110

115-100

0.039-0.033
0.052-0.039

1190
1500
330-110
145

0.016
0.042
0.063-0.036
0.08

.
*
*

11

2000
1340

3-2
1/3-2

:
% 21
% 78

% 1
% 0.03

2/3-2
:
)( . ) (.

) ( .
) ( .

3/3-2 ) (
:
- .


. .

12

4/3-2

.
.
.

5/3-2

)

-( .
.
.
1/5/3-2
) (. ) (. ) + (. 2/5/3-2
-: . - .

. ) (. . . - .

6/3-2

13

) ( 8 - 2

/ 2

7.5

0.35

25

50

13
8
8

10

10

15

15

7.5

10

10

11

10

12

10

13

10

14

15

7.5
-

16

17

18

19

20

10

21

10

22

22
23

10

2.5

24

14

) (9 - 2

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

12

10

11

12

10

10

13

10

14

15

15

7/3-2
) (10 - 2

20
-

20
20
20

35

35

35

35

15

60-35

60-35

10

11

60-35
85

12

85

13

35

14

35 10

15

35 30

16

35 30

17

35 30

18

35 30

19

35 30

20

35 30

21

35 30

22

35 30

23

45

24

16

)(11 - 2

%

ASHRAE 52-76

-1

25

-2

90

DOP Test

-3

99.97

25

90

99.97

25

90

99.97

25

90

25

90

25

90

25

90

25

90

25

90

10

25

90

11

80

12

25

13

25

14

25

15

25

17

4-2 :
1/4-2

)(
.

2/4-2 :

:
1/2/4-2 )(
Sound Pressure level in dB (A) SPL dB (A).
)( :

)SPL = 20 log p/po dB (A


:
= p /

= po 2 10-5 /


.

)(

)( ).(1-2

18

)(



.
2/2/4-2

Noise Criterion (NC) Curves

63 8000


). (2-2

:

.



.


) (rumbly

) (Hissy .
3/2/4-2

Room Criterion (RC) curves

19

). (3-2

.
:

31.5 4000

16
.

2000 1000 500


.

5 / 1000
. .
5 31.5
500 3
1000 4000

:
1

)Neutral spectrum (N


500 31.5 4000 1000 .
2

)Rumbly Spectrum (R

500 31.5 ) 5
( .
3

)Hissy Spectrum (H

20

4000 1000 ) 3
(.

)Perceptible Vibration (RV

(

16 63 ). (3-2
3/4-2
:
:
1 )(

)S pL dB(A

)Noise Criterion (NC

)Room Criterion (RC


.
) (14-2) (13-2) (12-2
.

21

)(12-2
)(
) (NC )RC(N

)(


)(NC

)RC(N

- ) (

35-25

30-20

30-20

- )(

40-30

35-25

35-25

45-35

- ) ) (3-2(

40-30

40-30

45-35

40-30

40-30

50-40

45-35

45-35

55-45

50-40

50-40

45-35

55-45

40-30
50-40

40-30

35-25

45-35
50-40

40-30

50-40

45-35

55-45

45-35
50-40

40-30
50-40

35-25
40-30
45-35
45-35
50-40

35-25
40-30

30-20

30-20

45-35
50-35

40-30

40-30

55-40

50-35

50-35

55-40

22

35-25
45-30
50-35

35-25
45-30
50-35

)(13-2

)(
) (NC )(RC

)(


)(NC

)RC(N

35-25
35-25

25-20

25-20

40-30

35-25

35-25

45-35

50-40

25-20
35-30
45-35

25-20
35-30
45-35

35-25

30-20

30-20

45-35

40-30

40-30

- )(

55-40
55-40

50-35

50-35

55-45

50-40

50-40

45-35

50-40

45-35

)( -

40-30
45-35
50-35

40-30

40-30
45-35
50-35

40-30

50-40

45-35

45-35

55-45

50-40

50-40

50-40

45-35

45-35

55-40

50-40

50-35
45-35

50-35

55-45

50-40

50-40

- )(

23

45-35

)(14-2

)(
) (NC )(RC

)(


)(NC

)RC(N

) (
-

50-40
50-40

45-35

45-35

55-45

50-40

50-40

55-45

50-40

50-40

55-45

45-35
50-40

45-35
50-40

45-35

40-30

40-30

50-40

45-35

45-35

60-45

55-40

55-40

) (
45-35

55-40

40-30

40-35

40-30
40-35

24

80-65

75-60

75-60

5-2
.
1/5-2


)(15-2

2.5 1

)( )(

)/(
> 2

)( )(
)( ) (
- )( )(

2-1
2.5 1.5
3.2 1.5
3.2 1.25
1.25 0.35

)( )(

- ) (

2.5 2
5 - 2.5
2.5 2

1.5 0.5
3 - 1.5

- ) (

- ) (

) (

25

9-6

2/5-2

)(16-2

) /(

)Rc (N

45

35

17.8
12.7
8.6

14.2
10.1
6.8

8.9
6.3
4.3

25.4
17.8
12.7

20.3
14.2
10.1

12.7
8.9
6.3

25

45

35

12.7
8.9
6.1

10.1
7.1
4.8

6.3
44
3.00

22.9
15.2
10.2

18.3
12.1
8.1

11.4
7.6
5.1

25

45

35

25

10.2
7.4
4.8

8.1
5.9
3.8

5.1
3.7
2.4

19.8
13.2
8.6

15.8
10.5
6.8

9.9
6.6
4.3

26

3/5-2 .

.
)(17-2

)RC (N

45
40

35
30

) /(
3.2
2.8
2.5
22
1.8

25
3.8
3.4
3.00
2.5
22

45
40

35
30
25

.
)(18-2

) /(
<4

43

32

1.5 1

1.5 1

27

4/5-2
)( 19-2

) /(
0.12
-

0.25-0.15

0.25-0.15
0.15

0.25 1.8

0.15-0.13

0.15 1.8

0.25-0.15

0.23-0.13
0.13

10

11

0.15-0.13

12

0.15-0.13

13

14

0.38-0.15

15

0.16-0.13

16

0.16-0.13

17

0.13 1

18

0.13 1

19

0.25-0.15

20

0.25-0.15

21

0.25-0.15

22

23

0.25-0.15
0.13

24

0.13 1.5

0.13

0.13 3.7

28

)(20-2

)/(

0.1+ 0.46

0.1+ 0.46

0.1+ 0.46

0.1+ 0.46

0.1+ 0.46
0.13

0.15-0.13

0.16-0.13

10

0.16-0.13

11

0.28-0.13

12

0.25-0.15

13

0.28-0.15

14

0.23-0.13

15

0.28-0.15

0.13

29

6-2 .
1/6-2
)(21-2

)(


--
-

115

103

57

46

62

41

68

35

76

27

132

118

58

60

63

55

71

47

81

37

140
132

162

3/

59

73

63

69

72

60

84

48

162

147

24

162

26.7

)(

25.6

21

59

88

65

82

75

72

85

62

147

*162

65

97

71

91

82

80

94

68

235

220

65

155

72

148

87

133

107

113

264

250

72

178

81

169

96

154

118

132

294

294

88

206

97

197

112

182

135

159

440

425

136

289

142

283

154

271

177

248

* ) (18

30

2/6-2
)(22-2
)(

)(

3.8-1

0.49-0.46

)(/

0.18-0.09

122/
3822

2-1

6-1

100//
Hood type
9000-5000 /
100//
Conveyor type
3
3
1.9-0.17
/

2000-950 /

) / (well

/
2

) (

/

70-20
2.07

1.1-0.43

480
2080

900
1660
660
100
380

340

1590
250
37400
1340
29000
4900
1090
29
78

100/

77

2.1-0.71

31

310
180

160
100

470
280

150
85

80
1100
440
66
50

40
560
220
34
110

120
1660
660
100
160

37
530
210
32
50

41

97

138

44

640
250
12400
540
1940

640
250
18760
540
3020

250
6000
1080

3880
2730
29
31

1830
-

2290
2730
29
31

6360
1080

1590
-

*
.

)(23-2
)(

)(

3530

10590

3390

12

5300

1700

)(/ )(well

90-50

21200

7060

300-76

95

2810

2490

10

5300


/2
) ( /

/
)
/( 3

)
( /

2/

0.43-0.142

23100

970

32-7

820

15-6

1010

38

45900

1870

107000

1520

2100

780

0.55-0.20
0.15-0.04
10-2


/2

0.25

100/ /
Conveyor Type

510

190

150

59

209

67

400

190

110

23

133

41

53600

1040

3600

1930

5530

1450

14900

190

1970

690

2660

270

2000-950

100/ /
Hood Type

/ 2

46600

190

16800

9030

25830

3840

9000-5000
1.1-0.43
1.2-0.59

*
.

32

)(24-2
)(

)(


) ( /
/ 2

) ( /

(/

1-0.431

32-5
0.55-0.21

2.4-0.68

133-102

0.74-0.26

750

51900

1610

2490

1470

190

100

89700

190

2590

22800

190

410

37200

1040

3050

190

10700


/ /

204-21

100//

2000-950

Hood Type

100//
Conveyor Type

9000-5000
/
30-12

180

14

23

920

260

110

370

120

350

41

97

138

44

160

12

20

*
.

33

3/6-2
)(25-2

)(

))

)(

4600-1800

2810-1640

2810-1640

10000 -1000

6570-1000

6570-1000

600-100

530-90

530-90

6600-2200

6600-2200

6600-2200

8 /

870

180

300

< 5000/

5300-1000

2550-500

3800-730

6500-1200

4700-1000

4700-1000

200-90

180-80

180-80

/
-

640-16

12500-1150

5000-500

12500-1150

67-30/

6600-1700

30-6/

1700-460

900
900-300

6600-1700
1700-460

80

67

6800-3600/

3300-600

2150-390

30000-1500
/

6600-600

4300-390

60

48

1920-1150

960-575

10

1500

1050

28

600
3000-250

400
2420-200

30 /

700

1750

34

4/6-2
)(26-2

0.05
0.08
0.125
0.16
0.25
0.33
0.50
0.75
1
1.5
2
3
5
7.5
10
15
20
25
30
40
50
60
75
100
125
150
200
250

0.04
0.06
0.09
0.12
0.19
0.25
0.37
0.56
0.75
1.10
1.50
2.2
3.7
5.6
7.5
11.2
14.9
18.6
22.4
30
37
45
56
75
93
110
150
190

1500
1500
1500
1500
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750

35
35
35
35
54
56
60
72
75
77
79
81
82
84
85
86
87
88
89
89
89
89
90
90
90
91
91
91

35

)(

105
170
264
340
346
439
621
776
993
1453
1887
2763
4541
6651
8760
13009
17140
21184
25110
33401
41900
50395
62115
82918
103430
123060
163785
204805

35
59
94
117
188
246
372
557
747
1119
1491
2238
3721
5596
7178
11192
14913
18635
22370
29885
37210
44829
55962
74719
93172
111925
149135
186346


70
110
173
223
158
194
249
217
249
334
396
525
817
1066
1315
1820
2230
2545
2765
3690
4600
5538
6210
8290
10342
11075
14738
18430

5/6-2
) (27-2

)(

)( 1.25

6/6-2 )
23.9 o % 50 (
) (28-2
o

)/(2

23.9

37.8

51.7

65.6

79.4

93.3

132.5

441.5

1040.7

2144.6

3973.7

6906.7

7-2

.

36

1/7-2

) . (19-2

:

.
:
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
8-2
:
-

37


) (4-2 .
) (16-2
.
1/8-2

) (17-2
:
1/1/8-2

.
.
2/1/8-2


.
3/1/8-2

.

.

38

4/1/8-2

Static Regain

) (17-2

.



.
9-2

.

:
.
. . 1/ 9-2
/ /
.

) (5-2 40
) (6-2 K , L , M

) (7-2 80

39

1/1/ 9-2

- )(40

).(32-2) (31-2) (30-2) (29-2


)(29-2

)/(

1.2 3.0

0.6 1.5

1.8 4.6

1.2 12

1.2 12
)(30-2


)(

)/(

50

1.2
400 /

50

40

)(31-2


)(

)/(

50

0.6
75 /

50

)(32-2

)/(

4.6
44
4.0
3.7
3.0

1500
2000
3000
4000
6000

)(80
1.5/.
% 150
.

2/1/9-2
-
.
-
.

41

- .
.

-

.
2/9-2
:
.
- .
3/9-2
:

. )(33-2
- )
( 40 60/ 75/
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60 30


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7
30
30
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115
225
450
1100 450
1100 450
2300 - 450

0.4
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70 35
105 70
170 105
210 - 170


101
108
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2.7

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3.4

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3.7

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3.3

4.9

6.8

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4.7

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10.5

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4.6

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120

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1.6

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170

0.9

4.9

1.9

5.8

3.4

6.7

5.3

250

1.0

5.2

2.2

6.7

3.9

7.6

5.9

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350

1.2

6.7

2.4

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7.9

6.4

8.5

12.9

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6.7

2.6

7.6

4.9

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10.1

14.5

44

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4.6

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0.4
15
0.5
20
0.7
25
0.9
32
1.1
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1.3
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1.5
65
1.9
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2.7
100
3.3
125
4.0
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5.2
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6.4
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8.2
300
9.1
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1.2
1.5
1.8
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2.4
3.4
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5.5
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8.2
11
14
16
19

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.4
0.6
0.7
0.9
1.1
1.4
1.7
1.9

4
5
7
9
10
14
16
20
28
34
41
55
70
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45

2
3
4
5
6
7
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10
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17
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34
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46

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20
25
32
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125
150
200
250
300

) /(
14/

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25

85

25

85

25

1,1
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4.5
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491
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180
290
605
1110
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702
1290
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882
1590
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132
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* 7 )( .

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150


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5
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117
189
337
695
1270
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983
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20
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40
50
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100
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13
28
54
114
172
334
536
954
1960
3560
5770

19
41
79
165
248
482
773
1370
2810
5100
8270

150

200

250

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350

400

41
38
35
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87
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51
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154
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1590 1480 1370 1250 1110
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2810 2630 2430 2210 1970 1700
5750 5370 4960 4520 4030 3470
10400 9720 8980 8180 7290 6290
16800 15700 14500 13200 11800 10200

* o82 ). (40

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52

= 35

= 100

15

60

240

15

15
20
25
32
40
50

30
64
126
265
399
786

66
141
271
567
854
1680

139
302
572
1200
1790
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12
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50
106
160
315

65

1260

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508

= 210

/ ) /(
60
15
240
60
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8
57
26
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120
57
67
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229
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3940

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150

13900

5580

3440

200

28800

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7110

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53

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= 690

= 1030

= 690

= 100

15

60

240

15

15
20
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32
40
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3 FOULING 0.001 0.0005


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67