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CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.

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SINGLE LINE, HANDLE TYPE


TOKEN LESS BLOCK INSTRUMENT
(FM CODED)
1. INTRODUCTION

This Hand book covers the general requirements of,


Single line, Handle type Token less Block
Instrument for use in RE & Non-RE sections.

A pair of Block Instruments is connected


electrically through overhead or cable to control
the movement of trains on single line Block
Section in either direction.

The Instrument is designed to work on Frequency


Modulation (Carrier frequency 1800 Hz or 2700
Hz and modulating frequency 65 Hz and 85 Hz).

1.1 Advantages over Token Block Instrument :

1. Less operating time.


2. No Token exchange.
3. Less physical strain.
4. Problems like token missing, token balancing,
census of token, recoupment of lost token or
damaged token etc. are not encountered.
5. Avoidable detention is minimized.
6. Increase section capacity
7. Maintaining normal polarity/Reverse Polarity
of Block instrument is not required.

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2. SYSTEM COMPOSITION

The Block instrument is compact & robust in


construction and fit to stand for rough handling. It
is easy to maintain. Removal/ replacement of any
part or sub-assembly does not disturb the
adjoining parts/ sub-assemblies.

The following components are provided within


the Block Instrument:

Bell

Galvo
Block
phone Time
Release
Train On
Line
1 2 Indicator
COUNTER PB2 PB1
2
LINE CLOSED

S1 S2 N
Block
Handle
SM SH
TGT TCF

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2.1 Block Handle :

A mechanically operated rotary type handle,


called Block Handle is located in the front on the
lower part of the Block instrument. Different
contact positions of the handle are shown in figure
given below:

N Y
X

XI YI

B D
A
L R

VARIOUS POSITION OF BLOCK HANDLE

L AB X X1 N Y Y1 D R
LOCK
PAWL

FORCED DROP FORCED DROP


PROJECTION PROJECTION

FORCE DROP LOCKING ARRANGEMENT


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2.1.1 The handle is free to be turned between X and Y, R


and D and also between L and B. Movement of
the handle to Train Coming From, Train Going To
and back to Normal position from Train Coming
From and Train Going To is controlled by an
electric lock and this lock is required to be
energized at Y position for turning handle to Train
Coming From and at D or B position for turning
from Train Coming From or Train Going To to
Normal. For turning to Train Going To, the lock
is initially energised at X position but gets forced
dropped before X and is actuated at X position for
further movement to Train Going To. The locking
effective at X is termed as check locking and is
provided to ensure the conscious cooperation of
the operator at the other end. This locking is
however not effective while turning the handle
from Train Going To normal even though the lock
is forced dropped. It is because of the beveled
edge of the concerned notch on which the lock
just slides over and does not cause an obstruction
to the movement of the handle.

The block handle assembly consists of 24 sets of


spring contacts (circuit controller), actuated
during the course of handle of operation.

2.1.2 Need for Forced Drop Arrangement

When the lock gets energised then the handle is


free to move from Normal to Train Coming

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From/Train Going To position depending upon


the code that is received. Due to residual
magnetism there is a possibility of lock armature
to stick up, then the operator can normalise the
block handle from Train Coming From/Train
Going To. To avoid such type of irregular
movement there is a need to lock the handle in
respective position. The projection on the locking
bracket ensure the forced drop of the lock coil so
that the operator can not normalise the block
handle, once it is turned to Train Coming
From/Train Going To, with out cooperation of
other operator.

2.2 Galvo

Indicates incoming and outgoing DC current. The


resistance of the coil is 18.2 ohms, working
current is 110 mA and working voltage is 2 volt.

2.3 Time release Indication

It is an electromagnetic indicator to indicate the


maturity of Time Element Relay during
cancellation of a line clear. The coil resistance is
200 ohms.

Normally it shows white indication with words


LOCKED and when operated it shows green
indication with words FREE.

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2.4 TOL Indicator

It is an electromagnetic indicator(magnetic latch


type). It operates on entry of train in to block
section at either of station.

When the Block section is clear, it displays white


indication and when the train enters into the Block
Section on a line clear it changes to Red indication
with writing “Train On Line” and it holds
magnetically. The indicator again changes to
white when block handle is turned from any
position to line closed.

2.5 Switch S1 with counter

Switch Sl is a two position switch. when operated


to reverse it initiates the cancellation of line clear.
The counter is used to register cancellation
operation.

2.6 Switch S2 with counter

Switch S2 is a two position switch. when


operated to reverse it is used for normalising the
instrument during a push-back operation of a
train to the starting station.

Push Back operation is performed immediately


after reversing S2. The counter is used to register
Push Back operation.

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2.7. Push Button PB1

It transmits DC current for exchanging bell codes.

When PB1 is pressed alone it transmit

1. DC (-ve) on Line 1 for Bell.


2. DC (+ve) on L1 for TOL acknowledgment.
3. The same button, when pressed along with
PB2, is used for sending of operational code.

2.8 Push Button PB2

It is used in conjection with PB1 to transmit


operational codes to permit the operation of block
handle at other station. The code sent is frequency
modulated code along with a DC (+ve) code.

PB2 is pressed always along with PB1 to pickup


PBPR, which in turn sends ;

i) Frequency modulated code by switching on the


Transmitter.
ii) DC (+ve) on L1.

2.9 Single Stroke Bell

It is mounted on the top of the instrument and is


used for exchanging bell code signals i.e. It
provides to receive bell code. The bell coil is

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wound to a resistance of 310 ohms and requires


about 70 mA for operation.

It sounds when BLR or NR picks up and used for


exchanging Bell Code.

2.10 Buzzer

Two electronic buzzers (BZ1 & BZ2) are


provided in side the Block instrument.

BZ1 - It is a dual tone buzzer & sounds at both


stations when the train enters into the
block section and stops after
acknowledgment by the pressing PB1 at
the train receiving station.
BZ2 - It Sounds at the Receiving station on train
arrival on proper reception signals and
sequence. It stops by normalizing the
Home Signal SM’s slide/lever.

2.11 SM’s Key

To avoid unauthorised operation in the absence of


SM.

When this key is taken out the block instrument


becomes inoperative for all functions except for:

i) Reception of Bell Code.


ii) Reception or transmission of TOL Code.

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2.12 Shunting Key

This key is used as a shunting authority to shunt in


any direction beyond Last stop signal up to first
stop signal of the station. It is normally kept
inserted in the Block instrument. It can be taken
out only when the block handle is in Line Closed
or Train Going To position, and when taken out,
the Block handle is locked mechanically in last
position. The insertion and extraction of key can
be done only when SM’s key is inserted and
turned ON.

2.13 Transmitter

It transmits a frequency modulated output (1800 or


2700 with 65 or 85 Hz) when the DC feed is
connected to it by different selections. The
modulated frequency is selected by the transmitter
by an external loop completed through the
relevant selection according to the condition of the
block instrument.

2.14 Receiver

This receives the frequency modulated signals transmitted


from the other end and gives DC output for
energising either CR1 or CR2 depending on the
modulating frequency of the code received. The

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receiver is switched on when the DC feed is


connected through the relevant selections.

2.15 The block instruments are designed to work either


on 1800 Hz or 2700 Hz carrier frequencies. The
modulating frequencies are 85 Hz and 65 Hz and
these are common for all the instruments.

The codes used in the Block Instrument are

2.15.1 1800 Hz or 2700 Hz modulated by 85 Hz with


DC positive : To permit operation of block
handle from line closed to Train Coming From,
Train Coming From to line closed and Train
Going To to line closed.

2.15.2 1800 Hz or 2700 Hz modulated by 65 Hz with


DC positive : To permit operation of block
handle from line closed to Train Going To.

2.15.3 1800 Hz or 2700 Hz modulated by 65 Hz : To


set the other end’s Block instrument to “Train
On Line”.

2.15.4 DC negative : For exchanging bell code signals.

NOTE :

• DC positive refers to line battery positive connected


to line 1 and negative to line 2.

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• DC negative refers to line battery negative connected


to line 1 and positive to line 2.

3. RELAYS NOMENCLATURES

3.1 BLR

It is a biased Relay and picks up when (+ve) on L2


and (-ve) on L1 is received from the line and the
single stroke Bell sounds through the pickup
contacts of BLR.

3.2 NR

It is also a biased Relay and pickup when (+ve) on


L1 and (-ve) on L2 is received from the line,
Single stroke Bell sounds and lock magnet
energised through its pickup contact.

3.3 PBPR

Picks up when PB1 & PB2 are pressed


simultaneously or only PB1 with TOLR pickup
condition during TOL code transmission. It
connects DC (+ve) on L1 and (-ve) on L2 and
transmitter to the local Battery.

3.4 CR1 : Coding Relay

3.5 CR2 : Coding Relay

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3.6 TRSR : Train sending Relay

3.7 1R

It proves the normal condition of reception signal’s


and Last stop signal’s levers and SM’s slide.

3.8 1TPR

This is a repeater of FVT Track Relay (ASTR).

3.9 TOLR : Train on line relay

3.10 2R

Picks up after the complete arrival of the train with


proper sequence.

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3.11 3R : Cancellation Relay

When S1 is turned for normal cancellation, after a


specified time (120 sec.) delay it picks up and the
‘FREE’ indicator energised through its pick up.

3.12 TEPR

Once S1 is turned for normal cancellation the


electronic timer relay gives output of 24 v after a
specified time delay (120 sec.) which in turns
picks up the TEPR.

3.13 Timer Relay

It is an electronic Type Relay used for pickup of


TEPR relay after 120 sec. time delay in case of
normal cancellation.

3.14 TELR

Telephone Relay of resistance 70 ohms, picks up


when switch of hand micro telephone is pressed
and in turns it connects the telephone on line and
also disconnect the TX & RX from the frequency
line.

3.15 External Relays :

3.15.1 ASR : Advance Starter Relay

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3.15.2 HSR : Home Signal Control relay.

3.15.3 TAR : Train Arrival Relay

3.15.4 SNR : Signal Normal Relay

4. POWER SUPPLY

Three sets of batteries are required :

4.1. Line Battery

Line battery is normally of dry cells. The


voltage is varying from 24 V depending on the
length of the block section in order to get a
working current of 100 mA on line. This
battery is connected on line whenever the DC
is required to be sent either foe exchanging the
bell signals or as a part of the operational
code.

4.2. Local Battery

Local battery is of 24 Volt and is used for


giving the supply to the transmitter and
receiver and also operating relays, indicators,
local magnets etc. of the instruments. Since
the current drain on the battery is high,
secondary cells are generally used.

4.3 Location/External Battery

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It is used for external circuits to repeat the


external conditions to the instruments
according to the requirements of the circuits.
Picking up of PBPR, connects +ve to L1 & -ve
to L2 and also switches on the DC feed for the
transmitter. Since the block handle is in
normal position, the loop circuit is connected
for the modulated output is connected to the
line.

5. SPECIAL FEATURES

5.1 Special features of Daido Tokenless Block


Instrument are given below:

5.1.1 To ensure that the relays “NR” and “BLR” are not
picked up simultaneously back contact of NR
relay is proved in BLR circuit. Similarly in the
PBPR circuit back contact of CR1 and CR2 relays
have been provided to ensure that PBPR relay will
not be energized. While receiving modulated
frequencies.

5.1.2 Front contact of PBPR Relay has been proved in


the DC feed circuit of transmitter, whereas back
contact has been proved to the receiver circuit to
guard against receiving its own F.M. output
modulated frequency transmitted similarly, back
contact of CR2 and CR2 relays have been proved
in the DC feed circuit for transmitted to ensure

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that no code except the code of bell signals can be


generated unless the code relays are de-energised.

5.1.3 Since TOL code has to be transmitted


automatically as soon as a train occupies FVT,
Front contact of PBPR Relay is not proved in DC
feed circuit to the transmitter but the same is taken
in TOLR Front contact NR Relay back contact
with the block handle at L position.

5.1.4 Similarly for the receiver to be in readiness. To


receive the TOL code, the DC feed circuit is taken
via 2R Relay back contact with the block handle
“R” position.
5.1.5 Pressed contact of the PB2 button in the DC feed
circuit of the transmitter, proves the positive
action taken to energise PBPR Relay for
transmitting modulated frequency along with DC.

5.1.6 Block handle contacts (BX) and (DY) are


included in the DC feed circuit to the receiver so
that the DC feed to the receiver is switched on
only. When the Block handle operation is
initiated. Thus minimising battery consumption.

5.1.7 SM’s key contact has not been provided in the DC


feed circuit of Transmitter for transmitting and
receiving of automatic TOL code to ensure that
the TOL indicator will display, immediately the
block sections occupied irrespective of the
position of the SM’s key.

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5.1.8 To ensure that the relay CR1 and CR2 are not be
energised one at a time, back contact of CR1 relay
is proved to energise CR2 relay and similarly back
contact of CR2 relay is proved to energise CR1
relay.

5.1.9 Cross protection to the lock Magnet is given


through the CR1 and CR2 back contacts.

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5.1.10 “Transmitter” and “Receiver” are connected to


line through the back contact of TELR relay is
ensure that during conversation on telephone, no
code is transmitted or received by the transmitter
and receiver respectively at either end. Similarly
the telephone set is connected to the lines through
the front contact of TELR Relay and TELR Relay
feed is taken through the back contact of CR1 and
CR2 relays to ensure that during Transmission and
reception of Code the telephone is disconnected
the back contact of TOLR is included in the
TELR PICK UP circuit to ensure that the
telephone circuit is disconnected the moment
TOLR picks up to transmit TOL Code.

5.1.11 TOLR relay is made slow to release since its


energising circuit is through the front contact of
TRSR released stick circuit as through the back
contact of TRSR relay.

5.2 POSITION OF RELAYS IN RELAY RACK

TEPR CR1 CR2


PBPR BLR NR
TOLR TRSR ITPR
IR 2R 3R

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5.3 DIFFERENT COLOUR CODE FOR


INTERNAL WIRING

COLOUR DESCRIPTION

RED - Local Source (+)


BLUE - Local Source (-)
BLACK - Block Line Circuit
BROWN - Relays circuit for Reverser Control
YELLOW - Transmitter and Receiver circuit
GREEN - Relays and Lock magnet circuit
WHITE - Other circuit

6. CIRCUIT DESCRIPTIONS

6.1 NORMAL POSITION :

Normally, the Block handle is in center upright


position, i.e. ‘Line Closed’ position. The SM
Key is IN, shunting (SH) key is IN, cancellation
switch (S1) and push back switch (S2) are in
normal position. The TOL and time release
indicator are white and the Galvo indicator
indicates zero current position. In this case, all
the relays except for ITPR and 1R are dropping
away, with no current flowing in the block line
and the concerned signals and levers are in
normal position (Fig. 1).

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B1 24 V
10TPPR 5 15 1+ 2- 55 45 10TPPR
N1 24V
1 1TPR 2

B1 24V BTPR 10NBPR 3 4 10 10LCC 1+ 2- 56 46


N1 24V
2 1 N N N 6 16
1R

FIGURE 1

6.2 When a train is leaving A Station to B Station.

6.2.1 Turning the SM key to ON position at Station A


completes a circuit. Push Button PB1 is pressed
to give CALL ATTENTION Bell code signal to
B station. A DC (-ve) current flows to B station
in Line 1, to pick up the BLR at B station as per
fig. 2 and fig. 3.
2 12 67 68 CHI SM PPB1 NR PBPR
B2

1 2 2 3 6A 5A 6D 2/5D
N2 3 13 1 R2 2 PB1 PB2
35 25
PBPR
L1 (-)
2 3
20 OHM/2W 36 26
4 UF/160V L2 (+)

OUTGOING
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CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 24

4 UF/160V

1 2 35 25

L1

PBPR PB2 PB1 2- 1+ D2 26 PB1 NR PBPR 36 26

BLR 3
4/7B 8B 3 2 L2
BH-126 4 6A 5A 6D 2/5D
INCOMMING
CIRCUIT
FIGURE 3 AT B

Now with the BLR picking up, a current flows to


ring the BELL as per fig. 4.

BEL 21
B24V 61 62 48 58 L
224V 555858 BLR N24
24V V

2A 1A 1 2
31
LOCAL CIRCUIT AT B

FIGURE 4

6.2.2 Upon receipt of a call attention at B station, SM


inserts & turns SM key to IN. SM presses to

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acknowledge call attention signal from Stn. A.


The circuit is same as described in Fig. 4 above.

6.2.3 Verbal communication for grant of Line Clear takes


place between SM of Stn. A and Stn. B over
block telephone.

6.2.4 Push Button PB1 and PB2 are pressed


simultaneously at Stn. A to send the IS LINE
CLEAR code. PBPR relay picks up as per fig. 5.

B24V 61 62 SM CR1 PB1 PB2 CR2 1R NR N24V


LOCAL
CIRCUIT
AT ‘A’
7D 8D 2B 1B PBPR 8B 4/7B

1 2
FIGURE 5

6.2.5 With the PBPR picking up at A the NR picks up at


B station through the line circuit as per fig. 6 &
8.

B2 2 12 67 68 CH1 PBPR 35 25

L1
OUTGOING
CIRCUIT AT
‘A’
N2 3 13 1 R2 2 PPBPR 36 26
L2
20 OHM/2W 1D 2/5D
FIGURE
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TX
B 24 V 61 62 48 SM 1R PBPR PB2 TOLR CR1 21
N24
3
4A 3A 4/7 D 3D 6A 2/5A 5D 6D 5D 4 3
58 1 1 6D 5 31
N 6 34
1
2
7 37

TO ISOLATION
TRANSFORMER
LINE SIDE
FIGURE 7

-2 +1 D1 18 8 PBPR 35 25

NR L1
BY-126 8B 4/7 B

R3 / 470 ohm 2 watt

PBPR 36 26
XY
LB L2
RD
6D 2/5 D

FIGURE 8

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6.2.6 An FM code is generated due to picking up of


PBPR at ‘A’, which connects power to TX as
per circuit in Fig. 7. The modulating frequency
F1(85 Hz) is selected over terminal TX-5 & TX-
6 & modulated current flows to terminals 34, 37
to the line side isolation transformer ( in this case
the input circuit to RX of same station is isolated
by PBPR back contacts.

6.2.7 CR1 picks up at Stn. B on receipt of modulated


current as per fig. 9.

TX
21
B24 V 61 62 48 SM 1R PBPR TOLR 41
42 BX 3
DY 4 N24
4A 3A 4/7 D 8D 5D 6D
58 1 7
31
CR2 1+ 2+ TELR

CR1 1
2 PBPR CR2
5
7A 8A

5B 6B

TO ISOLATE
FIGURE 9 TRANSFORMER
(LINE SIDE)

6.2.8 On getting the Bell & Galvo deflection at Stn. B,


SM turns the block handle as far as Y point,

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Lock magnet picks up to releases the Block


Handle, which can be turned to right position
(Train Coming From position), as per fig. 11.

BELL
21
B 24V 61 62 48 58 NR N24
V

4A 3A 1 2
31
LOCAL CIRCUIT
FIGURE 10 AT ‘B’

B 24V 61 62
48 SM S1 N1 S2 N1 TEPR TRSRT
CR1

58 R1 R2 5D 6D 4/7B 8B 1A 8/5A
21
NR 2 1
BX
N 24V DY
4/7B 3B M
31

CR1
2/5A 6A

FIGURE
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6.2.9 While the block handle is being turned from one to


another position, the circuit controller contact
(XY-RD-LB) of the handle in line circuit, in
series with the relay NR is opened between the
Y&D points.

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6.2.10 On opening of circuit controller contact in Line


circuit, a resistance R3 to be added in series to
line circuit with a resultant reduction in the
volume of line current ( which remains
substantially greater than the drop away current
of NR). This cause a click on Galvo needle at
both stations, making it possible for SM of
button pressing station to know that the block
handle has been turned. Then PB1 and PB2 at
station A may be released (The same procedure
is followed in operating the handle as
subsequently to be described).

R3 (470 Ohm)

PBPR

XY
LB
RD
6D 2/5 D

6.2.11 After confirming that the Galvo needle has


returned to zero position (indicating that A
station has stopped sending a code of signal),
PB1 and PB2 are now simultaneously pressed
down at B station to send a code of signal to A
station (Fig. II). PBPR relay picks up as per
fig. 5. With the PBPR picking up at A the NR

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picks up at B station through the line circuit as


per fig. 6 & 8.

6.2.12 An FM code is generated due to picking up of


PBPR at ‘A’, which connects power to TX as
per circuit in Fig. 7. The modulating frequency
F2(65 Hz) is selected over terminal TX-5 & TX-
7 & modulated current flows to terminals 34, 37
to the line side isolation transformer

Local and outgoing circuit at ‘A’ (Fig. 12,13 &


14) local and incoming circuit at ‘B’ (Fig. 15 to
16).

LOCAL AND OUTGOING CIRCUITS AT B

B24V 61 62 SM K CR1 PB1 PB2 CR2 1R NR

N
7D 8D 2B PBPR 8B 4/7B 24 V
1B

1 2

FIGURE 12
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B2 2 12 67 68 CH1 PBPR 35 25

L1 +
3B 4/7B

N2 3 13 R2 PPBPR 36 26
L2 -
20 OHM/2W 1D 2/5D

FIGURE 13

TX
B24 V 61 62 48 SM k 1R PBPR PB2 TOLR CR1 21
CR2
3
4A 3A 4/7 D 3D 6A 2/5A 5D 6D 5D 4 N24
58 1 1 6D 5 31
TELR
6 34
1 4 1
2
5 6 2R 7 37
R
2/5D 6D

FIGURE 14 TO LINE SIDE TRANS

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LOCAL AND INCOMING CIRCUITS AT `A’


RX
B 24 V 61 62 48 SM k 1R PBPR TOLR 41 42 21
BX 3
DY 4 N24
4A 3A 4/7 D 8D 5D 6D
58 7 31 34
TELR
8
4 1
CR2 1+ 2- 5 PBPR CR
2
CR2 37
6 7A 8A
7B 8B
5B 6B

TO LINE SIDE I.TRANS


FIGURE 15

18 8 1 35 25 L1
NR
BY-126 ‘X’ 8B 4/7 B

470 OHM/2W

R3

XY PBPR 36 26 L2
LB
RD
6D 2/5 D

FIGURE 16
BELL
BELL
61 62
61 6248 48
58 58 NR NR 21 21
B 24V
B 24V N24 N24
V V
4A 4A
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31 31
FIGURE
FIGURE
17 17
CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 35

6.2.13 On getting the Bell & Galvo deflection at Stn. B,


SM turns the block handle from N point to as far
as the X point. At X point TRSR picks up &
releases the lock on block handle by picking up
lock magnet as per fig. 17 & 18. TRSR remains
UP till X/ and later on sticks through its own
front contact in LX/ position of Block handle.
The lock magnet is once again required to be in
picked up condition to release the block handle
at check lock position at X/as per fig. 18 &19.
R1 C1 1000 UF/60V

21
61 62 48 58 3R CR2 NR ITPR 39 40
1+ 2-
N24
B24 XX/ TRSR
7B 8B
31
TRSR ITPR 37 38
/
2/5 D 1D 2/5A
LX
48
B 24V SM 1R 2A
S1 S2 TRSR 2R 3R CR1 9 10 1 2 NR

FIGURE 18 XX
M
3B 4B
2A 1A N 5D 6D 4/7B 5B 6B 7A 8A 1A 2/5A
58 CR
2

6A 2/5A
S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 21
1999
N24
FIGURE 19 31
CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 36

6.2.14 When Block handle is in Train Going To


position, i.e., Line clear is granted, Last stop
signal can be taken OFF by reversing the
necessary controls like SM control on signal,
Lever/ switch/ push button operation etc.
Reversing of any of above control causes 1R to
drop. An external relay ASR (Advance starter
control relay) picks up as per fig. 20. With ASR
picking up, it possible to take OFF the Last Stop
signal.

B3 24V 65 66 1R 2R TRSR S1 17 18 53 43 HSR

7D 6D N3 ASR N3
8B 4/7 B
12V
R3
FIGURE 20
6.2.15 Now the train can be sent into block section. On
entry of train into block section, FVT track relay
drops causing 1TPR to drop, thus releasing the
stick circuit of TRSR to drop. Dropping of the

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 37

TRSR causes the ASR to drop and replace the


Last Stop signal to ON automatically.

6.2.16 With the 1TPR drop, the circuit of TRSR breaks ,


which drops with a time lag, but before its
dropping, TOLR picks up as per fig. 21 through
Path 1.

When TRSR drops after the time lag, TOLR


sticks through Path 2. the indicator TOLK and
buzzer BZ1 are actuated through a branch of a
contact LB, indicating a train departure (TOL).
An additional Path 3 is provided to prevent the
premature dropping of TOLR during transition,
when other station is transmitting TGT code &
at the same
CR2time NR TOLR
23 24picks up. It ensures that
D3 BY-126
TOLR will not drop LBbefore transmission of TOL
code. 2B 1B 2/5B 1B
Path3
A Normal contact of S2 switch is provided in
the stick
48 3R circuit
TRSR toITPR stop the
13 transmission
14 of TOL21
1+ 2-
code, during a failure of its transmission or
Path1
B24 61 62 acknowledgment
7B 8B to silenceLBthe departure
TOLR
buzzer.N24
58 31
6.2.17 At this time the advance starter lever is restored
to normal position.
TRSR NR TOLR S2

2/5 D 6D 7D 8D 4B 3B N3 BZ1
R3
Path2
5

TOLK
S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999
XX’
YY’
FIGURE 21
CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 38

B24 V 61 62 48 SM

TX
44 NR TOLR CR1 CR2
3
21
58 L
2/5D 6D 1A 2/ 5A 5D 6D 5D 6D 4
43 N24
31
3R TOLR 4 3 TELR 31
5 (c)
L 6 1 4 34
6D 5D 3A 4/7 1
2 37
7

FIGURE 22 LINE SIDE I. TRANS

6.2.18 An FM code is generated due to picking up of


TOLR at ‘A’, which connects power to TX as
per circuit in Fig. 22. The modulating
frequency F2(65 Hz) is selected over terminal
TX-5 & TX-7 & modulated current flows to
terminals 34, 37 to the line side isolation
transformer ( in this case the input circuit to RX
of same station is isolated by TOLR back
contacts.

6.2.19 CR2 picks up at Stn. B on receipt of modulated


code F2. The power to RX is connected through
B24-fuse (61-62)- Terminals (48-58)-2R(B)-R.
TOLR picks up as per fig. 24. With the TOLK

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 39

and BZ1 operating through the same circuit as in


A station to give an indication of train departure.
Local and incoming circuit at ‘B’ (Fig. 23).

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 40

B 24 V 61 62 48 RX
2R 45 46 21
3
4
N24 V
58 R
7A 8A 7

8 31 34
TELR
5 4 1
2 PBPR CR2
CR1 6
7A 8A 37
CR2
7B 8B
5B 6B

TO LINE - SIDE I.TANS


FIGURE 23
6.2.20 SM of Stn. B, on getting TOL buzzer, presses
push button PB1 to acknowledge the TOL code.
PBPR at picks up as per fig. 5.

6.2.21 With the PBPR picking up, the NR picks up at


Stn. B station through the line circuit as per fig.
6 & 8. Picking up of NR causes TOLR to drop
& stop the buzzer. As the TOLK is a magnetic
stick type, it maintains its TOL indication.
(Refer Path 2 in fig. 21)

6.2.22 Dropping of TOLR at Stn. A, stops TOL code


transmission by disconnecting power to TX. As
the TOLK is a magnetic stick type, it maintains
its TOL indication.

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 41

6.2.23 CR2 drops at Stn. B & stops the buzzer .

48

3R CR2 NR 11 12 1+ 2-
21
B24 61 62
R
58 D TOLR
2B 1B 2/5B 6B N24
7B 8B

D3 BY-126 31
.01 UF/100 V
TOLR S2
TRSR NR
2/5 D 6D 7D 8D 4B BZ1
3B N3
R3

1 2

7A 8A 470
OHM/2W

47 48 R5
TOLR
XX’
YY’ 220 OHM/2W

FIGURE 24
PBPR
2A
61 62 42 SM CR1 PB1 PB2 1A
TOLR 19 20

PBPR
B24 61 62 7D 8D 1 RD
2
1

21
NR

B24 6B
S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 4/7B
1999
31

FIGURE 25
CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 42

6.2.24 A bell code for train departure is issued from A


station and a answering signal is issued from B
station. After departure of train bell code is
exchanged.

6.2.25 At Stn. B, Reception signals are taken OFF. As


soon as any of the control pertaining to
reception signal is disturbed from its Normal
position, 1R drops. Where SM’s control is not
provided on reception signals, 1R back contact,
in HSR and ASR circuit, is looped in
instrument. The HSR picks up (Fig. 26). The
home operates in the same way as advance
starter.
B3 12V 65 66 1R 2R TRSR S1 N4 35 36 54 44
XY
RD
7D 6D
7D 8D 4/7D 8D
R4
LA
ASR

N3 12 HSR
2

FIGURE 26

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 43

6.2.26 On arrival of train at Stn. B, AT & BT tracks


operate & sense the direction of travel of train.
2R picks up (Fig. 27) & sticks over LX/-RY.
With the relay 2R picking up the HSR drops
away and the home signal is automatically
restored to normal position. At the same time a
Buzzer BZ2 sounds to announce the train
arrival. The buzzer can be stopped by restoring
the SM slide or Home signal controls to their
Normal position as per fig. 27.

R
OUTER
4 2
R R TAR

B24 61 62 48 52 7 17 TAR 15 16 21 N24

XX’
Y’ 2R
2R 31
2B 1B

HOME SM 3 4
SLIDE

R BZ2

FIGURE 27
S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999
CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 44

6.2.27 Stn. B verifies the e complete arrival of train &


sends Train Out Of Section signal to Stn. A. who
in turn replies to Stn. B by similar signal. Stn. B
presses PB1 and PB2 simultaneously to transmit
Line closed code (F1). PBPR picks up at ‘B’
station. ( see Fig. 5).

6.2.28 An FM code is generated due to picking up of


PBPR at Stn. B, which connects power to TX
as per circuit in Fig. 7. The modulating
frequency F1(85 Hz) is selected over terminal
TX-5 & TX-6 & modulated current flows to
terminals 34, 37 to the line side isolation
transformer.

6.2.29 With the PBPR picking up at Stn. B the NR


picks up at Stn. A through the line circuit as per
fig. 6 & 8. CR1 picks up at Stn. A on receipt of
modulated current as per fig. 9.

B 24 42 SM

1R 1
3 4
3A 4A TX
44 NR TOLR CR1 CR2
S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument 21 December’
34 1999
5 (c)

43 2/5D 6D 1A 2/ 5A 5D 6D 5D 6D 6 2 N24 TO
31
2R TELR 37 I. TRANS
R FIGURE 28 4 1
CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 45

2/5D 6D

24 V 61 62 48 SM 1R PBPR TOLR
BX
DY

4A 3A 4 2D 5D 6D 41 42
58 1
RX
41
3 4

31
7 1CR1 TELR
S1 N1 S2 N2 TEPR TRSR 7 8 2 NR 21
B 24V 48 SM 1R
2 NR 4
B
DY
CR2
M
CR2
2A 1A
2
N 5D 6D 4/7B 5B 6B 7A 8A 1A 2/5A
5B 4/7B
61 62 58 8
TOLR
7B AB CR1 CR1
TO TRANS
FIGURE 29 FIGURE 30 6A
5B 6B

21
47 48 1 R5 2 N24
XX’
YY’
31
S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument 220 OHM/2W TOLK December’ 1999

FIGURE 31
CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 46

With the NR and CR1 picking up Lock magnet is


energised at B point of block handle as per fig.
30, making it possible to restore the handle to
Line Closed position. TOLK release coil is
energised to restore it Normal as per fig. 31.

6.2.30 SM at Stn. A presses PB1 and PB2


simultaneously to transmit Line closed code
(F1). PBPR picks up at Stn. A as per fig. 5.

6.2.31 An FM code is generated due to picking up of


PBPR at Stn. A, which connects power to TX
as per circuit in Fig. 7. The modulating
frequency F1(85 Hz) is selected over terminal
TX-5 & TX-6 & modulated current flows to
terminals 34, 37 to the line side isolation
transformer.

6.2.32 With the PBPR picking up at Stn. A, NR picks


up at Stn. B through the line circuit as per fig. 6
& 8. CR1 picks up at Stn. B on receipt of
modulated current as per fig. 9.

With the NR and CR1 picking up Lock magnet


is energised at B point of block handle as per
fig. 30, making it possible to restore the handle
to Line Closed position. TOLK release coil is
energised to restore it Normal as per fig. 31.

The same procedure is followed when a train


leaves B station from A station.

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 47

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 48

6.3 CANCELLATION OF “LINE CLEAR”


BEFORE A TRAIN ENTERS THE BLOCK
SECTION :

6.3.1 When a line clear has been taken by Stn. A, i.e.,


Block Handle in Train Going To, & it becomes
necessary to cancel the Line Clear, the
cancellation switch S1 is put to reverse position at
Stn. The following sequence is observed:

• External relay ASR drops


• S1 counter increments to next higher
number.
• All controls are to be replaced to
Normal so as to pick up 1R
• Timer relay times up as per fig. 32
• On expiry of 120 seconds TEPR picks
up
• TEK appears Green with wording
“FREE”
• 3R picks up.

An advice for cancellation of Line clear is sent


By SM at Stn. A to SM of Stn. B

6.3.2 SM at Stn. A presses PB1 and PB2 simultaneously


to transmit Line closed code (F1). PBPR picks up
at Stn. A as per fig. 5.

6.3.3 An FM code is generated due to picking up of


PBPR at Stn. A, which connects power to TX as

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 49

per circuit in Fig. 7. The modulating frequency


F1(85 Hz) is selected over terminal TX-5 & TX-6
& modulated current flows to terminals 34, 37 to
the line side isolation transformer.

6.3.4 With the PBPR picking up at Stn. A, NR picks up at


Stn. B through the line circuit as per fig. 6 & 8.
CR1 picks up at Stn. B on receipt of modulated
current as per fig. 9.

With the NR and CR1 picking up Lock magnet is


energised at D point of block handle as per fig. 30,
making it possible to restore the handle to Line
Closed position.

6.3.5 Similarly Stn. B takes action to bring the instrument


of Stn. A to Line Closed. SM at Stn. B presses
PB1 and PB2 simultaneously to transmit Line
closed code (F1). PBPR picks up at Stn. B as per
fig. 5.

An FM code is generated due to picking up of


PBPR at Stn. B, which connects power to TX as
per circuit in Fig. 7. The modulating frequency
F1(85 Hz) is selected over terminal TX-5 & TX-6
& modulated current flows to terminals 34, 37 to
the line side isolation transformer.

6.3.6 With the PBPR picking up at Stn. B, NR picks up


at Stn. A through the line circuit as per fig. 6 & 8.

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 50

CR1 picks up at Stn. A on receipt of modulated


current as per fig. 9.

With the NR and CR1 picking up Lock magnet is


energised at B point of block handle as per fig. 30,
making it possible to restore the handle to Line
Closed position. When Stn A turns block handle
to Line Closed, TEK changes to White.

INPUT OUTPUT

B 24V SM 1R S1 N2 TIMER

2A 1A TRSR 3R 1 S1 2
61 62 58 2A 1A 7D 8D
N24
1 TER COUNTER
COM
S1
2A 1A TEPR
TEPR 30
29
R1
4A 4B
3R 3R LX

3R 2B 1B 1 2
TEK
48 38

FIGURE 32

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 51

TX
IR PBPR PB2 TOLR CR1
B 24V 43 SM 21
3 4
4A 3A 4/7D 3D 1 6A 2/ 5A 5D
N24
61 62 58 6D 31
TELR

5 (c) 4 34
1
TOLR 3R 6 2
L
4/7A 8A 2/5A 1A
37
TO
I. TRANS

FIGURE 33

6.4 PUSH BACK OPERATION :

When a train sent from Stn. A to Stn. B has


entered the Block section, but due to unavoidable
circumstances, it has to be pushed back to
departure Stn. A, it is called PUSH BACK
OPERATION .

6.4.1 The block handle at Stn. A and Stn. B are in left


position (Train Going To) and right position
(Train Coming From) respectively. TOL indicator
indicates that train in to block section.

6.4.2 SM at Stn. A push back switch S2 to reverse


position, actuates the counter S2 as per fig. 34.
Reception signals are taken OFF. As soon as any
of the control pertaining to reception signal is
disturbed from its Normal position, 1R drops.
HSR picks up as per fig. 26.

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 52

6.4.3 On arrival of train at Stn. B, AT & BT tracks


operate & sense the direction of travel of train. 2R
picks up (Fig. 27) & sticks over LX/-RY. With the
relay 2R picking up the HSR drops away and the
home signal is automatically restored to normal
position. At the same time a Buzzer BZ2 sounds
to announce the train arrival. The buzzer can be
stopped by restoring the SM slide or Home signal
controls to their Normal position as per fig. 27.

6.4.4 Stn. A verifies the complete arrival of train. An


advice for push back operation is sent By SM at
Stn. A to SM of Stn. B

6.4.5 SM at Stn. A presses PB1 and PB2 simultaneously


to transmit Line closed code (F1). PBPR picks up
at Stn. A as per fig. 5.

6.4.6 An FM code is generated due to picking up of


PBPR at Stn. A, which connects power to TX as
per circuit in Fig. 7. The modulating frequency
F1(85 Hz) is selected over terminal TX-5 & TX-6
& modulated current flows to terminals 34, 37 to
the line side isolation transformer.

6.4.7 With the PBPR picking up at Stn. A, NR picks up


at Stn. B through the line circuit as per fig. 6 & 8.
CR1 picks up at Stn. B on receipt of modulated
current as per fig. 9.

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 53

With the NR and CR1 picking up Lock magnet is


energised at D point of block handle as per fig. 30,
making it possible to restore the handle to Line
Closed position. TOL indicator changes to White
during turning of handle from Train Coming From
to Line Closed.

6.4.8 Similarly Stn. B takes action to bring the


instrument of Stn. A to Line Closed. SM at Stn.
B presses PB1 and PB2 simultaneously to transmit
Line closed code (F1). PBPR picks up at Stn. B
as per fig. 5.

An FM code is generated due to picking up of


PBPR at Stn. B, which connects power to TX as
per circuit in Fig. 7. The modulating frequency
F1(85 Hz) is selected over terminal TX-5 & TX-6
& modulated current flows to terminals 34, 37 to
the line side isolation transformer.

6.4.9 With the PBPR picking up at Stn. B, NR picks up


at Stn. A through the line circuit as per fig. 6 & 8.
CR1 picks up at Stn. A on receipt of modulated
current as per fig. 9.

With the NR and CR1 picking up Lock magnet is


energised at B point of block handle as per fig. 30,
making it possible to restore the handle to Line
Closed position. TOL indicator changes to White

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 54

during turning of handle from Train Coming From


to Line Closed.

48 SM S2
N2
B24 61 62
C2
58 1 R2

1 S2 2 29 30 21

COUNTER LX’ N24


31

FIGURE 34

B 24V 48 SM IR PBPR PB2

4A 3A 4/7D 3D
61 62 58
1 1
TX

21
TOLR CR1 CR2
3 4
6A 2/3A 5D 6D 5D N24
6D 31
TELR

5 (c) 4 34
1
TOLR 3R 2R 6 2
L
S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument
4/7A 8A 2/5A 6A 1A 37
December’ 1999
2A
TO I. TRANS

FIGURE 35
CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 55

(D) WHEN A TRAIN SHUNTING (AT ‘A’


STATION)

The Block handles are in Line Closed position at


both stations ‘A’ & ‘B’, or Stn. A in Train Going
To & Stn. B in Train Coming From.

A station calls ‘B’ station to obtain authorization


over the telephone.

SM at Stn. A inserts SM key & turns IN. SHUNT


key is taken out & handed over to the driver of a
shunting train. The Block handle is locked at the
time. The SM key is taken out.

On completion of shunting operation, Shunt key


is taken back from driver of train. SM inserts SM
key & turns to IN, thereafter inserts SHUNT key
and turns IN. The advice is sent to Stn. B over the
telephone to that effect.

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 56

(E) TELEPHONE CIRCUIT :

While modulated current F1 to F2 is being


transmitted or received, telephone circuit is
isolated from power line.

While telephone is used, transmitter and receiver


are isolated from line. To explain in detail
telephone relay TELR is inserted in series
connection with relay. CR1 (B) CR2(B) and
TOLR (B) in the circuit fig. 36. Also TELR(F) is
connected in series in the telephone circuit, Thus
telephone circuit is isolated from signal circuit.
Where modulated current is transmitted and
received by TELR which is inserted between
signal circuit and Transmitter/Receiver,
Transmitter/Receiver is isolated form signal line
which telephone is used.

7. TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER

7.1 Operating Parameters

Transmitter

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 57

Item Rating Tolerance


Transmitting frequency 1800 Hz or 2700 Hz + 2%
Transmitting output 1 mW, 3 mW, 5 mW, +10%,
adjustable -5%
Output impedance 600 Ohms, 1120 + 2%
Ohms adjustable
Modulation system Frequency modulation
Modulation frequency 65 Hz or 85 Hz + 1.5 Hz
Power consumption 1.2 watts or less at 24 V DC
Input power supply 24 V DC + 20%
Shift frequency 160 Hz + 15%

Receiver

Item Rating Tolerance


Receiving frequency 1800 Hz or 2700 Hz +2%
Level range 0 to 28 dB In step of 2
dB or less
Max. noise allowance -44 dBm + 2%
Input impedance 600 ohms, 1120
ohms adjustable
Relay output voltage 24V DC or above 21V min.
Power consumption 8 watt or less at 24 V DC
Input power supply 24V DC + 20%
Sense level for receiving less than - 29 dBm
No Sense level for More than - 38 dBm
receiving
Shift frequency 160 Hz. + 15 %

7.2 Connection Terminals & Test Blocks

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 58

7.2.1 Transmitter

Connection Terminals

It have 8 fixed terminals. Serial Nos. and


connections are as below:

Terminal Nos. Connections


1&2 Out put
3 Positive DC input
4 Negative DC input
5 Common
6 85 Hz.
7 65 Hz.
8 Spare

Test Blocks

Test blocks are provided at the back side of the


transmitter with a cover and seating
arrangements.

1. 24V DC supply
2. Regulated voltage
3. Modulated frequency 65 Hz & 85 Hz
4. Carrier frequency 1800 Hz. or 2700 Hz.
5. TX output

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 59

7.2.2 Receiver

Connection Terminals

It have 8 fixed terminals. Serial Nos. and


connections are as below:

Terminals Connections
1&2 Input
3 Positive DC input
4 Negative DC input
5&6 Output for CR2 relay
7&8 Output for CR1 relay

Test Blocks

Test blocks are provided at the back side of the


receiver with a cover and seating arrangements.

1. 24V DC supply
2. Regulated DC supply
3. Input
4. Demodulated Signal
5. Input to CR1
6. Input to CR2

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 60

7.3 Trouble Shooting Method for Transmitter &


Receiver
Sr. SYMPTOM ACTION TO BE TAKEN
1. No output from Check if the supply is OK by pressing
receiver. push to make switch in transmitter
and receiver. If power ON indicators
are glowing with red LED it means
power supply is OK. If the red LED
does not glow, check the fuse. If the
fuses are missing/blown, replace it.
2 Power OK, Press the PTM switch which is on the
LEDs OK but front panel and see if the level
relay does not indicator green LED glows or not. If
pick up. glows that means relay driving signal
is OK & the problem is with
respective relay, so replace it and get
the desired result.

If the level indicator Amber LED


glows:

The relay driving signal is missing,


check the following:

Input to the RX between 5&6 (+10V


to +13V PP) between 7&8 (+1.5V to
+ 2.5V PP), between 9&10 or 11&12
(+21.6V to +26V PP).

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 61

If the above voltage signals are not


regular/proper, open the cabinet and
follow the signal flow and check the
voltages.

8. EARTHING

A separate earth should be provided for each block


instrument.

The resistance of earth shall not exceed 10 Ohm.

The earth shall be located on lower level soft


ground far from underground cable, water and gas
pipes.

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 62

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 63

9. SAFETY CHECK

• Ensure that double lock is provided and seal is


intact.

• Try to operate the instrument without cooperation


i.e. without receipt of functional code, it shall not
be possible to turn the block handle from Line
Closed to Train Going To or Train Coming From
position.

• On receipt of TGT code, turn block handle from


Line Closed towards Train Going to & stop
midway. Disconnect Line & try to turn the handle
further. It shall lock in check lock position. Ensure
armature of electric lock on block handle is force
dropped in check lock notch and the block handle
can not be turned to Train Going to position.

• With a train in Block Section, try to bring the block


handle to Line closed with & without cooperation
from other station, it shall not be possible to turn
the block handle to line closed position. The
Block handle should remain locked in last
operated position.

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 64

For Last Stop Signal :

• Try to take OFF the Last Stop Signal without


taking line clear (“L” position of block handle),
the signal should not clear.

• Shunt the FVT track, the Last Stop Signal


shall go back to danger automatically.

• It is not possible to take OFF the Last Stop


Signal again unless a fresh line clear is obtained.

SUGGESTION :

a) Removal of Filter unit & X, Y relays in RE area.

b)Disconnect the two condensers of the Block Filter


unit

c) The rare gas lightning arrestor should be replaced


with MOVR.

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 65

10. MAINTENANCE

10.1 Periodicity of Overhauling

A thorough periodical overhauling in Workshop is


necessary and the period shall not exceed 7 years.

10.2 Maintenance

The following points are to be kept in mind while


doing maintenance for reliable working of block
instrument.

• The local battery voltage at the instrument


terminals on load should not be below 24 volts.
Secondary cells of sufficient capacity may be used
as the maximum working current per instrument is
about 2 Amps ( when thermal time element relay
is used) & 0.6 Amp (when Electronic time
element relay is used)

• The upper limit of local battery on load


should not exceed 29 V as it may affect the Zener
diode working.

S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999


CAMTECH/99/S/DAIDO/1.0 66

• The line battery shall be capable of circulate


110 mA in Line circuit measured at code
receiving station.

• The line current shall be measured both at the


transmitting end and the receiving end. There
shall not be an appreciable variation.
• Separate battery or DC-DC converter shall be
provided for line circuit of each block instrument.
Whenever the line battery/ DC-DC converter is
changed, the line current should be checked.

• ??Whenever old type condenser units are changed


( with 4 BA fixing screw ), ensure that the other
interconnected instrument condenser unit is also
changed to the same type since the values are
different.

• Care shall be taken to ensure that the relay


jack boards and relays are clean and dust free.

• During the periodical Maintenance/


Inspection, the charger shall be switched “OFF ”
and the working of the relays shall be observed for
few operations. The terminal voltage should be
monitored during the code transmission in order to
ensure the condition of the battery.

• Whenever the instrument fails, interchanging


of relays and units shall not be restored to, without

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ascertaining the actual cause and this change may


be effected only if it is warranted.

• While plugging in relays/ units, excessive


force should not be exerted as it may affect the
jack board clips.

11. TROUBLE SHOOTING

Sr. Fault Cause/ Rectification


no. Condition
1. Bell beats 1. Line battery low or disconnection at
failed from station ‘A’.
Stn. ’A’ to 2. PB1 push button contact develops
Stn. B disconnection at Stn A.
3. Line is open/short circuit or offering
high resistance.
4. PB1 button contact develops
disconnection at Stn. B.
5. Local battery disconnection or weak at
Stn. B. It shall be 24 V.
6. BLR relay not picking up at Stn. ‘B’
when PB1 pressed at Stn. A due to
some fault.
7. Diode, in series with BLR/ NR
punctured.
8. Relay contacts NR, BLR, PBPR
offering high resistance at Stn. A &
Stn. B.
9. When PB1 is pressed at Stn. A, BLR

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shall pick up at Stn. B. Suppose BLR


is not picking up, check up the
incoming line voltage at Stn. B across
L1 & L2(Terminal No. 25 & 26
working voltage 24 Volt. If voltage is
available and relay is not picking up,
check for working current ( 110 mA.).

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Sr. Fault Cause/ Rectification


no. Condition
2. Failure of Ensure the following:
Lock 1. SM’s key ‘ON’ contact is making.
Magnet. 2. Relay 1R front contact is making
(checking up the slides/ levers/ block
signals ‘ON’).
3. TER cold contact in TER.
4. Switch S1 & switch S2 in ‘N’.
5. Back contact of relay 2R & relay 3R is
making.
6. Relay TRSR front contact is making in
case of turning the block handle from
‘N’ to ‘L’ including check lock.
7. Relay TRSR back contact is making in
case of turning the block handle from
‘N’ to ‘R’, ‘T’ to ‘N’, ‘L’ to ‘N’.
8. Block handle contact XX/, in case of
turning block handle from ‘N’ to ‘L’.
9. Block handle contact BDY, in case of
turning block handle from ‘N’ to ‘R’,
‘R’ to ‘N’, ‘L’ to ‘N’ respectively..
10. Front contact of relay NR is making.
11. Front contact of relay CR2 is making
for turning the Block handle from ‘N’
to ‘L’.
12. Front contact of relay CR1 is making
for turning the Block handle from ‘N’
to ‘R’, ‘R’ to ‘N’, ‘L’ to ‘N’.
13. Local battery voltage 24 Volts.

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14. Ensure cross protection contact viz.


CR1 & CR2 breaking during the
respective operations.

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Sr. Fault Cause/ Rectification


no. Condition
3. Failure of 1. Ensure voltage of location battery
relay 1R 24 Volt.
2. All block signals at ‘ON’ concerned
levers/slides normal.
4. Failure of Ensure
relay 2R a. TAR pickup while train arrives. If
TAR is not pickup, check TAR circuit.
b. TAR front contact making properly.
c. Stick circuit is taken through block
handle contact LB/RD, check the block
handle contacts.
4. Failure of Check TER circuit, SM’s key contact,
relay 3R. Switch S1, ‘R’ contact, TER hot contact,
TEPR circuit, TER cold contact, Block
handle LX contact.
5. Failure of Check the PB1 & PB2 contact of push
PBPR relay. button, 1R front contacts. When Block
handle is in (RD) check up Block handle
contact, TOLR front contact, check SM’s
key contacts.
6. Failure of 1. Check for CR2 front contacts NR front
relay TRSR contacts, 1 TPR front contacts.
at train 2. Block handle contracts XX/, LX.
sending 3. Local voltage 24V(Including fuses
end ‘A’ etc.)
4. 3R back contacts.
5. If stick feed is not available, check
TRSR front contacts, make before

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break contacts of XX//LX/.


6. Check the condenser across TRSR.

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Sr. Fault Cause/ Rectification


no. Condition
7. Failure of A. Pickup circuit for TOLR.
TOLR at
‘A’ i) Ensure TRSR show to release feature
(condenser)-(slow to release)
ii) Ensure TRSR front contact making.
iii) Ensure ITPR back contact making.
iv) Ensure Block handle contacts LB
making.
v) Ensure 3R back contacts making.

B. Ensure stick feed to TOLR.

i) Ensure S2 normal contacts making.


ii) Ensure TOLR front contacts making.
iii) NR back contacts making.
iv) TRSR back contacts making.
v) 3R back contacts making.
8. Failure of i) Ensure CR2 front contacts making.
TOLR at ii) Ensure NR back contact making.
Stn. ‘B’. iii) Ensure block handle RD contact
making.
iv) Ensure local voltage 24 Volt.
9. Failure of Ensure at code receiving end.
CR1/ CR2 If CR1 & CR2 are picking up. Check at
the receiver test terminals for (a) 24V DC
input to receiver (b) FM input. If DC input
is absent check the block handle contact
XY/LB/RD. If FM input is present

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checkup the level. If the level is OK,


adjust the attenuator. If the level is low at
the TX, check the level low/high/medium.
Sr. Fault Cause/ Rectification
no. Condition
If the level is OK, check the frequency for
CR1 carrier frequency 1800/2700 Hz./
Modulated frequency 85 Hz, for CR2
carrier frequency 1800/2700 Hz./
Modulated frequency 65 Hz. If the level
and frequency OK check the FM input
path in to RX. At the TX end check DC
input, TX freq. Loop circuit for FM,
which includes block handle contacts N, R
& L.
10. Failure of Check for ASR:- TRSR front contacts, S1
Last Stop normal contact, LA contact of block
Signal handle, 1R back contacts.
circuit.
11 Failure of Check for HSR circuit:- S1 normal
Home contacts & RY/ LB contact or ( S2 reverse
Signal contacts & L of block handle for push
back operation).
12 Premature Stick feed to TRSR cut off due to ITPR
TOL momentarily dropped due to unknown
reason before train enters into section.
Check the TPR circuit, if OK, check track
circuit & block handle’s LX/ contact .
13 Normal TRSR dropped due to momentary
cancellation dropping of 1 TPR or 3R circuit. LX/
not contact not making. Check S1 switch R

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possible. contacts in TER circuit and 3R circuit are


making properly. Check 1R front contact
and SM’s key contact.


S/ Line Tokenless B/Instrument December’ 1999