SistemManufaktur SistemManufaktur Sistem Manufaktur Sistem Manufaktur

Flexible Flexible Flexible Flexible
Week 10
CAD/CAM & CIM
Pokok Pokok Bahasan Bahasan Pokok Pokok Bahasan Bahasan
CAD : Computer Aided Design p g
CAM : Computer Aided Manufacturing
CIM: Computer Integrated CIM : Computer Integrated
Manufacturing
Process Scope Process Scope Process Scope Process Scope
Design
Produce
Measurement/
Analysis
Reporting
3D Cad Model Authority 3D Cad Model Authority
Integrated Digital Product Line Integrated Digital Product Line Integrated Digital Product Line Integrated Digital Product Line
2DD i
Digital Product Line Today Digital Product Line Today
MFG Engineering
NC Programming
2D Drawing
Authority
2D Drawing
Interpretation
Manufacturing
Quality Assurance
3DDesign
Tooling
3D Design
Tool Oriented
Detail Assembly
3D Measurement
Equipment
3d Model
Oriented Detail
Assembly
3D Model
Release
2D drawing
Assembly
3D Model Assembly
Product
Assembly
Inspection Product
Inspection And Authority
CAD CAD–– Computer Aided Design Computer Aided Design CAD CAD Computer Aided Design Computer Aided Design
CAD (Computer Aided Design) adalah
program komputer yang digunakan sebagai program komputer yang digunakan sebagai
alat bantu gambar/desain.
manual computerize
Fungsi CAD
Pengembangan design ◦ Pengembangan design
◦ Analisis design
◦ Simulasi design Simulasi design
◦ Evaluasi design
◦ Automatisasi pembuatan konsep p p
◦ Perbaikan dan modifikasi design
CADsoftware CADsoftware CAD software CAD software
AutoCAD
Solidworks
Vericut Vericut
AutoCAD AutoCAD AutoCAD AutoCAD
AutoCAD adalah perangkat
lunak komputer CADuntuk menggambar 2 lunak komputer CADuntuk menggambar 2
dimensi dan 3 dimensi yang
dikembangkan oleh Autodesk
Web resmi http://usa.autodesk.com/
Sejarah AutoCAD
AutoCAD telah mengalami
banyak perkembangan. Sejak
versi 1 0 nya hingga versi versi 1.0 nya hingga versi
terbaru AutoCAD 2010
CAM CAM –– Computer Aided Computer Aided
M f i M f i Manufacturing Manufacturing
CAM (Computer Aided Manufacturing) adalah ( p g)
teknologi perencanaan, pengaturan dan
pengontrolan pembuatan produk dengan
b t k t bantuan komputer.
manual computerize
Mengurangi interaksi
manusia (operator) dengan
mesin kerja.
Yang bisa dilakukan dalamCAM:
◦ CAPP (Computer Aided Process Planing =
persiapan pekerjaan yang dibantu dengan
komputer) p )
◦ Pemrograman NC (Numerical Control) dan
pemrograman robot
◦ Pembuatan instruksi pekerjaan (peraturan kerja)
◦ Perencanaan material dan penyediaan perkakas
potong dan alat-alat penjepit potong dan alat-alat penjepit
◦ Dasar FMS (sistemkomputer untuk pengontrolan
sistemproduksi yang fleksibel)
CAPP CAPP –– Computer Aided Computer Aided
P Pl i P Pl i Process Planning Process Planning
CAPP merupakan perkembangan
berikutnya dari CAD/CAM
CAPP t CAPP men-generate perencanaan
proses produksi berdasarkan geometri
dari part yang akan dibuat jumlah dari part yang akan dibuat, jumlah
produksi, dan informasi fasilitas produksi
yang tersedia. y g
CAPP mampu memilih tool dan fixture
terbaik serta menghitung biaya dan
waktu produksi
Hasil design CAD dapat langsung
dii t k ik d CAM t k b t diinteraksikan dengan CAM untuk membuat
sebuah produk.
Data
CAD
Proses
CAM CAM
Functional Dimensioning and Functional Dimensioning and
T l i (FDT) T l i (FDT) Tolerancing (FDT) Tolerancing (FDT)
Common Measurement Systems Common Measurement Systems
I f I f Interface Interface
Pengecekan geometri prototype Pengecekan geometri prototype
menggunakan CMM (Coordinate menggunakan CMM (Coordinate
Measuring Machine) Measuring Machine) Measuring Machine) Measuring Machine)
CIM CIM CIM CIM
•Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) merupakan
istilah yang dipakai untuk menunjukkan otomasi
lengkap dari sebuah sistem manufacturing plant g p g p
dimana setiap proses berhubungan langsung dengan
computer control dan informasi digital computer control dan informasi digital.
•CIM juga mengintegrasi data production, marketing,
d d i d ti t l i t t l order, design, production control, inventory control,
quality control, inspection, shipping melalui
communication and producing technology.
Hubungan antara CAD/CAM & Hubungan antara CAD/CAM &
CIM CIM CIM CIM
Contoh aplikasi CIM Contoh aplikasi CIM Contoh aplikasi CIM Contoh aplikasi CIM
FMS, flexible machining systems, FMS, flexible machining systems,
ASRS, automated storage and
retrieval systems, retrieval systems,
AGV, automated guided vehicles
robotics and automated conveyor robotics and automated conveyor
computerized scheduling and
production control production control
A business system integrated by a
common data base. common data base.
CIMModel CIMModel CIM Model CIM Model
CIM CIM CIM CIM
CIM: conceptual rather than physical CIM: conceptual rather than physical
Computer – database
I t ti N t k Integration – Network
Manufacturing – rapid development of
new products
Factory Automation: partly automated
but not integrated
Objectives of CIM: managing j g g
enterprises
Beda Factory Automation & Beda Factory Automation &
CIM CIM
Factory
automation
CIM
automation
philosophy automation optimization
target unmanned factory rationalize target unmanned factory rationalize
example CMS, FMS Linking CAD, CAM, 
MRP
element processing, material flow, 
measurement, inspection, 
assembly, 
CAD, CAM, CAPP, 
CAQC, MRP
target factory enterprise
focus hardware software
human replacing human reorganization 
origin Japan USA, Europe
Mengapa CIMperlu Mengapa CIMperlu Mengapa CIM perlu Mengapa CIM perlu
Customer memiliki keinginan dan g
tingkat kepuasan yang berbeda-beda
Permintaan akan produk sangat Permintaan akan produk sangat
variatif dan fluktuatif
Dibutuhkan sistemproduksi yang Dibutuhkan sistem produksi yang
mengintegrasi teknologi baru agar
mampu merespon cepat terhadap mampu merespon cepat terhadap
permintaan customer.
Elements of CIM Elements of CIM Elements of CIM Elements of CIM
Information technology: Computer Information technology: Computer,
Communication, Control
Manufacturing technology: Manufacturing technology:
Manufacturing, Market, Management
3C t 3M 3Cs support 3Ms
Elements of 3Cs Elements of 3Cs Elements of 3Cs Elements of 3Cs
Computer: IT OS programming Computer: IT, OS, programming
language, database, artificial
intelligence intelligence
Communication: communication
technology LAN technology, LAN
Control: control technology, algorithm
Targets of CIM Targets of CIM Targets of CIM Targets of CIM
Developing high quality products with p g g q y p
low cost
Integration and control of product Integration and control of product
design and manufacturing processes
Easy financial management Easy financial management
Increasing volume of sales
Function of CIM Function of CIM Function of CIM Function of CIM
1) Order information and automatic 1) Order information and automatic
scheduling through computer
- dealing individual orders of various dealing individual orders of various
products
- control of due dates
- preparing production planning
2) Inventory control through J IT 2) Inventory control through J IT
- minimizing raw material, WIP,
inventory inventory
- utilizing bar code, RFID
3) Statistical quality control ) q y
- quality improvement
4) Monitoring facility process 4) Monitoring facility, process
- data collection for facility operating
t f d i d f ti d - report for producing defective goods
- records & analysis of failing facility
5) Data collection for MIS
- WIP data
- shipment data
- direct &indirect labor data direct & indirect labor data
- production control data ; defective
rate operation rate failure rate rate, operation rate, failure rate,
production rate
supplier record; quality - supplier record; quality,
acomplishment
d f ti d ti d t - defective production data
6) Managing MIS Data 6) Managing MIS Data
- reducing indirect cost
- rapid decision making using
database
7) Diagnosing failure
- minimizing down time g
- details of failure (problems)
8) Managing Technical Data, Document
- managing S/W program
- tool life data tool life data
- quality data
product history - product history
- document update
9) Standard (ISO)
CIMHierarchy CIMHierarchy CIM Hierarchy CIM Hierarchy
1
st
Level: production facility p y
CNC, Robot, PLC
2
nd
Level: Work Cell 2 Level: Work Cell
controlling 1
st
level activity
l i d t t applying data to
process, production, quality
control
3
rd
Level: Area level 3
rd
Level: Area level
managing several lines
d ti l f ilit production plan, facility
maintenance
h d li i i t i l scheduling, assigning material,
facility
4
th
Level: Factory level 4
th
Level: Factory level
controlling function of whole factory,
inter factory sales control wages inter-factory sales control, wages,
finance, long term production plan,
marketing customer services marketing, customer services
S l i S l i Selesai Selesai
Terima Kasih

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful