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LAP 7 Take Home Due April 12 by 3:00 p.m.

World History
World History Test, Unit 8Revolutions

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1. Which of the following best explains this cartoons depiction of the French Revolution?
a. Napoleon did not have divine right & plebiscites were not legitimate.
b. Members of the Third Estate were assuming most of Frances tax burden.
c. Too many clergymen were foreigners & needed to be expelled from France.
d. Kings should have no say in the appointment of church officials.
e. Slavery is morally wrong & causes starvation, overwork, & fatigue.

2. ___ : moderate phase of French Revolution :: ___ : radical phase of French Revolution

a. republic, constitutional monarchy
b. direct democracy, enlightened despotism
c. constitutional monarchy, republic
d. socialist commonwealth, constitutional monarchy
e. absolute monarchy, direct democracy

3. Napoleons invasion of Russia was a French
a. success due Frances superior numbers of troops.
b. failure due to the Russians use of a scorched-earth policy.
c. success due to Napoleons use of the phalanx.
d. success due to a successful blockade of Russian ports.
e. failure due to the Russians superior numbers of troops.

LAP 7 Take Home Due April 12 by 3:00 p.m. World History

4. Prior to the French Revolution, French society was divided into three estates. The Third Estate complained that:
a. the peasants were lazy and contributed nothing to the society
b. the Church was supporting the merchants against the nobility
c. the lawyers and other professionals were not paying their fair share of taxes
d. they paid most of the taxes but had no say in the government

5. Louis XVI called the Estates General into session because he:
a. was an enlightened despot
b. because he wanted all of the classes to be involved in the government
c. he needed money and wanted the Estates General to approve a new property tax
d. he needed approval to call out the army

6. The breakup of the Estates General and the formation of the National Assembly occurred because:
a. nobles and clergy refused to pay taxes or share political power
b. The Third Estate wanted voting power equal to the other two estates
c. the middle class refused to keep paying taxes while they had no political power
d. all of the above

7. The French supported Napoleon because:
a. he restored order and granted some equality promise din the revolution
b. they liked being under a dictatorship
c. he defeated the enemies of France
d. he ruled by fear and terror.

8. The Code of Napoleon is important because:
a. made all citizens equal before the law
b. provided for trial by jury
c. is the basis of the French legal system
d. all of the above

9. The fundamental cause of the French Revolution was:
a. Reign of Terror
b. abuses of the old Regime
c. desire for a republic
d. conditions in France were worse than in any other country

10. The Declaration of the Rights of Man adopted by the National Assembly was a:
a. constitution to govern France
b. a document stating the principles of the French Revolution
c. a law confiscating the Churchs property
d. a declaration of war against absolute monarchs

11. During the Revolution the Jacobins favored the creation of a:
a. republic
b. a limited monarchy
c. an absolute monarchy
d. a federation

LAP 7 Take Home Due April 12 by 3:00 p.m. World History
12. The Confiscation of church property and the re-naming of Cathedral of Notre Dame as the Temple of Reason represent
a. attempts by European monarchs to prevent similar revolutions in their countries.
b. efforts by the pope and the Roman Catholic Church to end the French Revolution.
c. the emphasis on De-Christianization during the radical phase of the French Revolution.
d. attempts to ensure that the First and Second Estates retained special privileges.
e. attempts to model French religion after the religion of the ancient Greeks.

13. Which of the following served as a leader at the Congress of Vienna?
a. Metternich d. Morelos
b. de Gouges e. Paine
c. Hidalgo


The object pictured above would most often be associated with
a. the Committee of Public Safety. d. the Quadruple Alliance.
b. the bourgeoisie. e. the Consulate.
c. Minutemen.

Use the Political Spectrum to answer questions 17-20. You may use answers once, more than once, or not at all. Some
questions may have more than one answer.

LAP 7 Take Home Due April 12 by 3:00 p.m. World History

15. would be willing to use violence to achieve goals (you will have two answers)

16. Robespierre, sans-culottes, and the Jacobins

17. support only legal or peaceful methods (you will have three answers)

18. monarchs, nobles, and clergy in French Revolution; Loyalists in American Revolution

19. What was the most significant goal of the Congress of Vienna?
a. to create more countries
b. to restore the Ancient Regime
c. to distribute land more fairly
d. to restore the balance of power
e. to solidify the achievements of the French Revolution

Use the excerpt below and your copious knowledge of World History to answer the next two questions.

If the source of popular government in peacetime is virtue, then the sources of popular government
in a time of revolution are both virtue and terror. Without terror, virtue is fatal; without virtue,
terror is powerless. Terror is justice: prompt, severe, and inflexible. It is a consequence of the general
principle of democracy applied to our country's most urgent needs.

20. During which era was the above excerpt most likely written?
a. Reign of Terror d. Moderate Phase of French Revolution
b. period of salutary neglect e. the Directory
c. Seven Years War

21. Who is most likely responsible for the quote above?
a. Napoleon d. Jefferson
b. de Gouges e. Paine
c. Robespierre

LAP 7 Take Home Due April 12 by 3:00 p.m. World History

What does the picture above show about Napoleons rise to power?
a. Napoleon was a member of the Committee of Public Safety.
b. Napoleon was a Protestant and a follower of Luther.
c. Napoleon was a Puritan who dressed simply.
d. Josephine Bonapartes rebelliousness hindered Napoleons career.
e. Napoleon viewed himself as the source of his own power.

23. Sans-culottes were
a. working class people who supported the creation of a republic.
b. a group of nobles and clergy who demanded that their privileges be returned.
c. representatives to the National Assembly who demanded a republic.
d. wealthy merchants who wanted to reduce their tax burdens.
e. reactionaries who advocated a return to the Moderate Constitution.

24. Which of following is an opinion not a fact about the Reign of Terror
a. It employed the guillotine
b. it took thousands of lives
c. it preserved the gains of the French Revolution
d. it was instituted by the Committee of Safety

25. A permanent result of the French Revolution was:
a. a two party system in France
b. the end of feudalism
c. loss of the French Empire overseas
d. destruction of the bourgeoisie

LAP 7 Take Home Due April 12 by 3:00 p.m. World History
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

The representatives of the French people, . . . believing that the ignorance, neglect, or contempt of the rights of
man are the sole cause of public calamities and of the corruption of governments, have determined to set forth
in a solemn declaration the natural, unalienable, and sacred rights of man. . .
1. Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. . .
2. The aim of all political association is the preservation of the. . . rights of man. These rights are liberty,
property, security and resistance to oppression. . .
5. Law can only prohibit such actions as are hurtful to society. . .
6. Law is the expression of the general will. Every citizen has a right to participate personally, or through his
representative, in its formation. It must be the same for all. . .
7. No person shall be accused, arrested, or imprisoned except in the cases and according to the forms prescribed
by law. . .
9. As all persons are held innocent until they shall have been declared guilty. . .
11. The free communication of ideas and opinions is one of the most precious of the rights of man. . .
12. A common contribution [tax] is essential. . . This should be equitably distributed among all the citizens in
proportion to their means.

26. Read the excerpt from the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. The Declaration of the Rights of
Man and of the Citizen considered which one of the following rights one of the most precious?
a. freedom of speech c. the right to pursue happiness
b. freedom of religion d. the right to own slaves

27. Read the excerpt from the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. Which of the following provisions
of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen would have particularly angered the Second Estate?
a. 1 c. 11
b. 9 d. 12

28. Which of the following was one cause of the French Revolution?
a. new taxes on the Second Estate c. strong leadership from Louis XVI
b. the influence of Enlightenment ideas d. economic prosperity

29. The Continental System restricted
a. trade with Great Britain. c. freedom of speech and of the press.
b. trade with French possessions in Asia. d. the rights of women.

30. Which European campaign was a disaster for Napoleon?
a. the Russian Campaign c. the Peninsular War
b. the Saint Domingue Expedition d. the Continental System

LAP 7 Take Home Due April 12 by 3:00 p.m. World History

31. Using the map titled Napoleons Empire, 1812, which states were opposed to Napoleon in 1812?
a. All states were either controlled or allied with Napoleon.
b. Grand Duchy of Warsaw, Confederation of the Rhine, Kingdoms of Denmark and Norway
c. Africa and the Ottoman Empire
d. Portugal, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Kingdom of Sardinia, Kingdom of
Sicily, Montenegro, Russian Empire and Sweden

32. What term best describes Napoleon Bonapartes ability to unify the French people by appealing to a strong sense
of French identity?
a. Conscription c. Federalism
b. Nationalism d. Reign of Terror

33. Which country does Napoleon invade that ultimately destroys a large percentage of his army?
a. Russia c. Great Britain
b. Spain d. Prussia

34. At the Congress of Vienna (1815), the governments of Europe reacted to the French Revolution and the rule of
Napoleon by attempting to
a. restore old regimes to power
b. spread the idea of democracy
c. encourage nationalist movements
d. promote the European free-trade zone

LAP 7 Take Home Due April 12 by 3:00 p.m. World History

35. One of the main purposes of the Congress of Vienna (18141815) was to
a. promote the unification of Italy
b. preserve the German territories gained by Otto von Bismarck
c. restore the power of the Holy Roman Empire
d. establish a balance of power in Europe after the defeat of Napoleon

Congress of Vienna Restores Monarchy to France
Czar Nicholas I Limits Freedom of the Russian Press
Reform Movements Crushed in Hungary, Italy, and the German States
36. These headlines could be described as
a. reactions to the French Revolution
b. movements to unify all of western Europe
c. efforts to improve the conditions of factory workers
d. attempts to promote trade between European nations