• Non-Linear arrangements of textual material is called hypertext.
• The term hyper means extension to other dimensions.
• Converting text into a multidimensional space.
• The term was invented by Ted Nelson in 1965
• Hypertext:
“non-sequential writing” Nelson, T. 1987. Literary Machines.
• Non-linear sequences of information (dictionary, encyclopaedia,
• Hypertext are systems to manage collection of information that
can be accessed non-sequentially.
• Consists of a network of nodes and logical links between nodes.
• Node refer to chunks of content or web page.
• The variety of nodes and links make hypertext a flexible
structure in which information can be provided by what is
stored in nodes and links to each node.
• Hypertext retrieval systems are the products of emerging
technology that specifies alternative approach to the retrieval of
information from web.
Multimedia has been used in many aspects in our lives, for example in the
field of business, entertainment and the sciences. “Multimedia” comes from
the word “multi” and “media”. “Multi” means various. “Media” refers to any
hardware or software used for communicating.

These are some examples of hardware and software that we use in
communicating with others:

• Examples of hardware are: the radio, television, computer and mobile
• Examples of software are: email, Yahoo Messenger, Multimedia
Message Service (MMS) and video conferencing.
There are five main elements in a complete multimedia system:

• Text
• Graphic
• Audio
• Video
• Animation
Hypermedia(Hypermedia = Hypertext + Multimedia)

• Hypermedia integrate text, images, video, graphics, sound
within Web page or node
• Hyper- representation of textual and non- textual information
in a non-sequential manner.
• Allows embedding bitmapped images (GIF, JPEG, PNG)

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