Civil Disputes

 Civil Law is known as Private Law.

 It regulates disputes between individuals;
between parties; and between individuals
and parties.

 The main purpose of Civil Law is to
compensate victims.
Civil Actions include – but are not
limited to – the following:
 Claims arising from
accidents;

 Injuries done by one
person to another’s
body, property, or
reputation;

 Divorces, child
custody, and support
claims;


 Adoptions;

 Failure to pay for
work done;

 Non-payment of rent;

 Unpaid debts.
 The victim may bring
an action against the
person who
committed the civil
wrong for damages,
or some other civil
remedy.
Tort Law
 Tort Law is a major division of Civil Law.

 Tort means “a wrong that is negligent.”

 A person who is found guilty of the
criminal offence of assault may have a civil
action (the tort of battery) filed against
him/her in order to compensate the
victim.
Some examples of an action
resulting in a crime and a tort:
If a person … It may be a
crime of …
And also the
tort of …
Hits another
person
Assault Battery
Breaks into
someone’s
property
Break and Enter Trespass to
Land
Takes
someone’s
belongings
Theft Trespass to
Goods
 Compensation usually translates to money

 It is the responsibility of the injured party to bring the
action.

 The action will be heard in a civil court; and if
satisfied, the court will award damages which it deems
suitable.

 Criminal courts and Civil courts proceed separately
from one another.

 It is up to the person who files the action to prove
that significant damages have occurred. (Reverse
Onus)
Homework
 Read pg. 311+314, Answer Question #1-
4, pg. 314
 Read pg. 314-315, Answer Question #1-4,
pg. 316
 Read the “Issue” on pg. 312-313, Answer
Questions #1-5, pg. 313.