1

Jurong Junior College
2013 JC1 H2 Mathematics Promo Solutions

Qn Solution
1
( )
( )
1
2
1 2 4 3
3
1 2 2 1
4
x x
x
x
+ +
| |
= + +
|
\ .

( )
2
3 9
2 1 2 1 ...
8 128
x x
x
| |
= + + ÷ +
|
\ .

2
19 87
2 ...
4 64
x x
= + +
Validity:
3
1
4
4 4
3 3
x
x
<
÷ < <



Qn Solution
2
(i)
2 2 2 2
2 1
( 1) ( 1)
n A B
n n n n
÷
= +
÷ ÷


2 2
2 2
( 1)
( 1)
An B n
n n
+ ÷
=
÷



2 2
2 1 ( 1) n An B n ÷ = + ÷
When n = 0, B = ÷1.
When n = 1, A = 1.


2 2 2 2
2 1 1 1
( 1) ( 1)
n
n n n n
÷
= ÷
÷ ÷

(ii)
2 2
2
2 1
( 1)
N
r
r
r r
=
÷
=
÷
¿
2 2
2
1 1

( 1)
N
r
r r
=
(
÷
(
÷
¸ ¸
¿


2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2 2
1 1

1 2
1 1

2 3
1 1

3 4
...
1 1 1
1
( 1) N N N

= ÷

¸
+ ÷
+ ÷
+
(
+ ÷ = ÷
(
÷
¸


2
1
2 2 2 2
1 2
2 1 2 1

( 1) ( 1)
N N
r r
r r
r r r r
+
= =
+ ÷
=
+ ÷
¿ ¿


2
1
1
( 1) N
= ÷
+



Qn Solution
3

(i)
25
25 S =

| |
25
0.5 25
2
1.5
a
a
+ =
¬ =



24 0.5
1
Subst 1.5, = 0.0417 (to 3 s.f)
24
a d
a d
+ =
= = ÷

(ii) GP a = 2


24
24
24
24
0.5
2 0.5
1
4
1
=0.94387 (to 5 s.f)
4
ar
r
r
r
=
=
=
=


24
24
24
24
24
30
1
2 1
4
30
1
1
4
1
1 0.84195
4
1
0.15805
4
ln 0.15805
1
ln
4
31.931
n
n
n
n
S
n
n
s
(
| |
(
÷
|
(
\ .
¸ ¸
s
| |
÷
|
\ .
| |
÷ s
|
|
\ .
| |
>
|
|
\ .
s
s

Therefore maximum number of pieces cut = 31.
3

Alternative Solution


( )
( )
( )
( )
30
2 1 0.94387
30
1 0.94387
1 0.94387 0.84195
0.94387 0.15805
ln 0.15805
ln 0.94387
31.9
n
n
n
n
S
n
n
s
(
÷
¸ ¸
s
÷
÷ s
>
s
s

Therefore maximum number of pieces cut = 31.

Qn Solution
4
(i)
2
4 2(1) 6
= 1.2
5 5
u
+
= =

3
6
4 2( )
32
5
= 1.28
5 25
u
+
= =
(ii)
1
As , , .
n
n
n u l u l
+
÷ · ÷ ÷

4 2
5
l
l
+
=

4
3
l =
(iii) Let
n
P be the statement
1
4 1 2
3 3 5
n
u
n
÷
| |
= ÷
|
\ .
for all 1 n > .
.
LHS of
1
P = u
1
1 = (by defn)
RHS of
1
P =
1 1
4 1 2 3
1
3 3 5 3
÷
| |
÷ = =
|
\ .

1
P is true.
Assume that
k
P is true for some 1 k > , ie
1
4 1 2
3 3 5
k
u
k
÷
| |
= ÷
|
\ .

We want to prove
1 + k
P , ie
1
4 1 2
3 3 5
k
k
u
+
| |
= ÷
|
\ .


1
LHS of
k
P
+
=
1 k
u
+


4 2

5
k
u +
=

1
4 2 4 1 2
5 5 3 3 5
k ÷
(
| |
= + ÷
(
|
\ .
(
¸ ¸

4

1
1
12 8 1 2 2
15 15 3 5 5
4 1 2
3 3 5
RHS of
k
k
k
P
÷
+
| || |
= + ÷
| |
\ .\ .
| |
= ÷
|
\ .
=


k
P is true
1 k
P
+
¬ is true.
By Mathematical Induction,
n
P is true for all 1 n > .

5 i)
Asymptotes:
2
By Long Division,
3 3 1
2
1 1
Asymptotes: 1, 2
x x
y x
x x
x y x
÷ +
= = ÷ +
÷ ÷
= = ÷

ii)
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )( )
2
2
2
2
2
2
3 3
1
1 3 3
3 3 0
For no solutions, Discriminant 0
3 4 3 0
6 9 12 4 0
2 3 0
3 1 0
1 3
x x
y
x
y x x x
x y x y
y y
y y y
y y
y y
y
÷ +
=
÷
÷ = ÷ +
+ ÷ + ÷ =
<
÷ ÷ ÷ <
÷ + ÷ ÷ <
÷ ÷ <
÷ + <
÷ < <

iii)


















y

1 x =
( ) 2, 1 ÷
x
0
3
2 y x = ÷
5

6 i)















ii)















iii)
















y
x
0
x = 3
x = 1
2
y
x
0
x = 1
x = ‒1
y
x
0
x = 1 x = ‒1
6

Qn Solution
7
(a)
2 2
2
3 3
3 5 5
2 2
x x x
| | | |
÷ + = ÷ ÷ ÷ +
| |
\ . \ .


2
3 11
2 4
x
| |
= ÷ +
|
\ .

Since
2
3
0
2
x
| |
÷ >
|
\ .
for all real values of x,
2
3 5 x x ÷ +
is always positive.

2
3 5
0
(4 )( 2)
x x
x x
÷ +
<
÷ ÷

Since
2
3 5 x x ÷ + is always positive, (4 )( 2) 0 x x ÷ ÷ <




2 or 4 x x < > -------(1)

2
( 2) 3 1
0
(2 )
x x
x x
+ ÷ ÷
<
÷

Replace x in eqn (1) with (x+2),
2 2 or 2 4 x x + < + >
0 or 2 x x ¬ < >

(b) Let the price of 1 litre of A, B and C be a, b and c
respectively.

Given that

2 9
3.50
2.5 2 2 2 2.5 2 0
a b c
b c
b c a a b c
+ + =
+ =
+ = ¬ ÷ ÷ =


Using GC, $4, $2, $1.50 a b c = = = .


+
÷ ÷
2 4
7

Qn Solution
8 i)
( )
( )
2
3
3
1
3
3ln 1
e 1
e 1 since 0 2
f e 1, 0 3ln5
y
y
x
y x
x
x x
x x
÷
= +
= ± ÷
= ÷ s s
= ÷ s s

ii)











They are reflections about y = x and
there are 2 solutions.
iii)
| |
| )
f
g
f g
0, 3ln5
0,
gf exists
R
D
R D
=
= ·
_

( ) ( )
3
2
gf 1 1, 0 2 x x x = + + s s
| |
gf
2,126 R =
y
x
O
2
3ln5

1
f ( ) y x
÷
=
f ( ) y x =
3ln5 2
8


Qn Solution
9
(a)
(i)
2
V r h t =

2
V
h
r t
=


2
2 2 A r rh t t = +
=
2
2
2 2
V
r r
r
t t
t
| |
+
|
\ .

=
2
2
2
V
r
r
t + (shown)
(ii) For min A,
d
d
A
r
=
2
2
4
V
r
r
t ÷ = 0

3
4 2 r V t =

1
3
2
V
r
t
| |
=
|
\ .

2
2 3
d 4
4 0
d
A V
r r
t = + >
Thus, A is minimum.
Substitute
2
V r h t = ,
1
2
3
2
r h
r
t
t
| |
=
|
\ .

2
3
2
r h
r =
2 h r =
(b) 2 2
2
2
4
y x
x
= ÷
= ÷

2
2
d 1
( 2 )
d
2 4
4
y
x
x
x
x
x
= ÷
÷
= ÷
÷

2
d d d
dt d d
(0.02)
4
y y x
x t
x
x
= ×
= ÷ ×
÷

2
1
(0.02)
4 1
0.011547
0.0115
= ÷ ×
÷
= ÷
= ÷

y decreases at a rate of 0.0115 ms
-1
.
9

Qn Solution
10(a)
(i)
3 3
d
3
d
t t
x
x e e
t
= ¬ =
2
d
2
d
y
y t t
t
= ¬ =
3
d 2
d 3
t
y t
x e
=
When
d
0
d
y
x
= ,
3
2
0
3
t
t
e
=
0 t =
(ii)
(b)
2 2
2 2 xy x y k ÷ + = … (1)
Differentiate throughout w.r.t. x.
d d
2 4 0
d
2
d
y y
x y y
x x
x
| |
÷ + + =
|
\ .

d
d 2
y y x
x y x
÷
=
÷

For tangents which are parallel to the line y x = ,
d
1
d
y
x
= .
1
2
y x
y x
÷
=
÷

2
0
y x y x
y
÷ = ÷
=

Subst. 0 y = into (1):
2 2
2
2 (0) 2(0) x x
k x
k ÷ + =
=

Given that there are 2 tangents parallel to the line y x = ,
0 k >
10














For tangents which are parallel to the y-axis,
d
d
y
x
is undefined.
2 0
2
y x
x y
÷ =
=

Subst. 2 x y = and k = 4 into (1):
2 2
(2 ) 2(2 ) 2 4 y y y y ÷ + =
2
2 2
y
x
= ±
= ±

The coordinates are
( ) ( )
2 2, 2 and 2 2, 2 ÷ ÷ .
Qn Solution
11(a)
(i)
2 2
e d e 2 e d
x x x
x x x x x = ÷
} }


2
e 2 e e d
x x x
x x x
(
= ÷ ÷
¸ ¸
}


( )
2
2
e 2 e e
e 2 2
x x x
x
x x c
x x c
( = ÷ ÷ +
¸ ¸
= ÷ + +

(ii)
2
3 3
0 0
1
sin 2 d 1 cos 4 d
2
x x x x
t t
= ÷
} }

3
0
1 1
sin 4
2 4
x x
t
(
= ÷
(
¸ ¸

1 1 4
sin
2 3 4 3
1 3
2 3 8
t t
t
(
= ÷
(
¸ ¸
(
= +
(
¸ ¸

(b)
( )
2 2
9 1
d du
3 1
x u
x
u
x
+
=
÷
} }

2
1
du u
u
÷
= +
}

1
ln u c
u
= ÷ +
1
ln 3 1
3 1
x c
x
= ÷ ÷ +
÷

11















(c)
( ) 1 2 4
2 4
x A x B
Ax A B
+ = ÷ +
= ÷ +

By comparing coefficients,
1
2 1
2
A A = ¬ =
4 1 3 A B B ÷ + = ¬ =
( )
2
2
2 2 2
1
d
4 13
1
2 4 3
2
d
4 13
1 2 4 1
d 3 d
2 4 13 ( 2) 3
x
x
x x
x
x
x x
x
x x
x x x
+
÷ +
÷ +
=
÷ +
÷
= +
÷ + ÷ +
}
}
} }

2 1
1 1 2
ln 4 13 3 tan
2 3 3
x
x x c
÷
÷ | | | |
= ÷ + + +
| |
\ . \ .

( )
2 1
1 2
ln 4 13 tan
2 3
x
x x c
÷
÷ | |
= ÷ + + +
|
\ .