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Chivalry in the middle ages

"A knight should be bold, fair, courteous and well-


mannered, generous and loyal, not foolish or rash,
and should speak fairly without discourtesy. A knight
should be all this, and also proud and fierce to his
enemies, and kind to his friends."
-Durmart
Origin
Hard to determine where it began
At its height throughout the 12
th
and 13
th
centuries
Influenced by Charlemagnes heroic antics
Created by the church
Made their military work align with God


Knights
Placed in the service of the lords
Required to be as loyal to their lady
Respect of an authority they learned from being a
page and then a squire
Never turn their back on a foe
Extremely disciplined
Became its own class(11
th
century)
Christian soldier

Knights
Before they were able to be a knight they must have had to be
a squire
In order for a knight to be a knight they had to be inducted or
dubbed
The knights were held up to a Code of Chivalry
Christianity had influence on the meaning of chivalry
Peace and Truce of God placed limits
Knights were/are romanticized throughout history
Many knights failed to meet the standards, and they hated
peasants

The knights code of
chivalry
Moral system; Charlemagnes code of chivalry
Valued bravery, courtesy, honor, and service
towards women(nobles).
Always tell the truth
To fear God and maintain his Church
To serve the liege lord in valour and faith
To protect the weak and defenseless.
Video
1:50
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tIfDhHIy-
Wo&list=PLk3UmrTClmksd2KmReZgupTLCqzlbAUta


Courtly love
Knights way of expressing love and admiration
Often affiliated with chivalry
Marriages were arranged
Allowed knights and ladies to express their admiration
regardless of marital status
Contradicted Gods law
When made public love rarely endures
Marriage is no excuse for not loving
Evidence found in Canterbury Tales and legends of Camelot
The Legend of King Arthur
Sword in the stone
He and his knights met at the Round Table
Carried out chivalrous acts
Castle in Camelot
Fought against Saxons, slowly taking over with the
Excalibur
Quest for the holy grail

Decline
Feudalism declined there was a rise in sovereignty
Tried to revive but only a few values survived;
Loyalty, obedience, and justice
Religion no longer led the knights to serve or honor



Impact
Increased a womans value and status
Prevented useless quarrelling between classes
Slight time of peace
Epic poetry and ballads thrived during the 11
th
-13
th

centuries because of their embellishment of heroism
Shaped modern day ideas of romance