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Name: .................................................

Maths Class: ..................... .

SYDNEY TECHNICAL HIGH SCHOOL

YEAR 12 HSC COURSE


Extension 2 Mathematics
Assessment 1
March 2010
TIME ALLOWED: 70 minutes

Instructions:

Write your name and class at the top of this page, and on all your answer sheets.
Hand in your answers attached to the rear of this question sheet.
All necessary working must be shown. Marks may not be awarded for careless or badly
arranged work.
Marks indicated within each question are a guide only and may be varied at the time of
marking
START ALL QUESTIONS ON A NEWPAGE
Approved calculators may be used.
(FOR MARKERS USE ONLY)

1 /171

/171

TOTAL
/50

QUESTION 1: (17 Marks)


Marks
5

(a)

If z
(i)

(b)

= 1 - -13 i ,
(ii)

lz I

find
(iii) arg z

Given the ellipse 9x 2

16y 2

(iv) arg iz

= 144,

(v) z

(in simplest fonn)

find

(i) the length of the major axis

(ii) the eccentricity

(iii) the co-ordinates of the foci

(iv) the equations ofthe directrices


3

(v) the slope of the tangent at the point P (3, -17)

(vi) the equation of the normal at P (3, -17)


4

(DO NOT SIMPLIFY THIS)

(c)

(i) Sketch the region where the inequalities

Iz -

2i

::; Iz - 2 i I

and

Iz -

1 - 2 i I ::; 1

hold simultaneously.

(ii) P is a point on the boundary of the region in part (i) above, and is
rr
represented by the complex number z, where arg z = -.
4

Find the 2 possibilities for z (in the form a+ib).

QUESTION 2: (17 Marks)


Marks
(a)

The point Z, represents the complex number z = 2 + 3i

The line OZ is rotated anticlockwise by !:. radians to form the line OW.
2

(i) Find the complex number w, represented by the point W.

(ii)

Give the exact value of arg(~)


w

For any point Z, representing the complex number z, you are given that

(b)

arg(z- 1)- arg (z- i) = 0


On an Argand Diagram, draw the locus of the point Z.

(i),

Prove De Moivre's Theorem by the process of Mathematical Induction.


[NOTE: De Moivre's Theorem states that (rcis e)n = rncis ne]

2..

(ii)

Express both 1 + i and 1- i in the formrcis

(iii)

Using De Moivre's Theorem, or otherwise, and your answers to part (b)

(c)

above, find, as a whole number, the value of

QUESTION 3: (16 Marks)


Marks
xz

(a)

P (x 1 , y1 ) is any point on the ellipse - 2


a

y2
b2

Directrix

I
I
I

I
I
I

:R

S'

The tangent at P cuts the major axis of the ellipse at T and the Directrix at R,
while N is the foot of the perpendicular from P to the x-axis.
0 is the centre ofthe ellipse, whileS and S' are the foci.

(i)

Show that the equation of the tangent at P is x~1


a
(Show all working)

(ii)

Find the co-ordinates of the point T.

(iii)

Show that ON.OT = a 2

QUESTION 3 continues overleaf. ...

Y~1 = 1
b

....... QUESTION 3 continued


You are given the curve y 2 = x 2 (4- x 2 ),

(b)

(i)

Find the points where this curve cuts the x-axis.

(ii)

Use implicit differentiation, or otherwise, to show that

(iii)

. .

dy

dx

(iv)

4x-2x

dx

2(2-x 2 )
~

v4-x~

Hence find the co-ordinates of the turning points on the new curve
y =
4 - 2 ) and identify their nature.

x.J ( x

DO NOT ATTEMPT TO FIND THE SECOND DERIVATIVE

(v)

By taking the positive square root of the curve only, the curve becomes

Show that, m this mstance, -

dy

Hence neatly sketch the original curve y 2


features found in the parts above.

= x 2 ( 4- x 2 ), showing all

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