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Nashville Military Civil War Hospitals

Nashville Military Civil War Hospitals

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Published by Kraig McNutt
When the Union captured Nashville in early 1862 one of the biggest benefits was the fact that the Federal's also commandeered the second largest Confederate hospital operation in the Confederacy. The Nashville military hospital system would remaining Union hands the rest of the war.

Based on hundreds of hours of research, many never-before published resources, pictures, original letters, etc., this study (in PowerPoint format) contains nearly 150 separate slides.

Author: Kraig McNutt
tellinghistory(at)yahoo.com
When the Union captured Nashville in early 1862 one of the biggest benefits was the fact that the Federal's also commandeered the second largest Confederate hospital operation in the Confederacy. The Nashville military hospital system would remaining Union hands the rest of the war.

Based on hundreds of hours of research, many never-before published resources, pictures, original letters, etc., this study (in PowerPoint format) contains nearly 150 separate slides.

Author: Kraig McNutt
tellinghistory(at)yahoo.com

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Published by: Kraig McNutt on May 08, 2014
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Nashville’s Military

Civil War Hospitals
Nashville’s Civil War Military
Hospital Network
1. kepresented rough|y 10-1S¼ of the
Un|on's !"!#$ m|||tary hosp|ta| capac|ty.

2. Served approx|mate|y 100,000
so|d|ers dur|ng the CW.
Nashville’s Civil War Military
Hospital Network
3. At peak, served about 14,000 men at
one nme.

4. nad the !%&'( |argest med|ca| schoo|
|n the Un|ted States.

3. kepresents 20-30¼ of the hosp|ta|
capac|ty of the CSA.
Nashville’s Civil War Military
Hospital Network
6. About 8-10¼ death rate among
panents.

7. Centra||y |ocated a|ong ma[or water
and ra|| ||nes.

8. Was a hosp|ta|-depot-nervous-system
of sorts for Un|on.
9. 8y )*'&"( standards, Nashv|||e's
system was hrst-rate.

10. Lvo|ved |n the context of a fa|r|y
"hosn|e env|ronment" |n terms of
|oya|ty.
Nashville’s Civil War Military
Hospital Network
1. S|ck for severa| days to weeks, suñer|ng.
2. Shot or wounded from acnon.
Journey to a
military hospital?
WhaL klnd of (#+#,*
could a .38 callber mlnnle
bulleL do Lo man?
The dead and wounded on the field, inspected
and collected.
A. Could Lake hours or nexL day Lo
sLarL lnspecuon.
8. Cûen umes, men had Lo be leû for
Lhe enemy Lo handle, lf aL all.
C. lf wounded, bleedlng, usually was
several hours before dlscovered
and carrled away.
u. 1aken behlnd Lhe llnes for whaL ls
now consldered baslc Lrlage.
L. Larly ln war, llule Lo no medlcal
sysLem Lo supporL such huge
casualues (e.g., Shlloh).
l. 8y end of 1862, boLh sldes greaLly
lmproved Lhelr sysLems.
What
|s
th|s?
Hospital Train from Chattanooga to
Nashville
Floating Hospital & Transport
USS Red Rover, 1862-1865
U.S. Navy’s first hospital ship
1he u.A. !anuary was re-furblshed from an exlsung vessel and
fully-ñued lnLo a 430-bed hosplLal shlp. 1hls shlp carrled 32,738
pauenLs durlng Lhe course of Lhe war, wlLh Lhe low morLallLy raLe
of 2.3 percenL.
- 1he Llbrary of Congress Clvll War uesk 8eference, p. 631

June 7, 1862 Harper’s Weekly
Appropr|anon of bu||d|ngs to serve as m|||tary hosp|ta|s
|n Nashv|||e

MlllLary PosplLals.--A large number of bulldlngs have
been selecLed Lo be ñued up as hosplLals for Lhe
recepuon of Lhe wounded, among whlch we hear of Lhe
llrsL ÞresbyLerlan Church, corner of Sprlng and summer
sLreeLs, Lhe llrsL 8apusL Church, norLh Summer sLreeL,
Cumberland ÞresbyLerlan Church, Mckendree Church,
Sprlng sLreeL, and Lhe large resldence of Mr. Alexander
Wheless on Spruce sLreeL.

nashvllle ulspotcb, !anuary 6, 1863.

Blind Asylum
Prisoner of War Hospital
• 936 beds, Led 8.8. 8reed
• ConfederaLe ÞCWs were
generally LreaLed Lhere
• ConverLed church and a
former gun facLory
(College Plll Armory)
• Cun facLory, 1hlrd Þresby
Church, Þrlm 8apL
Church
Cowan aucuon
U.S. General Hospital #1
Hospital #1 – Old Gun Factory
CnAkLLS SCÞLk CCkkLSÞCNDLNCL. 1862-1863. 28 leuets, most wltb eovelopes. 1wenLy
of Lhe leuers ln Lhls collecuon were wrluen by ÞvL. Charles Soper (1832/3-1863) durlng hls
Clvll War servlce ln Co. u, 22nd Mlchlgan lnfanLry.
All are addressed Lo hls wlfe, Sarah, aL Soper's farm near Crlon ln Cakland CounLy, Mlchlgan. Soper was
musLered ln on 14 AugusL 1862, and remalned wlLh Lhe 22nd Mlchlgan unul falllng slck Lhe followlng
Aprll, he d|ed at nosp|ta| No. 1, Nashv|||e, 22 Apr|| 1863. Soper's leuers daLe from 12 november 1862 Lo
3 Aprll 1863. MosL were wrluen from Lhe large unlon wlnLer encampmenL aL LexlngLon, kenLucky, Camp
Llla 8lshop, where Lhe reglmenL-auached Lo Lhe Army of kenLucky-performed guard, plckeL, and
provosL duLy. 1he collecuon also lncludes slx leuers wrluen Lo Sarah Soper by ÞvL. Ceorge W. Cwen (b.
1833/4), also of Lhe 22nd Mlchlgan's Co. u. 1hese descr|be Soper's |||ness, death, and bur|a|, as well as
Cwen's eñorLs Lo obLaln a LombsLone for hls frlend's grave. MSN]CW S044-1 to MSN]CW S044-28.
Un|vers|ty of Notredame

8erry, Iohn W. Co. C., 66
th
GA Infantry. -- ÞrlvaLe - CcLober 27, 1863.
Wounded aL nashvllle, 1ennessee, ln rlghL knee uecember 13, 1864. CapLured aL lranklln, 1ennessee,
uecember 18, 1864. Admlued to U. S. Army Genera| nosp|ta| No. 1, Nashv|||e, 1ennessee, wlLh cannon
ball wound ln rlghL knee uecember 26, 1864. uled Lhere of wound and of Lyphold fever !anuary 10, 1863.
8urled Lhere ln Crave no. 11113, nashvllle ClLy CemeLery.

1homas N. CkIMM (12
th
LA Infantry)
capLured ln Columbla, 1ennessee on uecember 22, 1864 convalesclng from hls wounds. ln !anuary 1863
when he was sumclenLly recovered Lo be moved, he was forwarded Lo nashvllle where he was admlued
Lo nashvllle uSA Ceneral PosplLal no. 1 on !anuary 21sL. Pls wound was examlned by lederal surgeons
and noLed Lo be a "slmple ßesh wound of boLh legs and shoulders." Pls age was noLed Lo be 22 years, and
he was released lnLo Lhe general prlson populauon on !anuary 23rd. Pe was forwarded Lo Lhe Loulsvllle
MlllLary Þrlson arrlvlng Lhere on !anuary 24Lh, and was senL Lhe nexL day on Lo Camp Chase, Chlo where
he arrlved on !anuary 27Lh.
Letters & records
LlghLeen-year-old Þr|vate W||||s L. McWh|rter of Adamsvllle ln Mcnalry CounLy was
musLered lnLo Lhe 27th 1ennessee Infantry, CSA, ln SepLember 1861. Pe would noL
survlve Lhe war. A llule over Lhree years aûer hls enllsLmenL he was hlL by arullery ñre aL
Lhe 8aule of lranklln. 1he mlsslle caused severe damage Lo hls rlghL hlp [olnL, and lL ls
remarkable LhaL McWhlrLer, by Lhen a corporal, survlved as long as he dld.

When Pood reLreaLed aûer Lhe 8aule of nashvllle, McWhlrLer remalned behlnd wlLh Lhe resL of Lhose
Loo serlously wounded Lo be moved. 1aken prlsoner on uecember 17, 1864, he was leû ln Lhe care of
unlon Army surgeons aL Lhe U.S. Army Genera| nosp|ta| #1, on Lhe hlll near where 1hlrd and Llndsley
now meeL. McWhlrLer dled of hls wounds on !anuary 31, 1863, and was burled Lhe nexL day aL
nashvllle ClLy CemeLery.

Accordlng Lo hls mlllLary records, Lhe corporal was asslgned Lwo numbers, a hosplLal pauenL number
and a grave number, Lhe lauer also appearlng ln nashvllle moruclan W. 8. Cornellus's burlal ledger.
1he leuers "CSW" nexL Lo hls name Lhere represenL Lhe cause of deaLh: "gunshoL wound." Cornellus
conLracLed wlLh Lhe unlon mlllLary auLhorlues Lo bury boLh Lhe unlon dead and Lhelr ConfederaLe
counLerparLs. Pls ledger conLalns over 13,000 enLrles, many of Lhem unknowns.
hup://www.clvlcscope.org/nashvllle-Ln/ConfederaLeClrcleMLCllveL 8y 1erry 8aker

Hospital Pencillings
Monday 2S
th

1he ambulance and drlver were placed aL my dlsposal Lhls Þ.M., and l vlslLed nosp|ta| No. 1. l ñnd
changes here, buL mosLly for Lhe beuer. Some have recovered sumclenLly Lo be senL norLh. 1he "
Alabamlan," as he was called, who LogeLher wlLh " Wllllam " was placed ln my care, l am grleved Lo
learn has " crossed Lhe llnes." Pe was gemng beuer l was Lold, unul one nlghL he dled suddenly of an
ulcer on hls lungs. Wllllam ls dressed and walks around - ls surely gemng well, and Lalklng of golng
home. Pas had a leuer wrluen Lo hls faLher and recelved a reply. Seems very graLeful. 1he German
suñered no more paln from Lhe ampuLauon, and ls hopeful. 1he norweglan has no gangrene ln hls
arm now, and lL ls fasL heallng. Þ. 60 PosplLal Þencllllngs
Apr|| (probab|y 9
th
)
Pere ls a good-faced German, who ls moanlng wlLh paln from an ampuLauon. lL ls LwenLy days slnce
Lhe operauon, buL he suñers Lerrlbly every few momenLs from a spasmodlc conLracuon of Lhe
muscles. And we also ñnd upon converslng, LhaL Lhe facL of Lhe ampuLauon hurLs hls feellngs ln more
ways Lhan one, and we musL needs Lell hlm Lo bear Lhe paln llke a good brave soldler, and LhaL lL wlll
grow less and less each day, and really lasL buL a few days more alLogeLher, and LhaL as Lo belng
wlLhouL a llmb he wlll noL be able only one capable of exhlblung such a proof of Lhe servlce rendered
hls counLry, LhaL lL ls an honor raLher Lhan a dlsgrace Lo lose llmbs whlle baullng for Lhe rlghL , and
now Lhe hero's look of deLermlnauon seules over hls feaLures also. 8uL [usL as we Lurn Lo leave, he
expresses hls oplnlon LhaL Lwo or Lhree more such " cookles " as we broughL hlm Lhe oLher day
wouldn'L hurL hlm, lndeed,

" uey was moshL as gooL ?oL my moder used Lo make." p. 22 PosplLal Þencllllngs

Pere ls a good-faced German, who ls moanlng wlLh paln from an ampuLauon. lL ls
LwenLy days slnce Lhe operauon, buL he suñers Lerrlbly every few momenLs from a
spasmodlc conLracuon of Lhe muscles. And we also ñnd upon converslng, LhaL Lhe facL
of Lhe ampuLauon hurLs hls feellngs ln more ways Lhan one, and we musL needs Lell
hlm Lo bear Lhe paln llke a good brave soldler, and LhaL lL wlll grow less and less each
day, and really lasL buL a few days more alLogeLher, and LhaL as Lo belng wlLhouL a
llmb he wlll noL be able only one capable of exhlblung such a proof of Lhe servlce
rendered hls counLry, LhaL lL ls an honor raLher Lhan a dlsgrace Lo lose llmbs whlle
baullng for Lhe rlghL , and now Lhe hero's look of deLermlnauon seules over hls
feaLures also. 8uL [usL as we Lurn Lo leave, he expresses hls oplnlon LhaL Lwo or Lhree
more such " cookles " as we broughL hlm Lhe oLher day wouldn'L hurL hlm, lndeed,

" uey was moshL as gooL ?oL my moder used Lo make."

p. 22 PosplLal Þencllllngs

SaLurday Lve, Aprll 9.

lost weJoesJoy Mlss O. ooJ myself vlslteJ -".)&!#$ 0"1 23 fot tbe secooJ ume.

1bey wete jost tobloq ooe yoooq boy lo bls solJlet's solt of bloe fot tbe lost ume. ne wos
tbeo botoe to tbe JeoJ-boose. nls oome wos nlckmoo Nouet, of tbe J1st Oblo. l secoteJ
tbe lost O[ce oJJtess of bls people ooJ tbot of sevetol otbets wbo boJ JleJ ooJ boJ oo
messoqe seot bome. l posseJ tbe wbole of tbe oext Joy lo wtluoq solJlets' leuets, ooJ lo my
jootool. My fotutoJe wos sotely ttleJ ooJ teolly btoke Jowo ofet qemoq bock, to foJ tbot
lo wotJ 1 olooe ftom two to foot boys ote Jyloq Jolly, wblle tbe cboplolo bos oot beeo lo to
speok to o sloqle slck ot Jyloq boy fot two weeks. wotJs 2 ooJ J bove foteJ llule lf ooy
beuet, os ls tbe tesumooy of wotJ-mostets ooJ ootses. lt ls bls Joty olso to wtlte to tbe
telouves of tbose wbo Jle, ooJ commoo bomoolty woolJ Jlctote tbot lt be Jooe, ooJ evety
comfotuoq messoqe seot to tbem. l wos tolJ by tbe cletk, wbose Joty lt wos to collect tbe
oomes fot tepott lo tbe pobllc ptlots, tbot lo oo sloqle lostooce boJ be koowo tbe cboplolo
to oueoJ to tbot Joty. l wos loJlqooot ooJ JetetmloeJ to tepott blm, bot wos qlveo to
ooJetstooJ by mote tboo ooe cbtlsuoo mlolstet, tbot tbe exptessloo of loJlqoouoo wos
cooslJeteJ o boJ omeo fot my fotote soccess lo bospltols. Þ. 19
Hospital Pencillings
Hospital Pencillings
1uesday Aprll 12
Lh


nove vlslteJ -".)&!#$3 0"1 43 os well os 0"1 23 sevetol umes sloce l bove beeo bete, ooJ
om ptlvlleqeJ to cotty some Jellcocles, ooJ wtlte leuets fot lts lomotes.

l yestetJoy vlslteJ -".)&!#$3 0"1 2, fot tbe lost ume ptobobly, wblle tbose temolo lo
wbom l bove become speclolly lotetesteJ. 8ot bove moJe socb ottooqemeots tbot
wllllom ooJ tbe Alobomloo, wbo wete qlveo to my cote, sboll bove wbotevet ls
oeeJeJ. 1bey seem to teqtet my Jepottote, bot wllllom ls JeclJeJly beuet. cottleJ o
lotqe boule of lemoooJe, some otooqes, ooJ blockbetty sytop. Þ. 26
U.S. General Hospital #2/#17
University Building
• 300 beds
• lrom 1833 Lo Lhe Clvll War, Lhe bulldlng
served as WesLern MlllLary lnsuLuLe, run by
Col. 8ushrod !ohnson, who became a
ConfederaLe general.
• All of Lhe cadeLs who auended Lhe school
[olned Lhe Confederacy. Cne of Lhem was Sam
uavls, who was laLer hanged by Lhe unlon as a
spy.
U.S. General Hospital #2 / #17
University Building
Mrs Mary 8aker was
from Concord,
lndlana, and a cook
ln Lhe speclal dleL
klLchen of Cmcer's
PosplLal #2.





ÞlcLure source: Cur Army nurses
U.S. General Hospital #2 University Building
U.S. General Hospital #2 University Building
9
Lh
lndlana Cav, Ldward
W. Magann was a
hosplLal sLeward and
laLer asslsLanL surgeon.

Pe became a pauenL ln
Cmcer's PosplLal #2.




ÞlcLure source: Cur Army nurses
U.S. General Hospital #2 University Building
Sm|th, A. k.: Cne |euer (Iu|y 21, 1864) from nosp|ta| No. 2, Nashv|||e, 1enn.
SmlLh's reglmenL ls unldenuñed. unlverslLy of Mlchlgan hup://benLley.umlch.edu/research/guldes/clvllwar/clvllwar_search.php?nameld=938


Letters & records
1nL WCUNDLD 2CUAVL IN 1nL
nCSÞI1AL A1 WASnING1CN.

August 17, 1861

narper's Week|y
U.S. General Hospital #3
Ensley Buildings
200 beds, Led by !.8. Ludlow
Leuer from Wlll W. Wallace Lo
WalL WhlLman, 7 May 1863

Letters & records
More leuers for #3
McNU11, LCU S. Þapers, 1863.SC 0687. 1 folder. Collecuon gulde ln llbrary.
Lou Mcnuu was a nurse (or volunLeer) aL nosp|ta| Number 1hree, Nashv|||e, 1ennessee, |n 1863. 1hls
collecuon conLalns a leuer wrluen by Mcnuu, 1 lebruary 1863, Lo Lmallne Abbou of llLchvllle, Puron
CounLy, Chlo, lnformlng Abbou of Abbou's son's deaLh. lndlana PlsLorlcal SocleLy.

McNuu, Lou S. S., ß. 1840s-1860s. VIM 749. Þapers, 1863 Ieb. 1. Ch|o n|stor|ca|
Soc|ety.
1yped copy of a leuer, leb. 1, 1863, from Lou S. S. Mcnuu, nurse ln PosplLal no. 3, nashvllle,
1enn., Lo Mrs. Ceorge Abbou, llLchvllle, C., Lelllng of Lhe deaLh of her son, !acob M. Abbou, Co. u,
101sL C.v.l.
Hospital Pencillings
nosp|ta| Þenc||||ng, Þowers
CcLober 1
sL
(p. 99)
?esLerday mornlng called on 5&..
677&* 8*$$, maLron of hosp|ta|. No.
8. She ls very favorably known by all
surgeons LhroughouL Lhe clLy , and
possesses a really noble and
lndependenL naLure. She was aL
Ceuysburg, and a wlnLer aL Parper's
lerry. She accompanled me Lo call
upon dlgnlLarles, and Lhe resulL ls a
promlse of a posluon for her cousln
and myself ln hosp|ta| No. 3, as soon
as ladles' quarLers can be ñued up,
whlch are promlsed ln abouL Len
days. 1he surgeon ls docLor Ludlow.
U.S. General Hospital #4
Howard High School & Military Prison
U.S. General Hospital #4
Howard High School
Mlss Mary venard,
served ln Lhe speclal
dleLs klLchen ln #4 buL
also performed
nurslng duues.
Poward School
U.S. General Hospital #5
State Armory, Gun Factory
uec 6, 1862 leuer
We have a good vlew of Lhe clLy from here whlch presenLs Lhe
appearance of a huge plle of brlcks of whlch nearly every bulldlng ls bullL.
1he caplLol makes a ñne appearance occupylng Lhe hlghesL ground ln Lhe
clLy. 1here was qulLe a ñre lasL nlghL ln slghL of here burnlng several
bulldlngs. llres are very frequenL ln Lhe clLy laLely. l cannoL reallze l am
way down here ls 1enn, so far away from home.

uec 19, 1862 leuer
1he hosplLals are now very rapldly ñlllng up[.] 1here are upwards of 20 ln
Lhe clLy[.] l undersLand LhaL Lhey conLaln abouL 14000 soldlers. 1here ls
an lmmense army ln Lhls parL of Lhe sLaLe under Cen 8osencran's
command[.] A greaL baule ls expecLed soon somewhere ln Lhls vlclnlLy.

Chauncy H. Peck, Co F., 21
st
Michigan Vols

Chauncy P. Þeck, Co l., 21
sL
Mlchlgan vols
uec 6, 1862 leuer
We have a good vlew of Lhe clLy from here whlch presenLs Lhe appearance of a huge plle of brlcks of
whlch nearly every bulldlng ls bullL. 1he caplLol makes a ñne appearance occupylng Lhe hlghesL ground ln
Lhe clLy. 1here was qulLe a ñre lasL nlghL ln slghL of here burnlng several bulldlngs. llres are very frequenL
ln Lhe clLy laLely. l cannoL reallze l am way down here ls 1enn, so far away from home.
hup://www.21sLmlchlgan.us/peck6dec62.hLm

uec 19, 1862 leuer
1he hosplLals are now very rapldly ñlllng up[.] 1here are upwards of 20 ln Lhe clLy[.] l undersLand LhaL
Lhey conLaln abouL 14000 soldlers. 1here ls an lmmense army ln Lhls parL of Lhe sLaLe under gen
8osencran's command[.] A greaL baule ls expecLed soon somewhere ln Lhls vlclnlLy.
hup://www.21sLmlchlgan.us/peck19dec62.hLm



Letters & records
U.S. General Hospital #6
Meredith Building
MlllLary PosplLal no. 6.
1he followlng communlcauon makes some sLaLemenLs ln reference Lo Lhe above named PosplLal whlch
oughL Lo be lnvesugaLed. Cf course we know noLhlng of Lhe LruLh of Lhe charges, buL as Lhe PosplLal ls a
publlc lnsuLuuon, and Lhe auLhor has leû us hls name, as a responslble person, Lhe mauer oughL Lo be
looked lnLo:
No. 6 nosp|ta|, Nashv|||e, 1enn. 1hursday, Ieb. S, 1863.
Mr. LdlLor:-WlLh your permlsslon, and Lhrough Lhe columns of your paper, (ln behalf of Lhe nurses,
and parL of Lhe WardmasLers ln Lhe above named PosplLal,) l would ask Lhe proper auLhorlues: WhaL ls
Lhe cause of Lhe sald WardmasLers and nurses havlng Lo subslsL wholly upon "bread and coñee, and
bean or vegeLable soup, wlLh an occaslonal plece of meaL whlch ls slmply warmed-noL cooked-
Lhrough?"
ln Lhe soup Lhe nurses occaslonally ñnd a "bean," whlch añords conslderable grauñcauon Lo Lhe ñnder,
whlle oLhers feel sllghLed.
lL ls folly Lo descrlbe Lhe wrong dolngs connecLed wlLh Lhls PosplLal, buL an examlnauon by Lhe "proper
AuLhorlues" wlll ñnd, Lo Lhelr uuer asLonlshmenL, LhaL Lhe nurses-"soldlers"-are noL gemng as good
nor subsLanual llvlng as Lhe negroes LhaL are lolLerlng abouL Lhe klLchen, dolng llule or noLhlng and
gemng Lhelr regular sleep, whlle Lhe nurse ls obllged Lo lose sleep and do conslderable dlsagreeable
work, and llve ptloclpolly upon bteoJ ooJ co[ee.
WhaL becomes of all Lhe "ÞoLaLoes," "8uuer," "Lggs," "Cnlons," "Canned CysLers," "Apples," and a
whole hosL of oLher Lhlngs Loo numerous Lo menuon? All of Lhese Lhlngs are seen comlng lnLo sald
PosplLal, and havlng a falr opporLunlLy of knowlng LhaL Lhe nurses do noL geL any of Lhem, oot Jo tbe
slck qet tbe bolf.
Wlll noL some klnd "AuLhorlLy" auend Lo Lhls mauer? lorbearance ceases Lo be a vlrLue.
Cne lnLeresLed.

nashvllle uolly uoloo, lebruary 8, 1863.

U.S. General Hospital #7
U.S. San|tary Comm|ss|on narper's Week|y, Apr|| 9, 1864
U.S. General #8 Hospital
First Presbyterian
lar rlghL Mary !eweu 1elford.
Dr. R.R. Taylor,
Medical Director of Hospital #8
8oberL 8andolph 1aylor enllsLed as
asslsLanL surgeon of Lhe 4Lh lowa
Cavalry ln March 1862 and reslgned ln
CcLober 1862, Lransferrlng Lo Lhe uS
volunLeer Medlcal SLañ Corps ln Lhe
same grade.

ln Aprll 1863 he was promoLed full
surgeon and was breveued aL Lhe end
of Lhe war wlLh Lhe rank of lleuLenanL
colonel, musLerlng ouL ln March 1866.
Much of hls duLy was ln
Lhe nashvllle hosplLal
complex, Lhe largesL ln Lhe
SouLh, where he served as
Med|ca| D|rector of
nosp|ta| No. 8.
Cumberland Presbyterian
part of No.8 hospital
CapaclLy:
41 beds

Hospital Pencillings
We crossed Lhe sLreeL and enLered Lhe llrsL ÞresbyLerlan Church, whlch consuLuLes a
parL of Lhe hosplLal. 1hls place ls noLable for Lhe promulgauon of secesslon senumenLs
from lLs pulplL ln oLher days. A speclmen of Lhe sLyle - was glven here a shorL ume
before Lhe enLrance of our Lroops, by Þrof. Llllou of Lhe Semlnary, who ln a prayer
besoughL Lhe AlmlghLy LhaL he would so " prosper Lhe arms of Lhe ConfederaLes and
brlng Lo naughL Lhe plans of Lhe lederals, LhaL every hlll-Lop, plaln and valley around
nashvllle should be lovlte wltb tbe bomes of tbe boteJ ¥ookees l "
coo´t fqote oot tbls pott yet

CcLober 1
sL
(p. 99)

?esLerday mornlng called on 5&.. 677&* 8*$$, maLron of hosp|ta|. No. 8. She ls very
favorably known by all surgeons LhroughouL Lhe clLy , and possesses a really noble and
lndependenL naLure. She was aL Ceuysburg, and a wlnLer aL Parper's lerry. She
accompanled me Lo call upon dlgnlLarles, and Lhe resulL ls a promlse of a posluon for
her cousln and myself ln hosp|ta| No. 3, as soon as ladles' quarLers can be ñued up,
whlch are promlsed ln abouL Len days. 1he surgeon ls docLor Ludlow.


PosplLal Þencllllngs


?esLerday mornlng called on 5&.. 677&* 8*$$, maLron of hosp|ta|. No. 8. She ls very favorably
known by all surgeons LhroughouL Lhe clLy , and possesses a really noble and lndependenL
naLure. She was aL Ceuysburg, and a wlnLer aL Parper's lerry. She accompanled me Lo call
upon dlgnlLarles, and Lhe resulL ls a promlse of a posluon for her cousln and myself ln hosp|ta|
No. 3, as soon as ladles' quarLers can be ñued up, whlch are promlsed ln abouL Len days. 1he
surgeon ls docLor Ludlow. Llmyra Þowers, PosplLal Þencllllngs
Hospital Pencillings
1uesday Aprll 12
Lh


nove vlslteJ -".)&!#$3 0"1 43 os well os 0"1 23 sevetol umes sloce l bove beeo bete, ooJ
om ptlvlleqeJ to cotty some Jellcocles, ooJ wtlte leuets fot lts lomotes.

l yestetJoy vlslteJ -".)&!#$3 0"1 2, fot tbe lost ume ptobobly, wblle tbose temolo lo
wbom l bove become speclolly lotetesteJ. 8ot bove moJe socb ottooqemeots tbot
wllllom ooJ tbe Alobomloo, wbo wete qlveo to my cote, sboll bove wbotevet ls
oeeJeJ. 1bey seem to teqtet my Jepottote, bot wllllom ls JeclJeJly beuet. cottleJ o
lotqe boule of lemoooJe, some otooqes, ooJ blockbetty sytop. Þ. 26
1hls mornlng (Wed 12
Lh
) vlslLed wards ln nosp|ta| No. 8 wlLh Lhe assoclaLe of Mlss
8[ell]. Some lnLeresung cases. And whlle passlng one bed was remlnded of a
conversauon whlch occurred wlLh Lhe occupanL when ln Lhls clLy lasL sprlng. Pe has
now gone home. upon lnqulrlng hls nauve SLaLe, aûer replylng, he asked me Lhe same
quesuon, and Lhen sald,

" Massachuseus - oh ! LhaL's an abolluonlsL SLaLe ! "

" ?es," was Lhe reply, " and l'm proud of Lhe grand old hllls, Lhe free lnsuLuuons
and llberal senumenLs of Lhe Cld 8ay SLaLe."

" Well, l'm glad l don'L hall from Lhere," sald Lhe candld buL smlllng 8uckeye.

"And l'm glad, lf l was ever golng Lo be lald up wlLh Lhls llmb, LhaL lL happened
before Lhey senL nlggers ouL Lo ñghL by Lhe slde of lyle. uldn'L know, Lhls was golng
Lo be a nlgger war, else Lhey'd never goL me lnLo lL ! "

1he hearer percelved he was ln Lhe gall of bluerness and Lhe bonds of lnlqulLy, Lold hlm
so, and promlsed Lo call each day or Lwo and devoLe an hour or so for hls converslon.
uld so subsequenLly, and found hlm always ready Lo converse pleasanLly, buL noL a
wllllng dlsclple. Am sull deeply concerned for hls fuLure salvauon. PosplLal Þencllllngs,
p. 107
Masonic Temple
Hospital #8



1he Masonlc Pall and llrsL ÞresbyLerlan Church consuLuLe PosplLal, no. 8. We vlslLed LhaL
on 1uesday. As we enLer Lhe Pall, pasL Lhe guard, we ñnd a broad ßlghL of sLalrs before
us, and whlle ascendlng, percelve Lhls cauuon lnscrlbed upon Lhe wall ln evergreen.

" 8emember you are ln a hosplLal and make no nolse." up Lhls ßlghL, and oLher
cauuons meeL us, such as " no smoklng here " - " keep away from Lhe wall," &c.

We here pause aL a door, and are lnLroduced Lo Lhe maLron who ls forLunaLely [usL now
golng Lhrough Lhe wards. lL ls Mlss ! - u, of Ann Arbor, Mlchlgan.

Ascendlng anoLher broad ßlghL (of sLalrs), and asklng ln Lhe meanume of her duues, she
Lhrows open Lhe door of Lhe llnen-room where are Lwo clerks, and says :

" 1hls deparLmenL comprlses all Lhe work asslgned Lo me - whaLever else l do ls
volunLary and graLulLous. " 8uL Loday," she adds laughlngly, " lL would be dlmculL Lo
deñne my duues. l Lhlnk l mlghL properly be called ' CommandanL of Lhe 8lack Squad,' or
Chlef of Lhe ulrLy 8rlgade ," and she explalned by saylng LhaL she had seven negro women
and Lwo men, sub[ecL Lo her orders, who were cleanlng Lhe bulldlng. She nexL Lhrows
open Lhe door of a ward whlch conLalns buL a few pauenLs, and has a smoky appearance.
She Lells us, Lhey are fumlgaung lL, havlng had some cases of small pox, mosL of whlch
have been senL Lo Lhe proper PosplLal.



Hospital Pencillings
Ruse letter
Worked in #8
ÞleasanL Sunday Lve
nashvllle 1enn
May 24th1863

uear Maggle,
l have [usL come ln from preachlng and now l am golng Lo Lry Lo wrlLe Lo you a few llnes ln
answer Lo yours whlch l recelved Lwo or Lhree hours ago. LasL Sunday evenlng you was
wrlung Lo me. lL ls slow work Lalklng aL such a long dlsLance. lor my parL l would prefer
havlng Lhe dlsLance shorLened. 8uL don'L know how Lo accompllsh lL. you say you read my
leuers oûen. l don'L Lhlnk you read Lhem as oûen as l do yours. lor LhaL ls Lhe way l pasL my
ume readlng leuers and looklng aL Lhose Lreasurable plcLures. Monday Lvenlng May 23Lh.
Well as l dld noL ñnlsh yesLerday l wlll now Lry Lo wrlLe a llule more. lL ls so excesslvely
warm Loday LhaL l can scarcely wrlLe. Þarson 8rown|ow preached |n th|s C|ty yesterday
at 12 A.M. the Church |n wh|ch he preached |s not more than four hundred yards from
th|s hosp|ta|, buL l dld noL know he was golng Lo preach unul lL was all over. l Lell you l was
splLed. 1o Lhlnk l dldn'L geL Lo hear hlm when he was so close. lL was noL generally made
known LhaL he was Lo preach ull an hour or Lwo prevlous Lo Lhe hour for preachlng. 1he
norLhern 1ralLor (vallandlgham) arrlved ln Lhls ClLy on lasL evenlng. Cn hls way souLh of our
llnes. Pe was sLrongly guarded. l don'L Lhlnk hls punlshmenL was half severe enough."
LasL page conLalns a poem abouL deaLh,
enuLled:

ºPow, where and when"

(1hls poem has been aurlbuLed Lo Mrs.
Abdy, 1842, Church of Lngland Magazlne,
vol. 12)

wbeo sboll l Jle?
5boll Jeotb´s colJ booJ ottest my bteotb?
wblle loveJ ooes stooJ lo slleot wotcbfol
love to sbeJ.
5beJ teots otoooJ my polet beJ?
Ot sboll l meet my fool Joom fot ftom my
coootty ooJ my bome?
Ot sboll my folouoq ftome sostolo tbe
teJloos looqolsbloq of polo?

Cood-bye dearesL.
Þlease wrlLe soon and oûen.

W.P. 8use
Source: e8ay aucuon, March 2011
Isaac Spears Sander||n, Þr|vate, Company I, 100th Ch|o Vo|unteer
Iune 22, 1864. Admlued Lo No. 8 Gn [Genera| nosp|ta|], Nashv|||e, 1ennessee. Pe came ln from
Chauanooga wlLh a dlagnosls of "C.S. Wd. abdomen sllghL". lsaac's ÞosL Cmce address ls llsLed as
"nepoleon [napoleon], Penry Co., Chlo. nearesL relauon ls wlfe MargareL W. Sanderlln". Pe was ln
hosplLal bed number 26.
hup://www.cyndlsllsL.com/cyndl/sanderlln/lsaac.hLml

Letters & records
U.S. General Hospital #9
Carriage Factory
Possible #9 site
U.S. General Hospital #10
Medical College
“The Medical College on Broad Street, is now a
home and hospital for the refugees ; and the
filth, destitution, misery and ignorance which
exist among that class of poor whites who have
fled from starvation in Georgia, North and
South Carolina, Alabama or East Tennessee,
must be witnessed to be realized. We no longer
wondered that the neat, industrious and
comparatively well-informed negro servants
and free colored people of Nashville look upon
them with the contempt so well expressed by
the words, “poor white trash!”” Elvira Powers,
Hospital Pencillings
Medical College
• Called 9&!: -".)&!#$
• ConfederaLe soldlers LhaL were noL able Lo
leave Lhe hosplLals ln nashvllle aûer Lhe
unlon occupauon ln lebruary 1862, were
evenLually Lransferred Lo #10.
• lrom leb 62 Lo leb 63, Lhe hosplLal only had
ConfederaLes, cared for by ur. W.k. 8owllng.
720 beds, led by C.W. lrance
U.S. General Hospital #11
Pest House
U.S. General Hospital #12
Broadway Hotel
SlLe Loday?
Ruse letter, 97
th
ohio
Ch! Maggle! l have wrluen so oûen Lo you LhaL l expecL you are gemng wearled readlng my dlslnLeresLed leuers. buL
leL me assure you lL ls noL so wlLh me. ?our leuers are recelved by me wlLh Lhe greaLesL pleasure, and a beaung hearL
always walLs a reply. l have wrluen a good many leuers Lo oLher glrls. Leuers of frlendshlp, buL Lhose l wrlLe Lo you. l
wanL you Lo recelve Lhem for more Lhan mere frlendshlp. lor leL me say LhaL your memory ls ever dear Lo me and lf
we never agaln meeL on LarLh l shall ever Cherlsh Lhe fond remembrance of 1hee, and Lhlnk of Lhe pleasanL hours
passed ln your socleLy, buL leL me lndulge Lhe hope LhaL we may agaln meeL ere long. l cannoL yeL see much slgn of
Lhe war Closlng buL l always Lry Lo hope for Lhe 8esL.

l suppose ?ou was a Lhousand umes glad Lo welcome Lhe reLurns of your soldler 8roLhers. l lmaglne l see Maggle
when she ñrsL goL a peep of nlxon. l wanL you Lo glve me Lhe paruculars of your ñrsL meeung. l was glad Lo hear of
nlxon gemng hls dlscharge. l recelved a leuer from hlm when he was abouL ready Lo sLarL home. l was somewhaL
surprlsed when l recelved Lhe news of hls golng buL he dld hls duLy ln Lhe army. And l know hls dlscharge ls an
honorable one. l have noL yeL answered hls lasL leuer. And l belleve l wlll walL ull l geL a leuer from hlm aL home lf he
has noL yeL wrluen Lell hlm l wanL hlm Lo wrlLe lmmedlaLely.

A great many |eh no. 12 day before yesterday for Lou|sv|||e. I cou|d have gone had I so des|red but I thought |t not
a very des|rab|e p|ace from N|xon's descr|pnon of aña|rs there. We have a new surgeon ln Charge. Pe ls qulLe a
young man. l presume a very ñne man + sklllful Þhyslclan buL l musL sLop. now donL forgeL Lo wrlLe oûen. l wlll
pledge myself Lo answer ?our leuers lmmedlaLely on Lhelr recepuon lf you wlll do Lhe same ºAlnL" LhaL falr?
Well goodbye uear Maggle hoplng Lo hear from you soon.

l am every ?ours slncerely
Penry v1 archlves

8use leuer
ÞleasanL Sunday Lve
nashvllle 1enn
May 24
th
1863
uear Maggle,

l have [usL come ln from preachlng and now l am golng Lo Lry Lo wrlLe Lo you a few llnes ln
answer Lo yours whlch l recelved Lwo or Lhree hours ago. LasL Sunday evenlng you was
wrlung Lo me. lL ls slow work Lalklng aL such a long dlsLance. lor my parL l would prefer
havlng Lhe dlsLance shorLened. 8uL don'L know how Lo accompllsh lL. you say you read my
leuers oûen. l don'L Lhlnk you read Lhem as oûen as l do yours. lor LhaL ls Lhe way l pasL
my ume readlng leuers and looklng aL Lhose Lreasurable plcLures. Monday Lvenlng May
23
Lh
.
Well as l dld noL ñnlsh yesLerday l wlll now Lry Lo wrlLe a llule more. lL ls so excesslvely
warm Loday LhaL l can scarcely wrlLe. Þarson 8rownlow preached ln Lhls ClLy yesLerday
aL 12 A.M. Lhe Church ln whlch he preached ls noL more Lhan four hundred yards from Lhls
hosplLal, buL l dld noL know he was golng Lo preach unul lL was all over. l Lell you l was
splLed. 1o Lhlnk l dldn'L geL Lo hear hlm when he was so close. lL was noL generally made
known LhaL he was Lo preach ull an hour or Lwo prevlous Lo Lhe hour for preachlng. 1he
norLhern 1ralLor (vallandlgham) arrlved ln Lhls ClLy on lasL evenlng. Cn hls way souLh of our
llnes. Pe was sLrongly guarded. l don'L Lhlnk hls punlshmenL was half severe enough."
8use poem
ºPow, where and when"

(1hls poem has been aurlbuLed Lo Mrs. Abdy, 1842, Church of Lngland Magazlne, vol. 12)

wbeo sboll l Jle?
5boll Jeotb´s colJ booJ ottest my bteotb?
wblle loveJ ooes stooJ lo slleot wotcbfol love to sbeJ.
5beJ teots otoooJ my polet beJ?
Ot sboll l meet my fool Joom fot ftom my coootty ooJ
my bome?
Ot sboll my folouoq ftome sostolo tbe teJloos looqolsbloq
of polo?
U.S. General Hospital #13
Hume High School
U.S. General Hospital #13
Hume High School
Aug 27, 1863 Gavett
I saw George night before last, he was here at this hospital a few
moments, His health was about the same as usual or as it has been for
the past few months except when he was sick. He has given up all
hopes of getting out of the service until his time is out for the Medical
Director says George is a good Druggist and Good Druggist is what
he wants, and he will not lose him. So you need not ever expect he
will ever return to his Reg't or leave Nashville until his time is out for
the Medical Director is personally acquainted with George as he was
Surgeon in Charge of Gen'l Hospital No. 2 last summer when George
was detailed there.

….. I may return to my regt. at any time to keep from being put in the
invalid corps. which is a place I do not intend to go . . .

. . . when I gave out I was carried to a hospital and . . .

Wllllam A. Caveu, from Lanslng, Mlchlgan, served wlLh
Lhe 1
sL
Mlchlgan Lnglneers, wrlLes from PosplLal #13,
SepL 27, 1863. Pe dled ln 1904.


I am here at Hospital 13 on
duty as Commissary Serg’t
and now as all the Hospitals
are filled up with wounded
and we have a large Hospital
I have a great deal to do.
Our Hospital is capable of
holding between five and six
hundred …..
U.S. General Hospital #13
Gavett letter
U.S. General Hospital #14
Nashville Female Academy
773 beds, Led by S.L. luller
1he nashvllle lemale Academy PosplLal
1he nashvllle lemale Academy PosplLal on Church SLreeL was slLuaLed on a slx-acre
ploL of land and was falrly well enclosed by a fence Lo keep ouL posslble curloslLy
seekers. Some poruons of Lhe fence had been desLroyed buL Lhls dld noL añecL Lhe
grounds whlch lncluded a lawn wlLh several large shade Lrees. Þorucos, corrldors, and
covered pavemenLs furnlshed ample accommodauons for exerclse ln all klnds of
weaLher.

1he nashvllle lemale Academy PosplLal had 330 lron coLs, well furnlshed wlLh beddlng
and 191 pauenLs. 1here were ñve surgeons ln auendance aL Lhls hosplLal, Ma[or
lrederlck Seymour was Surgeon-ln-Charge. 1he yardmasLer, sLeward, clerks and
apoLhecary Look care of all Lhe oLher deLalls. 1he nurslng and care of Lhe pauenLs was
superlnLended by Len CaLhollc SlsLers of CharlLy from Clnclnnau. 8esldes Lhe SlsLers,
Lhere were LwenLy-slx male nurses, Lwo whlLe male servanLs, slxLeen colored female
servanLs, and LwenLy-slx colored males.

LxcerpLed from: "lederal MlllLary PosplLals ln nashvllle, May and !une, 1863", 1be
Iootool of clvll wot MeJlcloe vol. 12, no, 4.
U.S. General Hospital #14
Nashville Female Academy
Mrs. Mary WaLson of
lndlanapolls.

lound her own husband
crlucally ln[ured on Lhe
ñeld aL Murfreesboro.





ÞlcLure source: Cur Army nurses
Ioseph nank|ns, 31
st
CVI
!une 4, 1866
Correspondence from Lhe Surgeon Ceneral's Cmce, 8ecord and Þenslon 8ureau, WashlngLon uC,
lndlcaLed LhaL !oseph Panklns dled on CcL 1, 1862, Genera| nosp|ta| #14, Nashv|||e, 1ennessee. !oseph
JleJ of cbtoolc Jlottbeo Surgeon ln auendance llsLed as 8.P. Werlll. uocumenL slgned by !.!. Woodward,
8reveL Ma[or and AsslsLanL Surgeon, u.S. Army. uocumenL was ln supporL of Luclnda's clalm for wldow's
penslon and was daLed !une 4, 1866.
hup://www.lawrencecounLyohlo.com/clvllwar/oblLs/hanklns[oseph.hLml


Letters & records
!.A. Melvln leuer, Clvll War uS
Chrlsuan Commlsslon Cover & Leuer
• Leuer relaLed Lo a unlon soldler recelvlng
medlcal care ln a nashvllle PosplLal, PosplLal
#14 ln SepL 1864.

Notes:
• a sLand alone lLem buL parL of nashvllle
hosplLal collecuon.
• llrsL leuer l own from PosplLal #14
• ldenuLy of sollder unknown wlLh cerLalnLy
ueWaLers leuer 13
Lh
Mlchlgan
Mlss Aoo uwotets
kolomozoo Mlcb Iooooty
Osbtemo kolomozoo
Motcb tbe 1, 186J

Nosvblll 1eoosee
nospltel No 14 wotJ 6
Mls Aoo uewotets

l wlll toke mle peo lo nooJ to tlt o few lleos 1o let yoo ooe tbot l qot yoot kloJ letet lost 1osJoy ooJ wos qloJ to beot ftoom yoo ooJ Albott ooJ
wos qloJ to neot tbot yoo wos well AoJ oll tbe test l qot ooe letet ftoom botlsooo tbe some Joy tbot l qot yoots be ls well l tot blm ooe tbe some
Joy mle loqe ls qolo bot l coot sttoteo lt yet bot mle beltb ls oot voty qooJ otbet woys l bov beo polt slck wltb ml olJ comploot bot l qes l wlll qet
beuet well Aoo l wos moveJ lo o toom wltb oll tbe wotst ooe tbot wos wooJeJ tbot ls 75 of oos lo ooe toom AoJ l tell yoo lt ls o bott okeo 1o
see tbe slt tbot l see AoJ beot tbe qtooos tbot ls soom tbot moost Jle tbot ls ooe ctozy oll tbe ume bls blp wos btoke ooJ lt oevet wos sot ooull
yestJoy wee noJ o oew Joctet coom ooJ toke cbotqe ooJ lt Jooo oos qooJ to see blm coom lot be ls tbe tlt ooe be cotst tbe otbet Joctet op blll
ooJ Joweo be toolJ blm be oott be ueJ op ooJ botse wblp fot oot tokeo betet cot of tbe poot meo be - soJ bow coo yoo tteot yoot meo so
boJ be pot ooe Netse lo tbe qotJ boose ooJ tolJ tbe test lf tbo ulJeot toke betet cot of 1be slck meo be wooJ ue tbem booJ ooJ foot ooJ l 1ell
yoo be moJ tbem qet AtoooJ ooJ poot cleoo clotb ooe tbe beJs be toolJ oos lf we wooteJ íoey tbloq to let blm ooe lt tbe pepel lo tbe oottb
Joot ooe bow tbe slck ls tteteJ tbo Jle ooJ coteJ to tbe JeJ boose ooJ loe teo ot 15 Jose ooJ let tbe tots íot of tbot oose ooJ íots ooJ cbeeks
of lt ls notJ to tell bot lf tbo Jooot blev lt l coo qet os meoey wltoes os tbo woot well l wlll tell yoo wbot wee bov to íot btexfot co[e bteJ ooJ o
boot fot motbfol of beef AoJ tbe some fot Jloet AoJ co[e ooJ btJ fot sopet AoJ tbls ls tbe foct lt ls botJ lot slck meo to íot l most btloq ml letet
to o cloos so qooJ by tbls ftoom yoot Aokle Iosepb uewotets 1o Aoo uewotets yoo qet tlt oll tbe oews os sooo os well l fotqot ooe tbloq l spoos
nook follet tblok be nos Jooo lt well l qes be bos l woot to ooe wbot ooJto 8tooJwoy ls lf yoo ooe up tot to me o boot book l spoos tbo ote
qooot to llv o sluey llfe well olbott l wlll tlt o lew lleos to yoo to let yoo ooe tbot mle loqe ls uowlo well lf l Jooot toke colJ l bove pot ml poots
oo tbls motlo fot tbe fotst umes fot fot fve weeks yoo seJ yoo boJ soom oosboo to coom ooJ ft bot l tblok yoo boJ betet stoy ot boom yoo coJ
oot sooJ lt ls wlll tlt mot oext ume qoJ by

hup://kvm.kvcc.edu/clvllwar/2012/03/01/ln-hosplLal-buL-lmprovlng/
!oseph ueWaLers, 13
Lh
Mlchlgan lnfanLry

U.S. General Hospital #15 - Hynes High School
400 beds, Led by I.I. C'ke|||y
PosplLal #13 ln nashvllle leuer by
unlon soldler, LaLon
• Wrluen by l.L. LaLon
• Llvlng ln PosplLal #13:
Pynes Plgh School
• Menuons bad parL of
Lown - Smokey 8ow.
• Menuons Lhe very poor
LreaLmenL of Þ.C.W.'s
llke hlmself by !ohn 8ell
Pood
289 beds

Led by !.S. CllLner

Served Afrlcan-
Amerlcan soldlers and
conLrabands

Þrobably same as
Wllson PosplLal
U.S. General Hospital #16
Contraband & USCTs
U.S. General Hospital #16
Contraband & USCTs
Condluon of uSC1s
Iohnson, Andrew (1808-1873)
vlce-ÞresldenL of Lhe unlLed SLaLes
1863 !anuary 16 | 1 lLem
Leuer, 1 p., from nashvllle, 1n, Lo Ceneral Lorenzo 1homas asklng LhaL conLrabands ln LasL and
Mlddle 1ennessee be glven beuer supervlslon unul permanenL provlslon can be made for Lhem.
!ohnson suggesLs Colonel Mussy be asslgned Lhls duLy. AL Lhe ume Lhls leuer was wrluen
!ohnson was MlllLary Covernor of 1ennessee and vlce-ÞresldenL-elecL of Lhe unlLed SLaLes.
Locanon: MS 1racy Co||ecnon

Cn Ianuary 16, 186S Cen. Lorenzo 1homas wroLe a scaLhlng leuer Lo Col. 8.C. Wood. AsslsLanL
surgeon general, regardlng Lhe care uSC1s were gemng ln nashvllle, aL hosplLal #16. ºWords of
mlne cannoL descrlbe Lhe uuer ñlLhlness of whaL l saw . . . . Pad Lhese men been whlLe soldlers,
Lhlnk you Lhls would have been Lhelr condluon?"

120 beds, led by !.L.
PerbsL

ÞlanLers PoLel,
Cmcers' hosplLal
U.S. General Hospital #17
Officers’ Hospital
University of Nashville hospital
U.S. General Hospital #18
629 beds, led by W.P. 1horne
U.S. General Hospital #19
Morris & Stratton Bldg
k|chardson, Nathan, 27
th
IN, Company C.,Ldlnburg, 23, s, 3-8.3, Shoemaker

Wounded aL AnueLam. Wounded aL Chancellorsvllle--gunshoL breasL &
leû shoulder [olnL. 12Lh Corps Ceneral lleld PosplLal Acqula Creek
vlrglnla. Llncoln unlLed SLaLes Army Ceneral lleld PosplLal WashlngLon
uC, Þhlladelphla Þennsylvanla, and 1ullahoma 1ennessee. No 19 Un|ted
States Army Genera| I|e|d nosp|ta| & Un|ted States Army Conva|escent
nosp|ta| Nashv|||e 1ennessee. ulscharged aL nashvllle 3-18-64 for
wounds: resecuon upper 1/3 of humerus, arm lnßamed and useless,
pleces of bone occaslonally worklng Lhelr way ouL. uled Ldlnburg lndlana
1-18-1912, burled Ldlnburg 8esL Paven CemeLery.
Letters & records
k|chardson, Nathan, 27
Lh
ln, Company C.,Ldlnburg, 23, s, 3-8.3, Shoemaker
Wounded aL AnueLam. Wounded aL Chancellorsvllle--gunshoL breasL & leû shoulder [olnL. 12Lh Corps
Ceneral lleld PosplLal Acqula Creek vlrglnla. Llncoln unlLed SLaLes Army Ceneral lleld PosplLal
WashlngLon uC, Þhlladelphla Þennsylvanla, and 1ullahoma 1ennessee. No 19 Un|ted States Army
Genera| I|e|d nosp|ta| & Un|ted States Army Conva|escent nosp|ta| Nashv|||e 1ennessee. ulscharged aL
nashvllle 3-18-64 for wounds: resecuon upper 1/3 of humerous, arm lnßamed and useless, pleces of
bone occaslonally worklng Lhelr way ouL. uled Ldlnburg lndlana 1-18-1912, burled Ldlnburg 8esL Paven
CemeLery.

U.S. General (Post) Hospital #20
First Baptist Church
U.S. General Hospital #13
Hume High School
U.S. General Hospital #21
McKendree Methodist Church
8lshop Wllllam Mckendree (d. 1833).
U.S. General Hospital #22
!esse 8lce, 20
Lh
C1 lnfanLry
U.S. General Hospital #23
AssL. Surgeon wllllom keeJ (AssL. Surg.
9.20/64, m/o 6/14/63),
176
Lh
Chlo, 20Lh Corp, spenL lLs enure servlce
asslgned Lo Lhe nashvllle defenses.
AssL. Surgeon cbotles M. llset (PosplLal SLeward
10/2/64, AssL. Surg. 1/18/63, m/o 6/14/63)
Prison Hospital, Second Baptist
Church,
U.S. General Hospital #24
U.S. General Hospital #25
Convalescent Barracks
Lyman U. numphrey's C|v|| War |euers, 76
Lh
Chlo lnfanLry
1here ls also an 18 nov. 1862 leuer from !ohn Pumphrey Lo hls moLher wrluen from Lhe ConvalescenL
8arracks, nashvllle. ln lL, he descrlbes hls currenL condluon and Lhe Laklng of nashvllle by unlon Lroops.
ln hls leuers, Lyman relaLes how he ls moved Lo Pelena, Ark., where Lhey would sLay for some ume seelng
llule acuon. Meanwhlle !ohn, recoverlng from ln[urles suñered ln Lhe 8aule of Shlloh, wrlLes from a
mlllLary hosplLal ln nashvllle. kansas PlsLorlcal SocleLy.
hups://www.kshs.org/p/lyman-underwood-humphrey-papers/14046

k|chardson, Nathan, 27
Lh
ln, Company C.,Ldlnburg, 23, s, 3-8.3, Shoemaker
Wounded aL AnueLam. Wounded aL Chancellorsvllle--gunshoL breasL & leû shoulder [olnL. 12Lh Corps
Ceneral lleld PosplLal Acqula Creek vlrglnla. Llncoln unlLed SLaLes Army Ceneral lleld PosplLal
WashlngLon uC, Þhlladelphla Þennsylvanla, and 1ullahoma 1ennessee. No 19 Un|ted States Army
Genera| I|e|d nosp|ta| & Un|ted States Army Conva|escent nosp|ta| Nashv|||e 1ennessee. ulscharged aL
nashvllle 3-18-64 for wounds: resecuon upper 1/3 of humerous, arm lnßamed and useless, pleces of
bone occaslonally worklng Lhelr way ouL. uled Ldlnburg lndlana 1-18-1912, burled Ldlnburg 8esL Paven
CemeLery.
Letters & records
More nashville Hospitals
#s unknown
Cumberland Hospital
900 beds, Led by Cloak
Cumber|and nosp|ta|
nashvllle 1enn
uec.21, 1864

Dear Father and Mother I thought I would write a few lines to let you know that I am well and I hope this will
find you the same.. The first days fight just before dark I got a little tap on the shoulder with a piece of shell
it was not a bad hurt but it was bad enough So I had to come to the Hospital the same piece hit All
Cowden [i.e., Pvt. Albert Cowden, Co. K, 84th Illinois Infantry] on the leg so he can hardly walk.. Will
Stockton [i.e., Pvt. William H. Stockton, Company K, 84th Illinois Infantry] was wounded with his own gun
he shot the end off of his four fingers of his right hand at the first joint. I havnot herd from the regiment yet I
suppose they are after Hood yet you will see in the papers how the thing went. I think old Hood is gone up
Salt Crick. their was lots of our men hurt they had to charge the rebs works their is some men here nearly
shot all a way. Their is some wounded rebs here they are used the same our men is. It has bin very
wet here since the fight begun I guess it will turn cold… They got all of our men that was wounded at
franklin and all the rebs.. this Hospital is the best fixed thing I ever saw. We have very good grub and
git enough of it.. I was in the fight until the first line of works was taken. we took one stand of colors and two
guns we was forming when I got hit.. I suppose they will send me to the regiment in a day or so.

I have wrote all I can think of so I will bring this to a close Write often to your Hopeful.

H H Maley, 84
th
Illinois Infantry

Wm M and L A Maley

Source: unlv of noLredame
Cumberland Hospital
Lmlly M. Cone
Cur Army nurses, p. 138ñ.
Cumberland Hospital
84
Lh
llllnols sollder - kebs ooJ ¥ooks lo some wotJ
Cumberland PosplLal 1864
nashvllle 1enn..
uecember 23
Lh


uear laLher And MoLher

l LhoughL belng as Lhls was chrlsLmas l would wrlLe you A few llnes Lo leL you know LhaL l am well.. l hope Lhls wlll
ñnd you all Lhe same. 1helr ls noLhlng mLch golng on here now ooce lo o wblle tbey toke o moos leq of ot poll o lot of
booos oot of o moos otm lt ls ootbloq to see tbem cot o moo op. we donL Lhlnk any more of lL Lhan we would of
kllllng a hog aL home. ¥oo bove oo lJy bow tbloqs ls Jowo bete lt ls oo owfol slqbt to qo tbtooqb tbls bospltol yoo coo
see meo sbot lo evety sbope yoo coo tblok of. tbelt bos blo 5 ot 6 meo JleJ lo tbls wotJ two of tbem wos tebs ooe of
tbem boJ bls leq tokeo o[. we dld glL plenLy Lo eaL for A whlle Lhey have cuL us down so we hardly glL enough.. l
havnoL herd from Lhe reglmenL yeL l suppose Lhey are down below Columbla some whare Wlll SLockLon [l.e., ÞvL.
Wllllam P. SLockLon, Company k, 84Lh llllnols lnfanLry] has a very soar ñngure he ls well every oLher way.. l would llke
Lo know how Lhe boys come ouL. l fear Lhelr ls more of Lhem hurL before Lhls Lhelr has bln some very hard ñghung
done Lhls ume Lhey say Lhey have Lo make room for 800.. more Lhey are Lo come ln Lo day. l would llke Lo be aL
home Lo day l Lhlnk l would glL some Lhlng good Lo eaL and drlnk l Lhlnk Lhls ls Lhe lasL chrlsLmas l wlll puL ln Lhe army
for A whlle when lL comes my Lurn l wlll come a gln wlLh ouL belng draûed l Lhlnk Lhey wlll draû Lhls sprlng. a greaL
many Lhey dld draû was noL ñL for Lhe servls so Lhe lasL call was noL all mad up l see ln Lhe paper lf Lhe call ls noL
mad up a gln Lhe 13 of lebruary Lhelr wlll be a draû mad Lhelr ls loLs LhaL wlll go ouL of Lhe servls Lhls summer and
Lhey wlll have Lo make Lhelr place good.


Call Parrah [l.e., ÞvL. !ohn C. Parrah, Co. k, 84Lh llllnols lnfanLry] ls ln Lhe Ch|o ßoanng hosp|ta| new albany lnd Lhe
lasL l herd from hlm he could noL walk he was glmng beuer l donL belleve he wlll ever be wlLh Lhe 8eglmenL a gln lf all
of Lhem does as much as Call has done Lhey wlll do enough for one ume.

l suppose Lhelr wlll be a blg dance some whare a bouL Lhls ume l would llke Lo be aL lL l recon Lhe old ban[o hangs up
behlnd Lhe door as lL use Lo wlLh noLhlng buL Lhe base on lL. well you wlll glL ured of redlng Lhls slang so l wlll qulL
wrlLe oûen Lo your hopeful ln Lhe army

P P Maley.
Wm M and
L A Maley

Source: unlv of noLredame
P P Maley (84
Lh
llllnols lnfanLry)
1he u.S. Army PosplLal SLeamer ;6 <#7=#': walLed aL Lhe Cumberland 8lver landlng aûer Lhe 8aule of nashvllle Lo
LransporL wounded soldlers Lo elLher Loulsvllle or nashvllle.

1he ;6 <#7=#': was a slde-wheel sLeamer LhaL served as a ßoaung hosplLal. Cu•lued Lo allow for Lhe besL ln pauenL
care, lL conLalned a surglcal sulLe, baLhs, a klLchen, nurses quarLers, hoL and cold runnlng waLer, and an lce waLer
cooler. Wlndows clrculaLed alr Lhrough Lhe wards, whlch held nearly 430 beds. uurlng lLs four years of servlce, Lhe uA
!anuary LransporLed and cared for more Lhan 23,000 wounded men. lL regularly vlslLed Lhe clues along Lhe Mlsslsslppl
and Chlo rlvers.
Nashville
Hospital laundry yard
Blacks in
Nashville hospital
St. Mary’s Cathedral
CldesL sLandlng church
ln nashvllle, bullL ln Lhe
Creek 8evlval sLyle,
1844-47.

Cver 300 men dled on
her ßoors.
Unsure . . . .
Llm SLreeL uMC
Centra| 8apnst
l wos tokeo to tbe ceottol 8opust
cbotcb, wblcb wos oseJ os o bospltol,
ooJ lt wos tweoty two Joys befote l
coolJ stooJ op. Afet slxty fve Joys, l
wos seot to tbe peolteouoty, ooJ ftom
tbete to kock lslooJ ltlsoo, 8ottock No.
44, ftom wblcb l wos JlscbotqeJ Moy 4,
1865.
L|u|e 1heater, I|sk Un|vers|ty.
LrecLed c1862 as parL of a unlon
Army hosplLal barracks, Lhe lnLerlor
of Lhls sLrucLure was renovaLed for
use as Lhe llsk unlverslLy LheaLer ln
1933. nlstotlc motket.

Steedman's L|ne of Departure -uec.
3, 1864. Nosbvllle Ceoetol nospltol,
netmltoqe Ave.

1here were Lhree lederal cemeLerles
ln nashvllle. 1here was a smallpox
cemeLery (wlLh 1,324 burlals) ln Lhe
general vlclnlLy of Lhe sma||pox
quarannne hosp|ta|. 1hls cemeLery
was [usL norLh of Charloue Þlke
around lLs lnLersecuon wlLh 19Lh
Avenue norLh, Lhe modern Sonlc
urlve-ln ls downhlll from Lhe locauon.
hup://www.bonps.org/feaLures/nashvllle-mlllLary-burlals/
nDÇkS. DLÞAk1MLN1 CI 1nL CUM8LkLAND,
MLDICAL DIkLC1Ck'S CIIICL, Ianuary 12, 186S.
8vt. 8r|gad|er Genera| W. nCIIMAN, U. S. Army,
Comm|ssary-Genera| of Þr|soners:
Cn Lhe 30Lh of uecember, 1864, Surgeon 8rlnLon, superlnLendenL of
hosplLals aL nashvllle, was dlrecLed Lo make use of such of Lhe rebel
surgeons as he mlghL requlre ln Lhe LreaLmenL of Lhe rebel wounded,
belng lnformed aL Lhe same ume LhaL, prevlous Lo pumng Lhem on duLy, lL
was absoluLely necessary for Lhem Lo be puL upon Lhelr wrluen parole by
Lhe provosL-marshal-general ueparLmenL of Lhe Cumberland. lrom all Lhls
lL may be observed LhaL everyLhlng was done ln order Lo have Lhe rebels
properly cared for, boLh as slck men and prlsoners of war. As soon as Lhe
1ennessee and Alabama 8allroad shall be opened every wounded rebel ln
our possesslon whose llfe wlll noL be endangered by so dolng wlll be
broughL Lo nashvllle, and noL only Lhose ln Lhe hosplLals buL Lhose, Loo,
who are scauered ln Lhe farm-houses Lhrough Lhe counLry.

CLC. L. CCCÞL8,
Surgeon, u. S. Army, Medlcal ulrecLor.
The Work of the
Sanitary Commission
lebruary 13, 1864 Parper's Weekly
U.S. Sanitary Commission nurses
Cowans says: llkely unpubllshed, by an anonymous
nashvllle phoLographer capuoned ln old lnk, Notses/
nospltol No. 1 (posslbly 8) 5ommet 186J on album sleeve.
A Lrlo of unldenuñed young women assoclaLed wlLh Lhe
SanlLary Commlsslon pose as Lhe closesL Lo Lhe camera
reads a bauered paper bound LracL (unable Lo read Lhe
uLle). 1he u.S. SanlLary Commlsslon otqoolzeJ by clvllloos,
too by clvllloos ooJ fooJeJ by clvllloos rose Lo meeL Lhe
challenge of Lhe expanslve war by encouraglng Lhe
employmenL of young woman as nurses ln hlLherLo
unprecedenLed numbers. ln Lurn, Lhls soclal phenomenon
led Lo Lhe lncreased moblllLy of women operaung ln a
decldedly non-Lradluonal buL amrmauve role.

8y Lhe close of Lhe Clvll War Lhousands of ersLwhlle
homebound females had asserLed a measure of
lndependence havlng unknowlngly planLed Lhe seed of
lnsuLuuonal advancemenL ln gender equallLy, ralslng Lhe
sLandard for laLer generauons. Acknowledged for lLs
supreme humanlLarlan achlevemenLs, nurslng emerged
from Lhe Clvll War elevaLed ln sLaLus and accepLed as a
sulLable professlon - one of Lhe ñrsL ln whlch women
freely domlnaLed.
Capitol Building
More leuers & records noL keyed Lo a
speclñc nashvllle hosplLal pet se
Ldward W. Curns Leuers, 1he newberry Llbrary, Chlcago.
Correspondence of Ldward W. Curus of Massachuseus, a prlvaLe ln Lhe 88Lh llllnols lnfanLry durlng Lhe
Clvll War. Also lncludes cllpplngs relaung Lo baules, Lhe llfe of lederal soldlers, and hosp|ta| ||snngs near
Nashv|||e, 1ennessee.
hup://mms.newberry.org/hLml/Curus.hLml

nosp|ta| Steward Samue| 1homas We|r|ck
Samuel 1. Welrlck enllsLed as a 19 year old ÞrlvaLe ln Company l, 101sL Chlo volunLeer lnfanLry on AugusL
11, 1862, musLerlng lnLo servlce AugusL 30, 1862. ueslgnaLed reg|menta| hosp|ta| steward, he was
dlscharged for dlsablllLy !anuary 22, 1863 aL Nashv|||e, 1ennessee.
Leuer: 1lmn Weekly 1rlbune: !anuary 16, 1863
8owllng Creen SLaLe unlverslLy

Abraham Ldward We|ch and Iam||y Þapers, 1830 - 1879. Þ1889
ÞhoLocopled and Lranscrlbed leuers Lo famlly members and oLher documenLs cover hls varled servlce
unul hls death at Nashv|||e |n 1864.
MlnnesoLa PlsLorlcal SocleLy

Char|es Shedd and Iam||y Þapers, 1837 - 1933. (C, 2nd)
lncludes leuers descrlblng army llfe and campalgns ln Mlsslsslppl, Alabama and 1ennessee. Shedd d|ed at
a Nashv|||e hosp|ta| |n 1864.
MlnnesoLa PlsLorlcal SocleLy

CWLN 8kCWN IAMIL¥ ÞAÞLkS 18S8-1910 (8ULk 1862-1863)
Cwen 8rown enllsLed ln Lhe 88Lh llllnols lnfanLry on 8 AugusL 1862,
A reference Lo Lhe reglmenL's lnvolvemenL ln a baule, probably SLone 8lver, ls ln hls 7 !anuary 1863,
leuer, wrluen from a Nashv|||e hosp|ta|: "We have [usL had Lhe hardesL ñghung here LhaL has ever been
foughL. 1hls hosplLal ls full of Lhe wounded--Lhe whole Lown ls full."
lndlana PlsLorlcal SocleLy

8ean, W||||am L., (1833-1883), Þapers, 1864-1881, (C0207)
Leuers Lo 8ean from famlly whlle ln unlon army. Cne on elecuon of 1864. 1wo from Nashv|||e hosp|ta|
comp|a|n|ng of |||ness, Lwo from Lvansvllle, ln, hosplLal, and Lwo from Camp uennlson, CP. ulscharge
paper, Leacher reporL, Masonlc Lodge recelpL, and blographlcal skeLch by daughLer, Mary L. Maxwell.
1he SLaLe PlsLorlcal SocleLy of Mlssourl

Ioseph 1w|n|ng, 21
st
Ch|o Infantry, 8ow||ng Green State Un|v
!oseph 1wlnlng, 8lgllck Lp., enllsLed ln Co. A, 21sL reglmenL, AugusL 31sL, 1861, and was wounded aL Lhe
baule of SLone 8lver, !an. 2d, 1863, on Lhe rlghL shoulder, and was taken to Nashv|||e, 1enn., and d|ed |n
the hosp|ta| from Lhe eñecLs of Lhe wound on Lhe 23Lh of Lhe same monLh. -Aged 20 years, 3 monLhs and
43 days. --CblLuary, Pancock !eñersonlan, Mar 9, 1866
Iacob kentz, 21
st
Ch|o Infantry, 8owllng Creen SLaLe unlverslLy
!acob l. 8enLz, of LlberLy Lp., enllsLed ln Co. 8, 21sL reglmenL, SepLember 22d, 1861. 8adly wounded aL
Chlckamauga, SepLember 20Lh, 1863, and d|ed |n the hosp|ta| |n Nashv|||e, from Lhe eñecL of hls wound,
CcLober 7Lh followlng. Aged 23 years, 3 monLhs and 22 days.
--CblLuary, Pancock !eñersonlan, leb 16, 1866

Iohn I. S|ater, 21
st
Ch|o Infantry, 8owllng Creen SLaLe unlverslLy
!ohn !. SlaLer, uelaware Lp., enllsLed ln Co. l, 21sL reglmenL, Aprll 19Lh, 1861, served Lhree monLhs and re-
enllsLed ln same company and reglmenL. Was wounded aL Lhe baule of SLone 8lver, !an. 1sL, 1862, and dled ln
hosplLal ln 1ennessee ln leb. 20Lh, 1862. Age 21 years, 3 monLhs and 10 days.
--CblLuary, Mar 9, 1866

nenry n. Ma|ey |euers, 84
Lh
llllnols lnfanLry, unlverslLy of noLredame
1ranscrlpuon: hup://www.rarebooks.nd.edu/dlglLal/clvll_war/leuers/maley/3023-30.shLml


Þerrysburg Iourna| (Þerrysburg, Ch|o)
Iune 4, 1862
ÞrlvaLe Alexander Þ. uonaldson, Co. P, 49Lh Chlo lnfanLry, Un|vers|ty nosp|ta|, Nashv|||e, 1N, May 23, 1862, p.
4. € hup://www.bgsu.edu/colleges/llbrary/cac/blb/page41683.hLml

Iune 2S, 1862
ÞrlvaLe Alexander Þ. uonaldson, Co. P, 49Lh Chlo lnfanLry, Un|vers|ty nosp|ta|, Nashv|||e, 1n, !une 12, 1862,
p.4.


ILL1CnLk, LMIL¥ 8LLLLk. Þapers, 182S-1918. M 0479, 8v 2181-2203, 8v 2330-
2236, l 0182-0184. 1 box, 30 volumes, 3 mlcroñlm reels. Collecuon gulde ln llbrary.
Lmlly 8eeler lleLcher (1828-1910) was Lhe wlfe of lndlanapolls farmer and buslnessman Calvln
lleLcher, !r. Dur|ng the C|v|| War she worked as a nurse |n hosp|ta|s |n Nashv|||e and
Murfreesboro, 1ennessee. She was one of Lhe founders of Lhe Pome for Aged Women ln
lndlanapolls (now Lhe lndlanapolls 8euremenL Pome). 1he collecuon conLalns lleLcher's dlarles
(1863-1901) and Lhe dlarles of her daughLers Sarah Plll lleLcher Wagner (1863-89) and Lmlly
lleLcher (1866-88). Also lncluded are Lravel dlarles, poeLry noLebooks, and correspondence.
lndlana PlsLorlcal SocleLy.

GkA¥DCN, IANL CnAM8LkS MCkINNL¥. Leuers, 1863.SC 2222. 3 folders.
Collecuon gulde ln llbrary.
!ane Chambers Mcklnney Craydon (1802-1891) was born ln WllmlngLon, uelaware, Lhe daughLer
of Mordecal and Mary [Chambers] Mcklnney. ln 1822 she marrled Alexander Craydon, an lron
manufacLurer wlLh whom she had fourLeen chlldren. ArdenL abolluonlsLs, Lhelr home was repuLed
Lo be a sLauon of Lhe underground rallroad. 1hey moved Lo lndlanapolls ln 1843, [olned Second
ÞresbyLerlan Church, and LaughL Sunday school classes aL an Afrlcan Amerlcan church. !ane
Craydon helped found Lhe lndlanapolls Crphans Asylum ln 1831 and ln company wlLh Mrs. Calvln
lleLcher, !r., spenL ume durlng Lhe Clvll War nurslng soldlers ln 1ennessee. She was lnsLrumenLal
ln semng up Lhe Pome for Aged Women (now Lhe lndlanapolls 8euremenL Pome). 1he collecuon
conLalns memolrs, phoLographs, and correspondence, malnly daung from 1863, wrluen by
Craydon Lo her husband and daughLers from a Un|on Army hosp|ta| |n Nashv|||e. 1he collecuon
provldes an accounL of work acuvlues of women ln Lhe hosplLal durlng Lhe Clvll War. lndlana
PlsLorlcal SocleLy.

kehrwecker Iam||y Þapers - MS 641, 31
st
CVI, 8ow||ng Green State Un|vers|ty
1he small pockeL dlary whlch belonged Lo lrederlck conLalns very few enLrles of subsLance. Several pages
conslsL prlmarlly of personal accounLs from March Lhrough AugusL 1862. Powever, Lhere are brlef enLrles
deLalllng acuvlues for May 6 and !une 14 aL CorlnLh, Mlsslsslppl, and Sept. 2 and 11 at the nosp|ta| at
Nashv|||e, 1enn. lrederlck dled aL nashvllle on SepL. 28, 1862.

kando|ph, W||||am C., Þr|vate, k Co, 11
th
kentucky Vo|s (U.S.)
28 yrs, 10 CcL 61 aL Larles, k?. !an-Aug 62 deLached servlce as a nurse aL Genera| nosp|ta| Nashv|||e, 1n.
Sep-CcL 62 s|ck at Nashv|||e, 1N. ulscharged 18 CcL 62 aL nashvllle, 1n due Lo dlsablllLy. ulscharge
ceruñcaLe states d|sab|||ty due to chron|c d|arrhea. AL dlscharge was 3 û 8 ln, falr complexlon, blue eyes,
llghL halr, farmer and born ln Muhlenberg Co, k?.

2nd Corpora| Dav|d I. Green|ees 43
rd
MS Infantry
AWCL 9-12/62, capLured vlcksburg, AWCL 7-12/63, absenL 1-4/64, wounded & captured Nashv|||e
("slmple ßesh wound of Lhe rlghL Lhlgh, severe," caused by a gunshoL), 12/16/64 admlued U.S. Genera|
nosp|ta| No. 1, Nashv|||e, 1/23/63 dles Lhere of "exhausuon from gunshoL wound of rlghL Lhlgh", bur|ed
grave #11610 Nashv|||e C|ty Cemetery (aged 27 years).
hup://www.kemper.msgen.lnfo/mlllLary/clvll_war/43rd_ms_lnfanLry.hLm

Corpora| W||||s C. Watk|ns, 43
rd
MS lnfanLry
enllsLed 2/1/63 Snyder's Mllls, MS (near vlcksburg), 3/17/63 capLured Chlckasaw 8ayou, MS (near
vlcksburg), ca. 6/1/63 ÞCW Camp MorLon, ln, 6/9/63 ÞCW lorL uelaware, uL, 7/3/63 exchanged ClLy
ÞolnL, vA, 11-12/63 AWCL, 11]30]64 horr|b|y wounded Irank||n, 1N, 12]17]64 captured |n hosp|ta|
Irank||n, 1N, 12]2S]64 adm|ued No. 1, U.S.A. Genera| nosp|ta|, Nashv|||e, 1N (slmple ßesh wound of leû
Lhlgh, severe, caused by round ball), 3/18/63 Lransferred Lo ÞrovosL Marshall, 3/24/63 ÞCW Camp Chase,
CP, released from Lhere aL war's end (aged 20 years aL release)
Lp://www.kemper.msgen.lnfo/mlllLary/clvll_war/43rd_ms_lnfanLry.hLm

More leuers and records
Þr|vate W||||am I. Cverstreet, 43
rd
MS Infantry
-- 6/62-2/63 absenL slck wlLh leave, capLured vlcksburg, 11-12/63 AWCL, 11/30/64 wounded Irank||n,
1N (ln lower leû leg by conlcal ball), 12/17/64 captured (probab|y |n hosp|ta|) Irank||n, 1n, 2/6/63
adm|ued to No. 1, U.S.A. Genera| nosp|ta|, Nashv|||e, 1N (|ower one-th|rd of |eh |eg amputated),
3/1/63 Lransferred Lo ÞrovosL Marshall's omce, 3/12/63 ÞCW Camp Chase, CP, 3/31/63 ÞCW ÞolnL
LookouL, Mu (Lransferred for exchange, buL was apparenLly Loo slck Lo be exchanged), 6/6/63 released
from ÞolnL LookouL aL war's end (aged 17 years aL enllsLmenL)

8Ukk A. CkICkD, Þvt., Co. L 19
th
LA Infantry
enllsLed 22 Apr 1862 aL CorlnLh, MS. Wounded, ln Lhe rlghL arm & abdomen, and capLured 16 uec 1864
aL Lhe 8aule of nashvllle, 1n. uled 26 uec 1864 aL Lhe U. S. A. Genera| nosp|ta|, Nashv|||e, 1n. 8urled aL
ClLy CemeLery, grave number 10684. Pls name on Lhe deaLh card was, Andrew 8. Cxford. Llves, unlon
Þarlsh, LA. Pls age on Lhe !ul/Aug 1862 musLer roll card was 30.

Þowe|| Sm|th, 2S
th
A|abama Infantry, Co. C.
capLured 12/18/1864 aL nashvllle, 1n. uled 2/3/1863 aL US Genera| nosp|ta| Lhere. 8urled grave #12070,
ClLy CemeLery.

Worsham, Dav|d L.30
th
Georg|a Infantry, Co. D., -- ÞrlvaLe - SepLember 23, 1861.
AppolnLed Lnslgn. 1ore colors from sLañ and placed Lhem ln hls bosom when wounded and capLured aL
nashvllle, 1ennessee uecember 14, 1864. uled, resulL ampuLauon of leû arm, ln u. S. Ceneral PosplLal aL
nashvllle, 1ennessee lebruary 4, 1863.
More leuers and records
kusse|| Go||aday, 13th Co|ored Infantry, Company 8, ÞrlvaLe.
When he was a boy, 8ussell was broughL Lo Logan CounLy, kenLucky. 1he lmporLauon of slaves lnLo
kenLucky was resLrlcLed by Lhe nonlmporLauon AcL of 1833. Powever on 26 lebruary 1849, an acL was
approved by Lhe Ceneral Assembly of Lhe CommonwealLh of kenLucky Lo allow 8ussell Lo be broughL lnLo
kenLucky aL Lhe requesL of !acob Shall Colladay.
8ussell was 21 years old when he enllsLed on 28 CcLober 1863 aL Clarksvllle, 1ennessee. Pls helghL was
llsLed as 3' 3" and he was born ln 1ennessee. 8ussell was wounded ln Lhe baule of nashvllle on 16
uecember 1864. Pe was senL Lo Lhe Ceneral PosplLal aL nashvllle.
8ussell dled on 03 !anuary 1863 from Lhe wounds LhaL he recelved ln baule. Pe ls burled aL Lhe nauonal
CemeLery ln nashvllle ln a marked grave (Secuon k, grave 13240).
hup://golladay.home.mlndsprlng.com/unlon•20soldlers/8ussellColladay.hLm

L|nds|ey Iam||y Þapers, ca. 1600- ca. 1940 (lv-u-3, 4, Mlcroñlmlng ln process)
ularles of !ohn 8errlen Llndsley from Lhe Clvll War - he was Þost Surgeon, C.S.A., for Nashv|||e. Pe
descrlbes hls work ln Lhe Un|vers|ty of Nashv|||e hosp|ta|s, hls eñorLs Lo secure Lhe bulldlngs and grounds
of Lhe unlverslLy, Lhe occupauon of nashvllle by lederal Lroops, Lhe arrlval of lederal gunboaLs, Lhe 8aule
of nashvllle, Lhe confuslon and Lerror of Lhe people, and Lhe lllegal procuremenL of governmenL sLores by
clvlllans.


Hospital Pencillings
A ulA8? WPlLL ln !LllL8SCn CLnL8AL PCSÞl1AL, !LlLL8SCnvlLLL, lnu., Anu
C1PL8S A1 nASPvlLLL 1LnnLSSLL, Llvlra !. Þowers

CPAÞ1L8 ll. - lncldenLs and Þersonal PlsLorles ln PosplLals no. 1 and 8, nashvllle,
1ennessee.

CPAÞ1L8 vlll.- Pome of SanlLary Commlsslon, nashvllle, 1ennessee.
1he lranklln & nashvllle wounded
Llvlra wrlLes of 200 new pauenLs senL from nashvllle Lo !eñerson PosplLal ln !eñersonvlle,
lndlana ln early 1863, (PosplLal Þencllllngs, pp 133ñ.)

Over 200 patients came from Nashville to this hospital last Saturday, out of which
our ward received more than one for every bed. We have fifty -nine beds for
patients, and we had seventy-one on the morning report for the new year.
Mattresses are put on the floor at night. About the same number came into the
hospital on Sunday, and half as many today. In a few days there will be a transfer
from this to some other hospital farther north, to make room for others from the
front. Immediately after a large transfer to a hospital the greatest mortality occurs.
They are sometimes brought in a wretched condition. Some have the balls
remaining in the wounds. One here has not slept for three nights from that cause.
Another came whose wound has not been dressed for thirty-six hours, and as a
consequence he has gangrene. Not long since two men showed me their shirts
which had been worn without change between twenty and thirty days. And there
was no help for it until the next week, for at that time we had but twenty-five clean
shirts for seventy-seven men. The hospital is overcrowded. It was only intended for
2,000, but we have had upwards of 2,600. And orders have been sent Maj.
Goldsmith to enlarge it so that it may contain 5,000.
Hospital Pencillings
" War is cruel, and cannot be refined," was the defensive
shot fired by Sherman at Atlanta. Still it seems a pity that
men should be sent out from Nashville hospitals, in a
dying-condition, to make way for rebel prisoners. Why
could not some private mansion be used for that purpose,
whose owners are known to have taken the oath merely to
save their property ? P. 161 January 22, 1865
Fresh amputations, where arms had been taken off close to the
shoulder, were sent off on transfers," says a young theological student,
at present a patient in my ward. Here is more evidence. I was at the
gangrene tents and barracks soon after, and one in the latter place
said, " Oh, my wound was looking so nice when I left Nashville, but
there were 150 of us, whose wounds were all washed with one sponge,
and none were dressed but once a day, and I think as many as fifty
took gangrene. There were five who did in this room." I inquired of
those, and found it their testimony also, as well as of others, still, who
were at the tents. One told me he had gangrene when he left Nashville.
Þ 163
Aprll 10 p. 23
Hospital Pencillings
AueoJeJ cbotcb to-Joy ot tbe 5ecooJ ltesbytetloo, ot uoloo cbotcb " os lt ls colleJ. lt ls
tbe ooly ooe lo tbe clty, l om tolJ, wbete ooe ls sote of beotloq seoumeots of loyolty.
kev. Mt. Alleo ls postot. ne Joes oot feot oow, ooJet tbe sboJow of lott Neqley, ooJ
wltb so mooy " bloe coots " oboot, to " llf op bls volce llke o ttompet, ooJ sbow tbe
people tbelt ttoosqtessloos ooJ tbe boose of Iocob tbelt slos." l belleve, bowevet, tbot be
wos obllqeJ to leove tbe ploce ptevloos to tbe eottooce of oot ttoops.


noLe: ls 2
nd
Þres sull ln exlsLence? Þerlod plcs? A hosplLal for sure?
L1 8ecord Shop, nashvllle
1he red-brlck bulldlng LhaL houses L1 kecord Shop and oLher buslnesses ls a prlme
example.
lL was a unlon hosplLal where some of Lhe 9,000 ?ankee casualues from one day's
ñghung aL SLones 8lver ln Murfreesboro were broughL Lo heal or dle.

. . . . 1here's even an old phoLo of Lhe unlon PosplLal over on Lhe wall
Mlsc sources
M|||tary and Nava| Department (C|v|| War): keg|ster of I|||no|s So|d|ers |n Nashv|||e
nosp|ta|s, 186S | llllnols SLaLe Archlves
hup://archon.llsos.neL/?p=collecuons/conLrolcard&ld=616

S1CU1, SAMULL nCLLINGSWCk1n (1822-1903) (1SLA)
1hese are Lhe papers of Samuel PolllngsworLh SLouL, 1819-1963, physlclan, educaLor, wrlLer, and
ulrecLor of PosplLals for Lhe Army of 1ennessee, CSA, 1863-1863. ln 1863, he was appolnLed
Medlcal ulrecLor of PosplLals for Lhe Army of 1ennessee, a posluon he held unul Lhe end of Lhe
War.
hup://www.Ln.gov/Lsla/hlsLory/manuscrlpLs/ñndlngalds/Lhs39.pdf

nCC8LLk, IAMLS ALLLN ÞnC1CGkAÞn AND DkAWING CCLLLC1ICN, 1862-1986
1he collecLor used mosL of Lhese drawlngs and phoLographs ln hls book, clues uoJet tbe Coo,
publlshed ln 1986. | 22. PosplLal---corner of Cypress and SevenLh SL. | 41. u.S. MlllLary
PosplLal---Academy Plll
hup://www.Ln.gov/Lsla/hlsLory/manuscrlpLs/ñndlngalds/Lhs434.pdf


Mf. 19S3 -- 8ur|a| kecords, Nanona| Cemetery, Nashv|||e, 1ennessee. Nanona|
Arch|ves. 1 kee|. 3Smm. M|croh|m Cn|y Co||ecnon.
1SLA
1hls cemeLery was esLabllshed as a u.S. MlllLary CemeLery on !anuary 28, 1867. uurlng
Lhe Clvll War, Lhose who dled ln general hosplLals, on Lhe bauleñelds, or as prlsoners
of war were burled wlLh wooden headboards wlLh Lhe names and ldenufylng daLa
palnLed Lhereon, lf marked aL all. Many of Lhese headboards deLerloraLed Lhrough
exposure Lo Lhe elemenLs. 1he resulL was LhaL when Lhe remalns were laLer removed
Lo a nauonal cemeLery for burlal, ldenuñcauons could noL be esLabllshed, and Lhe
graveslLes were marked as unknown. 1hese deceased were gaLhered from an
exLenslve reglon of Mlddle 1ennessee and souLhern kenLucky. Powever, Lhe ma[orlLy
of Lhe dead ln Lhe cemeLery were Lransferred from Lhe hosplLal burlal grounds ln and
around Lhe clLy of nashvllle and from Lemporary burlal grounds around general
hosplLals ln nashvllle and Lhe nearby bauleñelds of lranklln and Callaun, 1ennessee.
8elnLermenLs were also made from as far away as 8owllng Creen and Cave ClLy,
kenLucky. See
hup://www.bonps.org/naLlcem/naLlcem.hLm for an lndex Lo Lhese lnLernmenLs.
LINDSLL¥ IAMIL¥ ÞAÞLkS ca. 1812 - [1840-1940] - 1SLA
ularles of !ohn 8errlen Llndsley from Lhe Clvll War - he was ÞosL Surgeon, C.S.A., for nashvllle. Pe
descrlbes hls work ln Lhe unlverslLy of nashvllle hosplLals, hls eñorLs Lo secure Lhe bulldlngs and
grounds of Lhe unlverslLy, Lhe occupauon of nashvllle by lederal Lroops, Lhe arrlval of lederal gunboaLs,
Lhe 8aule of nashvllle, Lhe confuslon and Lerror of Lhe people, and Lhe lllegal procuremenL of
governmenL sLores by clvlllans.
hup://www.Ln.gov/Lsla/hlsLory/manuscrlpLs/ñndlngalds/1177.pdf

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