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NACE SP0407 2007 Material Selection Diagram

NACE SP0407 2007 Material Selection Diagram

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Standard Practice

Format, Content, and Guidelines for Developing a
Materials Selection Diagram
This NACE International standard represents a consensus of those individual members who have
reviewed this document, its scope, and provisions. Its acceptance does not in any respect
preclude anyone, whether he or she has adopted the standard or not, from manufacturing,
marketing, purchasing, or using products, processes, or procedures not in conformance with this
standard. Nothing contained in this NACE International standard is to be construed as granting any
right, by implication or otherwise, to manufacture, sell, or use in connection with any method,
apparatus, or product covered by Letters Patent, or as indemnifying or protecting anyone against
liability for infringement of Letters Patent. This standard represents minimum requirements and
should in no way be interpreted as a restriction on the use of better procedures or materials.
Neither is this standard intended to apply in all cases relating to the subject. Unpredictable
circumstances may negate the usefulness of this standard in specific instances. NACE
International assumes no responsibility for the interpretation or use of this standard by other parties
and accepts responsibility for only those official NACE International interpretations issued by NACE
International in accordance with its governing procedures and policies which preclude the issuance
of interpretations by individual volunteers.

Users of this NACE International standard are responsible for reviewing appropriate health, safety,
environmental, and regulatory documents and for determining their applicability in relation to this
standard prior to its use. This NACE International standard may not necessarily address all
potential health and safety problems or environmental hazards associated with the use of
materials, equipment, and/or operations detailed or referred to within this standard. Users of this
NACE International standard are also responsible for establishing appropriate health, safety, and
environmental protection practices, in consultation with appropriate regulatory authorities if
necessary, to achieve compliance with any existing applicable regulatory requirements prior to the
use of this standard.

CAUTIONARY NOTICE: NACE International standards are subject to periodic review, and may be
revised or withdrawn at any time in accordance with NACE technical committee procedures. NACE
International requires that action be taken to reaffirm, revise, or withdraw this standard no later than
five years from the date of initial publication. The user is cautioned to obtain the latest edition.
Purchasers of NACE International standards may receive current information on all standards and
other NACE International publications by contacting the NACE International FirstService
Department, 1440 South Creek Drive, Houston, Texas 77084-4906 (telephone +1 [281] 228-6200).





Approved 2007-06-22
NACE International
1440 South Creek Drive
Houston, Texas 77084-4906
+1 (281) 228-6200

ISBN 1-57590-212-5
©2007, NACE International


NACE SP0407-2007
Item No. 21123

SP0407-2007


NACE International 1













_________________________________________________________________________

Foreword

This standard practice provides format, content, and guidelines for developing a materials selection
diagram (MSD). A MSD documents the materials selection of new equipment and piping for the
refinery, process chemical, power, and other industries.

This standard is intended for use by the owner/operators, licensors, and the contractor/fabricators
of petroleum refineries, process chemical plants, power plants, and other industrial processing
plants as a reference guide for developing a MSD to identify the materials of construction and the
process conditions and other key technical issues that influence the selection of materials for use
during the development and construction phases of projects.

This standard was prepared by Task Group (TG) 302 on Refining and Chemicals Material Selection
Diagrams: Standard. TG 302 is administered by Specific Technology Group (STG) 34 on
Petroleum Refining and Gas Processing and is sponsored by STG 36 on Process Industry:
Materials Performance in Chemicals. This standard is issued by NACE under the auspices of STG
34.

In NACE standards, the terms shall, must, should, and may are used in accordance with the
definitions of these terms in the NACE Publications Style Manual, 4th ed., Paragraph 7.4.1.9. Shall
and must are used to state mandatory requirements. Should is used to state something considered
good and is recommended but is not mandatory. The term may is used to state something
considered optional.
_________________________________________________________________________

















i
SP0407-2007


ii NACE International
_________________________________________________________________________

NACE International
Standard Practice

Format, Content, and Guidelines for Developing a Materials
Selection Diagram
Contents

1. General ........................................................................................................................... 1
2. Equipment and Materials Information to Be Shown on MSD ......................................... 1
3. Process Data to Be Shown on MSD ............................................................................... 5
4. Guidelines on Completing the MSD ................................................................................ 6
5. References ...................................................................................................................... 7
6. Appendix A: Sample Materials Selection Diagrams ....................................................... 8
7. Table 1 ............................................................................................................................ 2
8. Table 2 ............................................................................................................................ 3
9. Table 3 ............................................................................................................................ 4
10. Figure A1 ....................................................................................................................... 8
11. Figure A2 ....................................................................................................................... 9
12. Figure A3 ..................................................................................................................... 10

_________________________________________________________________________

SP0407-2007


NACE International 1
_________________________________________________________________________

Section 1: General

1.1 A MSD summarizes material requirements for process
equipment and piping in the refining, process chemical,
power, and other industries, and provides information
needed for the development of piping and instrumentation
diagrams (P&IDs) and equipment mechanical data sheets.

1.1.1 Generally, the process and design data used to
select the materials are also shown on the MSD. In its
simplest form, a typical MSD consists of a marked-up
or overlaid version of a simplified process flow diagram
(PFD), showing relevant operating conditions, materials
selection information, and application(s) of other
material degradation preventative measures.

1.2 The scope of this standard is to define the minimum
and optional information to be included on the MSD, provide
recommended formats, and give guidance on key issues
that arise when materials are selected. This standard does
not define how to evaluate specific corrosion and materials
degradation mechanisms or how to select materials for
specific processes. Sample MSDs are included in Appendix
A of this standard to show nonmandatory format and
content examples.

1.3 It is intended that the primary use of the MSD is
associated with new capital projects, retrofits, and
expansions (especially in cases in which process conditions
may have changed). Because the information stated on the
MSD may change during project execution, the MSD may
require revisions as issues surface during the project
engineering and equipment fabrication stages of the project.
Some projects use the MSD throughout the project,
updating it as changes occur and making it “as-built” to be
deliverable to the owner/operator, while other projects use
the MSD only in the initial project stages. This standard
covers primarily the initial MSD preparation.

1.4 The format and content of the initial MSD, its use, and
its update philosophy should be agreed on by the
owner/operator and the contractor/fabricator/licensor in the
initial phases of the project.

1.5 The person specifying materials of construction
must be familiar with corrosion and materials
degradation mechanisms particular to the type of unit
being designed.

1.6 Suitable tools (e.g., NACE standards, API
(1)
standards
including API RP 571,
1
public domain isocorrosion curves,
company proprietary corrosion data, company standards,
prior operating experience) shall be employed as necessary
In selecting materials.



_________________________________________________________________________

Section 2: Equipment and Materials Information to Be Shown on MSD

2.1 Equipment and Piping Components

2.1.1 The following information shall be shown on the
MSD:

2.1.1.1 Materials of construction (minimum alloy
requirement) for equipment components and
piping (using a materials legend), normally
identified by name or tag number (see Table 1);

2.1.1.2 Injection, mix, and chemical addition
points;

2.1.1.3 Design corrosion allowances;

2.1.1.4 Corrosion-resistant alloy cladding or weld
overlay with required minimum thickness and on
which side for components such as tubesheets;

2.1.1.5 Coatings/linings for special internal
corrosion considerations (external coatings are
typically covered by other specifications);
2.1.1.6. Special materials selection, corrosion
prevention, inspection, or testing requirements in
the form of notes (e.g., stress-relief [SR]
requirements, thermal stabilization, velocity limits,
maximum hardness requirements, references to
industry standards, special owner/user standards,
special cleaning requirements, alternate materials
selection); and

2.1.1.7 Prefabricated equipment (e.g.,
compressors, skid-mounted equipment) may be
specified “Manufacturer’s Standard” or “Mfr. Std.”
under the material heading. Manufacturer’s
standard materials selection shall be reviewed for
conformance to design life and safety
requirements for the intended service, if/when
used.

2.1.2 Materials of construction for equipment
components to be shown on the MSD:

____________________________
(1)
American Petroleum Institute (API), 1220 L St. NW, Washington, DC 20005.
SP0407-2007


2 NACE International

Table 1: Information to Be Shown on MSD

TYPE OF EQUIPMENT
OR PIPING
COMPONENTS
(AS APPLICABLE)
Mandatory/Optional
(M/O)
Heat Exchanger (Shell and Tube) Shell
Channels
Baffles/Cages
Tubes
Tubesheets
M
M
O
M
M
Heat Exchanger (Plate and Frame) Plates
Frame
Gaskets
M
O
O
Air Cooler Headers
Tubes
Plugs (if different)
M
M
O
Centrifugal Pump API material class (if applicable)
Case
Impeller
O
O
O
Tank Shell (includes fixed roof and
bottom)
Floating roof
Linings
Seals
M

O
M
O
Towers Shell
Trays/Packing
Distributors
M
M
O
Drums Shell
Boot (when present)
Internals
M
M
O
Reactors Shell
Internals
M
O
Piping Pipe
Control valves
Valve trim
M
O
O
Heater Radiant tubes
Convection tubes
Hangers
M
M
O

2.1.2.1 Materials of construction for
supplementary equipment components should be
identified on the MSD if the standard materials of
construction are not adequate for the process
service (e.g., special gaskets and seals).

2.1.2.2 Additional components, (e.g., bolting,
impingement plates, vessel trim) may be included
as needed, based on factors such as whether the
materials are covered in other project, site, or
industry specifications, or company work practices.

2.1.2.2.1 Any chemical treatment
requirements, including:

2.1.2.2.1.1 Corrosion monitoring probe(s)
and method(s);

2.1.2.2.1.2 Sampling point(s);

2.1.2.2.2 Cathodic protection;
2.1.2.2.3 Charpy or impact test
requirements; and

2.1.2.2.4 External environmental issues
(underground, marine, etc.)

2.2 Material Designations

2.2.1 Engineering materials should be designated by
“generic” formats (e.g., carbon steel [CS] or UNS
(2)

S31600 [316 stainless steel {SS}]). Other
specifications such as ASTM
(3)
(e.g., A 516
2
or A 351
3

gr. CF8M), DIN
(4)
(e.g., 17445
4
),

or trade names should
not be used unless some aspects of the product forms
are considered critical. Using specific material
specifications in lieu of generic designations would limit
product forms, availability, supplier sources, etc.
Requirements for specific product forms may be
covered by use of a specific note.

SP0407-2007

SP0407-2007


NACE International 3
2.2.1.1 Using specific material specifications (e.g.,
ASTM, ASME, DIN) is acceptable when agreed to
by the owner and contractor.

2.2.2 UNS numbers may be shown, provided that they
are not the sole materials designator, because UNS
numbers may not be immediately recognized.
2.2.3 A legend of the material designations should be
included on each MSD. An example of some typical
material designations that have been used are listed in
Table 2, along with examples of the UNS designations
for materials that may fit that category.

Table 2: Typical Material Designations

MSD Format Example UNS
Designations
(A)

Full Designation
CI Cast iron
DI Ductile iron
CS K02504, K02401, K03006 Carbon steel
LTCS Low-temperature carbon steel
1 ¼ Cr K11562, K11756 1 ¼ Cr- ½ Mo
2 ¼ Cr K21590 2 ¼ Cr-1 Mo
5 Cr K41545 5 Cr- ½ Mo
9 Cr K81590 9 Cr-1 Mo
12 Cr S40500 (405 SS),
S41000 (410 SS), or
S41008 (410S SS)
12-13 Cr steel
304L S30403 304L SS
316L S31603 316L SS
321 S32100 321 SS
347 S34700 347 SS
310 S31000 310 SS
2205 S32205/S31803 22% Cr Duplex SS
Alloy 20 N08020 Alloy 20
6% Mo S31254, N08367, N08926 Superaustenitic SS with 6% Mo
800 N08800 (alloy 800),
N08810 (alloy 800H), or
N08811 (800HT)
Alloy 800
825 N08825 Alloy 825
625 N06625 Alloy 625
276 N10276 Alloy 276
400 N04400 Alloy 400
Adm C44300, C44400, C44500 Admiralty brass
NRB C46400, C46500, C46700 Naval rolled brass
70/30 C71500 70/30 Cu-Ni
90/10 C70600 90/10 Cu-Ni
Ti-2 R50400 Titanium grade 2
Ti-12 R53400 Titanium grade 12
(A)
During the early stages of design, the actual method of fabrication of components is not necessarily known; therefore, specifying anything
more than the generic material category is not common during the initial stage of a project’s life (see Paragraph 2.2.1).






____________________________
(2)
Metals and Alloys in the Unified Numbering System (latest revision), a joint publication of ASTM International (ASTM) and SAE International
(SAE), 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096-0001.
(3)
ASTM International (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959
(4)
Deutches Institut fur Normung (DIN), Burggrafenstrasse 6, 10787 Berlin, Germany.
SP0407-2007


4 NACE International
2.2.4 In some cases, specific trade names have been
used when a material with specific properties is
required (see Paragraph 2.2.1).

2.2.5 Cladding, lining, or overlay shall be indicated
using a material designation such as “CS with 2.54-mm
(0.100-in.) minimum 304L cladding.” For internal
coatings and linings, specific types (e.g., epoxy
phenolic, vulcanized natural rubber, and vinyl ester
fiber-reinforced plastic [FRP]) should be indicated.

2.3 Content and Format of Notes

2.3.1 General notes are notes applicable to the entire
process unit and should be labeled with a unique
identifier (typically a letter) on all MSDs. General notes
that are applicable to a process unit shall be repeated
in the same order using the same identifier on all
MSDs.

2.3.2 Specific notes are unique to specific pieces of
equipment, piping, or locations on the MSD, and should
be cited appropriately. Specific notes should be
labeled with a unique identifier (typically a number) and
generally follow the general notes on the associated
MSD page (if the MSD is continued on more than one
page).

2.3.3 All nomenclature used on the MSD should be
defined in a general note or legend. These definitions
shall include, but are not limited to, the material
nomenclature listed in Paragraph 2.2.3 that has been
used on the MSD. Table 3 lists examples of other
commonly used nomenclature. Others may be used as
agreed on by the owner/operator and the
contractor/fabricator.

_________________________________________________________________________

Table 3: Other Commonly Used Nomenclature

Nomenclature Meaning

B Baffles
C Case
CA Corrosion allowance
CH Channel
H Header
IMP Impeller
INJ Injection point (e.g., water wash, chemicals)
INT Internals
PWHT Postweld heat treatment for service or material.
(Design code requirements for PWHT based
on thickness must also be met, but are not
typically identified on the MSD.)
SH Shell
SR Stress relief
T Tubes
TS Tubesheets

2.3.4 All special materials requirements shall be listed
on the MSD, usually in the specific notes. Examples of
special requirements that have been used on MSDs in
the past include:

2.3.4.1 Alloy 20 or alloy 825 drains in SS reactor
inlet and outlet lines;

2.3.4.2 Maximum strength limit on CS for a
liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) sphere;

2.3.4.3 Higher molybdenum content (e.g., 2.5%
min.) for type 316L SS in cold, flowing seawater or
naphthenic acid service;
2.3.4.4 Thermal stabilization of base materials
and welds for type 321 SS or 347 SS operating
above 427°C (800°F);

2.3.4.5 Special gaskets and seals for methyl
tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) service;

2.3.4.6 No substitution of vanadium-grade Cr-Mo
steels, in which straight grades are listed; and

2.3.4.7 Autorefrigeration expected.

2.4 Corrosion Allowance

SP0407-2007


NACE International 5
2.4.1 Corrosion allowance (CA) is a critical parameter
in the selection of materials of construction for
pressure-containing components in a unit. Because of
this, specifying a CA is required.

2.4.2 A specific minimum acceptable CA shall be
indicated on the MSD for each pressure-containing
component excluding pump cases, and except as
noted in Paragraph 2.4.3. Example formats that have
been used successfully include (see Appendix A for
examples):

2.4.2.1 CS with X CA, where X represents the
thickness in the appropriate unit of measure.

2.4.2.2 Showing the materials reference above
the line and showing the CA directly below it.

2.4.2.3 CS-X, where a legend is created to
represent the specific CA being used on the unit.

2.4.3 When the owner/operator specifies only a
minimum CA for a specific material, it should be noted
as a general note in accordance with Paragraph 2.3.1.

2.5 Additional Information

2.5.1 Additional materials-related information or
operational requirements for corrosion control may be
shown on the MSD. Examples of additional materials-
related information include corrosion inhibitors, internal
cathodic protection (CP), water wash injections,
sampling locations, and corrosion probes. Examples of
operational requirements include velocity limits,
minimum design metal temperature (MDMT), and
minimum pressurizing temperatures.

2.5.2 The injection point location for chemical
injections (corrosion inhibitors, dispersants,
antifoulants, etc.) along with the generic chemical type
(i.e., neutralizing amine, ammonium hydroxide, etc.)
should be shown on the MSD. Requirements for quills
or spray nozzles should be indicated at each location.

2.5.3 Corrosion probes may be uniquely numbered.
Additionally, details on the type of probes may be
provided.

2.5.4 Injection and mix points may be uniquely
numbered.

2.5.5 Equipment and piping design service life may be
shown on the MSD. For example, vessels: 30-year
service life; bundles: 10-year service life; piping: 10-
year service life; heater tubes: 12-year service life. At a
minimum, the design service life should be defined in
the transmittal information with the MSDs.

2.5.6 The MSD should schematically show changes in
piping material, CA, or both that occur in the piping and
not at the inlet/outlet flanges on stationary and rotating
equipment. These changes (material specification
breaks) typically occur at main control valves or at
valves in bypass loops. Because of the high level of
detail required to describe piping materials, typically,
piping material is indicated generically on the MSD,
leaving the actual specifics of the materials change for
tools such as P&IDs or piping line designations to
address.

2.5.7 If the pump materials of construction are shown
on the MSD, the pump material class should be shown
in accordance with API Standard 610,
5
PIP
(5)
Practice
RESP73H
6
(chemical services), or PIP Practice
RESP003H
7
(water services) for centrifugal pumps or
generically as separate materials of construction for the
case and impeller. For other types of pumps, the
materials of construction for the case, impellers, and
other applicable major components should be shown.
If pump materials are modified from those shown for
the reference standard’s class, the material changes
should be clearly explained in the specific MSD notes.

2.6 Consistency

2.6.1 The nomenclature and formatting shall remain
consistent throughout all of the MSDs associated with a
process unit or project.

_________________________________________________________________________

Section 3: Process Data to Be Shown on MSD

3.1 Process Data

3.1.1 The process data used for materials selection
should be shown on the MSD. The pertinent data may
vary from unit to unit, and predicted damage
mechanisms may vary. Example of typical data (as
applicable), including corrosive agents and
contaminants that have the potential to affect
materials selection, include:

3.1.1.1 Operating temperature;

3.1.1.2 Operating pressure;

3.1.1.3 Hydrogen partial pressure;

____________________________
(5)
Process Industry Practices (PIP), 3925 West Braker Lane (R4500), Austin, TX 78759.
SP0407-2007


6 NACE International
3.1.1.4 MDMT (especially for low-temperature
processes or areas subject to autorefrigeration);

3.1.1.5 H2S concentration;

3.1.1.6 Sulfur concentration;

3.1.1.7 Free water concentration;

3.1.1.8 Ammonia concentration (e.g., in
hydroprocessing unit effluent streams)

3.1.1.9 Total acid number (TAN) or neutralization
number;

3.1.1.10 Chloride concentration;

3.1.1.11 pH;

3.1.1.12 Critical corrosion velocity limits;

3.1.1.13 Significant contaminants; and

3.1.1.14 Short-term operating conditions that
could affect materials selection (e.g., presulfiding).

3.1.2 This information may be shown for all piping
streams or may be selectively shown for piping streams
when the data are applicable to the materials choice
(i.e., hydrogen partial pressure would not typically be
shown on piping streams operating below 204 C
[400 F]). Units of measure (e.g., ppm, psia) shall be
clearly indicated for each data point or be globally
defined in the general notes.

3.2 Process Data Formats

3.2.1 Process data may be provided in a heat and
material balance (H&MB) or a subset of the H&MB on
the MSD. Often additional information relevant to
materials selection is placed on the H&MB subset (e.g.,
pH, hydrogen partial pressure, H2S concentration
[pH2S or wt%]). These process data may be located
on the MSD or as a separate sheet. If a separate
sheet is used, the page number and revision of the
information shall be indicated on the MSD.

3.2.2 Another format that may be used identifies
operating temperature in one geometric form (e.g.,
rectangles, trapezoids) and the pressure in other
shapes (e.g., ovals, elongated hexagons) with lines
attaching each to the applicable piping. The remaining
process data (as applicable) may then be shown in a
separate geometric form also with a line attached to the
applicable piping.

3.2.3 Other process data presentation may be used as
agreed on by the owner/operator and
contractor/fabricator.

_________________________________________________________________________

Section 4: Guidelines on Completing the MSD

4.1 Unless indicated otherwise, materials of construction
and CA shall be selected on the basis of anticipated
corrosion rate or rate of material degradation under the
combination of all process variables (e.g., stream
composition, velocity, temperature, pressure) and the
specified component design life.

4.1.1 In most cases, maximum normal operating
conditions are used to select materials. Design
temperatures and pressures are not typically used to
evaluate predicted corrosion and degradation
mechanisms, and are typically used for code
strength/thickness calculations.

4.1.2 In some process environments, severe corrosion
or material degradation can occur when normal
operating conditions are exceeded. Therefore, the
effect of all short-term conditions on the materials of
construction should be considered. Examples of short-
term conditions are:

4.1.2.1 Alternate operations (e.g., presulfiding,
catalyst regeneration);

4.1.2.2 No flow (power outage, steam-out,
cleaning, etc.);

4.1.2.3 Startup and shutdown;

4.1.2.4 Upset and emergency conditions;.

4.1.2.4.1 Exposure to short-term conditions
outside the operating window is of particular
concern for equipment and piping in corrosive
environments in which either the corrosion
rate is temperature-influenced (e.g., acid
services, oxygenated water), or a corrosion
mechanism is highly temperature-dependent
(e.g., caustic stress corrosion cracking
[SCC]).

4.1.2.5 Start of run (SOR) and end-of-run (EOR)
conditions.

4.1.3 When it is highly impractical to achieve the
design service life for a specific component (e.g.,
heater tubes), the most practical material should be
selected and notes regarding expected life should be
added to the MSD.
SP0407-2007


NACE International 7
4.2 If PWHT or SR is required for reasons other than
satisfying the fabrication code, notes regarding this shall be
included on the MSD. Heat treating is typically used to
mitigate the potential for failure when “as-welded” materials
are exposed to conditions that promote environmental
cracking. Examples of applications that have been used by
some owner/operators in the past include:

4.2.1 CS equipment in severe wet H2S services;

4.2.2 CS equipment and piping in amine service at all
operating temperatures (except storage tanks);

4.2.3 CS equipment and piping in caustic service at
operating conditions above the NACE caustic cracking
curve;
8

4.2.4 Cr-Mo steel materials;

4.2.5 CS equipment in HF service; and
4.2.6 CS deaerator storage sections.

4.3 The effect of all low-temperature conditions on
materials of construction shall be evaluated when the
possibility of exposure to low temperatures exists.
Examples of low-temperature conditions that are typically
used to set the MDMT include:

4.3.1 Lowest operating temperature;

4.3.2 Atmospheric temperature;

4.3.3 Shop and field hydrostatic or pneumatic test
temperature;

4.3.4 Upset and emergency conditions; and

4.3.5 Autorefrigeration and other sources of cooling.

_________________________________________________________________________

References

1. API RP 571 (latest revision), “Damage Mechanisms
Affecting Fixed Equipment in the Refining Industry”
(Washington, DC: API).

2. ASTM A 516/A 516M (latest revision), “Standard
Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Carbon Steel, for
Moderate- and Lower-Temperature Service” (West
Conshohocken, PA: ASTM).

3. ASTM A 351/A 351M (latest revision), “Standard
Specification for Castings, Austenitic, for Pressure-
Containing Parts” (West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM).

4. DIN 17445 (latest revision), “Stainless Steel Casing;
Technical Delivery Conditions” (Berlin, Germany: DIN).
5. API Standard 610 (latest revision), “Centrifugal Pumps
for Petroleum, Petrochemical, and Natural Gas Industries”
(Washington, DC: API).

6. PIP Practice RESP73H (latest revision), “Application of
ASME B73. 1 - 2001 Specification for Horizontal End
Suction Centrifugal Pumps for Chemical Process” (Austin,
TX: PIP).

7. PIP Practice RESP003H (latest revision), “Specification
for Horizontal Centrifugal Pumps for Water Service” (Austin,
TX: PIP).

8. NACE Standard RP0403 (latest revision), “Avoiding
Caustic Stress Corrosion Cracking of Carbon Steel Refinery
Equipment and Piping” (Houston, TX: NACE).
SP0407-2007


8 NACE International
FIGURE A1: Sample 1
Appendix A: Sample Materials Selection Diagrams (nonmandatory)
SP0407-2007


NACE International 9
FIGURE A2: Sample 2, Part 1
SP0407-2007


10 NACE International
FIGURE A3: Sample 2, Part 2

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