Solutions to Quiz 2, Unit 2.


20 15 f(X) 10 5 0 −2



4 X




Consider the differential equation dX = f (X ) , dt where f (X ) is shown in the figure. 1. Which of the following statements about the differential equation is true? It may help to first draw the phase line for this equation. A. There is a stable fixed point at 0. B. There is a stable fixed point at 5. C. There is an unstable fixed point at 5 D. All solutions to this differential equation tend toward infinity. Solution: The answer is D. The function f (X ) is always positive. This means that the derivative of X is always positive. Thus, X is always increasing. No matter what the value of X is, X will be getting larger. Thus, all orbits or all solutions tend toward infinity. (1)


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