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Unit: Acids and

Bases
Concept 1: What kind of solution is an acid or a base?
4 = clear understanding 2 = some misunderstandings
3 = general understanding 1 = little to no understanding

Big Idea #1: Solutions with solutes that are hydrogen ions (H
+
) are acids.
Solutions with solutes that are hydroxide ions (OH
-
) are bases.
ACID
Directions:
1. Draw how the water molecules would separate one
H
+
ion from a Cl
-
ion.
2. Demonstration with Zinc metal.

H
+
ions tend to accept electrons.
Why do you think H
+
ions would be attracted to
electrons?

BASE
Directions:
1. Draw how the water molecules would separate one
OH
-
ion from a Na
+
ion.
2. Fight club movie clip.

OH
-
ions tend to donate electrons.
Why do you think OH
-
ions would be able to donate
electrons?

Why does an acid or a base have to be a solution in order for a reaction to occur?



How are acids and bases different?

Big Idea #2: The concentration of an acid or a base depends on the amount of hydrogen ions (H
+
) or
hydroxide ions (OH
-
). The pH and pOH scale (0-14) is used to describe the strength of acids and bases.

pH + pOH = 14

ACID
> Strong acid:
- The acid completely
dissociates into H
+
ions and the
other ion.
- There is a high concentration
of H
+
ions.
- pH = 0, pOH = 14

> Weak acid:
- The acid partially
dissociates into H
+
ions and the
other ion.
- There is a low concentration
of H
+
ions.
- pH = closer to 7

BASE
> Strong base:
- The base completely
dissociates into OH
-
ions and
the other ion.
- There is a high concentration
of OH
-
ions.
- pOH = 0, pH = 14

> Weak base:
- The base partially
dissociates into OH
-
ions and
the other ion.
- There is a low concentration
of OH
-
ions.
- pOH = closer to 7

ACID and BASE
An acid and a base of similar strength will neutralize each other.

What is the pH of a neutral solution? How did you come to this answer?


You test a solution and the pH is 2.
What is the pOH? ______ How did you get this answer?

Is the solution an acid or a base? _________
Describe how the ions are dissociated:


You test a solution and the pOH is 5.
What is the pH? ______ How did you get this answer?

Is the solution an acid or a base? _________
Describe how the ions are dissociated:


You test a solution and the pH is 5.
What is the pOH? ______ How did you get this answer?

Is the solution an acid or a base? _________
Describe how the ions are dissociated: