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Glenda Posada
Professor Koning
English 113B
06 April 2014
Education: Is Your Future

All history has been a history of class struggles between dominated classes at various stages of
social development -Friedrich Engels

Social class refers to a group of people with similar levels of wealth, influence, and
status (Types of Social Classes of People).There are four types of class: The lower class, the
working class, the middle class and the upper class. Education does not just come naturally.
Would you say that school is a right or a privilege? I would argue that school is a privilege
because some are not able to afford going to school. In many countries you need to pay to be in
school starting from kindergarten, and parents cannot afford to put their children to go to school.
While some may disagree, bell hooks arguments about social inequality are relevant to the
discussion of education.
Education is a way in which people can move up from the social class they were born in.
School should be a right for everyone all over the world, not a privilege. Some people have the
luck to be born into an upper class family, but that does not mean that they will stay there
forever. There are also some that are not lucky enough and are born into a lower class family and
with education there is a way to move up. bell hooks crossed class boundaries through education,
and many of us can relate to her story.
Crossing Class Boundaries in bell hooks Where We Stand: Class Matters, hooks she
discusses her experience and the life in which she got out of the poor and working class. I can
relate to her story because my family is considered to be the working class. My family also did
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not want me going to a fancy school as hooks says. Although California State University,
Northridge is not as fancy as Stanford, my family would say otherwise. I knew that going
straight into a four year university was going to be hard financially, and just like bell hooks
parents, my parents wanted me to say close to home and go to a cheaper school to save money,
which would have been Antelope Valley Community College. Again, just like one of hooks
teachers encouraged her to go to Stanford, one of my teachers, my AVID teacher to be exact,
encouraged me to go to a four year university. It is a very tough situation to be in, going to
college that is, because you never know if you will have enough money to pay for it, and you
certainly do not want to take out any loans because you do not know if you will ever be able to
pay it off. That is one reason why some students do not go to college or do not continue to attend
There are drop outs every school year whether it is because of financial matters or
education matters. A recent Harvard study Pathways to Prosperity showed that the US has the
highest college dropout rate among industrialized nations. Among four year colleges, just 56% of
students graduate within six years. At top colleges like Ivy Leagues, graduation rates are
drastically higher at 90% or more. But for nearly half of college students, dropping out is a
statistical likelihood (Rowan). Just as the picture shown below, most students drop of because
of financial issues in college.
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This does not just happen in one part of the state but in various states as well. A study
results 2 out of 5 Wisconsin students are classified as economically disadvantage. Wisconsins
academic data shows observable achievement gaps between students from low-income backgrounds and
their middle- and high-income peers regardless of race (Economic Achievement Gap).

The picture above how the not low income have a higher percentage of graduating students, than
the low income; this is exactly eighteen percent difference. There are always stereotypes on how
the white are the richest, and as the graph indicated. Whites have the highest graduation rate,
Hispanics in between and blacks with the lowest. They are various types of races that struggle
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between class, and according to bell hooks the number one would be black males and all woman
of all races.
This inability to complete a college degree can result in being unable to move up social
class. There are some parents that cannot afford to put their children into kindergarten because in
some countries you have to start paying since then. For instance, in El Salvador, education is not
free. You have to pay a monthly fee to send your kids to school, and if you do not, then they are
not able to attend school. It gets even harder to pay education after high school because its
monthly fees become more expensive. Although education is not as expensive as the United
States, it is more high-priced for them (the lower and working class) because they barely get by
from the money they earn from working on the farms. They get paid five dollars a day, maybe
ten if they are lucky, to work on the farm all day in the worst conditions possible. That is what
the students that cannot keep going to school have to look forward to getting some income to
barely get by.
There is only a few ways to move up social class without a real education; that gets you a
career, but are really uncommon. As bell hooks argues, Crossing class boundaries, entering
worlds of class privilege, was one way that I learned different attitudes toward money than the
ones I was raised with. Among the privileged there was much more information available about
how to manage money. Meaning that it is possible to move up from the social class you are
labeled. hooks argues that it is possible, you just need to do the right thing.
Although education is the best way to have social mobility, some may say that working
as well helps, as demonstrated in the movie City of God by Fernando Meirelles. As shown in
City of God there was the slums where the poor lived. The only way that would get out of being
poor would be either stealing, killing, selling drugs or moving out to the city and working on a
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farm. But how many actually made it to the city? None which is why the many thing done in the
movie was killing, stealing and selling drugs. That is why there are so many people out in the
world selling drug. They have no other way to make some kind of income so they look towards
the bad and worst, but the easiest way to make money. There would not be so much crime if
everyone one had equal opportunities to go to school and make a better life for themselves.

The graph above just goes to show how education makes a tremendous difference on the income
that one will have with education. With less than a high school diploma the most you can earn on
average is about four hundred and fifty four dollars a week. With a bachelors degree or higher
you can earn one thousand one hundred and thirty seven dollars within a week, a total that my
father makes in two weeks of work averaging out about six hundred and eighty three dollars
difference a week. That eighty three dollars is a huge amount of money, money that can be used
for rent or as a college student like myself, money for the bus to go to school. The extra six
hundred and eighty three dollars would take me to school for three months.
Education plays the biggest role in social class. It will determine our future social class
qualifications. With education on can determine the path way they want to take, instead of a path
way they do not want to take because it is not affordable. School should be an equal right to all
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to have the same opportunities as others. Education is what defines social class. Social classism
directly effects under privilege inner city students by qualifying them as economically

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Works Cited
Economic Achievement Gap." EdTogether. Web. 02 Apr. 2014.
hooks, bell. Where We Stand: Class Matters. New York: Routledge, 2000. Print.
Rowan, Rachel. "High Cost of Dropping Out If You Dont Graduate, Student Loan Debt Hits
Even Harder." Tuitionio Blog. 11 Mar. 2013. Web. 01 Apr. 2014.
"Types of Social Classes of People." Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Web. 01 Apr. 2014.