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PIPING WORKS

Inch-Mtr (IM) & Inch-Dia (ID)



Inch-Mtr

When a Pipe of 1 Inch Dia having a length of 1Mtr is installed, it is termed as
1 Inch-Mtr.(Ex. 6 Inch Pipe, Length 5 Mtr = 6 x 5 = 30 IM)

Inch-Dia
When a Pipe of 1 Inch Dia Size is welded having 1 joint, it is termed as 1
Inch-Dia.(Ex. 10 Inch Pipe, 4 Joints = 10 x 4 = 40 ID)


ManHour, ManDay & ManMonth

ManHour
When 1 Worker works for 1 Hour, it is said 1 MH of work.(Ex. 2 Workers
worked 8 Hrs = 2 x 8 = 16 MH)

ManDay
When 1 Worker works for 1 Day, it is said 1 MD of work (Ex. 3 Workers
worked 7 Days = 3 x 7 = 21 MD)

ManMonth
When 1 Worker works for 1 Mth, it is said 1 MM of work (Ex. 8 Workers
worked for 5 Mths = 8 x 5 = 40 MM)

Piping Welding Productivity

Normal Figures as per the Average working of any Company, certain Norms
are as below

a) Shop Floor 50 - 60 ID / Day / Welder (Marking, Cutting, Grinding, Tacking
etc..)

b) Erection at Site 25 - 30 ID / Day / Welder (Laying, Fit-up, Welding,
Testing etc..)




Related Piping Works

Pipe Supports Fabrication & Erection
Mitres Fabrication (Tee, Reducer, Elbow ..)
Insulation (Hot & Cold)
Sand Blasting (SA 2 )
Painting (Primer, Intermediate, Final)
Hydro TestingChemical Cleaning etc..

Various NDT Requirements

Visual Inspection
Radiography (X Ray, Gamma Ray)
DP / MP Testing
Vacuum Box Testing
Ultrasonic testing (UT) etc..

Various Piping Materials

CS API 5L, A 106 Gr B (IBR, Non IBR)
LTCS A333 Gr 6
AS A335 Gr P1, P11, P22
SS 304, 304 L, 316, 316 L, 347 H
GI IS 1239
HDPE / Plastic
C.I. / Cement Pipes
Cement Lined

Ratio of Inch-Mtr to Inch-Dia (Appr.)

Unit Piping 1.5 to 2.0
Offsite / Rack / Yard Piping 3.5 to 4.0
Cross-Country Piping 10.0 to 12.0
Under-Ground Piping 4.0 to 6.0

IM & ID Calculations from Isometrics

Piping Material wise Grouping
Sizewize Grouping
Number of Fittings
Valves (Welded / Bolted)

Piping Gangs

a) Piping Prefabrication
Pipe Fabricator, Gas Cutter, Tack Welder,Grinder, Helper

b) Piping Erection
Pipe Fitter, Tack Welder, Rigger, Helper

c) Piping Welding
Qualified Welder, Rigger, Helper