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After watching the video I would have to say teachers need be aware of the BICS

and CALP learning process. This should be something that starts as soon as the learner
enters the classroom. Conversational fluency is based on the students social process
and the goal is to make sure the students are academically proficient.

I do agree with Dr. Cummins when he said that many of the students in
secondary elementary have a learning gap. Its common that students start to struggle
during 3
and 4
grade due vocabulary, language issues or just not having the prior
background. Throughout my clinical teaching thus far, I have noticed that students who
are ELL students do a lot of listening but they dont say much. Its important if they are
able to make the connection that they vocalize with their classmates. Currently Im in a
Dual Language kinder program and two teachers split both classes up half a day. One
class learns English with math and writing then the other class learns Spanish with
science and social studies. Therefore, when they learn new concepts, students need to
be able to have active activities and talk through what they are doing.

The teacher needs to always look to see if a student is growing towards being
language proficient. Both literacy and language are very important even at the primary
level in elementary. When teaching ELL students, the teacher needs to be direct in
instruction to insure they understand what is expected of them in reading, writing, and
speaking. Another way to increase student comprehension that leads to proficiency is to
have cooperative learning groups. Groups help misunderstandings through
communication, and students get learn from their classmates. Once students are
academic proficient, this will help students develop in all content areas.