Conclusions 1. In my opinion the Alder is very much under rated as a tree to be grown in Irish forestry. 2.

It is easy to see the 3 main attractions of this tree, its ability to enhance poor soil conditions, a wind break and its importance to local biodiversity. 3. Most of our native woodland was felled in the 19th century for different reasons that we would want in today’s modern world. 4. The Alder tree has been appreciated by our people going far back in Irish history, it is number four in the ogham alphabet and listed as Fern-the Alder, a commoner of the wood in Brehon old Irish law. 5. Finally I would like to conclude that it is plain to see that the common Alder has been in Ireland a long time now and seems at home in our wet climate even in our remote bogs and fens you can find the water loving Alder, A fine tree worthy of dethroning our national Oak. Recommendations 1. I am sure as our economy starts to pick up again and more an more people start to realise how important our woodlands and forests are to us, that more people will see the benefits of this tree, Councils and Businesses could use the tree in land reclamation as in old quarries slag heaps and similar, to help return the soil to a better condition for later projects. 2. Knowing the benefits of the Alder and its suitability to our Irish climate and habitats, more farmers and foresters try to fit it into their plans. 3. It is great for us to look back to earlier days and see how they managed their woods in the old days every wood and forest had a host of workers who lived there and worked at their different trades there was a woodsman for every forest and woodland, managing the trees as in coppicing and making charcoal these tradesmen would have had a wealth of knowledge it would be great to revive our woods to their former beauty creating jobs in our community at the same time.

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