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and the frequency measured by the listener is
Where Fl is the frequency received by the observer (listener)
Fs is the frequency of the source
V is the speed of the wave
Vl the speed of the listener
Vs the speed of the source
NB: The sign shows whether or not the relative motion of the source and the listener
is towards each other or away from each other:
Source moves towards the listener
Vs is negative
Source moves away from the listener
Vs is positive
Listener moves towards the source
VL is positive
Listener moves away from the source
VL is negative
NB: Work out the frame of reference at the beginning of the problem.
Using Doppler effect in real life
Traffic law enforcement
Definition 1: Doppler effect
The Doppler effect is the change in the observed frequency of a wave when the
source or the detector moves relative to the transmitting medium
Water, sound, and light waves are all applicable to Doppler effect.