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Classical Approach

Approaches of Management

- Scientific Management (1900 - 1930) - Administrative management (1916 - 1940) 2. Neo-Classical Approach - Human relation Approach (1930 – 1950) - Social study Approach (1940 – 1950) - Decision making Approach (1945 – 1965) 3. Modern Approach - System Approach (1960 Onwards) - Contingency Approach (1960 Onward)

Scientific Management
- Mr. F W Taylor has contributed in the development of principals of Scientific
management. He is considered as a “Father of Scientific Management” - The concept was introduced in the beginning of 20th Century. - Scientific management is concerned with knowing exactly what you want men to do and see that they do it in the best and cheapest way.

- Tools and elements of Scientific management\ 1. Separation of planning and doing 2. Functional foremanship 3. Job analysis [Motion study, Time study, Fatigue study] 4. Standardisation [It is in terms of tools, work period, working condition, cost of
production etc.] 5. Scientific selection and training of workers 6. Financial Incentives 7. Economy 8. Mental Revolution

Scientific Management (Continue)
- PRINCIPALS OF SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT 1. Replacing rule of thumb with science 2. Harmony in group Action 3. Co-operation 4. Maximum Output 5. Development of Workers

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