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Mini Poetry Unit

focusing on rhyme, haikus, tankas, and sonnets
Common Figurative Language Used

Simile- a comparison using like or as
Metaphor- comparison between two subjects
that may not be logically literally comparable
Rhythm- a pattern of syllables throughout a
poemusually they are stressed and
unstressed syllables to create a pattern
Rhyme- words that sound the samethere
are four types of rhyme.
Types of Rhyme
Exact Rhyme- identical sounds in final syllables or
paired groups of final syllables. Normally it is the
last stressed vowel that makes the rhyme.
Examples are breathe/seethe, great/late, and
Approximate Rhyme-. Two words that look like they
should rhyme but dont. Examples are
capitol/symbol, or Mary/caring
Types of Rhyme
Internal Rhyme- happens when two words rhyme inside
of the same line. Example: Cat in the Hat or Jack and
Jill went up the hill.
End Rhyme- occurs at the end of two or more lines of
Example: He should not be here,
said the fish in the pot.
He should not be here
when your mother is not.
A Japanese three line poem written to capture a feeling or
image. This was often written by a male to court a female for
These poems have three lines and have a total of 17 syllables
Follow syllables in a line pattern of 5/7/5
The falling flower (5)
I saw drift back to the branch (7)
Was a butterfly (5)
A Japanese five line poem written to capture a feeling or image. This was
often written by a female in response to the haiku to express her feelings.
These poems have five lines and have a total of 31 syllables
Follow a syllable line pattern of 5/7/5/7/7
The weirdly colored (5)
Silent, dark, oppressive sky (7)
Threatening to storm (5)
Softly groans, grumbles, then cracks (7)
And then gives its flashing grin. (7)

Shakespearean Sonnet
As you all know, Shakespeare wrote in iambic pentameter when he wrote
his plays. He also used iambic pentameter when he wrote his sonnets as
Just as a reminder, iambic pentameter is a rhythmic pattern that
consists of five iambs per line. It kind of sounds like five heart beatsba-
DUM, ba-DUM, ba-DUM, ba-DUM, ba-DUM.
Hamlet: THAT this TOO too SOLid FLESH would MELT
thaw AND reSOLVE itSELF inTO a DEW.
Iambic- poetry that has a pattern of accented & unaccented syllables
Pentameter- a line of poetry having 5 feet meaning 10 syllables per

Shakespearean Sonnet
Not only did he write in iambic pentameter, he also
used a specific rhyme scheme where the end rhyme
sounded the same in the following pattern:

Sonnet #30

When to the sessions of sweet silent thought
I summon up remembrance of things past,
I sigh the lack of many a thing I sought,
And with old woes new wail my dear time's waste:
Then can I drown an eye, unused to flow,
For precious friends hid in death's dateless night,
And weep afresh love's long since cancell'd woe,
And moan the expense of many a vanish'd sight:
Then can I grieve at grievances foregone,
And heavily from woe to woe tell o'er
The sad account of fore-bemoand moan,
Which I new pay as if not paid before.
But if the while I think on thee, dear friend,
All losses are restored and sorrows end.

A: though
B: past
A: sought
B: waste
C: flow
D: night
C: woe
D: sight
E: foregone
F: ore
E: moan
F: before
G: friend
G: end
Mini Poetry Unit Complete!
Now take the quiz in