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Mini Poetry Unit


focusing on rhyme, haikus, tankas, and sonnets
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Common Figurative Language Used

Simile- a comparison using like or as
Metaphor- comparison between two subjects
that may not be logically literally comparable
Rhythm- a pattern of syllables throughout a
poemusually they are stressed and
unstressed syllables to create a pattern
Rhyme- words that sound the samethere
are four types of rhyme.
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Types of Rhyme
Exact Rhyme- identical sounds in final syllables or
paired groups of final syllables. Normally it is the
last stressed vowel that makes the rhyme.
Examples are breathe/seethe, great/late, and
skylight/highlight
Approximate Rhyme-. Two words that look like they
should rhyme but dont. Examples are
capitol/symbol, or Mary/caring
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Types of Rhyme
Internal Rhyme- happens when two words rhyme inside
of the same line. Example: Cat in the Hat or Jack and
Jill went up the hill.
End Rhyme- occurs at the end of two or more lines of
poetry
Example: He should not be here,
said the fish in the pot.
He should not be here
when your mother is not.
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Haiku
A Japanese three line poem written to capture a feeling or
image. This was often written by a male to court a female for
love.
These poems have three lines and have a total of 17 syllables
Follow syllables in a line pattern of 5/7/5
Example:
The falling flower (5)
I saw drift back to the branch (7)
Was a butterfly (5)
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Tanka
A Japanese five line poem written to capture a feeling or image. This was
often written by a female in response to the haiku to express her feelings.
These poems have five lines and have a total of 31 syllables
Follow a syllable line pattern of 5/7/5/7/7
Example:
The weirdly colored (5)
Silent, dark, oppressive sky (7)
Threatening to storm (5)
Softly groans, grumbles, then cracks (7)
And then gives its flashing grin. (7)


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Shakespearean Sonnet
As you all know, Shakespeare wrote in iambic pentameter when he wrote
his plays. He also used iambic pentameter when he wrote his sonnets as
well.
Just as a reminder, iambic pentameter is a rhythmic pattern that
consists of five iambs per line. It kind of sounds like five heart beatsba-
DUM, ba-DUM, ba-DUM, ba-DUM, ba-DUM.
Hamlet: THAT this TOO too SOLid FLESH would MELT
thaw AND reSOLVE itSELF inTO a DEW.
Iambic- poetry that has a pattern of accented & unaccented syllables
Pentameter- a line of poetry having 5 feet meaning 10 syllables per
line

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Shakespearean Sonnet
Not only did he write in iambic pentameter, he also
used a specific rhyme scheme where the end rhyme
sounded the same in the following pattern:

ABAB CDCD EFEF GG
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Sample
Shakespearean
Sonnet:
Sonnet #30

When to the sessions of sweet silent thought
I summon up remembrance of things past,
I sigh the lack of many a thing I sought,
And with old woes new wail my dear time's waste:
Then can I drown an eye, unused to flow,
For precious friends hid in death's dateless night,
And weep afresh love's long since cancell'd woe,
And moan the expense of many a vanish'd sight:
Then can I grieve at grievances foregone,
And heavily from woe to woe tell o'er
The sad account of fore-bemoand moan,
Which I new pay as if not paid before.
But if the while I think on thee, dear friend,
All losses are restored and sorrows end.

A: though
B: past
A: sought
B: waste
C: flow
D: night
C: woe
D: sight
E: foregone
F: ore
E: moan
F: before
G: friend
G: end
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Mini Poetry Unit Complete!
Now take the quiz in
Skyward!