SIEMENS

1.0 INTRODUCTION:

2.0 DESIGN CRITERIA FOR BATTERY SIZING:
1
2
3
3.0 DESIGN CRITERIA FOR BATTERY CHARGER SIZING
1
2
4.0 GENERAL DESIGN INPUT:
1
2
3
5 RESULT OF STUDY:
Section -2
Section -3
Time Period
1 - 478 min
478 - 480 min
Section -1
DC power supply is the most reliable source of power supply for control, protection, in-terlock and
annunciation requirements both during the AC power failure and in normal operating conditions. In other
words, it is the“back bone” of thesubstation. This document is intended tosizethe220V VRLA BATTERY
requirement for the CPP-1 SUBSTATION. The bat-tery is sized in accordance with the IEEE 485 -1997
standard. 220V DC power supply will consist of one number 100%rated battery associated with one100%
rated battery charger.
DC Continuous load
DC Continuous load +Closing load
The discharge capacity of the battery shall be sufficient to supply loads during a dis-chargetimeof 8
hour. The battery shall be capable of
Simultaneoustrippingof all the132kV breakersduetobusfault at thestart of theloadcycle. Trippingloadis
considered for 1 minute.
Load Considered
DC Continuous load +Tripping Load
Under normal float charge conditions (with AC supply available), the battery charger will cater to the
continuous load of the DC system plus trickle charging current of the battery.
The batteries may require boost charging fromtime to time, depending upon service conditions and other
external factors. Under boost chargeconditionsthecharger shall be capable of supplying full boost charge
requirement, taking care not to exceed the maximumpermissible battery voltage. The battery charging
current rating is calculated for boost charging the battery.
Supplyingof closingcycleloadfor aduration of 2minutes at theendof theloadcy-clewhen batteryis in its
worst state. Closing of breaker (with si-multaneous load of one no. breakers) has been considered.
The load cycle is divided in three sections:
The section, corresponding time and considered loads are as per following
Supplying of normal standing load (DC continuous load) for the full discharge period of 8 hours.
Section Number
The battery charger is sized based on two numbers of applications envisaged.

A design margin of 15 % is considered (for design contingencies) on the final calculated Ampere Hour
capacityandthenext higher batterysizeavailablefromoneof thevendor’slist isselected. Marginof 15%has
been considered on the final calculated size for future load requirements.

0 - 1 min.
Manufacturer published catalogue for auxiliary power consumption of various relay
Project contract document.
Standard used is IEEE 485 – 1997.
Onenumber of VRLA batterywithendcell voltageof 1.85V/cell batteryandratingof 110.00Ah, having108
numbers of cells are required to feed DC load.
SIEMENS
1) NOTES
1.1 ASSUMPTIONS/ CRITERION
1.1.01
1.1.02 The battery is sized for Eight (08) hour duty cycle as below:
(i) One (1) Minute tripping loads of 11kV Switchgear feeders as applicable, together with continuous loads & Emergency loads
(ii) Total 478 minutes of continuous loads with emergency load
(iii) Two (2) Minutes closing loads of 11kV switchgear feeders as applicable, together with continuous loads.
1.1.03 All the future feeders are also included in the continuous load calculations.
1.1.04 A design margin of 15% is considered.
2) DATA
2.1 The Battery & DC system data are tabulated as under.
Sl.No
1) Nominal voltage 220 V
2) Maximum Voltage 242 V
3) Minimum Voltage 198 V
4) Individual cell voltage 2 V
5) Battery end cell voltage 1.85 V
6) 24
O
C
7) 50
O
C
9) Ageing factor 25 % As per Clause 6.2.3 of IEEE 485
10) Design margin 15 %
Ambient temperature
(design)
Ambient temperature
(max)
Description
The 220V DC supply is primarily used for the 11kV Breaker switchgear, 415V (ACBs only) closing & opening operation as well as
other auxiliary functions such as supply to protective relays,contact multiplication contactors, indicating lamps, etc.
Data
11) Future provision 10 %
The various loads for the battery duty cycle is considered as under.
2.2 The following duty cycle is considered
a)
b)
c)
The battery feeds the continuous loads of 11kV feeder & 415V (ACBs) indicating lamps(6 lamps operating per feeder), relays, contact
multiplication equipment, Emergency light etc.
At the end of the duty cycle, to resume power to the battery charger, one (1) 11KV breakers are considered to be closed. Clossing
cycle load for duration of 2 Min at the end of load cycle when battery is in its worst state to be considered.
Tripping of 4 No 11KV breakers considered at the start of load cycle. Tripping load is considered for 1 min.
SIEMENS
3) Various Loads Considered For The Duty Cycle is tabulated as below:
Sl. No DUTY
Quantity per
feeder
Load in Watts Remark
Unit load CONT. INTER.
A)
A.01 C 1 5 5
A.02 C 1 10 10
A.03 C 8 1.5 12
A.04 C 1 6 6
A.05 M 1 150 150
A.06 M 7 10 70
A.07 M 1 190 190
33 410
Sl. No DUTY
Quantity per
feeder
Load in Watts Remark
Unit load CONT. INTER.
B) Transformer Outgoing Feeder Pannel
B.01 C 1 5 5
B.02 C 8 1.5 12
B.03 C 1 6 6
B.04 M 1 150 150
B.05 M 7 10 70
Auxilary Contacts
11kV CB Tripping Coil
Auxilary Contacts
Item description
11kV INCOMER FEEDER
11kV Incomer Numerical Relay - 7SJ 80
Auxillary Rekays : VTT11
Indication Lamps
Multifunction Meter
Lockout Relay : VAJ H
11kV Incomer Numerical Relay - 7SJ 80
Indication Lamps
TOTAL LOAD
Item description
Multifunction Meter
Lockout Relay : VAJ H
B.05 M 7 10 70
B.06 M 3 4 12
B.07 M 1 190 190
23 232
46 464
Sl. No DUTY
Quantity per
feeder
Load in Watts Remark
Unit load CONT. INTER.
C) CSS Outgoing Feeder Pannel
C.01 C 1 5 5
C.02 C 8 1.5 12
C.03 C 1 6 6
C.04 M 1 150 150
C.05 M 7 10 70
C.06 M 1 190 190
23 410
46 820 TOTAL LOAD FOR 2 FEEDERS
Item description
11kV Incomer Numerical Relay - 7SJ 80
Indication Lamps
Multifunction Meter
Lockout Relay : VAJ H
Auxilary Contacts
11kV CB Tripping Coil
11kV CB Tripping Coil
Auxilary Contacts
Total for one line feeder
VAA33
TOTAL LOAD FOR 2 FEEDERS
Total for one line feeder
SIEMENS
Sl. No DUTY
Quantity per
feeder
Load in Watts Remark
Unit load CONT. INTER.
D)
D.01 C 1 6 6
D.02 C 5 1.5 7.5
13.5 0
27
Sl. No DUTY
Quantity per
feeder
Load in Watts Remark
Unit load CONT. INTER.
E)
E.01 M 1 190 190
190
= 180.0 W
considering 3 lamps of
60W
Item description
CLOSING OF 11kV BREAKER
11KV Breaker Closing Coil
TOTAL LOAD
PCC PANEL
EMERGENCY LIGHT
Item description
Total for one line feeder
Multifunction Meter
TOTAL LOAD FOR 2 FEEDERS
Indication Lamps
SIEMENS
4) LOAD CYCLE
Ampere
Momentary Tripping load 1694 7.70 A
Continuous load 190 0.86 A
Momentary Closing Load 332 1.51 A
Load
Momentary Tripping load +Continuous load 8.56 A
Continuous load 0.86 A
Continous load +Momentary Closing Load 2.37 A
M1 +M2 +M3
Duration Load Description
Load Description Watts
1 min
478 min
2 min
Section I (A1)
Section III (A3)
Section II (A2)
1
S.No
3
2
M1 +M2
M1
Section :A1
8.56 Amps
M1 Section : A3
Section : A2 = 0.86 Amps 2.37 Amps
M2 M3
0 1 478 480
L
o
a
d

(
A
M
P
)
Time (MINUTES)
SIEMENS
5) Battery Duty cycle & AH capacity
The duty cycle and the periods are tabulated as below: (as per Clause 6.5 of IEEE 1115)
Period Load in A
Duration of
period (min)
K factor
Required AH
(CxF)
A B D F G
Section -I
1 8.56 A A1 - 0 = 8.56 M1 =1 T =M1 1 0.5 4.29
Section -II
1 8.56 A A1 - 0 = 8.56 M1 =1 T=M1+M2 478 8.57 73.39
2 0.86 A A2 - A1 = -7.70 M2 =477 T =M2 477 8.02 -61.75
Subtotal Section - II = 11.64
Section -III
1 8.56 A A1 - 0 = 8.56 M1 =1 T=M1+M2+M3=480 9.12 78.10
2 0.86 A A2 - A1 = -7.70 M2 =477 T=M2+M3=479 8.62 -66.37
3 2.37 A A3 - A2 = 1.51 M3 =2 T=M3 2 0.55 0.83
Subtotal Section - III = 12.56
Now applying various factors :
a) AH required 12.56 AH
b) Aging factor at 25% =12.56 x 1.25 15.7 AH
c) Design Margin at 15% =15.7 x 1.15 18.06 AH
d) Future Load at 10% =18.06 x 1.1 19.87 AH
AH CAPACITY OF BATTERY REQUIRED : 19.87 AH
SELECTED BATTERY CAPACITY : 110 AH
Time to end
E
Change in load
C
SIEMENS
NUMBER OF CELLS CALCULATI ON
1 Nomi nal system vol tage (V
n
) = 220 V
2 Highest system vol tage (V
h
) = 242 V Considered +10% of nominal voltage
3 Lowest system vol tage (V
l
) = 198 V Considered -10% of nominal voltage
4 = 2.25 V (As per supplier manual for VRLA)
5 Number of Cells (N = V
h
/ V
f
) = 242/2.25 Nos.
107.556 Nos.
108 Nos. rounded to next higher number
6 End cell voltage ECV=(Vl)/N = 198/108 V
1.833 V
1.850 V (i s sel ected as per Manufacturer manual )
7 Minimum allowable battery = No. of cells x End cell voltage
voltage
= 199.8
Voltage per cell during
So Minimum allowable battery voltage =199.8 V which is more than the system Minimum
allowable voltage =198 V
Fl oat chargi ng (V
f
)

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