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# MECHANICAL ENGINEERING 1

st
Paper
BCS QUESTION ANALYSIS (27-30, 33)

No THERMODYNAMICS BCS
1. Explain the three laws of thermodynamics. 30
2.
What do you understand by Enthalpy? Show that for a constant pressure
process, the heat supplied to the gas is equal to the change of enthalpy.
30
3.
Write short notes on-
(i) Kirchhoffs Identity
(ii) Rankine Cycle
(iii)Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
30
4.
Define second law of thermodynamics and show that no heat engine can be
more efficient than a reversible heat engine working between the same
temperature limits.
29
5. What is Rankine-cycle? Where it is used and why? Explain. 29, 28
No
BOILER
BCS
1. Write the differences between boiler mountings and accessories. 33
2.
In a boiler feed water supplied per hour is 205kg, while coal fired per hour is
23 kg. The net enthalpy rise per kg of water is 145 KJ. If the calorific value
of the coal is 2050 KJ/kg,
Calculate the boiler efficiency. (assume any other data if necessary)
33
3.
Discuss briefly, the working of an Economizer in a Boiler Plant giving a
neat sketch.
30, 27
4.
What is meant by Boiler Mountings? What are their functions?
30, 27
5.
The following observations were made in a boiler trail:
Coal used 250kg of calorific value 29,800 kj/kg, dryness fraction of steam
0.95, feed water temperature 34 C, water evaporated 2000 kg and steam
pressure of 11.5 bar.
Calculate the equivalent evaporation from and 100 C per kg of coal and
the efficiency of the boiler.
30
6.
Define steam boiler. Discuss the advantages of water tube boiler over fire
tube boiler.
29
7.
What is the difference between fire tube boiler and water tube boiler?
28, 27
8.
Describe with sketch the working procedure of any one of the fire tube
boiler.
28
9.
Describe in short:
(i) Fusible plug
(ii) Water level indicator
(iii)Super heater
28
10.
How steam generators are classified?
27
6.
Illustrate the following thermodynamic processes with Example:
(i) Isothermal
(ii) Adiabatic
(iii)Polytropic
29
7.
Define first law of thermodynamics and prove that heat and work are
interchangeable.
28
8. Define Heat Engine and Heat Pump. 28
9.
Explain the followings-
(i) Perfect gas
(ii) Combustion
(iii)Heat Exchanges
28
10. Distinguish between reversible and irreversible process. 28
11.
Draw Otto and Diesel cycle on P-V and T-S plane and indicate different
process on them.
28, 27
12.
What is a thermodynamic process? Distinguish between reversible and
irreversible process.
27
13. What is the thermodynamic cycle? 27

No ENGINE & TURBINE BCS
1. What is fuel? How fuels are classified? 29
2. Explain the difference between a four stroke and two stroke cycle. 28, 27
3. Distinguish between Engine and Machine 28
4. What is a steam turbine? 28
5. Describe advantages of a steam turbine over steam Engine. 28
6.
Define the term degree of reaction in case of water turbine and classify
turbines on the basis of this parameter.
27

No HEAT TRANSFER BCS
1.
An electric cable of aluminum (k= 240 W/mK) is to be isolated with rubber
(k=0.15 W/mK). The cable is to be located in air (k=6W/m
2
).
Calculate the critical thickness of insulation.
33
2. Define Gray body, Specula surface and diffuse surface. 33
3.
A composite wall is made of followings:
(i) An inner layer of 20 cm thick made of fire-clay brick (k=1.47 W/
(mK)).
(ii) Middle layer is made of earth brick of 15cm thick (k=0.24W/ (mK)).
(iii)The outer layer with different type of clay 10cm thick (k=0.09W/
(mK)).
If the temperature of the inner wall surface is 1050C,
Calculate the amount of heat loss through composite wall.
33
4. Why do surfaces absorb differently for solar or earthbound radiation? 30
5. Differentiate between forced convection and free convection. 30, 28
6.
Illustrate the different processes of heat transfer and derive their heat flow
equation.
29
7.
Room air is maintained at 22C and outside air is at 32C. The room has
250mm thick brick wall consider Kwall =0.70w/m - C and hair = 10w/m2
C.
Find heat flow through the wall per unit area. (Neglect the effect of
radiation)
29
8.
Discuss the factors due to which Carnot heat Engine cycle is practicable
in practice.
28
9.
Describe the physical mechanism of convection.
How the convection heat transfer is co-efficient related to this mechanism?
27
10. Derive the expression for the quantity of heat flow through a thick cylinder. 27
11.
Draw the temperature profile for parallel flow heat exchanger, counter flow
heat exchanger, boiler and condenser.
27
12.
The glass window of a room have a total area to 100m2 and the glass is
4mm thick. Calculate the total quantity of heat that escapes from the room
by conduction per second when the inside surface of windows are at 25C
and outside surface at 10C, K=0.84 W/mK.
27

No REFRIGERATION & AIR CONDITIONING BCS
1. Define sensible heating and dehumidification. 33
2.
Draw a neat sketch of a household refrigerator system and explain its
working principle.
33
3.
What is Tonne of Refrigeration and COP?
30, 28, 27
4.
Define Newtons law of cooling. Deduce the equation of heat transfer by
steady state condition through a slab.
30
5.
Explain the important components of a simple Vapour Compression
Refrigeration system. Also discuss the functions of each components.
30
6.
Define primary and secondary Refrigerant with examples.
30
7.
What is Refrigerant? Name different types of refrigerants. Mention
important characteristics of refrigerant.
29
8.
Differentiate between window type air cooler and split type air cooler.
Can an air cooler converted into a heat pump? If so How?
29
9.
What should be the properties of an ideal refrigerant?
33, 30, 28
10.
Describe the factors which should be considered for solution of Air-
conditioner for an office room.
28
11.
How air conditioning is different from refrigeration?
28
12.
Describe briefly the working principle of a Vapour Compression
Refrigeration System with block and p-h diagram.
27
13.
What factors are responsible for human comfort? How Air-conditioning is
different from refrigeration?
27

No FLUID MECHANICS & PUMPS BCS
1. What is cavitation? Write the demerits of cavitation in a hydraulic machine. 33
2.
A pelton wheel develops 1750 KW under a head of 100m while running at
200 rpm and discharging 2500 liters of water per second. What is the unit
power of the wheel?
33
3.
Draw Rheological diagram for Newtonian fluid, Non-Newtonian fluid and
Ideal plastic.
33
4.
From the following figure, Calculate the rate of fluid flow :-

33
5.
Define the followings:-
(i) Shock wave
(ii) Oblique wave
(iii)Mack Cone
33
6. What is priming? Explain different types of priming? 30
7.
Explain the following terms-
(i) Manometric Head
(ii) Pump Losses
(iii)Pump Efficiencies
30
8.
Write Short Notes on-
(i) Cavitation
(ii) Rotodynamic Machine
30
9.
Draw the head-discharge and efficient discharge curve of a centrifugal pump
and show the position of maximum head and maximum efficiency.
29
10.
Explain the difference between a positive displacement machine and
rotodynamic machine.
28, 27
11.
Explain the term slip and cavitation with reference to reciprocating
pump.
What are the losses in a centrifugal pump?
27
12.
Derive the Bernoullis equation from the Euler equation of motion, meaning
clearly the assumptions made in the derivation. What are its limitations?
27
13. Name five flow measuring devices and describe any two of them. 27
14.
An open tank contains 5.0m of oil (=8.0 KN/m
3
). Find the pressure at the
bottom of the tank.
27

No SOLID MECHANICS BCS
1. Define Principle Stress and prove that at the plane of principle stress shear
stress is zero.
33
2. For the beam as shown in the following figure, draw the shear and moment
diagram

33
3. An aluminum bar is loaded as shown in the following figure. Find the
deformation at section B and C :-

33
4. What are the requirements of a good shaft coupling? Write the name of five
rigid coupling.
33
5. A circular shaft can transmit a torque of 5 KN-m. If the torque is reduced to
4KN-m, then what is the maximum value of bending moment that can be
applied to the shaft?
33
6. Find the thickness of the metal, necessary for a steel cylindrical shell of
internal diameter of 25cm to withstand an initial pressure of 500kg/cm
2
. The
maximum hoop stress in the section is not to exceed 1500kg/cm
2

30
7. Explain the following terms-
(i) Principle Stress
(ii) Shear Stress
(iii)Bearing Stress
(iv) Hoop Stress
(v) Thermal Stress
(vi) Bending Moment
(vii) Stress
29, 27
8.

Consider a cantilever beam loaded by a concentrated load at the free end
together with a uniform load distribution over the half length of the beam
from the fixed support. Draw the shear force and bending moment diagram.
29
9.

Plot shear and bending moment diagrams for a simple beam with uniformly
distributed load.
28, 27
10. Draw stress-strain diagram for ductile and brittle materials and indicate
important point on them
31, 28, 27
11. A thin cylindrical pressure vessel of 500mm diameter is subjected to an
internal pressure of 2N/mm
2
. If the thickness of the vessel od 20 mm.
Find the hoop stress, longitudinal stress and the maximum shear stress.
27
No MACHINE DESIGN BCS
1.
For a both end fixed column made of AISI 1020 rolled steel (tensile
strength 650 MPa), Find the Buckling load under the following condition
(length of the column is 2.5m):-
(i) Column is round with cross-sectional area 475mm
2

(ii) Column is a circular tube with inner radius 50mm and cross-
sectional area 475mm
2

33
2.
What is equivalent length of a column? Write the relation between
equivalent length and actual length of a column for various conditions.
30, 27
3.
Explain the following terms in connection with design of machine
member subjected to variable load:
(i) Endurance limit
(ii) Size factor
(iii)Surface finish factor
(iv) Notch sensitivity
30, 27
4. What is the difference between basic size and normal size? 30
5. What is fit? Name three types of fits with their uses giving sketch. 30
6. Name three types of Fits with sketch and places of use. 28
7.
Discus the various types of power threads.
Give their relative advantages and disadvantages.
27

No Metallurgical BCS
1. What are the impurities contain in cast and what are their effects on cast
iron properties?
33
2. What are the defects in casting a metal? 33
3. Discuss the mechanical properties of metal which are associated with the
ability of the material of resist mechanical forces.
33
4. Define and discuss in brief the various heart treatment processes (at least
3), commonly employed in engineering practice.
33

Syllabus 1
st
Paper
Properties of gases and various, Law of thermodynamics and their corollaries, Ideal gases and their cycles.
Study of stream generators, their accessories and mountings, Steady state conduction of one dimensional heat
in different geometrics and composite structures. Transient heat conduction in solids with negligible internal
resistance and surface resistance. Laws of radiation heat transfer, Net radiation interchange between two
infinite parallel plates.
Concept of refrigeration and its application.Continuity, momentum and energy equation and their applications.
Pressure, velocity and flow measurement devices. Basic conception about pumps and turbines.
Stress analysis; axially loaded member, thermal and centrifugal stresses, stresses in thin and thick walled
cylinder and spheres. Shear force and bending moment diagram of beams. Combined stress. Types of fits,
Design for static and fatigue strength, Design of screws, fasteners and connections and columns.