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Properties

of
Some Metals
and Alloys
COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
WHITE METALS AND ALLOYS
ALUMINUM AND ALLOYS
MAGNESIUM ALLOYS TITANIUM
ALLOYS RESISTANCE HEATING
ALLOYS MAGNETIC ALLOYS CONTROLLED EXPANSION AND CONSTANT MODULUS ALLOYS NICKEL
AND ALLOYS MONEL* NICKELCOPPER ALLOYS INCOLOY* NICKELIRON-CHROMIUM ALLOYS INCONEL*
NICKEL-CHROMIUM-IRON ALLOYS
NIMONIC* NICKEL-CHROMIUM
ALLOYS HASTELLOY* ALLOYS
CHLORIMET* ALLOYS ILLIUM*
ALLOYS HIGH TEMPERATURE-HIGH
STRENGTH ALLOYS IRON AND STEEL
ALLOYS CAST IRON ALLOYS
WROUGHT STAINLESS STEEL CAST
CORROSION AND HEAT RESISTANT
ALLOYS* REFRACTORY METALS AND
ALLOYS PRECIOUS METALS

Copyright 1982, The International Nickel Company, Inc.

Properties
of
Some Metals
and Alloys

INTRODUCTION
The information assembled in this publication has
been obtained from various sources. The chemical
compositions and the mechanical and physical properties are typical for the metals and alloys listed. The
sources that have been most helpful are the metal and
alloy producers, ALLOY DIGEST, WOLDMANS ENGINEERING ALLOYS, International Nickels publications
and UNIFIED NUMBERING SYSTEM for METALS and
ALLOYS.
These data are presented to facilitate general comparison and are not intended for specification or design
purposes. Variations from these typical values can be
expected and will be dependent upon mill practice and
material form and size. Strength is generally higher,
and ductility correspondingly lower, in the smaller sizes
of rods and bars and in cold-drawn wire; the converse
is true for the larger sizes. In the case of carbon, alloy
and hardenable stainless steels, mechanical properties and hardnesses vary widely with the particular
heat treatment used.

REFERENCES
Many of the alloys listed in this publication are
marketed under well-known trademarks of their producers, and an effort has been made to associate such
trademarks with the applicable materials listed herein.
Such trademarks, together with their proprietors, are
listed on page 84.
Specifications, mainly those published by the American Society for Testing and Materials, are shown for
many of the materials. Other specifications may also
be available. Where specifications appear, their latest
date of issue should apply. Sources of additional
information on properties and specifications are shown
on page 85.
This listing and the data were compiled from sources
believed reliable; however, possible errors and/or
omissions may exist. We would welcome corrections or
suggestions for use in periodically revising the publication. Thus your interest and help will contribute in
making it as accurate as possible with up-to-date
information.

INDEX
Page
2% Nickel Steel, Cast ..............................................................50
3% Nickel Steel ........................................................................48
3% Nickel Steel, Cast ..............................................................50
9% Nickel Steel ............................................................................50
15-5 PH* Stainless Steel ............................................................64
17-4 PH* Stainless Steel ............................................................64
17-7 PH* Stainless Steel ............................................................64
17-14 Cu Mo Stainless Steel ......................................................66
18-9 LW* Stainless Steel ............................................................62
18K White Gold ...........................................................................80
19-9 DL Alloy ................................................................................66
29-4 Stainless Steel ....................................................................68
29-4-2 Stainless Steel .................................................................68
35-20 Ni Cr bal Fe Alloy...............................................................20
38-7 Ni Cr + Fe Alloy ...................................................................24
42% Ni Fe Alloy............................................................................24
49% Ni Fe Controlled Expansion Alloy .....................................24
49% Ni Fe Magnetic Alloy ...........................................................22
60-15 Ni Cr bal Fe Alloy ..............................................................20
79-4 Ni Mo bal Fe Alloy ..............................................................22
80-20 Ni Cr Alloy ..........................................................................20
200 ALLOY*..................................................................................20
300M Alloy Steel .........................................................................48
611 Alloy, Cast .............................................................................30
625 Alloy, Cast ............................................................................32
713C Alloy.....................................................................................40
713LC Alloy ..................................................................................40
901 Alloy .......................................................................................40
904 L Stainless Steel ..................................................................60
9310 Alloy Steel............................................................................48
A-286 Alloy....................................................................................40
AISI 4340 Alloy Steel ..................................................................48
AISI 4620 Alloy Steel ..................................................................48
AISI 4820 Alloy Steel ..................................................................48
AISI 8620 Alloy Steel ..................................................................48
AL6X* Stainless Steel .................................................................60
ALCHROME*................................................................................20
ALOYCO* 20 Stainless Steel, Cast ...........................................74
Alnico Alloys (Permanent Magnet Alloys)
II ............................................................................................ 20
III, IV, V, VI, VII & VIII ...........................................................22
Aluminum Alloys, Cast
413.0 ......................................................................................12
B443.0, A380.0, 295.0, 514.0, 520.0, 336.0 & 242.0 .........14
Aluminum Alloys, Wrought
1100, 2017, Alclad 2024, 3003, 5052, 6061 & 7075.........12
AM 350* Stainless Steel ..............................................................64
AM 355* Stainless Steel ..............................................................64
Antimony .......................................................................................10
B-1900 Alloy ................................................................................46
Bismuth-Lead Alloy .....................................................................10
Bi-Pb-Sn-Cd Alloy .......................................................................10
Bi-Pb-In-Cd-Sn Alloy ...................................................................10
Bismuth-Tin Alloy ........................................................................10
Brass, Cast
Leaded Red Brass (C83600) ...............................................8
Brass, Wrought
Admiralty (C44300, C44400 & C44500) ...............................4
Cartridge (C26000) ..................................................................4
Naval (C46400) ........................................................................4
Red(C23000)............................................................................4
Yellow (C27000).......................................................................4
Bronze, Cast
G(C90500) ............................................................................. 8
M(C90300) ............................................................................. 8
Leaded Tin (C93200) ............................................................8
Nickel-Aluminum (C95800) ..................................................8
Nickel-Tin, Type A (C94700) .................................................8
Nickel-Tin, Type B (C94800) .................................................8
*See page 84 for list of trademarks.

Page
Bronze, Wrought
Aluminum (C61400) .............................................................. 4
High Silicon (C65500) ........................................................... 6
Nickel-Aluminum (C63200) .................................................. 6
Phosphor(C51000) ................................................................ 4
Phosphor (C52400)................................................................ 4
Carbon Steel ...............................................................................46
CARPENTER* No.10 .................................................................60
CARPENTER 20Cb-3* ...............................................................60
Cast Iron Alloys (see Iron, Cast)
CHLORIMET* 2 ...........................................................................38
CHLORIMET* 3 ...........................................................................38
Coinage Alloy ................................................................................ 6
Columbium ...................................................................................78
Columbium-Tantalum-Tungsten Alloy .......................................78
Columbium-Vanadium Alloy .......................................................78
Columbium-Zirconium Alloy .......................................................78
Constantan .................................................................................... 6
Controlled Expansion Alloys ......................................................24
Copper Alloys, Cast
C83600 (Leaded Red Brass) ............................................... 8
C90300 (M Bronze) ............................................................... 8
C90500 (G Bronze) ............................................................... 8
C93200 (Leaded Tin Bronze) ............................................... 8
C94700 (Nickel-Tin Bronze, Type A) ................................... 8
C94800 (Nickel-Tin Bronze, Type B) ................................... 8
C95800 (Nickel-Alumimum Bronze) .................................... 8
C96200(Copper-Nickel) ....................................................... 8
C96400(Copper-Nickel) ......................................................10
C97300 (Nickel Silver) ........................................................10
C97600 (Nickel Silver) ........................................................10
C97800 (Nickel Silver) ........................................................10
Copper Alloys, Wrought
C11000(Copper) .................................................................... 4
C17000 (Copper Beryllium) .................................................. 4
C17200 (Copper Beryllium) .................................................. 4
C17500 (Copper Beryllium) .................................................. 4
C17600 (Copper Beryllium 50) ............................................ 4
C23000 (Red Brass) ............................................................. 4
C26000 (Cartridge Brass) ..................................................... 4
C27000 (Yellow Brass) ......................................................... 4
C28000 (Muntz Metal) .......................................................... 4
C44300 (Admiralty Brass) .................................................... 4
C44400 (Admiralty Brass) .................................................... 4
C44500 (Admiralty Brass) .................................................... 4
C46400 (Naval Brass) ........................................................... 4
C51000 (Phosphor Bronze) ................................................. 4
C52400 (Phosphor Bronze) ................................................. 4
C61400 (Aluminum Bronze) ................................................. 4
C63200 (Nickel-Aluminum Bronze) ..................................... 6
C65500 (High Silicon Bronze) .............................................. 6
C70600 (Copper Nickel, 90-10 + Fe) .................................. 6
C71000 (Copper Nickel, 79-21) ........................................... 6
C71300 (Copper Nickel) ....................................................... 6
C71500 (Copper Nickel, 70-30 + Fe) .................................. 6
C71640 (Copper Nickel) ....................................................... 6
C72200 (Copper Nickel) ....................................................... 6
C72500 (Copper-Nickel-Tin) ................................................ 6
C72600 (Copper-Nickel-Tin) ................................................ 6
C72700 (Copper-Nickel-Tin) ................................................ 6
C72800 (Copper-Nickel-Tin) ................................................ 6
C72900 (Copper-Nickel-Tin) ................................................ 6
C73500 (Nickel Silver) .......................................................... 8
C75200 (Nickel Silver) .......................................................... 8
C76600 (Nickel Silver) .......................................................... 8
C77000 (Nickel Silver) .......................................................... 8
Copper Beryllium Alloys
C17000,C17200,C17500 & C17600 ................................... 4
Copper-Nickel Alloys
C70600, C71000, C71300, C71500, C71640 &
C72200.................................................................................... 6
(55-45) .................................................................................... 6
Castings .............................................................................8,10
Copper-Nickel-Tin Alloys
C72500, C72600, C72700, C72800 & C72900 .................. 6
Cunico ...........................................................................................22
Cunife............................................................................................22
CUSTOM 455* Stainless Steel ..................................................64

Page
D-979 Alloy ............................................................................46
DISCALOY* ...........................................................................46
DURANICKEL* Alloy 301......................................................26
Ductile Irons...........................................................................52
DURIRON* ............................................................................54
DURICHLOR*........................................................................54
DURIMET* 20 Stainless Steel, Cast.....................................74
E-BRITE* ...............................................................................68
ELINVAR*..............................................................................24
EVANOHM* ...........................................................................20
FERRALIUM* Alloy 255 ........................................................60
GMR 235D Alloy....................................................................38
Gold
Pure ................................................................................80
18K White.......................................................................80
WE. No. 1 .......................................................................80
Greek Ascoloy Stainless Steel..............................................66
HASTELLOY* alloys
B-2, C-276 & C-4............................................................34
G, G-3, N, S & W............................................................36
X .....................................................................................38
M-532 .............................................................................60
HAYNES* alloy
25 & 188 .........................................................................42
556..................................................................................40
Heat Resistant Alloys, Cast
HA, HC & HD..................................................................74
HE, HF, HH, HI, HK, HL, HN, HP HP50-WZ, HT &
HU............................................................................76
HW & HX ........................................................................78
IN-657.............................................................................76
IN-519.............................................................................78
High-Temperature High-Strength Alloys
GMR 2350 ......................................................................38
713C, 713LC, 901, HAYNES* 556, A-286, IN-100
&IN-102....................................................................40
IN-738, IN-792, IN-939, L-605, HAYNES* 188 &
MAR-M* 246 ............................................................42
M-252, RENE 41*, RA 333*, S-816, TO Nickel,
UDIMET* 500, UDIMET* 700 & WI-52 ...................44
Waspaloy, B-1900, D-979, X-40, N-155 &
DISCALOY* ............................................................ 46
High-Yield-Strength Alloy Steels...........................................50
ILLIUM* alloys
B, G & 98 ........................................................................38
P .....................................................................................74
IN-100 Alloy ...........................................................................40
IN-102 Alloy .......................................................................... 4C
IN-519 Alloy ...........................................................................78
IN-657 Alloy ...........................................................................76
IN-738 Alloy ...........................................................................42
IN-787 Alloy Steel..................................................................50
IN-792 Alloy ...........................................................................42
IN-849 Stainless Steel...........................................................74
IN-862 Stainless Steel...........................................................74
IN-939 Alloy ...........................................................................42
INCOLOY* alloys
800,801,802 & 825.........................................................30
903..................................................................................24
INCONEL* alloys
600, 601, 611 & 617.......................................................30
625, 690, 718, X-750 & 751...........................................32
Ingot Iron................................................................................ 46
INVAR* ..................................................................................24
Iridium ....................................................................................80
Iron, Cast
Gray ................................................................................52
Ductile.............................................................................52
Malleable ........................................................................52
Ni-Hard, Types 1, 2 & 4 .................................................54
Ni-Resist, Types 1, 2, 5 & D2 ........................................52
Types D5 & D-5S ...........................................................54
Iron-Silicon Alloy (DURIRON*) ......................................54
Iron-Silicon-Molybdenum Alloy (DURICHLOR*) ...........54

Page
Iron, Wrought.........................................................................46
Iron-Chromium-Aluminum Alloy ............................................20
Iron-Nickel Temperature Compensating Alloys ....................24
ISO-ELASTIC*.......................................................................24
JESSOP JS700*....................................................................60
JESSOP JS777*....................................................................60
JESSOP* Type 317L Plus.....................................................58
KANTHAL*.............................................................................20
KARMA*.................................................................................20
KOVAR*.................................................................................24
L-605 Alloy.............................................................................42
Lead
Pure ................................................................................10
Antimonial.......................................................................10
Tellurium .........................................................................10
Lead-Tin Solders
50-50 & 40-60.................................................................10
M-252 Alloy............................................................................44
Magnesium Alloys
AZ 318, AZ 80A, AZ 918, AZ 91C & AZ 92A.................14
EZ 33A & HK 31A...........................................................14
HZ 32A & ZK 60A...........................................................16
Magnetic Alloys ................................................................20,22
Malleable Iron ........................................................................52
Manganese Alloy 772............................................................12
Maraging Steels
18-200,18-250,18-300....................................................50
MAR-M* 246 Alloy .................................................................42
Moly Permalloy 4/79..............................................................22
Molybdenum ..........................................................................78
Molybdenum0.5% Titanium Alloy ......................................78
MONEL* Alloys
400, 401, 404, R-405 & K-500 .......................................28
410 (Cast), 411 (Cast) & 505 (Cast) ..............................28
Mu Metal ................................................................................20
Muntz Metal (C28000).............................................................4
N-155 Alloy ............................................................................46
Nickel Alloys, Cast
Nickel 210.......................................................................26
Nickel Beryllium M2206..................................................26
Nickel Beryllium CR-1 ....................................................26
Nickel Alloys, Wrought
200, 201, 205, 211 & 270...............................................26
Nickel Beryllium 440.......................................................26
DURANICKEL* Alloy 301...............................................26
PERMANICKEL* Alloy 300 ............................................26
TD Nickel ........................................................................44
Nickel-Chromium Alloys
80-20...............................................................................20
60-15 + Fe ......................................................................20
35-20 + Fe ......................................................................20
Nickel-Chromium-Aluminum Alloy ........................................20
Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloys (see INCONEL*)
Nickel-Copper Alloys (see MONEL*)
Nickel-Iron Alloys
Controlled expansion alloy .............................................24
Magnetic alloy.................................................................22
Nickel-Iron-Chromium Alloys (see INCOLOY*)
Nickel-Iron-Cobalt Alloy.........................................................24
Nickel-Molybdenum Alloy (80-4) ...........................................22
Nickel Silver Alloys, Cast
C97300, C97600 & C97800...........................................10
Nickel Silver Alloys, Wrought
C73500, C75200, C76600 & C77000..............................8
Nickel-Titanium Alloy (Nitinol) ...............................................28
Ni-Hard Cast Irons
Types 1, 2 & 4 ................................................................54
NIKROTHAL*.........................................................................20
NIMONIC* Alloys
75, 80A, 90 & 115...........................................................34
Ni-Resist Cast Irons
Types 1, 2, 5 & D-2 ........................................................52
Types D5 & D-5S ...........................................................54
NI-SPAN C* ...........................................................................24
Nitinol Memory Alloy..............................................................28
*See page 84 for list of trademarks.

Page
NITRALLOY* N Alloy Steel ...................................................48
NITRONIC* Stainless Steels
20, 32, 33, 40, 50 & 60...................................................62
Non-Galling Alloys
WAUKESHA METAL* No. 23.........................................26
WAUKESHA METAL* No.88..........................................28
Palladium ...............................................................................80
Palladium Alloy No. 934 ........................................................82
Palladium-Ruthenium Alloy ...................................................82
Palladium-Silver Alloy............................................................82
Permalloy 49..........................................................................22
PERMANICKEL* Alloy 300 ...................................................26
PH 13-8 Mo* Stainless Steel.................................................64
PH 14-8 Mo* Stainless Steel.................................................64
PH 15-7 Mo* Stainless Steel.................................................64
Platinum .................................................................................80
Platinum-Iridium Alloy............................................................80
Platinum-Rhodium Alloy ........................................................82
Platinum-Ruthenium Alloy .....................................................82
Precious Metals & Alloys.................................................80, 82
RA 333* Alloy.........................................................................44
Refractory Metals & Alloys ..............................................78, 80
REN 41* Alloy......................................................................44
Resistance Heating Alloys.....................................................20
Rhodium.................................................................................80
RODAR*.................................................................................24
Ruthenium..............................................................................82
S-816 Alloy ............................................................................44
SAE 1020 Steel .....................................................................46
SANDUSKY* Alloy 75............................................................74
SEA-CURE* Stainless Steel..................................................68
Silver
Coin.................................................................................80
Fine .................................................................................80
Sterling............................................................................80
Silver Brazing Alloys
EASY-FLOW* .................................................................80
R-T Alloy .........................................................................80
Solders
50-50(Sn-Pb) ..................................................................10
60-40(Sn-Pb) ..................................................................10
Stainless Steels, Cast
CA-15, CA-40, CA-6NM & CB-7 Cu-1 ...........................68
CB-7 Cu-2, CB-30, CC-50 & CE-30...............................68
CF-3, CF-8, CF-3M & CF-8M.........................................68
CF-8C, CF-16F & CF-20 ................................................68
CG-8M, CH-20, CK-20, & CN-7M ..................................72
CD-4MCu, CW-12M-1 & CW-12M-2..............................72
N-12M-1 & N-12M-2 .......................................................72
ALOYCO* 20 ..................................................................74
DURIMET* 20.................................................................74
ILLIUM* P .......................................................................74
IN-849 .............................................................................74
IN-862 .............................................................................74
SANDUSKY* Alloy 75 ....................................................74
Stainless Steels, Wrought .....................................................54
Types 201, 202 & 301 ....................................................56
Types 302, 303, 303 Se & 304 ......................................56
Types 304L, 304 +,Boron & 305 ....................................56
Types 309, 310 &, 314 ...................................................56
Types 316, 316L, 317 & 317LM* ...................................56
Types 321, 329, 330 & 347 ............................................58
Types 405, 409, 410 & 414 ............................................66
Types 402, 430 & 431 ....................................................66
Types 440C & 446..........................................................68
15-5PH*,17-4PH* & 17-7PH*.........................................64
17-14 Cu Mc ...................................................................66
18-9LW*..........................................................................62
19-9 DL ...........................................................................66
29-4.................................................................................68
29-4-2..............................................................................68
904L ................................................................................60
AL-6X* ............................................................................60
AM 350* & AM 355* .......................................................64
CARPENTER* No. 10 ....................................................60
CARPENTER 20Cb-3* ...................................................60
CUSTOM 455*................................................................64
E-BRITE* 26-1................................................................68

INDEX
Page
FERRALIUM* 255 ..........................................................60
Greek Ascoloy ................................................................66
HASTELLOY* M-352 .....................................................60
JESSOP* JS700 & JS777..............................................60
NITRONIC* 20, 32, 33, 40, 50 & 60 ..............................62
PH 13-8 Mo*, PH 14-8 Mo* & PH 15-7 Mo* ..................64
SEA-CURE* ...................................................................68
STAINLESS W* ...........................................................64
Steel, Alloy
3% Nickel ....................................................................48
9% Nickel........................................................................50
300M...............................................................................48
9310................................................................................48
AISI 4340, 4620, 4820 & 8620.......................................48
High-Yield-Strength........................................................50
IN-787.............................................................................50
Maraging 18-200,18-250 & 18-300................................50
NITRALLOY* N ..............................................................48
Steel, Carbon.........................................................................46
Steel, Cast
2% Nickel ....................................................................50
3% Nickel ....................................................................50
Super-Invar............................................................................ 24
Tantalum................................................................................ 78
TD Nickel ...............................................................................44
THERLO*...............................................................................24
Tin..........................................................................................10
TINEL* Alloy A.......................................................................28
Titanium Alloys
Ti-35A, Ti-50A & Ti-75A.................................................16
Ti-0.2 Pd .........................................................................16
Ti-5 AI-2.5 Sn .................................................................16
Ti-8 AI-1 Mo-1 V .............................................................16
Ti-6 AI-2 Sn-4 Zr-2 Mo ...................................................18
Ti-6 AI-6 V-2 Sn..............................................................18
Ti-6 AI-4 V ......................................................................18
Ti-6 AI-2 Sn-4 Zr-6 Mo ...................................................18
Ti-13 V-11 Cr-3 AI ..........................................................18
Ti-10 V-2 Fe-3 Al............................................................20
Ti Code 12......................................................................18
TINEL* Alloy A................................................................28
Tungsten................................................................................ 78
Tungsten Alloys
Tungsten - 2.5 (Ni + Cu) ................................................78
Tungsten - 7.5 Ni-2.5 Cu................................................78
Tungsten - Rhenium.......................................................78
UDIMET* Alloy 500 ...............................................................44
UDIMET* Alloy 700 ...............................................................44
Uranium .................................................................................80
Waspaloy ............................................................................... 46
WAUKESHA METAL*
No. 23 .............................................................................26
No. 88 .............................................................................28
White Gold, 18K ....................................................................80
WI-52 Alloy ............................................................................44
Wrought Iron..........................................................................46
X-40 Alloy ..............................................................................46
YORCORON* ..........................................................................6
ZILLOY* 15............................................................................12
Zinc ........................................................................................12
Zinc Alloys
Zinc - 4 AI .......................................................................12
Zinc - 4 Al-1 Cu ..............................................................12
Zirconium ............................................................................... 80
Zirconium-Hafnium Alloy .......................................................80

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

Strip Annealed

10a

32

45

RF40

Spring Temper

50a

55

RB60

Strip Annealed plus age

145

165

RC35

Hard plus age

170

190

RC40

Strip Annealed plus age

150

175

RC38

Hard plus age

180

200

RC42

COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS


Copper C11000
SheetASTM B 152
RodASTM B 124, B 133
WireASTM B 1, B 2, B 3
Copper Beryllium C17000
Plate, Sheet & StripASTM B 194
RodASTM B 124

Cu bal
Be 1.7
Co 0.25

Copper Beryllium C17200


Sheet & StripASTM B 194
WireASTM B 197
RodASTM B 196

Cu bal
Be 1.9
Co 0.25

Copper Beryllium C17500


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM B 534
RodASTM B 441

Cu bal
Be 0.6
Co 2.5

Annealed plus age

90

110

11

RB96

Hard plus age

110

120

RB99

Copper Beryllium 50 C17600

Cu bal
Be 0.38
Co 1.55
Ag 1

Bar Annealed plus age

90

110

17

RB96

Hard plus age

110

120

14

RB99

Strip Annealed

15a

40

50

50

Hard Temper

60a

75

135

Strip Annealed

11a

44

66

RF54

Spring Temper

65

94

RB91

Strip Annealed

14a

46

65

RF58

Spring Temper

62

91

30

RB90

Annealed

21a

54

45

RF80

Hard

50a

70

10

RB75

Annealed

22a

53

65

RF75

Annealed

25a

58

49

RB56

58

70

17

RB75

19

47

64

RF73

Spring Temper

80

100

RB95

Annealed

28a

66

68

RB55

Spring Temper

122

RB101

Soft

45a

82

40

RB84

Hard

60a

89

32

RB87

Red Brass C23000


Strip, Sheet, Plate & BarASTM B 36
WireASTM B 134
TubeASTM B 135
Cartridge Brass C26000
SheetASTM B 19
PlateASTM B 36
WireASTM B 134
TubeASTM B 135

Cu 85
Zn 15

Cu 70
Zn 30

Yellow Brass C27000


Strip, Sheet, Plate & BarASTM B 36
TubeASTM B 135 & B 587
WireASTM B 134

Cu 65
Zn bal

Muntz Metal C28000


TubeASTM B 135
TubeASTM B 111

Cu 61
Zn bal

Admiralty Brass C44300, C44400, C44500


PlateASTM B 171
TubeASTM B 111 & B 543

Cu 71
Zn bal
Sn 1
As, Sb or P0.06

Naval Brass C46400


Rods, Bars & ShapesASTM B 21
PlateASTM B 171

Cu 60.5
Zn bal
Sn 0.75

Phosphor Bronze C51000


SheetASTM B 103
RodASTM B 139
WireASTM B 159

Cu bal
Sn 5
P 0.2

Prosphor Bronze C52400


SheetASTM B 103
RodASTM B 139
WireASTM B 159

Cu bal
Sn 10
P 0.2

Aluminum Bronze C61400


SheetASTM 8 169
RodASTM B 124, B 150
PipeASTM B 315 & B 608

Cu bal
AI 7
Fe 2.5

a = 0.5% extension under load

Cu 99.90 min

Hard
Annealed

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

9.41

2512 3

10.3

17

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS


0.322

8.91

1980

0.092

9.82

0.298

8.26

1600 to 1800

9.3

7503 to 900

39

750 to 900

39

19

7.3

17

6.5

14503 to 1800

20

1500 to 1700

19

0.298

8.26

1600 to 1800

0.10

0.316

8.75

1885 to 1955

9.3

9.84

6.4

Copper C11000

Copper Beryllium
C17000
Copper Beryllium
C17200

Copper Beryllium
C17500

0.316

8.75

1850 to 1900

9.8

0.316

8.75

1880

10.42

11043

28

17

0.308

8.53

1750

8403

37

16

0.306

8.47

1710

0.09

11.32

8043

38.4

15

5.6

Yellow Brass
C27000

0.303

8.39

1660

0.09

11.62

8523

37

15

5.6

Muntz Metal
C28000

0.308

8.53

1720

0.09

11.22

7683

41.5

16

6.0

0.304

8.41

1650

0.09

11.82

804

39.9

15

5.6

0.320

8.86

1920

0.09

9.92

4803

69.1

16

0.317

8.78

1830

3483

94.3

16

0.285

7.89

1915

4683

74.1

17

1 = 68 to 212F

0.09

0.09

0.09

0.09

2 = 68 to 572F

11.12

10.22

9.022

3 = at 68F

6.4

Copper Beryllium
50 C17600

Red Brass
C23000

6.0

Cartridge Brass
C26000

6.4

Admiralty Brass
C44300
C44400
C44500
Naval Brass
C46400
Phosphor Bronze
C51000

Phosphor Bronze
C52400

Aluminum Bronze
C61400

4 = 68 to 392F

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

Cu 82
AI 9
Ni 5
Fe 4

Rod Annealed

52a

103

24

RB94

High Silicon Bronze C65500


SheetASTM B 96 & B 97
RodASTM B 98 & B 124
WireASTM B 99

Cu bal
Si 3.3

Annealed
Spring Temper

21a
62a

56
110

63
4

RB76
RB97

Copper-Nickel C70600
TubeASTM B 111 & B 552
PlateASTM B 171 & B 402
RodASTM B 151

Cu bal
Ni 10
Fe 1.25
Mn 0.3

Tube Annealed
Light Drawn

16a
57a

44
60

42
10

RB65
RB72

Copper-Nickel C71000
Sheet, Strip, Plate & BarASTM B 122
Pipe & TubeASTM B 466
WireASTM B 206

Cu 79
Ni 21

Strip Annealed
Spring Temper

14
79

52
82

35
3

RB27
RB84

Copper-Nickel C71300
(Coinage Alloy)

Cu bal
Ni 25
Zn 1 max
Mn 1 max

Annealed
Spring Temper

18
82

52
86

42
6

RF79
RB89

Copper-Nickel C71500
SheetASTM B 122
PlateASTM B 171
TubeASTM B 111

Cu bal
Ni 30
Fe 0.55
Mn 0.5

Tube Annealed

25a

60

45

RB45

Copper-Nickel C71640
(YORCORON*)

Cu bal
Ni 30
Fe 2
Mn 2

Plate Annealed
Plate Hard

29
98

67
104

45
6

107
194

Copper-Nickel C72200
Plate, Sheet, Strip & BarASTM B 122 & B 402
TubeASTM B 111

Cu bal
Ni 16
Fe 0.8
Cr 0.5
Mn 0.5

Annealed

18

46

46

RB30

Copper-Nickel 55-45
(Constantan, etc.)

Cu 55
Ni 45

Annealed

21a

60

32

80

Cold Worked

135

250

Soft

22

55

35

RB42

Hard

81

83

RB85

Cu 92
Ni 4
Sn 4

Strip 53% Cold


worked, aged

95

101

649

Cu 85
Ni 9
Sn 6

Strip 50% Cold


worked, aged

143 50

163

Cu 81.8
Ni 9
Sn 8
Cb 0.2

Strip 1/4 hard,


Aged

155

170

RC36

Cu 77
Ni 15
Sn 8

Strip 78% Cold


worked, aged

162 50

178

Nominal Composition
%

Material

COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS (Continued)


Nickel-Aluminum Bronze C63200
Rod, Bar & ShapesASTM B 150

Copper-Nickel-Tin C72500
Plate, Sheet, Strip & BarASTM B 122
Cu-Ni-Sn Spinodal Alloy C72600

Cu-Ni-Sn Spinodal Alloy C72700

Cu-Ni-Sn Spinodal Alloy C72800

Cu-Ni-Sn Spinodal Alloy C72900

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

Cu bal
Ni 9.5
Sn 2.3

a = 0.5% extension under load

49 = in 1 in.

50 = 0.05 % offset

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS (continued)


0.276

7.64

1905-1940

0.1053

0.308

8.53

1880

0.09

0.323

0.323

0.323

8.94

8.94

8.94

2100

0.09

2100-2190

0.09

148

17

6.4

10.02

252 3

148

15

5.6

312 3

115

18

6.8

252 3

160

20

7.5

9.52

9.12

193

9.02

204 3

225

22

8.3

8.33

173 3

301

22

8.82

139 3

159 5

20

8.2

8.28

155

300

24

372 3

94.3

20

8.94

2260

0.323

8.86

240 3

2225

0.323

9.02

0.09

0.0943

0.323

8.94

2052-2148

0.321

8.89

2355

2065

0.321

8.89

9.22

7.5

Nickel-Aluminum
Bronze
C63200
High Silicon
Bronze
C65500
Copper-Nickel
C70600

Copper-Nickel
C71000

Copper-Nickel
C71300
(Coinage
Alloy)
Copper-Nickel
C71500

Copper-Nickel
C71640
(YORCORON*)
Copper-Nickel
C72200

Copper-Nickel
55-45
(Constantan,
etc.)
Copper-Nickel-Tin
C72500

0.321

8.89

1950

69

16

Cu-Ni-Sn
Spinodal Alloy
C72600

0.321

8.89

2012

94

17

Cu-Ni-Sn
Spinodal Alloy
C72700

0.321

8.89

2012

104

17

Cu-Ni-Sn
Spinodal Alloy
C72800

0.321

8.89

2039

147

18

Cu-Ni-Sn
Spinodal Alloy
C72900

2 = 68 to 572F

3 = at 68F

5 = at 77F

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Soft

22a

55

40

RB35

65

78

RB85

25

58

40

RB40

74

85

RB87

Soft

24

60

40

RB45

Hard

65a

97

RB88

Annealed

27

60

40

RB55

Hard

85a

100

RH91

As Cast

17a

35

25

60

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS (continued)


Nickel Silver C73500
Sheet, Strip, Plate & BarASTM B 122
Nickel Silver C75200
Sheet, Strip, Plate & BarASTM B 122
Wire-ASTM B 206
Nickel Silver C76600

Cu 65
Zn bal
Ni 18
Cu 56.5
Zn bal
Ni 12

Hard
Annealed
Hard

Nickel Silver C77000


Sheet, Strip, Plate & BarASTM B 122
Rod & BarASTM B 151
WireASTM B 206

Cu 55
Zn bal
Ni 18

Leaded Red Brass C83600


(85-5-5-5)
CastingsASTM B 62, B 271, B 505 & B 584

Cu
Zn
Pb
Sn

6 Bronze C90500
(88-10-0-2)
CastingsASTM B 22, B 271, B 505 & B 584

Cu bal
Sn 10
Zn 2

As Cast

21a

45

31

80

M Bronze C90300
(88-8-0-4)
CastingASTM B 271, B 505 & B 584

Cu bal
Sn 8.5
Zn 4

As Cast

22a

52

48

70

Leaded Tin Bronze C93200


(83-7-7-3)
CastingASTM B 271, B 505 & B 584

Cu
Sn
Pb
Zn

83
7
7
3

As Cast

19a

34

18

60

Nickel-Tin Bronze Type A C94700


CastingsASTM B 505 & B 584

Cu
Ni
Sn
Zn

bal
5
5
2

As Cast

23a

50

35

85

Heat Treated 1400F MO.)


and 600F

60a

85

10

180

Cu
Ni
Sn
Pb
Zn

bal
5
5
1
2

As Cast

23a

50

35

80

Aged (575F)

30a

60

120

Nickel-Aluminum Bronze C95800


CastingsASTM B 148, B 271 & B 505;
& MIL-B-21230

Cu
AI
Ni
Fe
Mn

81
9
5
4
I

As Cast

38a

95

25

159

Copper-Nickel C96200
CastingsASTM B 369

Cu
Ni
Mn
Fe
Si
Cb

bal
10
0.9
1.4
0.2
0.5

As Cast

25

45

30

90

Nickel-Tin Bronze Type B C94800


CastingASTM B 505 & B 584

a = 0.5% extension under load

Cu 72
Zn bal
Ni 18

85
5
5
5

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS (continued)


0.319

8.82

0.316

8.73

0.310

8.58

0.314

8.70

0.317

2100

2030

0.09

9.02

228 3

173

18

6.8

189

1832

264

204 3

189

18

6.8

1930

0.09

9.32

Nickel Silver
C73500
Nickel Silver
C75200
Nickel Silver
C76600
Nickel Silver
C77000

8.75

1840

10.2

500

63

13

Leaded Red Brass


C83600
(85-5-5-5)

0.315

8.72

1800

15

G Bronze
C90500
(88-10-0-1)0

0.318

8.80

1832

102

14

M Bronze
C90300
(88-8-0-4)

0.322

8.93

1800

10

14.5

Leaded Tin Bronze


C93200
(83-7-7-3)

0.320

8.86

1880

0.093

114

374 3

15

0.320

8.86

0.093

112

268 3

15

14

0.276

7.64

250 3

16

1880

19101940

0.1053

9.02

Nickel-Tin Bronze
Type A
C94700
Nickel-Tin Bronze
Type B
C94800

Nickel-Aluminum
Bronze
C95800

Copper Nickel
C96200
0.323

2 = 68 to 572F

8.94

2100

3 = at 68F

9.5

17

4 = 68 to 392F

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

As Cast

40b

Cu bal
Zn 20
Ni 12
Pb 9
Sn 2

As Cast

Cu bal
Zn 8
Ni 20
Pb 4
Sn 4
Cu bal
Zn 2
Ni 25
Pb 2
Sn 5

Nominal Composition
%

Material

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

75b

25b

120b

18

35

15

55

As Cast

26

47

22

85

As Cast

25a

50

18

58

Cast (Ingot)

1.56

42

COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS (continued)


Copper-Nickel C96400
CastingsASTM B 369 & B 505

Cu bal
Ni 30
Mn 0.8
Fe 0.8
Si 0.4
Cb 0.7

Nickel Silver C97300


CastingsASTM B 271, B 505 & B 584

Nickel Silver C97600


CastingsASTM B 271, B 505 & B 584

Nickel Silver C97800


CastingsASTM B 271, B 505 & B 584

WHITE METALS AND ALLOYS


Antimony (UNS M00998)
IngotsASTM B 237 Grade A

Sb 99.8 min.

Bismuth-lead Alloy

Bi 55.5
Pb 44.5

Cast

6.4

65

10

Bismuth-Tin Alloy

Bi 58
Sn 42

Cast

8.0

200

22

Bismuth-Lead-Tin-Cadmium Alloy

Bi
Pb
Sn
Cd

50
26.7
13.3
10

Cast

5.99

200

Bi
Pb
In
Cd
Sn

44.7
22.6
19.1
5.3
8.3

Cast

5.4

Lead
Pig FormASTM B 29

Pb 99.9 min

Rolled

1.9

2.5

50

Antimonial Lead (UNS L05090)


Die CastingsASTM B 102 Grade Y10A

Pb 90
Sb 10

Cast

6.8

24

13

Rolled

4.1

47

Rolled

2.2

45

Bismuth-Lead-Indium-Cadmium-Tin Alloy

Tellurium Lead

Pb 99.85
Te 0.04
Cu 0.06

1.5

12

50-50 Tin-Lead Solder (UNS L05500)


ASTM B 32 Grade 50A

Sn 50
Pb 50

Cast

6.8

50

14

60-40 Tin-Lead Solder (UNS L13600)


ASTM B 32 Grade 60A

Sn 60
Pb 40

Cast

7.1

45

15

Tin (UNS L13008)


ASTM B 339 Grade A

Sn 99.8 min

Chill Cast

2.1

70

a = 0.5% extension under load

10

b = Depends on cooling rate

3.9

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS (continued)


Copper-Nickel
C96400
0.323

8.94

2260

9.42

18

Nickel Silver
C97300
0.320

8.86

1830

0.12

10.0

120

204

19

Nickel Silver
C97600
0.321

8.89

2090

150

19

0.320

8.86

1910

19

Nickel Silver
C97800

WHITE METALS AND ALLOYS


0.249
0.380

6.62
10.5

1166

0.092

5.5

131

234

11.3

2.8

255

0.03C

11.6

Bismuth-Lead
Alloy
Bismuth-Tin
Alloy

0.315

8.72

281

0.045C

8.3C

0.339

9.38

158

0.040C

12.2C

0.320

8.85

117

0.035

0.410

11.35

621

0.030

0.393

10.88

545

0.032

13.8

Antimony

Bismuth-LeadTin-Cadmium
Alloy
Bismuth-LeadIndiumCadmiumTin Alloy

16.4

240

124

Lead

15.1

200

152

Antimonial Lead

Tellurium Lead

0.410

11.35

621

0.030

16.4

240

124

0.321

8.89

421

0.051

13.1

310

93

50-50 Tin-Lead
Solder

0.306

8.50

374

0.055

12.2

330

90

60-40 Tin-Lead
Solder

0.263

7.29

449

0.053

12.8

428

66

2 = 68 to 572F

2.4

Tin

c = Estimated

11

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Hot Rolled (Longitudinal)

19.5

65

38

Cold Rolled

21

50

Hot Rolled (Longitudinal)

35

25

130

Cold Rolled

42

20

150

10

82

91

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

WHITE METALS AND ALLOYS (continued)


Zinc (UNS 221310)
RolledASTM B 69
ZILLOY* 15 (UNS 245330)
RolledASTM B 69

Zn bal
Pb 0.08
Zn bal
Mg 0.01
Cu 1

Zinc-Aluminum Alloy (UNS 233520)


Die CastingsASTM B 86

Zn bal
AI 4
Mg 0.04

Die Cast

41

Zinc-Aluminum-Copper Alloy (UNS 235530)


ASTM B 86

Zn bal
AI 3.9
Mg 0.05
Cu 1

Die Cast

47.6

C.D.C. Manganese Alloy 772 (UNS M27200)


ASTM B 388

Mn 72
Cu 18
Ni 10

Rolled

95

115

Sheet Annealed

13

35

23

Cold Rolled

22

24

44

Bar Annealed

10

26

22

45

Heat Treated

40

62

22

105

Sheet Annealed

11

26

20

Heat Treated

42

64

19

Sheet Annealed

16

30

28

Cold Rolled

27

29

55

Sheet Annealed

13

28

25

47

Cold Rolled

37

42

77

Sheet Annealed

18

25

30

Heat Treated

40

45

12

95

Bar Annealed

15

33

16

60

Heat Treated

73

83

11

150

21

43

6.5

220

ALUMINUM AND ALLOYS


Aluminum Alloy 1100 (UNS A91100)
Sheet & PlateASTM B 209
Bar, Rod & WireASTM B 211
TubeASTM B 243
Aluminum Alloy 1017 (UNS A92017)
Bar, Rod & WireASTM B211

Aluminum Alloy Alclad 2024 (UNS A92024)


Sheet & PlateASTM B 209
Bar, Rod & WireASTM B 211
Pipe & TubeASTM B 241

AI 99.0 min

AI bal
Cu 4
Mn 0.5
Mg 0.5
Core: 2024
AI bal
Cu 4.5
Mn 0.6
Mg 1.5
Cladding:
AI 99.3 min

Aluminum Alloy 3003 (UNS A93003)


Sheet & PlateASTM B 209
Bar, Rod & WireASTM B 211
Pipe & TubeASTM B 241 & B 483

AI bal
Mn 1.2

Aluminum Alloy 5052 (UNS A95052)


Sheet & PlateASTM B 209
Bar, Rod & WireASTM B 211
Pipe & TubeASTM B 241 & B 483

AI bal
Mg 2.5
Cr 0.25

Aluminum Alloy 6061 (UNS A96061)


Sheet & Plate ASTM B 209
Bar, Rod & WireASTM B 211
Pipe & TubeASTM B 241 & B 483

AI bal
Si 0.6
Cu 0.25
Mg 1
Cr 0.25

Aluminum Alloy 7075 (UNS A97075)


Bar, Rod, Wire & ShapesASTM B 221
Sheet & PlateASTM B 209
ForgingsASTM B 247

AI bal
Zn 5.6
Cu 1.6
Mg 2.5
Cr 0.25

Cast Aluminum Alloy 413.0 (UNS A04130)


CastingsASTM B 85 Grade S12B

AI bal
Si 12

Die Casting
As Cast

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

12

2.5

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

WHITE METALS AND ALLOYS (continued)


0.258

0.259

7.14

7.18

786

0.094

792

0.096

18

746

35.5

19.3

726

38

11

Zinc

ZILLOY*
15

0.24

6.6

728

0.10

15.2

784

38.2

Zinc-Aluminum
Alloy

0.240

6.70

727

0.10

15.2

755

39.2

Zinc-AluminumCopper Alloy

0.26

7.21

0.12

15.31

58

18

0.23

1050

C.D.C. Manganese
Alloy
772

ALUMINUM AND ALLOYS


0.098

0.101

0.100

0.099

0.097

0.098

0.101

0.096
1 = 68 to 212F

2.71

2.79

2.77

2.73

2.68

2.70

2.80

2.65

1215

1185

0.23

1180

0.23

1210

0.23

1200

0.23

1205

0.23

1175

0.23

1080

0.23

1540

17

10.0

3.75

1510

18

10.0

3.75

12.71

1190 5

23

10.5

4.0

840 5

35

10.5

4.0

13.1

12.61

1340 5

21

10.6

3.75

35

10.6

4.0

1340 5

21

10.0

3.75

26

10.0

3.75

13.21

960 5

30

10.2

3.75

960 5

30

10.2

3.75

13.01

1190 5

23

10.0

3.75

1070 5

26

10.0

3.75

10.4

3.9

840 5

35

10.4

3.9

11.51

870 5

34

10.3

3.85

12.91

12.91

840

1070

Aluminum
1100

Aluminum Alloy
2017

Aluminum Alloy
Alclad
1024

Aluminum Alloy
3003

Aluminum Alloy
5052

Aluminum Alloy
6061

Aluminum Alloy
7075

Cast Aluminum
Alloy
413.0

5 = at 77F

13

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

23

10

45

24

48

24

36

12

25

50

26

48

16

75

43

47

0.5

125

0.5

85

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

ALUMINUM AND ALLOYS (continued)


Cast Aluminum Alloy B443.0 (UNS A24430)
CastingsASTM B 108
Cast Aluminum Alloy A380.0 (UNS A13800)
CastingsASTM B 85 Grade SC84A
Cast Aluminum Alloy. 295.0 (UNS A02950)
CastingsASTM B 26
Cast Aluminum Alloy 514.0 (UNS A05140)
CastingsASTM B 26 & B 618

AI bal
Si 5

Permanent Mold Casting


As Cast

AI bal
Cu 3.5
Si 8.5

Die Casting

AI bal
Cu 4.5
Si 1.1

Sand Casting

AI bal
Mg 4

Sand Casting

As Cast

Heat Treated

As Cast
Cast Aluminum Alloy 510.0 (UNS A05200)
CastingsASTM B 26

AI bal
Mg 10

Sand Casting
Solution Heat Treated

Cast Aluminum Alloy 336.0 (UNS A03360)


CastingsASTM B 108

Cast Aluminum Alloy 242.0 (UNS A02420)


CastingsASTM B 26, B 108 & B 618

AI bal
Si 12
Mg 1
Ni 2.5
Cu 1

Permanent Mold Casting


Heat Treated
Plus 340F

AI bal
Mg 1.5
Ni 2
Cu 4

Sand Casting
Heat Treated Plus 650F

30

32

MAGNESIUM ALLOYS
Magnesium Alloy AZ 31B (UNS M11311)
Plate & SheetASTM B 90
ForgingsASTM B 91
Bar, Tube & WireASTM B 107

Mg bal
AI 3
Zn 1
Mn 0.2 min

Sheet Annealed

22

37

21

56

Hard Sheet

32

42

15

73

Magnesium Alloy AZ 80A (UNS M11800)


ForgingsASTM B 91
Bar, Tube & WireASTM B 107
CastingsASTM B 80, B 199 & B 403

Mg bal
AI 8.5
Zn 0.5
Mn 0.12 min

As Forged

33

48

11

69

Forged and Aged

36

50

72

Magnesium Alloy AZ 91B (UNS M11912)


CastingsASTM B 94

Mg bal
All 9
Zn 0.7
Mn 0.15 min

Die Cast

22

33

63

Cast Magnesium Alloy AZ 91C (UNS Ml 1914)


CastingsASTM B 199 (Permanent) &
ASTM B 80 (Sand)

Mg bal
AI 8.7
Zn 0.7
Mn 0.13 min

As Cast

14

24

2.5

60

Solution Treated and Aged

19

40

70

Magnesium Alloy AZ 92A (UNS M11920)


CastingsASTM B 199 (Permanent) &
ASTM B 80 (Sand)

Mg bal
AI 9
Zn 2
Mn 0.10 min

As Cast

14

25

65

Solution Treated

14

40

10

63

Solution Treated and Aged

22

40

81

Aged Castings

16

23

50

Strain Hardened Partially


Sheet Annealed

29

37

68

CastingsHeat Treated

15

32

RB66

Magnesium Alloy EZ 33A (UNS M12330)


CastingsASTM B 199 (Permanent) &
ASTM B 80 (Sand)

Mg bal
Zn 2.6
Zr 0.7
Rare earth metal3

Magnesium Alloy HK 31A (UNS M13310)


Plate & SheetASTM B 90
CastingsASTM B 199 (Permanent)

Mg bal
Th 3.25
Zr 0.7

14

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

ALUMINUM AND ALLOYS (continued)


0.097

2.69

1170

0.23

12.31

9905

28

10.3

3.85

Cast Aluminum
Alloy
B443.0

0.098

2.72

1100

0.23

11.61

6705

45

10.3

3.85

Cast Aluminum
Alloy
A380.0

0.102

2.81

1190

0.23

12.71

9605

30

10.0

3.75

Cast Aluminum
Alloy
295.0

0.096

2.65

1185

0.23

13.41

9645

30

10.3

3.85

Cast Aluminum
Alloy
514.0

0.093

2.57

1120

0.23

13.71

6105

50

9.5

3.55

Cast Aluminum
Alloy
520.0

0.098

2.72

1050

0.23

11.01

8105

36

10.6

4.35

0.102

2.81

1175

0.23

12.61

9305

31

10.3

3.85

55

5222

87

Cast Aluminum
Alloy
336.0

Cast Aluminum
Alloy
242.0

MAGNESIUM ALLOYS
0.064

0.065

1.77

1.80

1170

1130

0.245

0.25

14.5

657

14.51

6.5

6.5

2.4

2.4

1.80

1105

0.25

14.51

4932

102

6.5

2.4

0.065

1.81

1105

0.25

14.51

4932

90

6.5

2.4

91

4932

84

0.066

1.82

1100

0.25

14.01

6.5

Magnesium Alloy
AZ 80A

0.065

Magnesium Alloy
AZ 31B

2.4

99

84

Magnesium Alloy
AZ 91B

Cast Magnesium
Alloy
AZ 91C
Magnesium Alloy
AZ 92A

0.066

1.83

1189

0.25

14.51

6966

42

6.5

2.4

Magnesium Alloy
EZ 33A

0.065

1.79

1204

0.24

7846

37

6.5

2.4

Magnesium Alloy
HK 31A

6396

46

6.5

2.4

1 = 68 to 212F

2 = 68 to 572F

5 =at 77F

6 = Near room temperature

15

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Solution Treated and


Aged Castings

13

27

55

As Extruded

38

49

14

75

Aged

44

53

11

82

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

MAGNESIUM ALLOYS (continued)


Magnesium Alloy HZ 32A (UNS M13320)
CastingsASTM B 80 (Sand)

Magnesium Alloy ZK 60A (UNS M16000)


ExtrusionsASTM B 107
ForgingsASTM B 91

Mg bal
Th 3.25
Zn 2.1
Zr 0.7
Mg bal
Zn 5.5
Zr 0.45 min.

TITANIUM ALLOYS
Titanium Ti-35A (UNS R50250)
ForgingsASTM B 381
Sheet, Strip & PlateASTM B 265
PipeASTM B 337
TubesASTM B 338
BarsASTM B 348
CastingsASTM B 367

Ti
C
Fe
N
H
O

bal
0.08 max.
0.12 max
0.03 max
0.015 max
0.18

Sheet Annealed

30

40

30

135

Titanium Ti-50A (UNS R50400)


ForgingsASTM B 381
Sheet, Strip & PlateASTM B 265
PipeASTM B 337
TubesASTM B 338
BarsASTM B 348
CastingsASTM B 367

Ti
C
Fe
N
H
O

bal
0.08 max.
0.20 max
0.03 max
0.015 max
0.25 max

Sheet Annealed

45

55

25

215

Titanium Ti-75A (UNS R50700)


ForgingsASTM B 381
Sheet, Strip & PlateASTM B 265
BarASTM B 348
CastingsASTM B 367

Ti
C
Fe
N
H
O

bal
0.08 max
0.30 max
0.05 max
0.015 max
0.40 max

Sheet Annealed

75

85

18

265

Ti-0.2 Pd Alloy (UNS R52400)


Sheet, Strip & PlateASTM B265
PipeASTM B 337
TubeASTM B 338
BarsASTM B 348
ForgingsASTM B 381
CastingsASTM B 367

Ti bal
Pd 0.15
C 0.08
Fe 0.20 max
N 0.03 max
H 0.015 max
O 0.25 max

Sheet Annealed

45

55

25

215

Ti-5 AI-2.5 Sn Alloy (UNS R54520)


Sheet, Strip & PlateASTM B 265
BarASTM B 348
ForgingsASTM B 381
CastingsASTM B 367

Ti bal
AI 5
Sn 2.5
C 0.08 max
Fe 0.50 max
N 0.05 max
H 0.0175 max
O 0.20 max

Annealed

125

135

13

RC39

Ti-8 AI-1 Mo-1 V Alloy (UNS R54810)


Plate, Sheet & StripAMS 4915 & 4916
BarAMS 4972
ForgingsAMS 4973

Ti bal
AI 8
Mo 1
V 1
C 0.08 max
Fe 0.30 max
N 0.05 max
H 0.015 max
O 0.12 max

Sheet Annealed

130

140

13

RC39

16

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

MAGNESIUM ALLOYS (continued)


Magnesium Alloy
HZ 32A
0.066

1.83

1198

0.23

14.84

7556

39

6.5

2.4

0.066

1.83

1175

0.24

14.51

8156

36

6.5

2.4

845

Magnesium Alloy
ZK 60A

TITANIUM ALLOYS
Titanium
Ti-35A
0.163

4.50

3063

0.124

4.8

1083

4.8

114

118

336

14.9

6.5

Titanium
Ti-50A
0.163

4.50

3100

0.125

336

14.9

6.5

Titanium
Ti-75A
0.164

4.53

3038

0.129

4.8

360

15.1

6.5

Ti-0.2 Pd Alloy
0.163

4.50

3100

0.125

4.8

1143

340

14.9

6.5

Ti-5 AI-2.5 So
Alloy
0.162

4.47

3002

0.125

5.2

543

1092

16

7.0

Ti-8 AI-1 Mo
1V
Alloy
0.158

1 = 68 to 212F

4.36

3 = at 68F

4.7

4 = 68 to 392F

1192

17.5

6 = near room temperature

17

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

Bar Annealed

130

140

15

RC39

Sheet Annealed

155

165

12

RC41

Sheet Annealed

130

140

13

RC39

Heat Treated

165

175

12

Sheet Annealed

150

160

12

RC42

Sheet Annealed

130

135

13

RC37

Heat Treated

170

180

Annealed

62

82

20

240

TITANIUM ALLOYS (continued)


TI-6 AI-2 Sn-4 Zr-2 Mo Alloy (UNS 854620)
BarAMS 4975
ForgingsAMS 4976

Ti-6 AI-6 V-2 Sn Alloy (UNS 856620)


Sheet, Strip & PlateAMS 4918
Bars & ForgingsAMS 4971, 4978 & 4979
ExtrusionsAMS 4936

Ti bal
AI 6
Sn 2
Zr 4
Mo 2
C 0.04 max
Fe 0.15 max
N 0.04 max
H 0.015 max
O 0.12 max
Ti bal
AI 5.5
V 5.5
Sn 2
Cu 0.7
Fe 0.7
C 0.05 max
N 0.04 max
H 0.015 max
O 0.20 max

Ti-6 AI-4 V Alloy (UNS 856400)


Sheet, Strip, PlateASTM B 265
BarASTM B 348
ForgingsASTM B 381
CastingsASTM B 367

Ti
AI
V
C
Fe
N
H
O

Ti-6 AI-2 Sn-4 Zr-6 Mo Alloy (UNS 856260)


Bars & ForgingsAMS 4981

Ti bal
AI 6
Sn 2
Zr 4
Mo 6
C 0.04 max
Fe 0.15 max
N 0.02 max
H 0.015 max
O 0.12 max

Ti-13 V-11 Cr-3 All Alloy (UNS 858010)


Plate, Sheet & StripAMS 4917
WireAMS 4959

Ti Code 12
Sheet, Strip & PlateASTM B 265
Pipe & TubeASTM B 337 & B 338
BarsASTM B 348
ForgingsASTM B 381
FittingsASTM B 363

18

Ti
V
Cr
AI
C
Fe
N
H
O

bal
6.3
4
0.08 max
0.25 max
0.05 max
0.015 max
0.20 max

bal
13.5
11
3
0.05 max
0.35 max
0.05 max
0.025 max
0.17 max

Ti bal
Ni 0.8
Mo 0.3
C 0.08 max
Fe 0.30 max
N 0.03 max
H 0.015 max
O 0.25 max

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

TITANIUM ALLOYS (continued)


Ti-6 AI-2 Sn4 Zr-2 Mo
Alloy
0.164

4.53

3000

16.5

Ti-6 AI-6 V2 Sn
Alloy
0.164

4.53

3100

0.155

5.0

503

942

16.5

Ti-6 AI-4 V
Alloy
0.160

4.42

3000

0.135

4.9

503

1026

16.5

6.1

Ti-6 AI-2 Sn-4


Zr-6 Mo
Alloy
0.168

0.175

4.64

4.83

3050

0.120

5.2

5.44

493

16.5

483

918

15

62

Ti-13 V-11 Cr3 AI


Alloy

Ti Code 12
0.163

3 = at 68F

4.51

0.13

4 = 68 to 392F

5.328

132

28 = 32 to 600F

31236

15

6.2

35 = at 75F

19

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

166

176

12

135

145

20

Annealed

60

100

30

RB88

Form and
Condition

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

TITANIUM ALLOYS (continued)


Ti-10 V-2 Fe-3 AI Alloy

Ti
V
Fe
AI
C
N
H
O

bal
10
2
3
0.05 max
0.05 max
0.015 max
0.13 max

Forgings Solution
Treated and
(1) Aged
(2) Overaged

RESISTANCE HEATING ALLOYS


80 Ni-20 Cr Alloy (UNS N06003)
ASTM B 344

Ni 80
Cr 20

60 Ni-15 Cr-bal Fe Alloy (UNS N06004)


ASTM B 344

Ni 60
Cr 15
Fe bal

Annealed

50

105

30

200

35 Ni-20 Cr-bal Fe Alloy


ASTM B 344

Fe bal
Ni 35
Cr 20

Annealed

55

102

30

RB83

Ni-Cr AlloyA

Ni
Cr
AI
Fe

Annealed

65

140

35

Annealed

80

100

25

215

Magnetic Annealed

22

79

64

RB62

Strip Mill Annealed

38

90

35

Hydrogen Annealed

18

64

27

RB60

Strip Mill Annealed

40

80

33

Hydrogen Annealed

Cast Annealed

RC45

Sintered

65

RC43

Fe-Cr-Al AlloyB (UNS K92400)

bal
20
3
3

Fe bal
Cr 23
AI 5
Co May be present

MAGNETIC ALLOYS
80 Ni-4 Mo Alloy
(Magnetically Soft)
ASTM A 753, Alloy 4

Ni 80
Mo 4
Fe bal

Mu Metal
(Magnetically Soft)
ASTM A 753, Alloy 3

Ni 77
Cu 5
Cr 2.5
Fe bal

48 Ni-bal Fe Alloy
(Magnetically Soft)
ASTM A 753, Alloy 2

Ni 48
Fe bal

Alnico II
(Permanent Magnet Alloy)

Fe bal
AI 10
Ni 18
Co 13
Cu 6

20

Developed for applications requiring a negligibIe temperature coefficient of resistance in


the temperature range of 60 to 480F
Marketed, with minor chemical variations,
under the following trademarks:
KARMA* EVANOHM* NIKROTHAL*

Marketed, with minor chemical variations,


under the following trademarks:
KANTHAL* 200 ALLOY* ALCHROME*

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

TITANIUM ALLOYS (continued)


Ti-10 V-2 Fe3 AI Alloy

0.168

4.65

5.443

16

RESISTANCE HEATING ALLOYS


0.304

8.41

2550

0.104

7.3
9.615

10410

650

31

0.298

8.25

2460

0.112

7.6
9.416

9310

675

29

60 Ni-15 Crbal Fe Alloy

0.287

7.95

2515

0.098

8.816

14810

610

27

35 Ni-20 Crbal Fe Alloy

0.293

8.11

2550

0.104

7.4

88

800

0.262

7.25

2750

9.316

812

80 Ni-20 Cr
Alloy

Ni-Cr AlloyA

Fe-Cr-AI
AlloyB

MAGNETIC ALLOYS
80 Ni-4 Mo Alloy
0.315

0.307

0.296

8.7

8.5

8.2

2600

0.12

6.41

6.9

4.71

6.9

6.9

232

350

33.3

6.6

30

337

25

270

390

408

Mu Metal

48 Ni-bal Fe
Alloy
Alnico II

0.256
0.243
1 = 68 to 212F

7.09
6.73

2 = 68 to 572F

3 = at 77F

10 = at 212F

15 = 68 to 1832F

16 = 68 to 937F

43 = 32 to 800F

21

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Cast Annealed

Cast Annealed

Sintered

Cast Cooled in Magnetic Field

Sintered

Cast Cooled in Magnetic Field

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

RC45

RC45

RC42

RC50

50

RC44

23

RC50

Sintered

RC44

Cast Cooled in Magnetic Field

RC60

Cast Cooled in Magnetic Field

RC57

MAGNETIC ALLOYS (continued)


Alnico III
(Permanent Magnet Alloy)

Fe bal
AI 12
Ni 26
Cu 3

Alnico IV
(Permanent Magnet Alloy)

Fe bal
AI 12
Ni 28
Cc 5

Alnico V**
(Permanent Magnet Alloy)

Alnico VI**
(Permanent Magnet Alloy)

Alnico VII**
(Permanent Magnet Alloy)

Alnico Vill**
(Permanent Magnet Alloy)

Fe bal
AI 8
Ni 15
Co 24
Cu 3
Fe bal
AI 8
Ni 16
Co 24
Cu 3
Ti 1.25
Fe bal
Al 8.5
Ni 18
Co 24
Cu 3.25
Ti 5
Fe bal
AI 7
Ni 15
Co 35
Cu 4
Ti 5

12

9.1
60

5.4

Cunico
(Permanent Magnet Alloy)

Cu 50
Ni 21
Co 29

Strip Cold Rolled


Heat Treated

100

RB95

Cunife
(Permanent Magnet Alloy)

Cu 60
Ni 20
Fe 20

Strip Cold Rolled


Heat Treated

100

RB73

Permalloy 49

Fe bal
Ni 48.5

Strip Cold Rolled


Round & Flat Wire
1175F Slow Cool

Ni 80
Mo 4
Fe bal

Strip Cold Rolled


Round & Flat Wire
1175F Controlled Cool

Moly Permalloy 4/79

** = Properties depend on cooling rate

22

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

MAGNETIC ALLOYS (continued)


Alnico III
0.249

6.89

7.22

3605

0.253

7.00

7.32

4505

408

0.232

6.42

7.3

0.265

7.34

6.32

2825

0.241

6.67

6.32

3005

0.268

7.42

6.32

3005

0.241

6.67

6.32

3185

Alnico IV

Alnico V**

Alnico VI**

Alnico VII**
0.259

7.17

6.12

3485

300

Alnico VIII**
0.265

7.34

0.300

8.30

7.82

1445

0.311

8.61

7.82

1085

Cunico

Cunife

2895

Permalloy
49

3495

Moly Permalloy
4/79

2 = 68 to 572F

5 = at 77F

23

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Nominal Composition
%

Material

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

Annealed

40

71

43

132

Bar, Sheet, Etc.


1525F Water Quench
600F Air Cool
212F Air Cool

44

70

38

RB77

Form and
Condition

CONTROLLED EXPANSION AND CONSTANT-MODULUS ALLOYS


INVAR* (UNS K93600)
ASTM B 388

Ni 36
Fe bal

Super-Invar

Ni 31
Fe bal
Co 5.2
Mo 0.5 max
Si 0.15 max
C 0.05 max

42 Ni-Iron Alloy (UNS K94200)


ASTM F 30 & B 388

Ni 42
Fe bal

35

68

45

138

50 Ni-Iron Alloy (UNS K95000)


ASTM F 30 & B 388

Ni 50
Fe bal

Annealed

33

77

45

144

Iron-Nickel Temperature
Compensating Alloys

Ni
Fe
Ni
Fe
Ni
Fe

Annealed

65

125

Annealed

35

85

40

Annealed

45

80

30

150

Annealed

29

73

44

RB67

Annealed

35

90

40

125

Aged

110

175

25

305

Cold Rolled 50%

126

131

265

Cold Rolled and Aged 1200F

176

192

365

Annealed

35

85

30

135

Cold Worked

135

155

10

305

Aged

160

190

14

Ni-Fe-Co AlloyC

Fe bal
Ni 29
Co 17

ELINVAR*

Fe bal
Ni 33
Cr 5
W 2
Mn 0.6
Si 0.5
C 0.5

38 Ni-7 Cr Alloy

Ni 38
Fe bal
Cr 7
Mn 0.45 max
Si 0.30 max
C 0.12

NI-SPAN-C* Alloy 902 (UNS N09902)

Ni 42.2
Mn 0.4
Fe 48.5
Cr 5.3
Ti 2.6
AI 0.6

ISO-ELASTIC*

Ni 36.85
Fe 54.25
Mn 0.55
Cr 7.10
Mo 0.45

INCOLOY* Alloy 903

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

24

29.5
bal___
31
bal___
32.5
bal

Ni 38
Co 15
AI 0.7
Ti 1.4
Cb 3
Fe bal
C

Also available, with minor chemical variations, under the following trademarks:
THERLO* RODAR* KOVAR*

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

CONTROLLED EXPANSION AND CONSTANT-MODULUS ALLOYS


0.293

8.11

2600

0.12

0.8

72.6

494

21

8.1

INVAR*
Super-Invar

0.294

8.14

0.294

8.14

0.297

8.22

0.295 to
0.292

8.17 to 8.08

Near zero

22

2600

0.12

2.9

106

405

22

8.5

42 Ni-Iron Alloy

2600

0.12

4.9

124

270

24

9.3

50 Ni-Iron Alloy

0.12

6.0 to 3.0

80

480

22

0.123

3.3

98

294

Iron-Nickel
Temperature
Compensating
Alloys

Ni-Fe-Co AlloyC
0.303

8.39

2650

ELINVAR*
0.295

8.17

0.12

3 Plus

22

38 Ni-7 Cr
Alloy
0.292

8.08

0.293

8.11

2700

3.317

570

0.12

4.519

95

611

24-29

9-10

528

25

9.2

44

44

NI-SPAN-C* Alloy
902

ISO-ELASTIC*
0.292

8.08

4 Plus

INCOLOY* Alloy
903
0.294

8.14

17 = 70 to 200F

2539

0.105

19 = at 500F

4.0

117

379

21.3

44

8.6

44

44 = at 100F

25

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

Annealed

35

75

40

140

As Cast

25a

57

22

110

Rod Hot Rolled Annealed

21.5

67

47

100

Rod Hot Rolled Annealed

18

55

55

90

Rod Hot Rolled Annealed

21

67

47

100

Strip Annealed

16

50

50

RB80

Rod Annealed

45

121

41

160

Annealed and Aged

140

176

16

325

Hot Rolled and Aged

132

185

28

330

Strip Annealed

45

105

40

RB70

Nominal Composition
%

NICKEL AND ALLOYS


Nickel 211
ASTM F 290

Ni 95
Mn 4.9
C 0.1

Nickel 210
CastingsASTM A 494

Ni 95.6
Cu 0.5
Fe 0.5
Mn 0.8
Si 1.5
C 0.8

Nickel 200 (UNS N02200)


Plate, Sheet, StripASTM B 162
BarASTM B 160
Pipe & TubeASTM B 161 & B 163

Ni 99.5
Mn 0.2
Fe 0.2
C 0.08

Nickel 201 (UNS N02101)


Plate, Sheet, StripASTM B 162
BarASTM B 160
Pipe & TubeASTM B 161 & B 163

Ni 99.5
Mn 0.2
Fe 0.2
C 0.01

Nickel 205 (UNS N02205)


ASTM F 1, F 2 & F 3

Ni 99.5
Mn 0.2
Fe 0.1
Ti 0.03
Mg 0.01
C 0.08

Nickel 270 (UNS N02270)


Electronic SleevesASTM F 239
ASTM F 1, F 2 & F 3

Ni 99.98

PERMANICKEL* Alloy 300

Ni 98.5
Mn 0.2
Ti 0.4
Mg 0.4
C 0.2

DURANICKEL* Alloy 301

Ni 94
AI 4.4
Si 0.5
Ti 0.6
Mn 0.2
Fe 0.3
C 0.2

Nickel Beryllium 440


(Wrought)

Ni bal
Be 1.95
Ti 0.5

Nickel Beryllium M 220C


(Cast)

Ni bal
Be 2.15
C 0.4 max

Nickel Beryllium CR1


(Cast)

Ni
Be
Cr
C

WAUKESHA METAL* No. 23


(Non-Galling Alloy)

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

26

bal
2.7
0.7
0.1

Annealed

150

215

15

RC47

Casting Annealed

60

110

10

RC28

Annealed and Aged

180

190

RC51

As Cast

70

125

285

Annealed and Aged at 950F

180

195

328

As Cast

55

75

10

160

Ni 78
Pb 3.5
Sn 8
Zn 7.5
Mn 2
a = 0.5 % extension under load

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

NICKEL AND ALLOYS


Nickel 211
0.315

8.73

2600

7.417

0.11

3063

102

30

12
Nickel 210
(Cast)

0.301

8.34

2550

0.13

8.85

410

125

21.5

0.321

8.89

2635

0.11

7.417

5203

57

30

12

0.321

8.89

2635

0.11

7.4

5503

46

30

11

Nickel 200

Nickel 201

Nickel 205
0.321

8.89

2635

0.11

7.417

5203

57

30

12

0.321

8.89

2650

0.11

7.417

595

45

30

Nickel 270

0.316

8.75

2620

0.106

6.817

4003

100

30

11

PERMANICKEL*
Alloy
300

95

DURANICKEL*
Alloy
301
0.298

8.25

2620

0.318

8.84

0.29

0.287

0.32

3 =at 68F

8.10

7.95

8.86

2310

0.104

7.2

1653

255

30

11

8.018

2203

143

28.5

27

7.7

215

2310

4 = 68 to 392F

7.48

17 = 70 to 200F

31

192

345 to 172

32

18 = at 500F

25 to 28

22

31 = 32 to 500F

Nickel Beryllium
440
Nickel Beryllium
M 220C
Nickel Beryllium
CR-1

WAUKESHA
METAL*
No. 23

32 = 70 to 1100F

27

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

As Cast

38

45

150

Proprietary

62

125

20

RA60

Rod Hot Rolled Annealed

30

79

48

125

Rod Hot Rolled Annealed

25

63

48

100

Rod Hot Rolled

31

69

45

RB67

Strip Annealed

22

64

43

RB54

Hot Rolled

45

85

35

145

Cold Drawn

75

100

25

200

Rod As Hot Rolled

49

97

44

155

Hot Rolled Aged

111

160

23.5

300

As Cast

35

75

40

150

As Cast

35

75

40

150

Casting Annealed

225

As Cast or Annealed and Aged

340

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

NICKEL AND ALLOYS (continued)


WAUKESHA METAL* No. 88
(Non-Galling Alloy)

TINEL* Alloy A
(Nitinol Memory Alloy)

Ni bal
Fe 5
Cr 12.5
Mo 3
Bi 4
Sn 4
Mn 0.8
Ni 50
Ti 50

MONEL* NICKEL-COPPER ALLOYS


MONEL* Alloy 400 (UNS N04400)
Rod & BarASTM B 164 Class A
Plate, Sheet, StripASTM B 127
TubeASTM B 165 & B 513
Forgings ASTM B 564

Ni 66
Cu 31.5
Fe 1.1
Mn 1
Si 0.2
C 0.2

MONEL* Alloy 401

Ni 42.5
Cu 55
Mn 1.6
Fe 0.4

MONEL* Alloy 404 (UNS N04404)


ASTM F 96

MONEL* Alloy R-405 (UNS N04405)


Rod & BarASTM B 164 Class B

MONEL* Alloy K-500 (UNS N05500)


Bar & ForgingsAMS 4676

Nickel-Copper Alloy 410


(Cast)

Nickel-Copper Alloy 411


(Cast)

Nickel-Copper Alloy 505


(Cast) (S MONEL*)

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

28

Ni 54.5
Cu 45
Mn 0.05
Fe 0.2
C 0.08
Ni 66
Cu 31
Fe 1.2
Mn 1
Si 0.2
C 0.2
S 0.04
Ni 65.5
Cu 29.5
AI 2.7
Ti 0.6
Fe 1
Mn 0.8
C 0.1
Si 0.2
Ni 66
Cu 30.5
Fe 1
Mn 0.8
Si 1.6
C 0.15
Ni 66
Cu 32.5
Fe 1.5
Mn 0.8
Si 1.6
Cb + Ta2.0
Ni 64
Cu 29
Fe 2
Mn 0.8
Si 4

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

NICKEL AND ALLOYS (continued)


WAUKESHA
METAL*
No.18
0.31

8.58

0.23

6.5

8.031

200"

67531

27

2370

6.11

1253

600

11

TINEL* Alloy A
(Nitinal
Memory Alloy)

MONEL* NICKEL-COPPER-ALLOYS

0.319

8.84

2460

0.321

8.88

0.321

8.88

0.319

0.306

0.312

8.84

8.46

8.63

2460

2460

2450

0.102

0.099

7.7

17

7.6

17

294

7.417

300

25

151 3

307

26

0.102

7.717

0.100

7.6

17

26

9.232

186 1

32

320

136 1

380

2450

0.13

9.2

0.302

8.36

2350

0.13

8.932

14 = Dynamic Modulus
32 = 70 to 1100F

186

26

370

0.13

8.63

3 = at 68F

121

307

136 20

0.312

1 = 68 to 212F

151

320

17 = 70 to 200F

10

9.4

MONEL*
Alloy
400

MONEL*
Alloy
401
MONEL*
Alloy
404

9.5

MONEL*
Alloy
R-405

9.5

MONEL*
Alloy
K-500

Nickel-Copper
Alloy 140
(Cast)

23

Nickel-Copper
Alloy 411
(Cast)

24

23

20 = at 200F

Nickel-Copper
Alloy 505
(Cast)
(S MONEL*)
31 = 32 to 500F

33 = 68 to 1500F

29

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

INCOLOY* NICKEL-IRON-CHROMIUM ALLOYS


INCOLOY* Alloy 800 (UNS N08800)
Plate, Sheet, StripASTM B 409
Rod & BarASTM B 408
Pipe & TubeASTM B 163 & B 407
ForgingsASTM B 564

Ni
Cr
Fe
C
Ti
AI

32.5
21
45.5
0.05
0.4
0.4

INCOLOY* Alloy 801 (UNS N08801)


Plate, Sheet & StripAMS 5552
Bar, Rod & Forging StockAMS 5742

Ni
Cr
Fe
C
Ti

32
20.5
44.5
0.05
1.1

Ni
Cr
Fe
C

32.5
21
46
0.4

INCOLOY* Alloy 802

INCOLOY* Alloy 825 (UNS N08825)


Plate, Sheet, StripASTM B 424
Rod & BarASTM B 425
PipeASTM B 423

Ni 42
Cr 21.5
Fe 30
Cu 2.2
Mo 3
Ti 0.9
AI 0.1
C 0.03

Rod Hot Rolled Annealed

42

87

44

150

Strip Annealed

34

92

44

RB76

Strip Annealed and Aged

56

114

30

RB93

Rod Hot Rolled Annealed

46

102

44

160

Rod Annealed

44

100

43

150

Rod Hot Rolled Annealed

41

96

45

150

Rod Hot Rolled Annealed

66

112

41

RB79

As Cast

41a

78

15

175

Rod Hot Rolled Annealed

52

112

56

172

INCONEL* NICKEL-CHROMIUM-IRON ALLOYS


INCONEL* Alloy 600 (UNS N06600)
Plate, Sheet, StripASTM B 168
Rod & BarASTM B 166
Pipe & TubeASTM B 163, B 167, B 516 & B 517
ForgingsASTM B 564

INCONEL* Alloy 601 (UNS N06601)


Bars & Forging StockAMS 5715
Sheet, Strip & PlateAMS 5870

Cast Alloy 611

INCONEL* Alloy 617

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

30

Ni 76
Cr 15
Fe 8
Mn 0.5
Si 0.2
C 0.08
Cu 0.2
Ni 60.5
Cr 23
Fe 14
AI 1.4
Mn 0.5
Si 0.2
C 0.05
Cu 0.5
Ni bal
Cr 15.5
Fe 9
Cb 2
Si 1.6
Mn 0.9
Cu 0.5
C 0.2
Ni 52
Cr 22
Co 12.5
Mo 9
AI 1.2
Fe 1.5
Mn 0.5
Si 0.5
Ti 0.3
C 0.07

a = 0.5% extension under load

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

INCOLOY* NICKEL-IRON-CHROMIUM ALLOYS

17

0.287

7.94

2525

0.11

7.9

0.287

7.94

2525

0.1085

7.817

0.283

7.83

2500

7.817

0.11

595

28

11

865

6095

30

11

825

6695

29.7

80

INCOLOY*
Alloy
800

INCOLOY*
Alloy
801

INCOLOY*
Alloy
802
INCOLOY*
Alloy
825

0.294

8.14

2550

7.817

773

678

28

INCONEL* NICKEL-CHROMIUM-IRON ALLOYS


INCONEL*
Alloy
600
0.304

8.43

2575

0.106

7.417

1033

620

30

11

INCONEL*
Alloy
601
0.293

8.11

2494

0.1073

7.617

783

47

710

30

11.8

Cast Alloy
611
0.300

8.30

2950

0.11

41

8.9

104

700

23

INCONEL*
Alloy
617
0.302

1 = 68 to 212F

8.36

2510

3 = at 68F

0.100

6.43

5 = at 77F

94

17 = 70 to 1500F

736

36.6

46 = 80 to 750F

11.8

47 = 70 to 1400F

31

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

Rod Hot Rolled Annealed

70

140

50

180

Casting Annealed

40

70

20

Form and
Condition

INCONEL* NICKEL-CHROMIUM-IRON ALLOYS (continued)


INCONEL* Alloy 625 (UNS N06625)
Plate, Sheet & StripASTM B 443
Pipe & TubeASTM B 444
Rod & BarASTM B 446

Ni 61
Cr 21.5
Fe 4
Cb 3.6
Mo 9
Mn 0.2
Si 0.2
C 0.05

Cast Alloy 625

Ni bal
Cr 21.5
Mo 9
Cb 4
Fe 3
Mn 0.5
Si 0.6
C 0.06 max

INCONEL* Alloy 690

Ni 61
Cr 29
Fe 9
Mn 0.2
Si 0.2
C 0.02
Cu 0.2

INCONEL* Alloy 718 (UNS N07718)


Plate, Sheet, Strip AMS 5597 & ASTM B 670
BarAMS 5664
Bars & ForgingsASTM A 637

Ni 52.5
Cr 19
Fe 18.5
AI 0.5
Ti 0.9
Cb 5.1
Mo 3.0
Mn 0.2
Si 0.2
C 0.04

INCONEL* Alloy X750 (UNS N01150)


Bars & ForgingsASTM A 637

Ni 73
Cr 15.5
Fe 7
AI 0.7
Ti 2.5
Cb 1
Mn 0.5
Si 0.2
C 0.04

INCONEL* Alloy 751

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

32

Ni 72.5
Cr 15.5
Fe 7
AI 1.2
Ti 2.3
Cb 1
Mn 0.5
Si 0.2
C 0.05

Rod Hot Rolled Annealed

51

104

47

RB90

Rod Hot Rolled,


Annealed and Aged

180

208

20

RC45

Rod Hot Rolled,


1625F and Aged

126

184

25

RC36

Sheet Annealed and Aged

122

177

27

RC36

Annealed

75

125

50

176

Annealed and Aged

142

175

20

337

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

INCONEL* NICKEL-CHROMIUM-IRON ALLOYS (continued)

0.305

8.44

2460

0.098

7.117

683

776

30.1

11.8

INCONEL*
Alloy
625

Cast Alloy
625

INCONEL*
Alloy
690
0.296

8.19

2510

0.1073

7.817

9320

691

30.6

INCONEL*
Alloy
718
0.296

0.298

0.298

3 = at 68F

8.19

8.25

8.25

2437

2600

0.104

0.103

7.217

7.017

793

725

29

11.2

833

731

31

11

2600

743

31

11

17 = 70 to 200F

INCONEL*
Alloy
X-750

INCONEL*
Alloy
751

20 = at 200F

33

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

NIMONIC* NICKEL-CHROMIUM ALLOYS


NIMONIC* Alloy 75

NIMONIC* Alloy 80A (UNS N07080)


Bars & ForgingsASTM A 637

NIMONIC* Alloy 90 (UNS N07090)


AMS 5829

NIMONIC* Alloy 115

Ni
Cr
AI
Ti
Fe
C

77.4
20.5
0.15
0.35
0.5
0.10

Ni
Cr
AI
Ti
Fe
C

74.5
20.5
1.25
2.4
0.5
0.05

Ni 57
Cr 20.5
Co 17
AI 1.6
Ti 2.6
Fe 0.5
C 0.05
Ni bal
Cr 15
Co 15
Mo 3.5
Ti 4
AI 5

Bar Hot Rolled Annealed

51

116

44

RB87

1975F, Air Cool plus


1300F

90

154

39

RC34

1975F, Air Cool plus


1300F

116

179

33

RC38

2175F, Air Cool plus


2010F

125

180

27

RC37

Sheet Solution Heat Treated

76

138

53

RC22

Sheet Solution Heat Treated

52

115

61

RB90

Sheet Solution Heat Treated

60

111

52

RB90

HASTELLOY*ALLOYS
HASTELLOY* Alloy B-2 (UNS N10665)
Sheet, Plate & StripASTM B 333
RodASTM B 335
Pipe & TubeASTM B 619, B 622 & B 626
FittingsASTM B 366

Ni bal
Mo 28
Fe 2 max
Co 1 max
Cr 1 max
Mn 1 max
Si 0.10 max
C 0.02 max

HASTELLOY* C-276 (UNS N10216)


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM B 575
RodASTM B 574
Pipe & TubeASTM B 619, B 622 & B 626
FittingsASTM B 366

Ni bal
Mo 16
Cr 15.5
Fe 5
W 4
Co 2.5 max
Mn 1 max
V 0.35 max
Si 0.08 max
C 0.02 max

HASTELLOY* Alloy C-4 (UNS N06455)


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM B 575
RodASTM B 574
Pipe & TubeASTM B 619, B 622 & B 626
FittingsASTM B 366

Ni bal
Cr 16
Mo 15.5
Fe 3 max
Co 2 max
Mn 1 max
Ti 0.70 max
Si 0.08 max
C 0.015 max

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

34

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

NIMONIC* NICKEL-CHROMIUM ALLOYS

0.302

0.297

8.37

8.22

2515

2500

0.11

0.103

6.1

6.2

79 10

70 10

655 10

732 10

32.0

32.114

NIMONIC*
Alloy
75

NIMONIC*
Alloy
80A

NIMONIC*
Alloy
90
0.296

0.284

8.19

7.85

2500

2400

0.11

0.11

6.4

6.2

75 10

708 10

803 10

32.814

31.314

NIMONIC*
Alloy
115

HASTELLOY*ALLOYS
HASTELLOY*
Alloy
B-2
0.333

9.22

0.093 10

6.245

85 10

829 10

31.414

HASTELLOY*
Alloy
C-276
0.321

8.89

2500

0.102

6.217

78 10

779

29.814

HASTELLOY*
Alloy
C-4
0.312

10 = at 212F

8.64

0.102 10

14 = Dynamic Modulus

6.017

79 10

17 = 70 to 200F

748

30.814

45 = 68 to 600F

35

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

Sheet Solution Heat Treated

46

102

62

RB84

Sheet Solution Heat Treated

47

100

50

RB79

Sheet Solution Heat Treated

45

115

51

RB96

Sheet Solution Heat Treated

72

129

51

RB93

Sheet Solution Heat Treated

53

123

55

HASTELLOY* ALLOYS (continued)


HASTELLOY* Alloy 6 (UNS N06007)
Sheet, Plate & StripASTM B 582
RodASTM B 581
Pipe & TubeASTM B 619, B 622 & B 626
FittingsASTM B 366

Ni bal
Cr 22
Fe 19.5
Mo 6.5
Cb + Ta2
Cu 2
Co 2.5 max
Mn 1.5
Si 1 max
W 1 max
C 0.05 max

HASTELLOY* Alloy 6-3 (UNS N06985)


Sheet, Plate & StripASTM B 582
RodASTM B 581
Pipe & TubeASTM B 619, B 622 & B 626
FittingsASTM B 366

Ni bal
Cr 22
Fe 19.5
Mo 7
Co 5 max
Cu 1.9
W 1.5 max
Mn 0.8
Si 0.4
Cb + Ta0.3
C 0.015 max

HASTELLOY* Alloy N (UNS N10003)


Sheet & PlateASTM B 434
RodASTM B 573
FittingsASTM B 366

Ni bal
Cr 7
Mo 16.5
Fe 5 max
Mn 0.8 max
Si 1 max
AI + Ti 0.5 max
W 0.5 max
Cu 0.35 max
Co 0.2 max
B 0.01 max
C 0.06

HASTELLOY* Alloy S
Bars & ForgingsAMS 5711
Sheet, Plate & StripAMS 5873
WireAMS 5838

Ni bal
Cr 16
Mo 15
Mn 0.5
Si 0.4
AI 0.2
La 0.02
B 0.015 max
C 0.02 max
Fe 3 max
Co 2 max
W 1 max

HASTELLOY* Alloy W (UNS N10004)


WireAMS 5786
Bar & ForgingsAMS 5755

Ni bal
Cr 5
Mo 24
Fe 6
Co 2.5 max
Mn 1 max
Si 1 max
V 0.6 max
C 0.12 max

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

36

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

HASTELLOY* ALLOYS (continued)


HASTELLOY*
Alloy
G
0.300

8.31

0.10910

2450

7.517

705

27.814

HASTELLOY*
Alloy
G-3
0.300

8.31

HASTELLOY*
Alloy
N
0.320

8.93

0.10010

2550

7.045

79 10

725

31.714

HASTELLOY*
Alloy
S
0.316

8.75

0.10210

2516

6.417

97 42

770 5

30.814

HASTELLOY*
Alloy
W
0.325

1 = 68 to 212F

9.03

5 = at 77F

2400

10 = at 212F

7.038

14 = Dynamic Modulus

17 = 70 to 200F

38 = 70 to 600F

42 = at 392F

45 = 68 to 600F

37

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

Sheet Solution Heat


Treated

52

114

43

RB90

2100F, Water Quenched

46

76

20

230

2100F, Water Quenched

46

72

25

220

Castings
2100F, Air Cooled

58

60

221-420

Castings
2125F, Water Quenched

35

60

159

Castings
2125F, Water Quenched

41

54

18

143

Casting As Cast

103

112

Form and
Condition

HASTELLOY* ALLOYS (continued)


HASTELLOY* Alloy X (UNS N06002)
(AISI No. 680)
Sheet & PlateASTM B 435
RodASTM B 572
Pipe & TubeASTM B 619, B 622 & B 626
FittingsASTM B 366

Ni bal
Cr 22
Fe 18.5
Mo 9
Co 1.5
Mn 1 max
Si 1 max
W 0.6
C 0.10

CHLORIMET* ALLOYS
CHLORIMET* 2
Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 744
CastingsASTM A 494

Ni bal
Mo 31.5
Fe 3 max
Cr 1 max
Mn 1 max
Si 1 max
C 0.07 max

CHLORIMET* 3
Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 744
CastingsASTM A 494

Ni bal
Cr 18.5
Mo 18.5
Fe 3 max
Mn 1 max
Si 1 max
C 0.07 max

ILLIUM* ALLOYS (NICKEL BASE)


ILLIUM* B

ILLIUM* G

ILLIUM* 98

Ni bal
Cr 28
Mo 8.5
Cu 5.5
Si 3.5
C 0.05
Ni bal
Cr 22.5
Mo 6.4
Cu 6.5
Fe 6.5
Mn 1.25 max
Si 0.2
C 0.2
Ni ball
Cr 28
Mo 8.5
Cu 5.5
Fe 1
Mn 1.25 max
Si 0.2
C 0.05

HIGH-TEMPERATURE HIGH-STRENGTH ALLOYS


GMR 235D Alloy

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

38

Ni bal
Cr 15.5
Mo 5
Fe 4.5
Ti 2.5
AI 3.5
B 0.05

3.5

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

HASTELLOY* ALLOYS (continued)


HASTELLOY*
Alloy
X
0.297

8.22

2470

0.116

7.7017

63 37

712

28.514

CHLORIMET* ALLOYS
CHLORIMET* 2
0.33

9.2

2400

6.4

38

7.1

38

27

CHLORIMET* 3
0.32

9.0

2400

24

ILLIUM* ALLOYS
ILLIUM* B
0.310

8.57

ILLIUM* G
0.300

8.31

0.105

7.171

84 37

741

24.3

ILLIUM* 98
0.302

8.36

HIGH-TEMPERATURE HIGH-STRENGTH ALLOYS


GMR
235D
Alloy
0.291

1 = 68 to 212F

8.05

3 = at 68F

14 = Dynamic Modulus

17 = 70 to 200F

28.7`

37 = at 70F

38 = 70 to 600F

39

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Casting As Cast

107

123

Casting As Cast

109

130

15

RC39

Bar 2000F W.Q.


plus 1460F A.C.,
plus 1225F A.C.

130

175

14

Sheet 1950F A.C.,


plus 1325F A.C.

107

166

23

Sheet Solution
Heat Treated

58

118

58

RB90

Form and
Condition

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

HIGH-TEMPERATURE HIGH-STRENGTH ALLOYS (continued)


Alloy 713C (UNS N07713)
CastingsASTM A 567, AMS 5377 & 5391

Alloy 713LC

Alloy 901 (UNS N09901)


(AISI No. 682)
Bar & ForgingsAMS 5660 & 5661

HAYNES* Alloy 556

Ni bal
Cr 12.5
Mo 4.2
Cb 2
Ti 0.8
AI 6.1
B 0.012
Zr 0.1
C 0.12
Ni bal
Cr 12
Mo 4.5
Cb 2
Ti 0.6
AI 5.9
B 0.01
Zr 0.1
C 0.05
Ni 42.5
Cr 12.5
Mo 5.7
Fe bal
Ti 2.8
AI 0.2
B 0.015
Fe bal
Cr 22
Ni 20
Co 20
Mo 3
W 2.5
Mn 1
Cb + Ta 1
La 0.02
C 0.1
N 0.2
Si 0.4
AI 0.2
Zr 0.02

7.9

RC34

Alloy A-286 (UNS K66286)


(AISI No. 660)
Bars & ForgingsASTM A 638
Bolting MaterialASTM A 453

Ni 26
Cr 15
Mo 1.3
Fe bal
Ti 2
AI 0.2
B 0.015

Bar 1800F O.Q.


plus 1325F A.C.

105

146

25

RC28

IN-100 Alloy (UNS N13100)


CastingsAMS 5397

Ni bal
Cr 10
Co 15
Mo 3
Ti 4.7
AI 5.5
B 0.014
V 1
Zr 0.06

Cast

123

147

Ni bal
Cr 15
Mo 3
W 3
Cb 3
Fe 7
Ti 0.6
AI 0.4
B 0.005
Zr 0.03

Bar 1800F A.C.

73

139

47

215

IN-102 Alloy (UNS N06102)


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM B 519
Rod & BarASTM B 518
Pipe & TubeASTM B 445

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

40

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

HIGH-TEMPERATURE HIGH-STRENGTH ALLOYS (continued)


Alloy
713C
0.286

7.91

2350

5.9217

146 20

29.9114

Alloy
713LC
0.289

8.00

5.9217

146 20

17

20

2410

28.614

29.9

14

Alloy
901
0.297

8.22

7.75

97

HAYNES*
Alloy
556

0.297

8.23

29.514

Alloy
A-286
0.286

7.91

2550

0.10

9.1717

100 20

546

29.114

10.4

IN-100
Alloy
0.280

7.75

2435

7.2017

31.214

IN-102
Alloy
0.309

8.55

14 = Dynamic Modulus

2530

17 = 70 to 200F

7.3217

86 20

29.114

20 = at 200F

41

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Casting 2050F, A.C.


plus 1550F, A.C.
(A.C.=Air Cooled)

138

159

5.5

Casting 2050F, A.C.


plus 1550F, A.C:
(A.C.=Air Cooled)

154

170

101

147

7.1

Sheet Solution
Heat Treated

67

146

59

RC24

Sheet 2150F, W.Q.

70

139

56

RB96

Cast

125

140

RC39

Form and
Condition

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

HIGH-TEMPERATURE HIGH-STRENGTH ALLOYS (continued)


IN-738 Alloy

IN-792 Alloy

Ni-939 Alloy

Ni bal
Cr 16
Co 8.5
AI 3.4
Ti 3.4
W 2.6
Mo 1.7
Ta 1.7
Cb 0.9
C 0.17
Zr 0.1
B 0.01
Ni bal
Cr 12.4
Co 9
AI 3.1
Ti 4.5
W 3.8
Mo 1.9
Ta 3.9
C 0.12
Zr 0.1
B 0.02
Ni bal
Cr 22.5
Co 19
Ti 3.7
AI 1.9
W 2.0
Ta 1.4
Cb 1.0
C 0.15
Zr 0.1
B 0.01

1-605 Alloy, HAYNES* Alloy 25 (UNS R30605)


(AISI No. 670)
Bar & ForgingsAMS 5759
SheetAMS 5537

Co bal
Ni 10
Cr 20
W 15
Fe 3 max
Mn 1.5
Si 1 max
C 0.10

HAYNES* Alloy 188 (UNS R30188)


Bars & ForgingsAMS 5772
Sheet, Plate & StripAMS 5608

Co bal
Cr 22
Ni 22
W 14
Fe 3 max
Mn 1.25 max
Si 0.35
La 0.04
C 0.10

MAR-M* 246 Alloy

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

42

Ni bal
Cr 9
Co 10
Mo 2.5
W 10
Ti 1.5
AI 5.5
B 0.015
Ta 1.5
Zr 0.05
C 0.15

Casting 2120F, A.C.


plus 1560F, A.C.
(A.C.=Air Cooled)

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

HIGH-TEMPERATURE HIGH-STRENGTH ALLOYS (continued)


IN-738
Alloy
0.293

8.11

2250-2400

0.1051

6.4517

88 18

29.214

11.314

IN-792
Alloy
0.298

8.25

IN-939
Alloy
0.295

0.330

8.16

9.13

2255-2444

2570

0.101

0.092

6.6

6.8

17

83

75

20

736

28.9

32.6

L-605 Alloy,
HAYNES* Alloy
25

14

HAYNES*
Alloy
188
0.324

8.97

2425

0.10110

6.617

84 20

554

33.614

MAR-M*
246 Alloy

0.307

1 = 68 to 212F

8.5

2475

10 = at 212F

14 = Dynamic Modulus

17 = 70 to 200F

33

18 = at 500F

20 = at 200F

43

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

Bar 1900F A.C.


plus 1400F A.C.

122

180

16

RC39

Bar 1950F A.C.


plus 1400F A.C.

154

206

14

Bar Annealed

55

105

55

RB90

Bar 2150F A.C.


plus 1400F A.C.

67

140

35

Bar 1800F A.C.

90

100

25

Bar 1975F A.C.


plus 1550F A.C.
plus 1400F A.C.

110

176

16

140

204

17

85

125

380

Form and
Condition

HIGH-TEMPERATURE HIGH-STRENGTH ALLOYS (continued)


M-252 Alloy (UNS N07252)
(AISI No. 689)
Bars & ForgingsASTM 637
Sheet & StripAMS 5551

Ni bal
Cr 20
Co 10
Mo 10
Ti 2.6
AI 1
B 0.005

REN 41* (UNS N07041)


(AISI No. 683)
Bar & ForgingsAMS 5712 & 5713
Sheet, Strip & PlateAMS 5545
CastingsAMS 5399

Ni bal
Cr 19
Co 11
Mo 10
Fe 2
Ti 3.1
AI 1.5
B 0.005

RA 333* Alloy (UNS N06333)


Sheet, Strip & PlateAMS 5593
Bars & ForgingsAMS 5717

Ni bal
Cr 25.5
Fe 14.5
Mo 3.8
W 3.8
Co 3.8
Si 1.1
Mn 2 max
C 0.08 max

S-616 Alloy (UNS N30816)


(AISI No. 671)
Bars & ForgingsASTM A 639 & AMS 5765
Sheet & StripAMS 5765

Ni 20
Cr 20
Co bal
Mo 4
W 4
Cb 4
Fe 4

TD Nickel

Ni bal
ThO22.2

UDIMET* Alloy 500 (UNS N07500)


(AISI No. 684)
Bars & ForgingsASTM A 637 & AMS 5751
CastingsASTM A 567 & AMS 5384

Ni bal
Cr 18
Co 18.5
Mo 4
Ti 2.9
Al 2.9
Zr 0.05
B 0.006

UDIMET* Alloy 700


(AISI No. 687)

Ni bal
Cr 15
Co 18.5
Mo 5.2
Ti 3.5
AI 4.3
B 0.03

WI-52 Alloy

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

44

Co bal
Cr 21
W 11
Cb 2
Fe 2
C 0.45

Bar 2150F A.C.


plus 1975F A.C.
plus 1550F A.C.
plus 1400F A.C.

Cast

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

HIGH-TEMPERATURE HIGH-STRENGTH ALLOYS (continued)


M-252
Alloy
0.298

8.25

2500

5.917

90 20

29.814

REN 41*
Alloy
0.298

8.25

2500

0.11

6.6317

62 20

31.914

RA 333*
Alloy
0.298

8.25

8.6733

31

S-816
Alloy
0.313

8.65

2450

0.322

8.90

2650

0.106

7.3817

86 20

34.914

13.6

6.017

572 20

45

22.014

TD Nickel
UDIMET*
Alloy
500

0.290

8.02

2540

6.7517

77 20

32.114

UDIMET*
Alloy
700
0.286

7.91

2550

7.7421

136 20

32.414

WI-52
Alloy
0.321

8.87

14 = Dynamic Modulus

2450

0.11

17 = 70 to 200F

8.0

21

172

20

20 = at 200F

21 = 70 to 1000F

33 = 68 to 1500F

45

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Bar 1975F A.C.


plus 1550F A.C.
plus 1400F A.C.

115

185

25

Casting As Cast

120

141

Bar 1900F O.Q.


plus 1550F A.C.
plus 1300F A.C.

146

204

15

Casting As Cast

76

108

Sheet Solution Heat Treated

58

118

49

RB92

Bar 1850F O.Q.


plus 1500F A.C.
plus 1200F A.C.

106

145

19

300

Hot Rolled

29

45

26

90

Annealed

19

38

45

67

Form and
Condition

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

HIGH-TEMPERATURE HIGH-STRENGTH ALLOYS (continued)


Waspaloy (UNS N07001)
(AISI No. 685)
Bars & ForgingsASTM A 637
Sheet, Strip & PlateAMS 5544
TubeAMS 5586

Ni bal
Cr 19.5
Co 13.5
Mo 4.3
Ti 3
AI 1.3
B 0.006
Zr 0.04

B-1900 Alloy

Ni bal
Cr 8
Co 10
Mo 6
Ti 1
AI 6
Ta 4
B 0.015
Zr 0.10

D-979 Alloy (UNS N09979)


(AISI No. 664)
Bar & ForgingsAMS 5746
Sheet & StripAMS 5509

Ni bal
Cr 15
Mo 4
W 4
Fe 27
Ti 3
AI 1
B 0.01

X-40 Alloy (UNS R30031)


CastingsASTM A 567 Grade 2 & AMS 5382
WireAMS 5789

Co bal
Ni 10.5
Cr 25.5
W 7.5

N-155 Alloy, MULTIMET* Alloy (UNS R30155)


(AISI No. 661)
Bars & ForgingsASTM A 639 & AMS 5769
Sheet, Strip & PlateAMS 5532
WireAMS 5794

Fe bal
Ni 20
Cr 21
Co 20
Mo 3
W 2.5
Cb + Ta 1
Mn 1.5
Si 1 max
C 0.10
N 0.15

DISCALOY* (UNS K66220)


(AISI No, 662)
Bars & ForgingsASTM A 638

Fe bal
Ni 26
Cr 13.5
Mo 2.7
Ti 1.7
AI 0.1
B 0.005

IRON AND STEEL ALLOYS


Ingot Iron
Fe 99.9 plus
Wrought Iron

Fe bal
Slag 2.5

Hot Rolled

30

48

30

100

Carbon SteelSAE 1020 (UNS 610200)


PlatesASTM A 285

Fe bal
C 0.20
Mn 0.45
Si 0.25

Annealed

38

65

30

130

Quenched and Tempered


at 1000F

62

90

25

179

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

46

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

HIGH-TEMPERATURE HIGH-STRENGTH ALLOYS (continued)


Waspaloy

0.296

8.19

2475

6.817

74 20

30.914

B-1900
Alloy
0.297

8.22

2375

6.5017

71 20

31.014

D-919
Alloy
0.296

8.19

2550

7.6017

92 20

30.014

11.6

0.311

8.60

8.3921

82 20

32.814

X-40
Alloy

N-155 Alloy,
MULTIMET*
Alloy
0.296

8.20

2470

7.91

101 42

559

29.314

DISCALOY*
0.288

7.97

2665

0.113

8.5017

97 20

28.414

IRON AND STEEL ALLOYS


0.284

7.86

2795

0.108

6.8

490

57

30.1

11.8

0.278

7.70

2750

0.11

6.35

418

70

29

0.284

7.86

2760

0.107

6.7

360

60

30

1 = 68 to 212F

14 = Dynamic Modulus

17 = 70 to 200F

20 = at 200F

21 = 70 to 1000F

Ingot Iron

Wrought Iron
Carbon Steel
SAE 1020

42 = at 392F

47

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

IRON AND STEEL ALLOYS (continued)


300M Alloy Steel (UNS K44315)
Fe bal
Bar, Forgings & TubingAMS 6416, 6417 & 6419 C 0.43
Mn 0.80
Si 1.60
Ni 1.85
Cr 0.85
Mo 0.40
Y 0.08
C 0.43
AISI 4340 Alloy Steel (UNS No. 643400)
BarsASTM A 322 & A 331
Sheet & StripASTM A 505
TubingASTM A 519
WireASTM A 547

Fe bal
C 0.40
Mn 0.70
Si 0.28
Ni 1.85
Cr 0.80
Mo 0.25

AISI 4620 Alloy Steel (UNS No. 646200)


BarsASTM A 322 & A 331
Sheet & StripASTM A 505
TubingASTM A 519

Fe bal
C 0.20
Mn 0.55
Si 0.28
Ni 1.80
Mo 0.25

AISI 4820 Alloy Steel (UNS No. 648200)


BarsASTM A 322 & A 331
Sheet & StripASTM A 505
TubingASTM A 519

AISI 8620 Alloy Steel (UNS No. 686200)


BarsASTM A 322 & A 331
Sheet & StripASTM A 505
TubingASTM A 519

9310 Alloy Steel (UNS 693106)


Bars, Forgings & TubingAMS 6263, 6265
& 6267

NITRALLOY* N Alloy Steel (UNS K52355)


Bars, Forgings & TubingAMS 6475

3 1/2% Nickel Steel


PlateASTM A 203
Pipe & TubingASTM A 333 & A 334
ForgingsASTM A 350 & A 336
*See page 84 for list of trademarks

48

Fe bal
C 0.20
Mn 0.60
Si 0.28
Ni 3.50
Mo 0.25
Fe bal
C 0.20
Mn 0.80
Si 0.28
Ni 0.55
Cr 0.50
Mo 0.20
Fe bal
C 0.10
Mn 0.55
Si 0.28
Ni 3.25
Cr 1.20
Mo 0.12
Fe bal
C 0.24
Mn 0.55
Si 0.30
Ni 3.50
Cr 1.15
Mo 0.25
AI 1.25
Fe bal
C 0.20
Mn 0.50
Si 0.25
Ni 3.50
Yield Point

Bar Hardened and


Tempered at 600F

240

290

10

550

Annealed
Oil Quenched &
Tempered at 1100F

80

120

18

250

130

140

13

290

Annealed
O.Q. & Tempered 300F
Oil Quenched & Tempered
at 1100F

56
105

80
135

30
17

160
287

80

95

218

Annealed
O.Q. & Tempered 300F
Oil Quenched & Tempered
at 1100F

66
126

100
170

25
15

200

82

102

26

205

Annealed

51

76

32

157

142

17

284

100

25

200

123

159

16

321

Before Nitriding
Core after Nitriding
at 975F

115

132

22

275

170

180

16

370

Plate Normalized

45

78

23

160

Oil Quenched & Tempered


at 300F

Annealed
Oil Quenched & Tempered
at 300F

112

80

Quenched & Tempered


at 1200F

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

IRON AND STEEL ALLOYS (continued)


300M
Alloy
Steel
0.283

0.283

0.283

0.284

0.283

0.283

7.84

7.84

2740

2740

0.107

0.117

6.7

6.3

360

17

7.83

0.11

6.317

7.86

0.115

6.4

7.85

7.83

6.21

0.11

0.115

6.5

60

30

11.6

264

148

29

290 3

149

29

255 3

158

29

12

260 26

180

29

12

238

168

29

AISI 4340
Alloy
Steel

AISI 4620
Alloy
Steel

AISI 4820
Alloy
Steel

AISI 8620
Alloy
Steel

9310
Alloy
Steel

NITRALLOY* N
Alloy
Steel
0.283

7.83

0.115

6.5

240

166

29

3 1/2% Nickel
Steel
0.284

1 = 68 to 212F

7.85

3 = at 68F

0.15

21

6.15

48

17 = 70 to 200F

253

26 = at 120F

30

48 = 0 to 200F

49

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

IRON AND STEEL ALLOYS (continued)


Plate Quenched and
Tempered
at 1175F
Plate Double Normalized
and Tempered at 1175F

93
88

110
110

25
26

RC23
RC23

Hot Rolled & Aged


Normalized & Aged
Water Quenched & Aged

95
73
90

108
89
104

36
28
25

195
150
185

Plate Quenched and


Tempered 1150F min

110

125

19

255

42

75

25

156

42

75

26

157

Annealed

117

145

17

RC27

Aged at 900F

200

215

12

RC46

Annealed

116

146

19

RC29

Aged at 900F

250

260

10

RC49

Annealed

115

147

17

RC32

Aged at 900F

280

290

RC53

9% Nickel Steel
PlateASTM A 353 & A 553
Pipe & TubeASTM A 333 & A 334
Forgings ASTM A 522

Fe bal
C 0.13 max
Mn 0.60
Si 0.25
Ni 9

IN-787 Alloy Steel


ASTM A 710
PlateASTM A 736
FlangesASTM A 707

Fe bal
C 0.05
Mn 0.55
Si 0.25
Ni 0.85
Cr 0.75
Mo 0.2
Cu 1.15
Cb 0.04

High-Yield-Strength Alloy Steels


(Quenched and Tempered)
PlateASTM A 514 & A 517
ForgingsASTM A 592

Fe bal
C 0.16
Mn 0.85
Si 0.35
Ni 1.50 max
Cr 2.00 max
Mo 0.35
V 0.08 max
Ti 0.10 max
Zr 0.15 max
Cu 0.50 max
B 0.003

2 1/2% Nickel Cast Steel


CastingsASTM A 352

Fe bal
C 0.21
Mn 0.75
Si 0.25
Ni 2.3

Castings Normalized
and Tempered
(Heavy Sections are
Liquid Quenched)

Fe bal
C 0.13
Mn 0.75
Si 0.25
Ni 3.5

Castings Normalized
and Tempered
(Heavy Sections are
Liquid Quenched)

3 1/2% Nickel Cast Steel


Castings ASTM A 352

Maraging Steel 18-200 (UNS K92810)


PlateASTM A 538

Maraging Steel 18-250 (UNS K92890)


PlateASTM A 538

Maraging Steel 18-300 (UNS K93120)


PlateASTM A 538

50

Fe bal
Ni 18
Mo 4.2
Ti 0.2
AI 0.1
C 0.03 max
Co 7.8
Fe bal
Ni 18
Mo 4.8
Ti 0.4
AI 0.1
C 0.03 max
Co 7.8
Fe bal
Ni 18.5
Mo 4.8
Ti 0.65
AI 0.1
C 0.03 max
Co 8.8

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

IRON AND STEEL ALLOYS (continued)


9% Nickel Steel
0.284

7.86

2730

0.08822

4.922

9123

203

3023

IN-787 Alloy
Steel

0.283

7.84

0.12

6.417

29

12

High-Yield-Strength
Alloy Steels
0.283

7.83

0.11

6.6

264

148

29

12

2 1/2% Nickel
Cast Steel
0.283

7.83

0.11

6.4

2783

6.3

132

29

12

3 1/2% Nickel
Cast Steel
0.284

0.289

7.84

8.00

2650

0.11

0.107

254

2033

5.6

24

136

144

300 to 420

30

12

273

26.2

27.0

27.5

3 = at 68F

17 = 70 to 200F

22 = 320 to 70F

23 = at 32F

Maraging
Steel
18-200

Maraging
Steel
18-250

Maraging
Steel
18-300

24 = 70 to 900F

51

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

CAST IRON ALLOYS


Cast Gray Iron (UNS F12101)
CastingsASTM A 48 Class 30 &
A 278 Class 30

C 3.4
Si 1.8
Mn 0.8
Fe bal

Malleable Iron (UNS F22200)


CastingsASTM A 47 Grade 32510

C 2.5
Si 1
Mn 0.55 max
Fe bal

Ductile Iron (UNS F32800)


(Nickel Containing)
Grade 60-40-18
CastingsASTM A 536 & A 395

As Cast

32

190

Annealed

33

52

12

130

Fe bal
C 3.6
Si 2.3
Mn 0.5
Ni 0.75

Annealed

47

65

24

160

Fe bal
C 3.6
Si 2.3
Mn 0.5
Ni 0.75

Annealed or As Cast

52

72

13

174

Ductile Iron (UNS F33800)


(Nickel Containing)
Grade 80-55-06
CastingsASTM A 536

Fe bal
C 3.6
Si 2.3
Mn 0.5
Ni 0.75

As Cast

65

90

228

Ductile Iron (UNS F34800)


(Nickel Containing)
Grade 100-70-03
CastingsASTM A 536

Fe bal
C 3.6
Si 2.3
Mn 0.5
Ni 0.75

Normalized and Tempered

80

110

260

Ductile Iron (UNS F36200)


(Nickel Containing)
Grade 120-90-02
CastingsASTM A 536

Fe bal
C 3.6
Si 2.3
Mn 0.5
Ni 0.75

Oil Quenched and Tempered

120

140

325

Ni-Resist Type 1 (UNS F41000)


ASTM A 436

Fe bal
Ni 15.5
Si 2
Mn 1.25
Cu 6.5
Cr 2
C 3 max

As Cast

27

150

As Cast

27

145

Fe bal
Ni 35
Si 1.5
Mn 0.6
C 2.4 max

As Cast

22

110

Fe
Ni
Si
Cr
C

As Cast

32

59

14

170

Ductile Iron (UNS F33100)


(Nickel Containing)
Grade 65-45-12
CastingsASTM A 536

Ni-Resist Type 2 (UNS F41002)


ASTM A 436

Ni-Resist Type 5 (UNS F41006)


ASTM A 436

Ductile Ni-Resist Type D-2 (UNS F43000)


CastingsASTM A 439

52

Fe bal
Ni 20
Si 2
Mn 1.25
Cr 2
C 3 max

bal
20
2.25
2.25
3 max

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Melting Point,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

CAST IRON ALLOYS


Cast Gray Iron
0.260

7.20

2150

0.264

7.32

2250

6.7

310

400

14

6.6

180

25

Malleable Iron
0.122

Ductile Iron
0.250

7.1

2150

6.21

276 10

399 11

6.2

276

10

399

11

5.9

218

10

408

11

24.5

9.3

Ductile Iron
0.250

7.1

2150

24.5

9.3

Ductile Iron
0.252

7.2

2150

24.5

9.3

Ductile Iron
0.252

7.2

2150

5.91

218 10

408 11

10

11

24.5

9.3

Ductile Iron
0.252

7.2

2150

5.9

218

408

24.5

9.3

Ni-Resist
Type 1
0.264

7.3

2250

0.116

10.44

276

1020

15.6

4.5

Ni-Resist
Type 2
0.264

7.3

2250

0.116

10.44

276

1020

15.6

4.5

Ni-Resist
Type 5
0.268

7.41

2250

2.84

273

10.5

4.5

Ductile NI-Resist
Type D-2
0.268

1 = 68 to 212F

7.41

2250

4 = 68 to 392F

10.44

93

612

17.5

10 = at 212F

11 = at 72F

53

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

As Cast

32

58

30

155

As Cast

36

63

20

160

Sand Cast

60

600

Chill Cast

90

650

Sand Cast

60

575

Chill Cast

100

625

Sand Cast

80

600

Chill Cast

110

650

As Cast

16

520

As Cast

16

520

Strip Annealed

55

115

60

RB90

Strip Annealed

55

105

55

RB90

Strip Annealed

40
up to
165

110
up to
200

60

RB85
up to
RC41

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

CAST IRON ALLOYS (continued)


Ductile Ni-Resist Type D-5 (UNS F43006)
CastingsASTM A 439

Fe
Ni
Si
C

Ductile Ni-Resist Type D-5S

Fe bal
Ni 36
Si 5.3
Mn 0.5
Cr 2.0
C 2.0

Ni-Hard Type 1 (UNS F45000)


CastingsASTM A 532 Class IA

Ni-Hard Type 2 (UNS F45001)


CastingsASTM A 532 Class IB

Ni-Hard Type 4 (UNS F45003)


CastingsASTM A 532 Class ID

bal
35
2
2.4 max

Fe bal
Ni 4.5
Cr 2.1
C 3.3
Si 0.5
Mn 0.6
Fe bal
Ni 4.5
Cr 2.1
C 2.8
Si 0.5
Mn 0.6
Fe bal
Ni 6
Cr 8.5
C 3
Si 1.5
Mn 0.6

DURIRON*
(Cast)
Iron-Silicon Alloy

Fe bal
Si 14.5
C 0.85

DURICHLOR*
(Cast)
Iron-Silicon-Molybdenum Alloy

Fe bal
Si 14.5
Ma 3
C 0.85

WROUGHT STAINLESS STEEL


Type 201 Stainless Steel (UNS S20100)
Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 412 & A 666
BarASTM A 276

Fe bal
Cr 17
Ni 4.5
Mn 6.5
N 0.25 max
C 0.15 max

Type 202 Stainless Steel (UNS S20200)


Sheet, Plate & StripASTM A 412 & A 666
BarASTM A 314 & A 276
ForgingsASTM A 473

Fe bal
Cr 18
Ni 5
Mn 9
N 0.25 max
C 0.15

Type 301 Stainless Steel (UNS S30100)


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 167, A 177
& A 666
TubeASTM A 554

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

54

bal
17
7
0.15 max

Cold Rolled

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

CAST IRON ALLOYS (continued)


0.278

7.68

2250

18

Ductile Ni-Resist
Type D-5

Ductile Ni-Resist
Type D-5S
0.266

7.37

0.278

7.70

0.278

0.278

7.70

7.70

2160-2232

17

5.4

4.725

4.725

6.425

16

99 26

480 5

25

99 26

480 5

25

99 26

540 5

25

Ni-Hard
Type 1

Ni-Hard
Type 2

Ni-Hard
Type 4

DURIRON*
0.255

7.0

2300

0.13

7.421

23

0.255

7.0

2300

0.13

7.2

23

DURICHLOR*

WROUGHT STAINLESS STEEL

0.283

7.86

0.282

7.83

0.29

7.9

5 = at 77F

10 = at 212F

2590

0.12

17 = 70 to 200F

8.7

27

423

28.6

Type 201
Stainless
Steel

Type 202
Stainless
Steel

10.228

427

9.4

113 10

432

28

12.5

21 = 70 to 1000F

25 = 50 to 200F

26 = at 120F

27 = 32 to 700F

Type 301
Stainless
Steel
28 = 32 to 600F

55

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

WROUGHT STAINLESS STEEL (continued)


Type 302 Stainless Steel (UNS S30200)
Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 167, A 240
& A 666
BarASTM A 276, A 314 & A 479
WireASTM A 313, A 478 & A 492
ForgingsASTM A 473
TubeASTM A 511 & A 554

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
18
9,
0.15 max

Fe
Cr
Ni
S
Se
C

bal
18
9
0.15 min or
0.15 min
0.15 max

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
18.5
9.5
0.08 max

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
18.5
10
0.03 max

Fe
Cr
Ni
B

bal
18
10
2

Type 305 Stainless Steel (UNS S30500)


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 167 & A 240
TubeASTM A 249, A 511 & A 554
BarASTM A 276 & A 314
ForgingsASTM A 473
WireASTM A 313, A 492 & A 580

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
18
12
0.12 max

Type 309 Stainless Steel (UNS S30900)


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 167
TubeASTM A 249, A 312 & A 511
BarASTM A 276 & A 314
ForgingsASTM A 473
WireASTM A 580

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
23
13.5
0.20 max

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
25
20
0.25 max

Fe
Cr
Ni
Si
C

bal
25
20
2.5
0.25 max

Type 303 & 303 Se Stainless Steel (UNS S30300)


BarASTM A 276, A 314, A 320 & A 582
ForgingsASTM A 473
WireASTM A 581

Type 304 Stainless Steel (UNS S30400)


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 167, A 240
& A 666
TubeASTM A 213, A 249 & A 632
BarASTM A 276, A 314 & A 479
ForgingsASTM A 473
WireASTM A 313, A 49,2 & A 580
Type 304L Stainless Steel (UNS 530403)
Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 167 & A 240
TubeASTM A 213, A 249 & A 632
BarASTM A 276, A 314 & A 479
ForgingsASTM A 473
WireASTM A 478 & A 580
Type 304 plus Boron Stainless Steel

Type 310 Stainless Steel (UNS S31000)


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 167
TubeASTM A 213, A 249 & A 312
BarASTM A 276 & A 314
ForgingsASTM A 473
Type 314 Stainless Steel (UNS S31400)
BarASTM A 276 & A 314
ForgingsASTM A 473
WireASTM A 580

56

Sheet Annealed

40
up to
165

90
up to
190

50
5

RB85
up to
RC40

35

90

50

160

35
up to
160

85
up to
185

50
4

RB80
up to
RC40

Sheet Annealed

28

75

50

RB70

Sheet Annealed

53

96

12

RB95

Sheet Annealed

38

85

50

RB80

Sheet Annealed

45

90

45

RB85

Sheet Annealed

45

95

45

RB85

Bar Annealed

50

100

45

180

Cold Rolled

Bar Annealed

Sheet Annealed
Cold Rolled

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

WROUGHT STAINLESS STEEL (continued)


0.29

7.9

2590

0.12

9.6

113 10

432

28

12.5

0.29

7.9

2590

0.12

9.6

113 10

432

28

0.29

7.9

2650

0.12

9.6

113 10

432

28

12.5

0.29

7.9

2650

0.12

9.6

113 10

432

28

12.5

0.29

7.9

0.12

10.529

445

0.29

0.29

0.29

0.279

10 = at 212F

7.9

7.9

7.9

7.72

2650

2650

2650

0.12

0.12

0.12

0.12

113 10

9.6

96 10

8.3

96 10

8.0

8.4

28

28 = 32 to 600F

121

10

432

468

468

462

28

29

30

29

Type 302
Stainless
Steel

Type 303 &


303 Se
Stainless
Steel

Type 304
Stainless
Steel

Type 304 L
Stainless
Steel

Type 304
plus Boron
Stainless
Steel

12.5

Type 305
Stainless
Steel

Type 309
Stainless
Steel

Type 310
Stainless
Steel

Type 314
Stainless
Steel

29 = 32 to 1200F

57

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

WROUGHT STAINLESS STEEL (continued)


Type 316 Stainless Steel (UNS S31600)
Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 167 & A 240
TubeASTM A 213, A 249 & A 269
BarASTM A 276, A 314 & A 479
ForgingsASTM A 473
WireASTM A 313

Fe bal
Cr 17
Ni 12
Mo 2.25
C 0.08 max

Sheet Annealed

40

90

50

RB85

Type 316L Stainless Steel (UNS S31603)


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 167 & A 240
TubeASTM A 213, A 249, A 269 & A 688
BarASTM A 276, A 314 & A 479
ForgingsASTM A 473
WireASTM A 478 & A 580

Fe bal
Cr 17
Ni 13
Mo 2.25
C 0.03 max

Sheet Annealed

32

75

50

RB72

Type 317 Stainless Steel (UNS S31700)


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 167 & A 240
TubeASTM A 249, A 269 & A 594
BarASTM A 314
ForgingsASTM A 473
WireASTM A 580

Fe bal
Cr 19
Ni 13
Mo 3.5
C 0.08 max

Sheet Annealed

Type 317 LM* Stainless Steel

Fe Bal
Cr 19
Ni 14
Mo 4.25
Si 1.0 max
C 0.03 max

Annealed

44

91

42

RB85

Annealed

45

90

40

RB84

Sheet Annealed

35

90

50

RB80

Annealed 1775F,
water quenched
Aged 1400F, 8 hr
Aged 1400F, 40 hr

80

105

25

RC22
RC45
RC50

Hot Rolled

55

100

35

200

Annealed

39

85

50

150

Sheet Annealed

40

95

45

RB85

JESSOP* Type 317L Plus Stainless Steel

Fe bal
Cr 19
Ni 14
Mo 4.3
Si 0.7
C 0.02

Type 321 Stainless Steel (UNS S32100)


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 167 & A 240
TubeASTM A 213, A 249 & A 269
BarASTM A 276, A 314 & A 479
ForgingsASTM A 473

Fe
Cr
Ni
Ti
C

bal
18
11
5C min
0.08 max

Type 329 Stainless Steel (UNS S32900)


TubeASTM A 268 & A 511

Fe bal
Cr 27.5
Ni 4.75
Mo 1.5
C 0.15

Type 330 Stainless Steel (UNS N08330)


Plate, Sheet & StripAMS 5592
& ASTM B 536
BarAMS 5716, ASTM B 511 & B 512
PipeASTM B 535 & B 546

Fe
Cr
Ni
Si
C

Type 347 Stainless Steel (UNS S34100)


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 167 & A 240
TubeASTM A 213, A 269 & A 571
BarASTM A 276 & A 314
ForgingsASTM A 473
WireASTM A 580

Fe bal
Cr 18
Ni 11
Cb + Ta10C min
C 0.08 max

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

58

bal
19
35
1.25
0.08 max

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

WROUGHT STAINLESS STEEL (continued)

0.29

0.29

0.29

0.29

0.29

0.29

0.28

0.289

0.29

10 = at 212F

7.9

7.9

7.9

7.9

7.9

7.9

7.75

8.0

8.03

2550

2550

2550

2500-2550

2500-2550

2600

0.12

0.12

0.12

0.12

0.12

0.12

0.11

2550

0.11

2600

8.9

8.9

7.9

8.0

8.1

0.12

33

9.3

17 = 70 to 200F

113

10

112

10

112 10

8.317

113

10

105

9.3

8.0

113

10

444

444

444

444

440

432

28

28

28

28

28

28

Type 316
Stainless
Steel

Type 316L
Stainless
Steel

Type 317
Stainless
Steel

Type 317LM*
Stainless
Steel

450

86

610

28.5

112 10

438

28

JESSOP*
Type 317L
Plus Stainless
Steel

Type 321
Stainless
Steel

Type 329
Stainless
Steel

Type 330
Stainless
Steel

Type 347
Stainless
Steel

33 = 68 to 1500F

59

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

WROUGHT STAINLESS STEEL (continued)


CARPENTER* No. 10 Stainless Steel (UNS
S38400)
Bar & WireASTM A 493

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

CARPENTER 20Cb-3* Stainless Steel

Fe bal
Ni 34
Cr 20
Mo 2.5
Cu 3.5
Cb + Ta8xC min
C 0.06 max

AL-6X* Stainless Steel

JESSOP JS700* Stainless Steel (UNS N08700)


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM B 599

JESSOP JS777* Stainless Steel

bal
16
18
0.08 max

Fe bal
Cr 20
Ni 24
Mo 6.3
Mn 1.5
Si 0.5
C 0.025
Fe bal
Cr 21
Ni 25
Mo 4.5
Cb 0.4
Cu 0.4
C 0.04 max
Fe bal
Cr 21
Ni 25
Mo 4.5
Cb 0.3
Cu 2.0
C 0.04 max

904 L Stainless Steel (UNS N08904)


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM B 625
Bar & WireASTM B 649
Pipe & TubeASTM B 673, B 674 & B 677

Fe bal
Cr 20
Ni 25
Mo 4.5
Cu 1.5
Mn 1.7
Si 0.4
C 0.02 max

HASTELLOY* Alloy M-531 (UNS N08310)


Sheet, Strip & PlateASTM B 620
RodASTM B 621
Pipe & TubeASTM B 619, B 622 & B 626

Fe bal
Cr 22
Ni 26
Mn 2.5 max
Mo 5
Si 1.0 max
Ti 4xC min
C 0.05 max

FERRALIUM* Alloy 255

Fe bal
Cr 26
Ni 5.5
Mo 3
Mn 0.8
Si 0.45
Cu 1.7
N 0.17
C 0.04 max

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

60

Annealed

35

75

55

126

Bar Annealed

43

90

39

183

Strip Annealed

40

90

45

Cold Reduced 20%

115

127

14

Cold Reduced 50%

151

162

4.5

Annealed

35 min

80 min

30 min

212 max

Annealed

35 min

80 min

30 min

212 max

Annealed
2012F, Water Quenched

36

85

50

140

Sheet Solution Heat Treated

44

84

42

RB83

Sheet Solution Heat Treated

94

124

25

RC21

Hardened at 950F

102

131

24

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Melting Point,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

WROUGHT STAINLESS STEEL (continued)


0.29

8.03

0.291

8.05

0.293

8.1

0.12

0.12

2500

9.5

8.31

8.51

84.6

476

26

625

28

11

95 1

570

29

0.29

0.29

8.0

8.0

9.15

9.15

102

102

CARPENTER*
No.10
Stainless
Steel
CARPENTER
20Cb-3*
Stainless
Steel

AL 6X*
Stainless
Steel

JESSOP
J5700*
Stainless
Steel

JESSOP
J5717*
Stainless
Steel

904 L
Stainless
Steel
0.285

7.90

0.123

5.81

126

480

28

HASTELLOY*
Alloy
M-532
0.297

8.22

FERRALIUM*
Alloy
255
0.282

1 = 68 to 212F

7.81

3 = at 68F

6.745

105 3

473

14 = Dynamic Modulus

30.514

26 = at 120F

45 = 68 to 600F

61

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Nominal Composition
%

Material

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

2150F, Water Quenched

75

138

46

RC24

Aged 1400F, Air Cooled

84

142

29

RC36

Annealed

60

115

55

RB96

Cold Reduced 20%

135

172

28

RC28

Cold Reduced 50%

204

238

10

RC40

Sheet Annealed

68

115

50

RB95

Cold Reduced 20%

140

160

18

RC37

Cold Reduced 50%

191

210

RC44

Sheet Annealed

65

108

43

RB92

Cold Reduced 20%

132

148

18

RC31

Cold Reduced 50%

175

192

RC39

Bar Annealed 1950F

65

125

45

RC23

Cold Drawn 30%

174

194

15

Cold Drawn 60%

216

234

Bar Annealed

60

103

64

RB95

Cold Drawn 20%

112

140

35

RC31

Cold Drawn 50%

174

217

15

RC41

Annealed

30

78

65

150

WROUGHT STAINLESS STEEL (continued)


NITRONIC* 20 Stainless Steel

Fe bal
Cr 23
Ni 8
Mn 2.5
Si 0.8
N 0.35
C 0.33

NITRONIC* 32 Stainless Steel (UNS 24100)


BarsASTM A 479
WireASTM A 580
Spring WireASTM A 313

NITRONIC* 33 Stainless Steel (UNS 24000)


Bars & ShapesASTM A 276 & A 479
Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 240 & A 412
TubeASTM A 269
PipeASTM A 312
WireASTM A 580
Spring WireASTM A 313

Fe bal
Cr 18
Ni 1.6
Mn 12
Si 0.5
N 0.3
C 0.10
Fe bal
Cr 18
Ni 3
Mn 13
Si 1.0 max
N 0.3
C 0.08 max

NITRONIC* 40 Stainless Steel (UNS S21900)


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 412 & AMS
5595
Bars & ShapesASTM A 276
WireASTM A 580
Bar, Wire, Etc.AMS 5656

Fe bal
Cr 20
Mn 9
Ni 6.5
Si 1 max
N 0.3
C 0.08 max
C is also available at 0.04 max in UNS S21904

NITRONIC* 50 Stainless Steel (UNS 520910)


Bars & ShapesASTM A 276 & A 479
Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 240 & A 412
TubeASTM A 269
PipeASTM A 312 & A 403
WireASTM A 580
AMS 5764 & 5861

Fe bal
Cr 22
Ni 12.5
Mn 5
Mo 2.25
Si 1.0 max
N 0.3
Cb 0.2
V 0.2
C 0.06 max

NITRONIC* 60 Stainless Steel (UNS S21800)


Bars & ShapesASTM A 276 & A 479
WireASTM A 580

Fe bal
Cr 17
Ni 8.5
Mn 8
Si 4
N 0.13
C 0.10 max

18-9 LW* Stainless Steel (UNS S30430)


Bar & WireASTM A 493

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

62

Fe bal
Cr 18
Ni 9
Cu 3.5

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Melting Point,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

WROUGHT STAINLESS STEEL (continued)

0.279

0.281

7.73

7.78

421

29

11

9.01

110 10

444 5

0.280

7.76

8.917

96 20

438

28

0.283

7.83

9.341

0.285

7.88

9.0

17

108

34

492

28

10

589

26

0.275

7.62

8.81

1 = 68 to 212F

5 = at 77F

10 = at 212F

17 = 70 to 200F

20 = at 200F

34 = at 300F

NITRONIC* 20
Stainless
Steel

NITRONIC* 32
Stainless
Steel

NITRONIC* 33
Stainless
Steel

NITRONIC* 40
Stainless
Steel

NITRONIC* 50
Stainless
Steel

NITRONIC* 60
Stainless
Steel

18-9 LW*
Stainless
Steel
41 = at 300F

63

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Sheet Solution Treated

40

130

35

RB85

Hardened

220

235

RC48

Bar Solution Treated

110

150

12

RC32

Hardened

185

200

14

RC44

Bar Solution Treated

110

150

12

RC32

Hardened

185

200

14

RC44

Solution Treated

55

130

35

RB88

Hardened

225

240

RC48

Sheet Solution Treated

55

125

25

RB88

Hardened

220

235

RC49

Bar Solution Treated

100

160

15

RC30

Hardened

200

225

13

RC48

Annealed

98

135

15

RC26

Hardened at 1000F

190

200

11

RC44

Annealed

60

145

40

290

Hardened

173

206

13.5

410

Annealed

57

160

26

310

Hardened

174

210

14

415

Annealed

115

140

12

280

Hardened

220

230

10

500

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

WROUGHT STAINLESS STEEL (continued)


17-7 PH* Stainless Steel (UNS S17700)
(AISI No. 631)
BarASTM A 564
Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 693
ForgingsASTM A 579 & A 705
WireASTM A 313

Fe
Cr
Ni
AI

bal
17
7
1.1

17-4 PH* Stainless Steel (UNS S17400)


(AISI No. 630)
BarASTM A 564
Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 693
ForgingsASTM A 705

Fe bal
Cr 16.5
Ni 4
Cu 4
Cb + Ta0.3

15-5 PH* Stainless Steel (UNS S15500)


BarASTM A 564
Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 693
ForgingsASTM A 705

Fe bal
Cr 15
Ni 5
Cu 4

PH 15-7 Mo* Stainless Steel (UNS S15700)


(AISI No. 632)
BarASTM A 564
Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 693
ForgingsASTM A 705

Fe bal
Cr 15
Ni 7
Mo 2.5
AI 1.1

PH 14-8 Mo* Stainless Steel (UNS S14800)


AMS 5601 & AMS 5603

Fe bal
Cr 14
Ni 8
Mo 2.5
AI 1.1

PH 13-8 Mo* Stainless Steel (UNS S13800)


BarASTM A 564
Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 693
ForgingsASTM A 705

Fe bal
Cr 13
Ni 8
Mo 2.2
AI 1

Stainless W* (UNS S17600)


(AISI No. 635)
BarASTM A 564
Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 693
ForgingsASTM A 705

Fe
Cr
Ni
Ti
Al
C

AM 350* Stainless Steel (UNS S35000)


(AISI No. 633)
Sheet & StripAMS 5546
TubeAMS 5554
ForgingsASTM A 579

Fe bal
Cr 17
Ni 4
Mo 3
C 0.08

AM 355* Stainless Steel (UNS S35500)


(AISI No. 634)
BarASTM A 564
Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 693
ForgingsASTM A 579 & A 705

Fe bal
Cr 15.5
Ni 4.5
Mo 3

CUSTOM 455* Stainless Steel (UNS S45500)


(Maraging)
BarASTM A 564
Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 693
ForgingsASTM A 705

Fe bal
Cr 11.75
Ni 9
Cu 2.25
Ti 1.2
Cb 0.3
C 0.03 max

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

64

bal
17
7
0.7
0.2
0.07

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

WROUGHT STAINLESS STEEL (continued)


0.282

7.81

8.5

0.276

7.65

0.280

7.74

0.282

7.80

0.280

7.74

17

480

5.717

128 18

498

29

11

0.11

6.017

588

0.10

6.017

135 18

462

28.5

12.7

0.11

6.017

588

28.5

11.2

0.10

17

135

462

18

0.282

7.80

0.282

7.80

8.017

480

0.277

7.68

5.017

112 20

498

29

11.4

0.283

7.83

0.278

7.71

6.0

5.317

130 10

600

28

17-7 PH*
Stainless
Steel

17-4 PH*
Stainless
Steel

15-5 PH*
Stainless
Steel
PH 15-7 Mo*
Stainless
Steel

PH 14-8 Mo*
Stainless
Steel

PH 13-8 Mo*
Stainless
Steel

Stainless W*
0.28

7.7

0.28

7.7

145 10

510

28

11.3

0.286

7.92

2550

0.282

7.81

100

475

29.4

11.3

0.286

7.92

2550

0.282

7.81

6.4

105

455

29.3

11.4

0.280

7.74

5.9

29

11

10 = at 212F

17 = 70 to 200F

5.5

6.3

18 = at 500F

AM 350*
Stainless
Steel

AM 355*
Stainless
Steel

CUSTOM 455*
Stainless
Steel

20 = at 200F

65

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

Annealed and Aged

42

86

45

170

Hot Cold Worked 20%

93

114

20

255

Hot Rolled
and Stress Relieved

41

74

30

216

Cold Worked
and Stress Relieved

88

98

13

321

Bar Hardened

150

170

13

340

Sheet Annealed

40

65

25

RB75

38

68

25

RB75

WROUGHT STAINLESS STEEL (continued)


17-14 Cu Mo Stainless Steel
(AISI No. 653)

19-9 DL Alloy (UNS K63198)


(AISI No. 651)
Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 457
BarASTM A 458
ForgingsASTM A 477

Fe bal
Cr 17
Ni 14
Cu 3
Mo 2.5
Ti 0.25
Cb 0.5
Fe bal
Cr 19
Ni 9
Mo 1
W 1.25
Cb + Ta0.4
Ti 0.25
C 0.30

Greek Ascoloy Stainless Steel (UNS S41800)


(AISI No. 615)
AMS 5508, 5616 & 5817
Bars & ForgingsASTM A 565

Fe
Cr
W
Ni

bal
12
3
2

Type 405 Stainless Steel (UNS S40500)


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 176 & A 240
TubeASTM A 268 & A 511
BarASTM A 276, A 314 & A 479
ForgingsASTM A 473
WireASTM A 580

Fe
Cr
C
Al

bal
12.5
0.08 max
0.2

Type 409 Stainless Steel (UNS S40900)


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 176
TubeASTM A 268 & A 651

Fe bal
Cr 11
Mn 1.0 max
Annealed
Si 1.0 max
Ti 0.75 max (6C min)
C 0.08

Type 410 Stainless Steel (UNS S41000)


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 176 & A 240
TubeASTM A 268 & A 511
BarASTM A 276, A 314 & A 479
ForgingsASTM A 473
WireASTM A 580

Fe bal
Cr 12
C 0.15 max

Sheet Annealed

45

70

25

RB80

Heat Treated

140

180

15

RC39

Type 414 Stainless Steel (UNS S41400)


BarASTM A 276 & A 314
ForgingsASTM A 473
TubeASTM A 511
WireASTM A 580

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

Sheet Annealed

105

120

15

RB98

Bar Heat Treated

150

200

15

RC43

Type 420 Stainless Steel (UNS S42000)


BarASTM A 276 & A 314
ForgingsASTM A 473
WireASTM A 580

Fe bal
Cr 13
C over 0.15

Bar Annealed

50

95

25

RB92

Heat Treated

195

230

500

Fe bal
Cr 17
C 0.12 max

Sheet Annealed

45
up to
95

75
up to
110

25
10

RB80
up to
225

Bar Annealed

95

125

25

260

Hardened

150

195

15

400

Type 430 Stainless Steel (UNS S43000)


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 176 & A 240
TubeASTM A 268, A 511, A 554 & A 651
BarASTM A 276, A 314 & A 479
ForgingsASTM A 473
WireASTM A 580
Type 431 Stainless Steel (UNS 543100)
ForgingsASTM A 473
BarASTM A 276 & A 314
WireASTM A 580

66

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
12.5
2
0.15 max

bal
16
1.75
0.20 max

Cold Rolled

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

WROUGHT STAINLESS STEEL (continued)

0.287

0.287

0.284

0.28

7.94

7.94

7.86

7.7

2615

2670

2790

0.278

7.68

2600-2750

0.28

7.7

2790

0.28

.28

0.280

0.280

7.7

7.7

7.75

7.75

2750

2700

0.10

0.11

0.11

0.11

0.11

0.11

0.11

0.11

8.23

8.5

5.3

6.0

6.5

6.1

5.8

5.7

5.8

6.5

98

28

9.4

29.5

29

360

29

17-14 Cu Me
Stainless
Steel

19-9
DL
Alloy

Greek
Ascoloy
Stainless
Steel

Type 405
Stainless
Steel

Type 409
Stainless
Steel

173 10

342

29

173 10

420

173 10

330

29

181 10

360

29

140 10

432

29

Type 410
Stainless
Steel

Type 414
Stainless
Steel

Type 420
Stainless
Steel
Type 430
Stainless
Steel

Type 431
Stainless
Steel

10 = at 212F

67

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Form and
Condition

Nominal Composition
%

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

WROUGHT STAINLESS STEEL (continued)


Type 440C Stainless Steel (UNS S44004)
ForgingsASTM A 473
BarASTM A 276 & A 314
WireASTM A 580

Fe bal
Cr 17
C 1.10

Type 446 Stainless Steel (UNS S44600)


Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 176
TubeASTM A 268 & A 511
BarASTM A 276 & A 314
ForgingsASTM A 473
WireASTM A 580

Fe
Cr
N
C

E-BRITE* 26-1 Stainless Steel (UNS S44627)


BarASTM A 276, A 314 & A 479
TubeASTM A 268
Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 176 & A 240

Fe bal
Cr 26
Mo 1
Mn 0.05
Si 0.2
N 0.01
C 0.002

29-4 Stainless Steel (UNS S44700)


TubeASTM A 268
Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 176 & A 240
BarASTM A 276 & A 479

Fe bal
Cr 29
Mo 4
Mn 0.3 max
Si 0.2 max
N 0.02 max
C 0.01 max

29-4-2 Stainless Steel (UNS S44800)


TubeASTM A 268
Plate, Sheet & StripASTM A 176 & A 240
BarASTM A 276 & A 479

Fe bal
Cr 29
Mo 4
Ni 2
Mn 0.3 max
Si 0.2 max
N 0.02 max
C 0.01 max

SEA-CURE* Stainless Steel (UNS S44660)


Sheet & StripASTM A 240
TubeASTM A 268

Fe bal
Cr 26
Mo 3
Ni 2.5
C 0.025 max

bal
25
0.25 max
0.20 max

Bar Annealed

65

110

14

230

Quenched and Tempered


600F

275

285

RC57

Sheet Annealed

50

80

20

RB83

Annealed

50

70

30

RB82

Annealed

75

90

25

RB95

Annealed

85

95

22

RB97

Annealed

75

90

32

RB95

CAST CORROSION AND HEAT RESISTANT ALLOYS


CA-15 Cast Stainless Steel (UNS 191150)
Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743
Valves, FittingsASTM A 217 & A 487

Fe bal
Cr 12
C 0.15 max

CA-40 Cast Stainless Steel (UNS 191153)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743

Fe bal
Cr 12
C 0.30

CA-611M Cast Stainless Steel (UNS 191540)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743
Valves, FittingsASTM A 487

Fe bal
Cr 12
Ni 4
Mo 0.7
C 0.06 max

CB-7Cu-1 (11-4PH) Cast Stainless Steel


CastingsASTM A 747

Fe bal
Cr 17
Ni 4
Cu 3
Cb 0.3 (Optional)
C 0.07 max

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

68

1800F, Air Cooled,


Tempered at 600F

150

200

390

Tempered at 1400F

75

100

20

200

1800F, Air Cooled,


Tempered at 600F

165

220

470

Tempered at 1400F

67

110

18

212

100

120

24

269

1925F, Air Cooled,


Aged at 900F

161

187

10

412

Aged at 1100F

132

145

15

315

1750F, Air cooled,


Tempered at 11001150F

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

WROUGHT STAINLESS STEEL (continued)


0.280

0.270

0.277

7.75

7.45

7.66

2700

2750

0.11

5.6

168

0.012

0.100

5.8

5.936

10

360

29

145 10

402

29

136 10

332

Type 440C
Stainless
Steel
Type 446
Stainless
Steel

E-BRITE* 26-1
Stainless
Steel

29-4
Stainless
Steel

0.278

7.69

2750

5.2'

29

0.276

7.64

2735

5.2'

29-4-2
Stainless
Steel

SEA-CURE*
Stainless
Steel

CAST CORROSION AND HEAT RESISTANT ALLOYS


0.275

0.275

7.61

7.61

2750

2725

0.11

0.11

5.51
6.421

174 10

468

29

5.51
6.421

174 10

456

29

CA-15 Cast
Stainless
Steel
CA-40 Cast
Stainless
Steel
CA-6NM Cast
Stainless
Steel

0.278

0.280

1 = 68 to 212F

7.70

7.76

2750

2750

10 = at 212F

0.11

0.11

37

6.01
7.021

174 10

469

17

119

10

37

6.617

6.0

17 = 70 to 200F

464

21 = 70 to 1000F

29

28.5

36 = 91 to 223F

CB-7Cu-1
(17-4 PH)
Cast
Stainless
Steel
37 = at 70F

69

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

CAST CORROSION AND HEAT RESISTANT ALLOYS (continued)


CB-7Cu-2 (15-5 PH) Cast Stainless Steel
CastingsASTM A 747

Fe bal
Cr 15
Ni 5
Cu 3
Cb 0.3 (Optional)
C 0.07 max

CB-30 Cast Stainless Steel (UNS J91803)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
20
2 max
0.30 max

CC-50 Cast Stainless Steel (UNS J92615)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
28
4 max
0.50 max

CE-30 Cast Stainless Steel (UNS J93423)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743

Fe bal
Cr 28
Ni 9

1925F, Air Cooled,


Aged at 900F

161

187

10

412

Aged at 1100F

132

145

15

315

Annealed

60

95

15

195

As Cast

60

95

15

193

1900F, Air Cooled

65

97

18

210

As Cast

60

95

15

170

2000F, Water Quenched

63

97

18

170

2000F, Water Quenched

32

72

55

133

2000F, Water Quenched

32

77

55

140

CF-3 Cast Stainless Steel (UNS J92500)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743
Severe ServiceASTM A 744
Valves, FittingsASTM A 351

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
19
10
0.03 max

CF-8 Cast Stainless Steel (UNS J92600)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743
Severe ServiceASTM A 744
Valves, FittingsASTM A 351
Centrifugal PipeASTM A 451

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
19
9
0.08 max

CF-3M Cast Stainless Steel (UNS J92800)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743
Severe ServiceASTM A 744
Valves, FittingsASTM A 351

Fe bal
Cr 19
Ni 11
Mo 2.5
C 0.03 max

2000F, Water Quenched

40

83

50

CF-8M Cast Stainless Steel (UNS J92900)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743
Severe ServiceASTM A 744
Valves, FittingsASTM A 351
Centrifugal PipeASTM A 451

Fe bal
Cr 19
Ni 10
Mo 2.5
C 0.08 max

2000F, Water Quenched

42

80

50

163

CF-8C Cast Stainless Steel (UNS J92110)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743
Severe ServiceASTM A 744
Valves, FittingsASTM A 351
Centrifugal PipeASTM A 451

Fe bal
Cr 19
Ni 10
C 0.08 max
2000F, Water Quenched
Cb 8xC min
or
Cb + Ta10C min

38

77

39

149

CF-16F Cast Stainless Steel (UNS J92701)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743

Fe bal
Cr 19
Ni 10
S 0.3
Mo 0.6
C 0.16 max

2000F, Water Quenched

40

77

52

150

2000F, Water Quenched

36

77

50

163

CF-20 Cast Stainless Steel (UNS J92602)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743

70

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
19
9
0.20 max

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

CAST CORROSION AND HEAT RESISTANT ALLOYS (continued)

0.280

7.76

2750

0.1137

6.017
6.6

17

119 10

464 37

464

37

28.5

0.272

1.53

2725

0.11

5.71
6.521

154 10

456

29

0.272

7.53

2725

0.12

5.91
6.421

151 10

462

29

510

25

0.277

7.67

2650

0.14

9.6

21

CB-7Cu-2
(15-5 PH)
Cast
Stainless
Steel
CB-30 Cast
Stainless
Steel
CC-50 Cast
Stainless
Steel
CE-30 Cast
Stainless
Steel

0.280

7.75

2600

0.12

9.01
10.021

110 10

457

CF-3 Cast
Stainless
Steel

0.280

7.75

2600

0.12

9.01
10.021

110 10

457

28

CF-8 Cast
Stainless
Steel

0.280

7.75

2550

0.12

8.91
9.721

113 10

492

CF-3M Cast
Stainless
Steel

0.280

7.75

2550

0.12

8.91
9.721

113 10

492

28

CF-8M Cast
Stainless
Steel

CF-8C Cast
Stainless
Steel
0.280

7.75

2600

0.12

9.31
10.321

112 10

28

468

28

2550

0.12

9.0
9.921

113

0.280

7.75

2575

0.12

9.61
10.421

110 10

17 = 70 to 200F

432

7.75

10 = at 212F

28

10

0.280

1 = 68 to 212F

426

21 = 70 to 1000F

CF-16F Cast
Stainless
Steel

CF-20 Cast
Stainless
Steel

37 = at 70F

71

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

CAST CORROSION AND HEAT RESISTANT ALLOYS (continued)


CG-8M Cast Stainless Steel (UNS 193000)
Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743
Severe ServiceASTM A 744

Fe bal
Cr 19
Ni 11
Mo 3.5
C 0.08 max

CH-20 Cast Stainless Steel (UNS J93402)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743
Valves, FittingsASTM A 351
Centrifugal PipeASTM A 451

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
24
13
0.20 max

CK-20 Cast Stainless Steel (UNS J94202)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743
Valves, FittingsASTM A 351
Centrifugal PipeASTM A 451

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
25
20
0.20 max

CN-1M Cast Stainless Steel (UNS J95150)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743
Severe ServiceASTM A 744
Valves, FittingsASTM A 351

Fe bal
Cr 20
Ni 29
Mo 2
Cu 3 min
C 0.07 max

CD-4MCu Cast Stainless Steel


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743
Severe ServiceASTM A 744
Valves, FittingsASTM A 351

Fe bal
Cr 26
Ni 5.5
Mo 2.5
Cu 3.0

CW-12M-1 Cast Stainless Steel


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743
Severe ServiceASTM A 744

Ni bal
Cr 16.5
Mo 17
Fe 6
V 0.3
Mn 1.0 max
Si 1.0 max
C 0.12 max

CW-12M-2 Cast Stainless Steel


General ApplicationsASTM A 743
Severe ServiceASTM A 744

Ni bal
Cr 18.5
Mo 18.5
Fe 3 max
V 0.3
Mn 1.0 max
Si 1.0 max
C 0.07 max

N-12M-1 Cast Stainless Steel


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743
Severe ServiceASTM A 744

Ni bal
Cr 1.0 max
Mo 28
Fe 5
V 0.3
Mn 1.0 max
Si 1.0 max
C 0.12 max

N-12M-2 Cast Stainless Steel


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743
Severe ServiceASTM A 744

Ni bal
Cr 1.0 max
Mo 31.5
Fe 3 max
Mn 1.0 max
Si 1.0 max
C 0.07 max

72

2000F, Water Quenched

40

83

50

2000F, Water Quenched

50

88

38

190

2100F, Water Quenched

38

76

37

144

2050F, Water Quenched

31.5

69

48

130

2050F, Water Quenched

80

110

20

240

46
min

72
min

4
min

46
min

72
min

25
min

As Agreed

46
min

76
min

6
min

As Agreed

46
min

76
min

20
min

2150F min,
Water Quenched

2150F min,
Water Quenched

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Melting Point,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

CAST CORROSION AND HEAT RESISTANT ALLOYS (continued)

10

492

CG-8M Cast
Stainless
Steel

0.280

7.75

2550

0.12

8.9
9.721

0.279

7.72

2600

0.12

8.31
9.621

98 10

504

28

CH-20 Cast
Stainless
Steel

0.280

7.75

2600

0.12

8.01
9.221

98 10

540

29

CK-20 Cast
Stainless
Steel

0.289

8.00

2650

8.61
9.721

0.11

6.51
7.121

113

145 10

538

24

CN-7M Cast
Stainless
Steel

CD-4MCu Cast
Stainless
Steel

CW-12M-1 Cast
Stainless
Steel
0.336
9.30
(Calculated)

CW-12M-2 Cast
Stainless
Steel

0.334
9.24
(Calculated)

1 = 68 to 212F

10 = at 212F

N-12M-1
Cast Stainless
Steel

N-12M-2
Cast Stainless
Steel

21 = 70 to 1000F

73

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

CAST CORROSION AND HEAT RESISTANT ALLOYS (continued)


ALOYCO* 20 Cast Stainless Steel (UNS J95150)
Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743
Severe ServiceASTM A 744
Valves FittingsASTM A 351

Fe bal
Cr 20.5
Ni 28.8
Mo 2.5
Cu 3.5
Mn 1.5 max
Si 1.5 max
C 0.07 max

DURIMET* 20 Cast Stainless Steel (UNS J95150)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 743
Severe ServiceASTM A 744
Valves, fittingsASTM A 351

Fe bal
Cr 20.5
Ni 29
Cu 3.5
Mo 2.5
Mn 1.5 max
Si 1.5 max
C 0.07 max

ILLIUM* P Cast Stainless Steel

Fe bal
Cr 28
Ni 8
Cu 3
Mo 2
Mn 0.75
Si 0.75
C 0.20

IN-849 Cast Stainless Steel

SANDUSKY* Alloy 75

IN-862 Cast Stainless Steel

HA Cast Heat Resistant Alloy


Valves, FittingsASTM A 217 Grade C12

HC Cast Heat Resistant Alloy (UNS J92605)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 297

HD Cast Heat Resistant Alloy (UNS J93005)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 297

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

74

Castings Annealed
(2150F, Water Quenched)

32

69

48

130

2050F, Water
Quenched

25
min

62
min

35
min

130

Castings
1975F, Water Quenched

72

100

18

235

Fe bal
Cr 26
Ni 6.8
Mn 0.7
Si 1.0
C 0.03

Castings, 2050F,
Water Quenched

67

84

26

228

Fe bal
Cr 26
Ni 6.8
Mn 0.8
Si 0.7
C 0.03

Casting, Proprietary
Heat Treatment

62

113

20

235

2150F, Water Quenched

25

60

20

Annealed 1825F
and
Aged at 1400F

65

95

23

180

81

107

21

220

As Cast

65

70

190

Aged at 1400F

80

115

18

230

As Cast

48

85

16

190

Fe bal
Cr 21
Ni 24
Mo 5
Mn 0.5
Si 0.8
C 0.07 max
Fe bal
Cr 9
Mo 1
C 0.20 max
Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
28
4 max
0.50 max

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
28
5.5
0.50 max

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Melting Point,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

CAST CORROSION AND HEAT RESISTANT ALLOYS (continued)


ALOYCO* 20
Cast Stainless
Steel
0.289

8.02

2650

0.11

8.61

145 3

538

24

DURIMET* 20
Cast Stainless
Steel
0.289

8.02

2650

0.113

8.61

145 10

538

24

ILLIUM* P
Cast Stainless
Steel
0.275

7.61

IN-849 Cast
Stainless
Steel
0.274

7.58

2680

7.01

29

SANDUSKY*
Alloy 75
0.274

7.58

2680

7.01

29

IN-862 Cast
Stainless
Steel

0.279

0.272

0.274

1 = 68 to 212F

7.72

7.53

7.58

2750

2725

2700

0.11

0.12

0.12

3 = at 68F

6.11
7.121

182 10

420

29

6.321

151

462

29

151 10

486

27

7.721

10 = at 212F

HA Cast Heat
Resistant
Alloy
HC Cast Heat
Resistant
Alloy
HD Cast Heat
Resistant
Alloy

21 = 70 to 1000F

75

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

As Cast

45

95

20

200

Aged at 1400F

55

90

10

270

As Cast

45

85

35

165

Aged at 1400F

50

100

25

190

As Cast

50

80

25

185

Aged at 1400F

55

86

11

200

As Cast

45

80

12

180

Aged at 1400F

65

90

200

As Cast

50

75

17

170

Aged at 1400F

50

85

10

190

As Cast

52

82

19

192

As Cast

38

68

17

160

As Cast

40

71

11.5

As Cast

40

71

11.5

As Cast

40

70

10

180

Aged at 1400F

45

75

200

As Cast

40

70

170

Aged at 1800F

43

73

190

As Cast

54

87

28

Form and
Condition

CAST CORROSION AND HEAT RESISTANT ALLOYS (continued)


HE Cast Heat Resistant Alloy (UNS J93403)
Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 297

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
28
9
0.35

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
21
9
0.30

HH Cast Heat Resistant Alloy (UNS J93503)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 297
Structural PartsASTM A 447

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
26
12
0.35

HI Cast Heat Resistant Alloy (UNS J94003)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 297

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
28
16
0.35

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
26
20
0.40

HL Cast Heat Resistant Alloy (UNS J94604)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 297

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
30
20
0.40

HN Cast Heat Resistant Alloy (UNS J94213)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 297

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
21
25
0.35

HP Cast Heat Resistant Alloy (UNS J95705)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 297

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
26
35
0.53

HP50-WZ Cast Heat Resistant Alloy

Fe
Cr
Ni
W
Zr
C

bal
26
35
5
0.6
0.50

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
17
35
0.55

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
18
39
0.55

HF Cast Heat Resistant Alloy (UNS J92603)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 297

HK Cast Heat Resistant Alloy (UNS J94224)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 297

HT Cast Heat Resistant Alloy (UNS J94605)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 297

HU Cast Heat Resistant Alloy (UNS J95405)


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 297

IN-657 Cast Heat Resistant Alloy

76

Ni bal
Cr 50
Cb 1.5
Fe 0.5
Mn 0.2
Si 0.3
Ni 0.08
C 0.10 max

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Melting Point,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

CAST CORROSION AND HEAT RESISTANT ALLOYS (continued)


0.277

0.280

0.279

0.279

0.280

7.67

7.75

7.72

7.72

7.75

2650

2550

2500

2550

2550

0.284

7.86

2450

0.11

0.290

0.287

1 = 68 to 212F

8.03

7.96

2450

2397

10 = at 212F

9.221

0.11

0.12

2500

2450

9.921

7.83

7.96

0.12

0.283

21

9.421

0.12

0.286

9.9

0.12

2600

2450

8.91

7.72

7.87

0.12

0.279

0.284

9.621

0.14

9.221

9.221

0.1137

0.11

108 10

480

28

98 10

480

27

98 10

27

98 10

540

29

98 10

564

29

HL Cast Heat
Resistant
Alloy

27

HN Cast Heat
Resistant
Alloy

90 10

614

27

HP Cast Heat
Resistant
Alloy

HE Cast Heat
Resistant
Alloy
HF Cast Heat
Resistant
Alloy
HH Cast Heat
Resistant
Alloy
HI Cast Heat
Resistant
Alloy
HK Cast Heat
Resistant
Alloy

HP50-WZ
Cast Heat
Resistant
Alloy

612 37

27

8.521

91 10

601

27

107 10

631

27

HU Cast Heat
Resistant
Alloy

IN-657
Cast Heat
Resistant
Alloy

0.1101

25

90 10

8.821

0.11

510

9.221

120 30

5.91

21 = 70 to 1000F

88 35

31 = at 1500F

589 35

30

35 = at 75F

HT Cast Heat
Resistant
Alloy

37 = at 70F

77

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

CAST CORROSION AND HEAT RESISTANT ALLOYS (continued)


HW Cast Heat Resistant Alloy
Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 297

HX Cast Heat Resistant Alloy


Gen. ApplicationsASTM A 297

IN-519 Cast Heat Resistant Alloy

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
12
60
0.55

Fe
Cr
Ni
C

bal
17
66
0.55

Fe bal
Cr 24
Ni 24
Cb 1.6
Mn 1.0 max
Si 1.0 max
C 0.30

As Cast

36

68

185

Aged at 1800F

52

84

205

As Cast

36

65

176

Aged at 1800F

44

73

185

As Cast

35

75

25

Sheet Annealed

37

53

26

80

Cold Rolled (97%)

84

160

Sheet, Stress Relieved

90

105

14

225

Recrystallized at 2000F

56

78

32

RB82

Annealed

22

38

25

As Rolled

60

62

As Rolled

75

100

30

250

Recrystallized

50

70

45

190

As Rolled

90

120

30

290

Recrystallized

60

80

40

200

Sintered Powder Shapes

80

100

Forged from Sintered Powder

85

120

17

285

Sheet Annealed

50

40

45

Cold Rolled

100

110

123

Sheet Hard Cold Rolled


Annealed

360

400
270

Wire Wrought

310

Recrystallized

190

15

450d

REFRACTORY METALS AND ALLOYS


Columbium (UNS R04210)
Rod, Bar, WireASTM B 392
Sheet, Strip, FoilASTM B 393
TubeASTM B 394

Cb 99.6 min

Columbium-Tantalum-Tungsten Alloy

Cb bal
Ta 28
W 11
Zr 0.85

Columbium-Vanadium Alloy

Cb bal
V 5

Columbium-Zirconium Alloy (UNS R04261)


Sheet, Strip, FoilASTM B 393
Rod, Bar, WireASTM B 392
TubeASTM B 394

Cb 98.5 min
Zr 1

Molybdenum (UNS R03600)


ForgingsASTM B 384
Sheet, Strip, FoilASTM B 386
Bar, Rod, WireASTM B 387

Mo 99.9 plus

0.5% Titanium-Molybdenum Alloy (UNS R03620)


ForgingsASTM B 384
Sheet, Strip, failASTM B 386
Bar, Rod, WireASTM A 397

Mo bal
Ti 0.5

Tungsten-Nickel-Copper Alloy (UNS R07030)


ASTM B 459 Grade 4

W 97.5
Ni + Cu2.4

Tungsten-Nickel-Copper Alloy (UNS R07100)


ASTM B 459 Grade 1

W bal
Ni 7.5
Cu 2.5

Tantalum (UNS R05400)


Rod & WireASTM B 365
Flat ProductsASTM B 364
Tungsten (UNS R07004)
Bars, Rods, BilletsASTM B 410
Tungsten-Rhenium Alloy

Ta 99.8 plus

W 99.95 min

W 75
Re 25

d = Vickers hardness number

78

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Typical Physical Properties


Thermal
Thermal Expansion Coefficient Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F
/hr / F / in.
Btu / Ib / F

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

CAST CORROSION AND HEAT RESISTANT ALLOYS (continued)


0.294

0.294

0.286

8.14

2350

8.14

2350

7.92

2490

0.11

0.11

0.1083

7.821

7.821

7.21

91 10

673

25

25

HX Cast Heat
Resistant
Alloy

IN-519
Cast Heat
Resistant
Alloy

98 10

582'5

23

HW Cast Heat
Resistant
Alloy

REFRACTORY METALS AND ALLOYS


0.310

8.57

0.390

10.8

4475

4695

0.306

8.47

4310

0.065

0.311

8.6

4350

0.065

0.369

0.369

10.20

4730

10.22

4730

0.061

0.061

4.38

21

105

15

20

377 3

131

15.8

ColumbiumVanadium Alloy

364 3

12

ColumbiumZirconium
Alloy

900 3

31.1

46

17.4

Molybdenum

816 3

31.3

46

17.4

4.1530

2.71

3.061

306

5.4

Columbium

ColumbiumTantalumTungsten
Alloy

0.5% TitaniumMolybdenum
Alloy

0.67

18.5

52

TungstenNickel-Copper
Alloy

0.61

17.0

3.77

500 8

45

TungstenNickel-Copper
Alloy

0.600

16.65

3.61

377 3

74.6

27

10

Tantalum

33.2

50

19.6

Tungsten

57

TungstenRhenium
Alloy

5425

0.034

0.697

19.30

6100

0.033

2.4

0.71

19.65

5612

1 = 68 to 212F

3 = at 68F

7 = 100 to 1200F

8 = at 32F

168

10 = at 212F

21 = 70 to 1000F

30 = 30 at 1500F

35 = at 75F

79

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Form and
Condition

Nominal Composition
%

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

REFRACTORY METALS AND ALLOYS (continued)


Tungsten-Rhenium Alloy

W 50
Re 50

Uranium
CastingsASTM B 419
Melting StockASTM B 420

U 99.8 plus

Zirconium (UNS R60001)


IngotsASTM B 350
Sheet, Strip, PlateASTM B 352
Bar, Rod, WireASTM B 351
TubeASTM B 353

Zr 99.8 plus

Zirconium-Hafnium Alloy (UNS R60102)


Sheet, Strip & PlateASTM B 551
Bar & WireASTM B 550
TubeASTM B 523

Sintered Powder, Wrought

210

240

600d

Recrystallized

123

150

18

350d

Cast

28

56

Annealed

16

36

31

77

Annealed

50

64

23

RB89

Cold Rolled, 60%

30

32

58

Zr bal
Hf 3
Cr-Fe 0.2 max

PRECIOUS METALS AND ALLOYS


Gold (UNS P00010)
ASTM B 562
18K White Gold

W.E. No. 1 (UNS P00691)


ASTM B 522
Fine Silver (UNS P07020)
Cast BarASTM B 413 Grade 99.90

Au 99.995 min
Annealed

Nil

19

45

25

Au 75
Ni 18.5
Zn 5.25
Cu 1.25

Annealed

93

115

25

211

Hard

178

323

Au 69
Ag 25
Pt 6

Annealed

16.3

39

33

74

Hard

70

132

18.2

54

27

Annealed

7.9

Ag 99.90 min
Hard

38

43

90

26

65

Sterling Silver

Ag 92.5
Cu bal

Annealed

20

41

Hard

50

64

125

Coin Silver

Ag 90
Cu bal

Annealed

23

42

26

70

Hard

53

65

125

EASY-FLO* Silver Brazing Alloy (UNS P07500)


AMS 4769
AWS A 5.8 (B Ag-1)

Ag 50
Cd 18
Zn 16.5
Cu 15.5

Annealed

67

29

120

Cold Rolled

89

11

160

R-T Silver Brazing Alloy

Ag 60
Cu 25
Zn 15

Annealed

45

58

38

110

Cold Drawn

75

89

160

Platinum

Pt (Commercial)

Annealed

18

38

39

Palladium

Pd (Commercial)

Annealed

25

27

38

Iridium

Ir 100

Annealed

34

155

220

Rhodium

Rh 100

Annealed

100

120

Platinum-Iridium

Pt 90
Ir 10

Annealed

55

130

Hard

90

185

*See page 84 for list of trademarks

80

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Typical Physical Properties


Thermal
Thermal Expansion Coefficient Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F
/hr / F / in.
Btu / Ib / F

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

REFRACTORY METALS AND ALLOYS (continued)


0.496

13.76

4622

257

2070

116

52.3

24

TungstenRhenium
Alloy
Uranium

0.689

19.07

7.7

Zirconium
0.245

6.5

0.237

6.55

3380

0.118

2.9

246

11

3.2

145

Zirconium
Hafnium
Alloy

PRECIOUS METALS AND ALLOYS


0.698

0.53

19.32

14.61

1945

0.031

7.9

2060

14.1

10.8

1886

210.3

16.6

0.58

16.0

95

13.0

0.379

10.49

1761

0.056

9.44

10.5

10.5

1175

0.342

0.344

0.775

9.49

9.52

21.45

12

2900

9.6

3.9

12.08

12.13

42

1325

50

13

R-T Silver
Brazing
Alloy

0.031

2826

0.058

22.65

4429

0.031
0.059

2510

2490

12.02

4.9

6.5

3.78 1

Coin Silver

EASY FLO*
Silver
Brazing
Alloy

64

24.8

Platinum

65

16.8

Palladium

406 1

32

75

Iridium

27

46

Rhodium
PlatinumIridium

494

610

13

3560

0.778

21.53

3240

150

8 = at 32F

Sterling Silver

12.41

6 = Near room temperature

4.6

485

0.447

1 = 68 to 212F

Fine Silver

0.813

W.E. No. 1

0.434

18K White Gold

3256

10.5

Gold

9 = at 64F

12 = 32 to 1652F

13 = at 63F

81

PROPERTIES OF SOME METALS AND ALLOYS


Typical Mechanical Properties

Material

Nominal Composition
%

Form and
Condition

Yield
Strength
(0.2% offset),
1000 psi

Tensile
Strength,
1000 psi

Elongation
in 2 in.,
%

Hardness,
Brinell or
Rockwell

35

90

PRECIOUS METALS AND ALLOYS (continued)


Platinum-Rhodium

Pt 90
Rh 10

Platinum-Ruthenium

Pt 90
Ru 10

Palladium-Ruthenium

Pd 95.5
Ru 4.5

Palladium-Silver

Palladium Alloy No 934

Ruthenium

82

Pd 60
Ag 40
Pd 35
Pt 10
Au 10
Ag 30
Cu 15
Ru 100

Annealed

45

Cold Worked, 75%

90

165

Annealed

83

31

190

Hard

150

280

Annealed

51

152

Hard

286

Annealed

55

180

Hard

100

260

Annealed

61

96

24

180

Heat Treated

125

146

10

280

Annealed

78

250 to 450

Typical Physical Properties

Density,
Ib/cu in. Specific Gravity

Melting Point,
F

Specific Heat
(32 to 212F),
Btu / Ib / F

Thermal Expansion Coefficient


(32 to 212F),
in 106
in. / in. / F

Thermal
Conductivity
(32 to 212F),
Btu / sq ft
/hr / F / in.

Electrical
Resistivity,
(68F) ohms
/cir mil ft

Tensile
Modulus
of Elasticity,
in 106 psi

Torsional
Modulus
of Elasticity,
106 psi

Material

PRECIOUS METALS AND ALLOYS (continued)


0.722

0.720

0.436

19.97

115

3000

258

2900

145

20.0

19.94

12.07

2440

252

0.430

11.9

1985

215

4190

41 8

60

0.450

12.45

PlatinumRhodium
PlatinumRuthenium
PalladiumRuthenium
Palladium
Silver
Palladium
Alloy
No. 934

Ruthenium

8 = at 32F

83

TRADEMARKED PRODUCTS
Trademarks
Product of
ALCHROME ............................................................................................................. AMAX Inc.
ALOYCO .................................................................................................................Aloyco,Inc.
AL-6X ................................................................................. Allegheny Ludlum Industries, Inc.
AM 350 .............................................................................. Allegheny Ludlum Industries, Inc.
AM 355 .............................................................................. Allegheny Ludlum Industries, Inc.
CARPENTER 20Cb-3.........................................................Carpenter Technology Corporation
CHLORIMET .................................................................................. The Duriron Company, Inc.
CUSTOM 455 ....................................................................Carpenter Technology Corporation
DISCALOY.........................................................................Westinghouse Electric Corporation
DURANICKEL ....................................................................................Inco family of companies
DURICHLOR .................................................................................. The Duriron Company, Inc.
DURIMET ...................................................................................... The Duriron Company, Inc.
DURIRON ...................................................................................... The Duriron Company, Inc.
EASY-FLOW .............................................................................................. Handy and Harman
E-BRITE .............................................................................. Allegheny Ludlum Industries, Inc.
ELINVAR ......................................................................................................... Metalimphy,Inc.
EVANOHM ............................................................................................................... AMAX Inc.
FERRALIUM .................................................................................... Bonar Langley Alloys Ltd.
HASTELLOY ................................................................................................Cabot Corporation
HAYNES .....................................................................................................Cabot Corporation
ILLIUM ......................................................................... Stainless Foundry & Engineering, Inc.
INCOLOY ..........................................................................................Inco family of companies
INCONEL ..........................................................................................Inco family of companies
INVAR............................................................................................................. Metalimphy,Inc.
ISO-ELASTIC ................................................................................. John Chatillon & Sons, Inc.
JESSOP .............................................................................................. Jessop Steel Company
KANTHAL.......................................................................................... The Kanthal Corporation
KARMA ............................................................................................... Driver-Harris Company
KOVAR .............................................................................Carpenter Technology Corporation
MAR-M......................................................................................... Martin Marietta Corporation
MONEL .............................................................................................Inco family of companies
MULTIMET...................................................................................................Cabot Corporation
NIKROTHAL ...................................................................................... The Kanthal Corporation
NIMONIC ...........................................................................................Inco family of companies
NITRONIC................................................................................................................ Armco Inc.
NI-SPAN-C.........................................................................................Inco family of companies
NITRALLOY ............................................................................. Joseph T. Ryerson & Son, Inc.
PERMANICKEL ..................................................................................Inco family of companies
RA 333 .......................................................................................................Rolled Alloys, Inc.
REN 41.........................................................................................................Teledyne Allvac
RODAR ................................................................................................................... AMAX Inc.
SANDUSKY ..............................................................Sandusky Foundry & Machine Company
SEA-CURE ........................................................................................................ Colt Industries
STAINLESS W ......................................................................United States Steel Corporation
THERLO.............................................................................................. Driver-Harris Company
TINEL ................................................................................................... Raychem Corporation
UDIMET ........................................................................................ Special Metals Corporation
WAUKESHA METAL ....................................................................Waukesha Foundry Company
YORCORON ..............................................................................IMI Yorkshire Imperial Limited
ZILLOY .................................................................................. The New Jersey Zinc Company
15-5 PH ................................................................................................................. Armco Inc.
17-4 PH ................................................................................................................. Armco Inc.
17-7 PH ................................................................................................................. Armco Inc.
18-9 LW ................................................................................................................. Armco Inc.
PH 15-7 Mo ........................................................................................................... Armco Inc.
PH 14-8 Mo ........................................................................................................... Armco Inc.
PH 13-8 Mo ........................................................................................................... Armco Inc.
200 Alloy.......................................................................................... Driver-Harris Company
317LM ...............................................................................Eastern Stainless Steel Company
84

SOURCES OF ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


(Properties and Specifications)
Alloy Digest, Engineering Alloys Digest, Inc.
P.O. Box 823, Upper Montclair, NJ 07043
American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers
345 East 47th Street, New York, NY 10017
American Iron and Steel Institute
1000 Sixteenth Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20036
American National Standards Institute
1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018
American Powder Metallurgy Institute
P.O. Box 2054, Princeton, NJ 08540
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
345 East 47th Street, New York, NY 10017
American Society for Metals
Metals Park, OH 44073
American Society for Testing and Materials
1916 Race Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103
American Welding Society
2501 N.W. 7th Street, Miami, FL 33125
Brass and Bronze Ingot Institute
33 North LaSalle Street, Room 3500, Chicago, IL 60602
Cast Bronze Bearing Institute
221 North LaSalle Street, Suite 2026, Chicago, IL 60601
Copper Development Association
405 Lexington Avenue, New York, NY 10017
Ductile Iron Society
615 Sherwood Parkway, Mountainside, NJ 07092
Gray and Ductile Iron Founders Society
20611 Center Ridge Road, Rocky River, OH 44116
Investment Casting Institute
8521 Clover Meadow, Dallas, TX 75243
Metal Powder Industries Federation
P.O. Box 2054, Princeton, NJ 08540
National Association of Corrosion Engineers
2400 West Loop South, Houston, TX 77027
Society of Automotive Engineers
400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096
Steel Founders Society of America
455 State Street, Des Plaines, IL 60016
Unified Numbering System for Metals and Alloys, 2nd ed.,
American Society for Testing and Materials
1916 Race Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103
United States Government Specifications
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington, DC 20402
Department of the Air Force, Air Research & Development Command
Wright Air Development Center, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH 45433
Woldmans Engineering Alloys, 6th ad.,
American Society for Metals
Metals Park, OH 44073

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