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INF TRAINNING

Son Tran
Long Tran
NOC - OPN
Ni Dung
Cu hnh Router TP-Link , MickroTik cho dch
v FTTH v ADSL
Kim tra v phn vng li ra sau khi cu hnh
thnh cng
Nhn bit mt s li trn ONU , DSLAM ,
Modem bng cch quan st tn hiu n trn
thit b
B sung thm bi o Speed ti nh KHG
I/ Cu hnh Router
1. Cu hnh Router ADSL , FTTH
- Mt s khi nim v m hnh c bn
+ ADSL
+ FTTH
- Cc bc cu hnh modem ADSL,FTTH
- cc li thng gp v x l

Thoi v ADSL truyn trn cng mt i dy!
Voice
Data
Low-pass filter
High-pass filter
Voice
Data
Twisted-
pair cable
Splitter at the
Central Office side
PSTN
Internet
1
2
3
Low-pass filter
High-pass filter
Splitter at the
Remote side
0-4KHz 26KHz
Ordinary voice ADSL signal
PSTN
MDF
data

voice
Customer
Premises
Equipment
Central
Office
data
+
voice

voice
data
data
www
Kin truc mang ADSL
Lp t ti nh thu bao
S dng filter
Chc nng ca modem router ADSL
Cp Ethernet u ni RJ45
u ni RJ10 RJ11
Passive Optical Network
Mng FTTH ca FCAM
o
Spiliter 1:8
OLT
1:8
ONU
ONU
DSLAM
ADSL
user
ONU
FTTH user
Cc bc cu hnh Modem
Cm ngun Modem v kt ni my tnh vo
cng LAN trn Modem
t IP tnh cho My tnh cng Range vi IP
LAN ca modem (IP mc nh ca Modem
c ghi pha di Modem , thng l
192.168.0.1 )
M trnh duyt ( IE ,FireFox,Chrome) g IP ca
Modem vo cu hnh trn giao din web

Vo giao din Web v cu hnh
Nhp Username v pass . Mc nh l admin
v admin. Hoc c ghi pha di Modem .
Trng hp Modem c cu hnh v
chnh sa trc nu ko th ng nhp th
bn reset modem bng cch nhn nt reset
a Modem v trng thi ban u.
Trng hp lm NG NH TRN nhng
khi g IP modem v trnh duyt web th ko
thy xut hin giao din modem cu hnh
th l do cc nguyn nhn sau:
- My tnh khng ci driver card mng , khng
nhn hoc h card mng (1).
-My tnh ang dng 1 mng khc v trng
range IP vi range IP m ta ang cu hnh VD
nh ang dng Wifi (2)
- Do mc cnh bo an ninh ca Window hoc
trnh duyt IE 5.1 tr v trc (3)

- My tnh s dng Proxy ngn khng cho vo
trang web cu hnh. (4)
- Cha ci t kt ni LAN cho my tnh. (5)

Vi li (1) hy ci t driver, (2) hy tt cc mng
khc i, (3) hy gim security lever ca windown
v ng xi IE 5.1 tr xung , (4) hy tt Proxy ,
(5) hy to Network connection cho my tnh
Nu khng mun lm nh trn th hy i my
tnh khc i.



Qu trnh chun b hon tt. i vo vic chnh
l cu hnh cc thng s cho Modem Router.
Modem Router c rt nhiu chc nng v y
ch gii thiu cc chc nng cn thit . Bao gm
Cc mc :


Mc :
Network -> WAN
WAN Connection Type: chn PPPoE
PPPoE Connection: nhp username cho ng vi
hp ng v pass l contract ca KHG .
Secondary Connection: nguyn mc nh l
disable
Connection Mode: auto . C ngha l t ng
quay PPPoE BRAS cp IP cho n khi tt m
Modem khng b nh hng.
Mc cui cng cho bit kt qu l Connecting ,
connected hay Disconnect
Connecting: ang kt ni , c ngha l ang
quay PPPoE
Connected : Quay PPPoE thnh cng ri. KHG
c IP
Disconnect : Vng chc mng , bn tht bi

Sau khi cu hnh mc ny xong hy nhn :
Mc Network -> LAN
Tt nht hy mc nh
t tn cho mng WIFI
Pass wifi
Stic nu khng mun
t pass wifi
B lc a ch MAC. Nu khch hng cn chn hoc ch cho
ai vo mng WIFI ca mnh
Sau khi cu hnh v SAVE cu hnh xong xui. Hy reboot Modem Modem nhn
cu hnh mi
Reset Modem v trng thi ban u khi cha c cu hnh g c
II/ Kim tra kt qu v sa li
Sau khi cu hnh xong xui. Hy i vi ba
pht
Vo mc status ca Modem xem Modem
nhn c IP WAN hay cha. Nu cha c hy
xem phn III/ phn vng li v LED
troubleshooting.
Ch rng ONU cha up FirmWare hay b li
khng nhn c IP
Nu Modem c IP WAN m my tnh vn
cha vo c internet hy kim tra my tnh,
Mng LAN ca KHG
c internet nhng rt chm. Hy xem mc o
speed cui slide.
Trng hp ko x l c my tnh v LAN ca
KHG hy lin h TaskForce v NOC c h
tr

III/ LED troubleshooting
1/ DSLAM
i vi DSLAM zyxel 1248 m ta ang xi c
cc loai n led bo hiu sau :
- n PWR : bo ngun. Sng xanh l bnh
thng .
- n ALM : Bo tnh trng ca DSLAM . Nu
qu nng hoc in p vo cao n ny s sng
ln. Bnh thng th ko sng
- n SYS : bo hot ng h thng ca DSLAM.
n ny khng sng tc l cha cm in
hoc DSLam b li h thng
- n SFP LINK v SFP ACT khng cn quan tm
v chng ta khng dng dch v ny.
- n 2 cng Uplink 1000/100 : Khng sng
ngha l ko c tn hiu vo DSLAM.

2/n bo ONU
- n PON : sng co ngha l ONU nhn
c tn hiu PON
- n LAN : Sng tc l thit b kt ni vi
ONU
- n Power : ngun
- n Los : Tng t n SYS
3/ Modem Router
-n LAN : kt ni vi my tnh KH. Xanh l ok .
l c tn hiu m ko th kt ni. Tt l ko c
tn hiu cng LAN
-n WAN: Kt ni vi ONU hoc DSLAM. sng
l c tn hiu. Ko sng l ko c tn hiu
-n WIFI: Sng l ok. Tt l ko bt chc nng
ny ln. l c li xa ra
-n Power : sng l c ngun.
-n SYS : ( hnh rng ca ) bo trng thi
Nu sng xanh l OK. Ko sng nu c li hoc tt
ngun
- Ngoi ra c cc loi n khc ty loi Modem
Test Speed ti nh KHG