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Understanding Petroleum Fluids
Delaterre Global Resources
Organic chemistry refresher
Composition of petroleum
Phase behaviour
Physical properties of crude oil
Contaminants
Typical lab-reported PVT data


Hydrocarbons
Alkanes, Alkenes
Paraffins
Aromatics
Properties


Natural Gas
Associated gas
LNG
LPG
CNG
Condensate
NGL
Crude oil
Stabilized crude oil
Petroleum
Source: Wikipedia
Bubble point
temperature

The temperature at
which the first
molecule of vapour
forms and escapes
from the liquid
mixture
Dew point
temperature

The temperature at
which the first droplet
of liquid forms from
the vapour phase
mixture
Source: Wikipedia
Gas only region
Liquid only region
2-phase region
Dew point curve
Bubble point curve
Critical point
Quality lines
Retrograde behaviour
Gas-Oil Ratio (GOR)
Water Cut
Stock tank density
Specific gravity (oil, gas)
Viscosity
Cloud point and Pour point
Surface tension
Dew point
Bubble point
Critical Temperature / Pressure



Buyers typically specify tolerance limits
Complicate system design
Carbon Dioxide CO2
Nitrogen
Dangerous highly toxic to human health
Hydrogen sulphide H2S
Benzene-Toluene-Ethylbenzene-Xylene BTEX


Class to populate
Cricondentherm
Cricondenbar
Bubble point
Dew point
Critical point
Retrograde behaviour

Natural Gas
Associated gas
LNG
LPG
CNG
Condensate
NGL
Crude oil
Stabilized crude oil
Petroleum


Units for:
Gas-Oil Ratio
Gas-Oil Ratio (GOR)
Water Cut
Stock tank density
Specific gravity (oil, gas)
Viscosity
Cloud point and Pour point
Surface tension
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