The concept of the Family Business Garden (FBG


An Urban–Rural Agricultural Continuum in Sri Lanka

Thilak T. Ranasinghe
B.Sc. (Agric) Hon., M.Sc., Ph.D. E-Mail

In the field of Urban Agriculture (UA)

The Concept of the Family Business Garden (FBG)
was introduced on the World Environment Day - 5th June 2000 in Sri Lanka

To convert aspect of gardening into theoretically based sustainable agri-business concept. o address some poverty issues in generating additiona come for food security. To work with better-mix of modern science and indigenous technical know-how (ITK). To make contributions for attempts to improve socio-economic-health- environment aspects of urban communities. To visualize adoptable production systems to new generation of agricultural producers /entrepreneurs.

Aims of the Concept of the FBG

Expectations of the FBG
Scope - not only family nutrition but also additional income source

Approach - a process not content, there is no fixed model, it is flexible. System Means End - technology development rather than technology transfer. - as commercial agriculture or environment agriculture or both - physical as well as mental satisfaction in agro entrepreneurship.


Characters of the FBG Flower (Brand)
Face Value Core Value
Circle & centre Nutrition centered / good dietary habits Scales of interventions could be different Interests are different from one to one No fixed model Elasticity in approach From Child to Elderly & use of Creativity Different in size & shape Uneven distance Detached Dual-curved stalk Attractive & simple

1. Main Petal/ receptacle 2. Other petals 3. Petal fixation 4. Petals + stalk 5. Stalk/s 6. Why a flower

Overall Strategy of the Concept :Knowledge Management Process: Family Business Garden [FBG]
Reuse Contexts

Store Principles

Sort Patterns

Capture Relations


Components / Strategies of the FBG

Family Nutrition

ii. Technology Adoption iii. Crop Management iv. Post-Harvest Technology & Value Addition v. Landscaping & Housekeeping

i. Family Nutrition

o for “ Vertical Cultivation Structures” in maximizing Low/No-Spaces of homesteads Select Nutritional & Favorite Crops / Livestock (Vegetables,Fruits,Flowers,Yams,Spices,Her bs) Place priority for simplicity and (Chicken, Quails, Turkey, Rabbit, Fish) creativity

Cultivation Towers

Low/No Space Agricultural Techniques CULTIVATION STRUCTURES
Cultivation Bags Cultivation Bottles Cultivation Racks

(Hanging & Standing) Cultivation Tat Cultivation Frame Cultivation Ladder Cultivation Net Cultivation Umbrella

Cultivation Arch Cultivation Pyramid Cultivation Fence Cultivation Antenna

Cultivation Cage

Cultivation Tripod

Cultivation Bangle

Cultivation Canoe

Cultivation Key

Cultivation Lantern Portable Cultivation Tower Cultivation Twigs

Cultivation Holder

Cultivation Envelope

Cultivation Shells l

Cultivation Trolley

Edible Air-scape

Cultivation Cradle

This component helps to improve dietary

ii .Technology Adoption

Consider available Members & Money

Select recommended / new crops / livestock / systems
 

Prepare for future market forces

and get ready to work in groups/networks

Bottle Irrigation

Simple Drips

Rain Water Harvesting

Water-Wise Gardening

This component promotes diversity in

iii . Crop Management

Management of Soil / Water / Pests / Light or Shade / Waste

Recycling of plant Nutrients

Integrated Pest Management / Integrated farming Practices

Application of different crop and livestock management systems

This component helps to upkeep physical

iv. Post-Harvest Technology & Value Addition

Concern of quality than quantity

Produce & product diversification to match consumer demands

Concentration of marketing standards / regulations / Laws /Acts

Micro-agro entrepreneurship development for additional income

This component injects diversity for

v. Landscaping & House Keeping

onsider physical as well as mental health romotion along with edible Land / r-scaping & home management principles Application of gender equality / women issues into micro agroentrepreneurship : go for the  Think of future development of “Business Plans” in FBG entrepreneurship

Edible gardening from front to back of the homestead in an organized manner

This component upkeeps the mental

Impact of the FBG




National Goal contributions (i.e., Urban Green Chili production) & International participation

Concept applications by the Private Sector at National & International Contexts

he Sri Lankan National Policy for Urban Agriculture after FBG initiatives • Statement -29 (2003) Implement a special urban agriculture promotion program designed to ensure supply of home consumption needs and environmental protection.

• Statement -17 (2007) 17.1 Promote home-gardening and urban agriculture to enhance household nutrition and income 17.2 Promote women’s participation in home-gardening.

• • • • • • •

2. School gardens 3. Home-gardens of school children 4. Gardens & model farms in office premises 5.Gardens in security forces camps 6. Private home-gardens of state officials 7. Gardens in office premises of the privateinstitutions • 8. Home-gardens of public representatives

Promotion of Home Gardening - 2007 (Let us Cultivate to Uplift the 1. Rural & urban home-gardens Nation)

Urban – Rural Continuum

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

How FBG is friendly with Rural Folks To enjoy on water conservation adaptations so as to cultivate with
intensive management under resource poor conditions To cultivate in the dry season (i.e., Yala) in order to continue income generation & food security for better livelihoods To escape from stray and/or wild animal damages with minimal protection measures To raise the levels of fruit and vegetable cultivations among the rural populations in minimizing nutritional drawbacks To reduce rural-urban migration of youth while practicing low labour agricultural production systems.

Sub-urban situations close to Municipalities

Sub-urban situations away from Municipalities

CULTIVATION STRUCTURES DEVELOPED TODATE under Low/No Space Agricultural Techniques through the Knowledge Management process of the Concept of the FBG
Cultivation structures mainly developed for land-space utilization 1) Cultivation Tower Cultivation Frame 4) Cultivation Wall Cultivation Bangle 7) Cultivation Mat Cultivation Cage 10) Cultivation Consortium Spool 2) Cultivation Pyramid 5) Cultivation Arch 8) Cultivation Umbrella 11) Cultivation Envelope 3) 6) 9) 12) Cultivation

Cultivation structures mainly developed for building-space utilization 1) Cultivation Tat 2) Cultivation Ladder 3) Cultivation Rack 4) Cultivation Tripod 5) Cultivation Net 6) Cultivation Trolley 7) Cultivation Cradle 8) Cultivation Holder 9) Cultivation Bag (Standing) 10) Cultivation Shell 11) Cultivation Twig 12) Portable

Inventor & Facilitator of the Concept of the FBG

Dr. Thilak T. Ranasinghe Consultant / Advisor Urban Agriculture / Rural Livelihoods
[Former Director of Agriculture (Western Province, Sri Lanka) :1991-2007] (Retired Class I Officer of the Sri Lanka Agriculture Service)

18, Senanayake Road, Issadeen Town, Matara, SRI LANKA

Tel:- +94 774 907 047, +94 412 222 462 E-Mail:-
15th November, 2008

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