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MCQs OF Plant Transportation

NUTRITION AND TRANSPORT IN PLANTS QUIZ
NAME: ____________________________________________
_____1. The main advantage of hydroponics in nutrient research is that
a) it excludes hydrogen ions.
b) it is simply a "cleaner" experimental system without any "dirt" involved.
c) in water, the plant does not need and other molecules beyond carbon dioxide.
d) plant growth can be maximized since the minimal supply of water is never a problem.
e) nutrient measurements can be made accurately because in a liquid solution they are not isolated in soil
a few millimeters away from a root hair.
_____2. Which element is Not one of the three most common ones in plants?
a) oxygen b) sulfur c) carbon d) hydrogen
_____3. Which statement is Not true about mineral availability?
a) Acidic water leaches minerals from the soil zone where plants can absorb them.
b) Toxic iron and aluminum levels may by produced in highly basic soil.
c) Clay and organic materials attract positively charged ions in a soil.
d) Roots must be within a few millimeters of minerals to be able to absorb them.
_____4. Soil formation is due to
a) decomposition of organic matter.
b) weathering or transport of bedrock.
c) activity of animals such as earthworms.
d) All of the above change the nature of soil.
_____5. Soil consists of
a) a mixture of soil particles of different sizes.
b) both living organisms and decaying organic material.
c) air.
d) All of these are components that define soil.
_____6. Which is an Incorrect association of soil particles and characteristics?
a) Sand - largest size, cannot hold water.
b) Clay - medium size, intermediate properties.
c) Loam - medium size, retains water and nutrients and allows drainage.
d) Silt - medium size, intermediate properties.
_____7. Which is a Correct relationship between soil particles and leaching of soil ions?
a) Clay particles hold tight to NO3- and the nitrogen content of clay soils is therefore high.
b) Clay is unable to retain Ca2+ and K+ which are easily leached away.
c) Clay holds water and clumps.
d) Sand prevents water erosion and leaching.
_____8. Which is an Incorrect description of the layers in soil?
a) The C horizon is newly weathered bedrock.
b) The B horizon contains the soluble chemicals leached from the A horizon.
c) The A horizon is the rich topsoil and contains all the humus and soluble chemicals.
d) Earthworms and leaf litter are most prevalent in the A horizon.
e) The A horizon is more shallow in forests than in grasslands.

including orchids. _____12. _____14. b) Water enters the cytoplasm of the root hairs by active transport. b) does not have roots but absorbs nutrients from the air. _____17. therefore we will one day run out of topsoil due to erosion. An epiphyte is a plant that a) is not able to carry out photosynthesis. The point at which water present in the soil is not available to roots because it is too tightly held by soil particles is called the ____ point. a) permanent wilting b) field capacity . b) The field capacity is the water remaining in soil after drainage. c) Some plants. e) a tree is killed by interrupting the passage of xylem sap. so there is an overall balance just as worldwide precipitation equals evaporation. Which of these is most likely to be produced by the plant in usable amounts? a) minerals b) water c) oxygen d) carbon dioxide _____16. b) allows the entry of all minerals equally. require the presence of fungal symbionts to survive. d) has a relationship with nitrogen-fixing bacteria on its roots. c) plants carry nutrients downward. producing available nitrogen that the plant uses. _____13. Which statement is Not true about root adaptations in plants? a) Some plants have a very poorly developed roots or none at all. c) actively transports some mineral ions into the cell. e) Bacteria of the genus Rhizobium live in root nodules in legumes. d) Parasitic plants have root adaptations called haustoria that draw nutrients from the host. c) soil is eroding faster than it is being formed on about one-third of all cropland. The plasma membrane of plant cells a) actively transport water into the cell. Which statement is Not true about water availability in soil? a) Sand has smaller soil pores than those of clay. The degree of erosion is best described as a) there is a set amount of soil that was originally formed and erosion continually removes some of it. c) Water travels by diffusion through the cell walls of the epidermis and cortex. c) has a relationship with mycorrhizal fungi on its roots. it is just not evenly spread across the landscape. d) a tree is killed by interrupting the passage of phloem sap. c) The field capacity of sand is lower than that of clay. b) plants carry nutrients upward. _____10. Girdling is a process by which a) plants carry water upward. _____11. d) Water must enter the cytoplasm of the endodermal cells to get past the Casparian strip. d) concentrates minerals up to 100 times as much as in the soil. Which statement is Not true about water uptake in a plant root? a) Water enters the root by osmosis from the soil. _____15._____9. b) Soil forms at generally the same rate as soil erodes. d) Available water is that which can be taken up from the soil by plant roots. b) Fungal mycorrhizae depend on plants for the fungus's supply of water and minerals. d) removal of trees helps build up topsoil and prevent erosion.

c) Pressure is created in the phloem by the buildup of water and sugar. Which statement is Not true about the pressure-flow model of phloem transport? a) Water is actively transported into phloem. because it is intermediate between sand and clay in size. e) Stomates open and close on a daily basis. . c) Guard cells take up potassium ions and water enters the guard cells. since it has the greatest pore spaces.c) available water d) unavailable water e) water failure _____18. d) loam. Which force is the central causative agent of the cohesion-tension model of xylem transport? a) water stress b) atmospheric pressure c) root pressure d) guttation e) transpiration _____26.Which force pushes water into the xylem as osmosis moves water into the root? a) water stress b) atmospheric pressure c) root pressure d) guttation e) transpiration _____25. b) clay. If you cut a herbaceous stem and observe fluids continually seeping upward and out of the cut. Which statement is Not true about stomates? a) As guard cells become turgid. it is most likely to be due to a) root pressure b) turgor pressure c) active transport by phloem d) tension caused by transpiration e) cohesion to the xylem walls _____19. e) All sizes of soil particles (sand. b) Phloem sap moves at a rate of 60 to 300 cm per hour. even if kept in the dark. the best soil for agricultural plants is a) sand. _____27. Which force is responsible for moving water up to the tops of the tallest trees? a) water stress b) atmospheric pressure c) root pressure d) guttation e) transpiration _____24. c) silt. b) There are two guard cells around each stomate. Most minerals move into the xylem of the root's vascular cylinder from the endoderm by a) active transport b) osmosis c) movement against a concentration gradient d) movement down a concentration gradient _____22. on a circadian rhythm. The main component of phloem is a) hormones b) amino acids c) sucrose d) glucose e) lipids _____28. rainfall makes very large droplets that roll around on the hood. since it holds onto water better than silt or sand. d) Guard cells surrounding stomates lack chloroplasts that other epidermal cells contain. Which term describes forcing water out of the plant at the edges of its leaves? a) water stress b) atmospheric pressure c) root pressure d) guttation e) transpiration _____23. silt. This property of the water molecule is known as a) adhesion b) turgor pressure c) cohesion d) transpiration e) negative pressure potential _____21. Because most roots need gaseous oxygen as well as liquid water. When you have waxed your car. a mixture of all size soil particles and therefore able to hold onto water but be porous. _____20. clay) are equal in soil properties. the stomates open.

d) Only a small core is tapped. e) All of the above are correct. Which of the following is primarily responsible for this? a) capillary action b) osmosis c) transpiration d) root pressure e) respiration _____38. _____30. This hormone is known for assisting in the closing of the stomata. you notice an increase in turgidity of the plant's leaves. The transport of sugar from the leaf to the rest of the plant is called a) translocation b) osmosis c) active transport d) transpiration _____32. taking sap continuously from a substantial radius could eventually kill part of the tree. Guttation is the loss of water through the a) stomata b) cells at the ends of veins in leaves c) root hairs d) weak spots in the Casparian strip e) vascular cambium _____36. A leafy plant experiences a heavy rainfall. e) cooling of body surfaces during evaporation. Which of the following would be true of this process? a) Leaves are the ultimate origin of the sucrose component. b) Cohesion accounts for the attraction between water and the vessel walls. d) lakes not freezing from the top down. To secure genuine maple syrup. c) Root pressure is a significant force in driving water up a stem. _____37.d) Sugar produced by photosynthesis is actively transported into the phloem cells. The loss of water by the leaves and stem of a plant is called a) translocation b) osmosis c) active transport d) transpiration _____31. Which of the following statements is not true concerning the cohesion-tension theory of water movement in plants? a) Adhesion accounts for the attraction between water molecules. b) The sap flows out with some pressure from the phloem tube. . The process of cohesion is responsible for a) leaves pulling water up from their roots. c) The water component originated from soil water absorbed by root hairs. maple tree trunks are "tapped" with metal spigots that interrupt the flow of sap in late winter prior to spring budding. The driving force for transpiration is provided by a) water pressure in the roots b) water tension in the stems c) the evaporation of water from the leaves d) the hydrolysis of ATP _____33. d) Companion cells help xylem regulate the passage of water and minerals. e) Sugar is actively transported out of the phloem at the sink area such as the root. Several hours latter. _____29. What causes water molecules to stick together and pull each other up a plant stem? a) adhesion b) cohesion c) phloem d) companion cells _____34. e) All of the above are not true. c) the stability of temperature of organisms. and inhibition of cell growth a) abscisic acid b) auxin c) cytokinin d) ethylene e) gibberellin _____35. b) the diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane.

Which of the following is Most responsible for the movement of water up a tall tree? a) adhesion b) capillary action c) guttation d) osmosis e) sun light _____40. fluid from the plant tissues passes entirely through the digestive track of the aphid and emerges as a small droplet at it posterior end. The source of this liquid is probably a) epidermal cells b) phloem cells c) tracheids d) vessels e) xylem cells . Aphids are insects that insert their needle like mouth parts into plants. The rate of flow of water through the xylem is regulated by a) passive transport by the pith b) the force of transpirational pull c) the number of companion cells in the phloem d) active transport by the sieve-tube members e) active transport by tracheids and vessel elements _____42. Sometimes._____39. The driving force for the movement of materials in the phloem of plants is a) gravity b) a difference in osmotic potential between the source and sink c) root pressure d) transpiration of water through the stomates e) adhesion of water to vessel elements _____41.