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Soal Remedial Fisika No.

3 Tahun 2008/2009

Diketahui :

C1 = 5µF
5
C2 = µF
3
C 3 = 5µF
C 4 = 5µF
C 5 = 5µF
V AD = 10ν

Tentukan :
a. Tegangan jepit masing-masing
b. Muatan pada setiap kapasitor
c. Energi potensial masing-masing kapasitor
Jawab :

C P = C 4 +C 5
= 5µF + 5µF
= 10 μF
1 1 1
= +
CS C3 C P
1 1 2 1 3
= + = + =
5 10 10 10 10
10
CS = µF
3

C P' = C2 + CS
5 10 15
= + = = 5µF
3 3 3

1 1 1
= +
CT C1 C P '
1 1 2
= + =
5 5 5
5
Ct = µF
2

Q1 = QT =VT .CT
5
=10 . = 25 µC = QP '
2
Q1 25 µC
V1 = = = 5ν
C1 5µF
QP ' 25
VP ' = = = 5ν
C P' 5
V P ' = V2 = VS = 5ν

5 25
Q2 = V2 .C 2 = 5. = µC
3 3

10 50
QS =V S .C S = 5. = µC
3 3
50
QS = Q3 = µC
3
50
Q3 50 10
V3 = = 3 = = ν
C3 5 15 3

50
QP 50 5
VP = = 3 = = ν
CP 10 30 3
5
V P = V4 = V5 = ν
3

5 25
Q4 = V4 .C 4 = .5 = µC
3 3
5 25
Q5 = V5 .C 5 = .5 = µC
3 3

1
Wn = .Qn .Vn
2
1
W1 = .25 x10 −6.5 = 6,25 x10 −5 J
2

1 25
W2 = . x10 −6.5 = 2,08 x10 −5 J
2 3

1 50 10
W3 = . x10 −6. = 2,78 x10 −6 J
2 3 3

1 25 5
W4 =W5 = . x10 −6. = 6,94 x10 −6 J
2 3 3