ُ ﱠ ُ ﺮﺋﺎَ ﻤﱠﻀﻟا

The Arabic Pronouns
ﺮِ
The Arabic Pronouns
(The Arabic Pronouns) (The Arabic Pronouns)
Designed and compiled by the one in need of Allah’s pardon
Aboo ‘Imraan ‘Abdus-Saboor bin Tomas Maldonado al-Mekseekee
-may Allah forgive him, his family, and all of the Muslims-
First Edition
Copyright © 2008 py g
(PDF Conversion: Umm Kutubah Samia al-Garland)
[Permission is granted to all who wish to print this document for public or private use without the consent of
the compiler under the grounds that such printing be done solely for educational purposes without any desire
for monetary profit or gains.]
Introduction
The following is a reference chart of the Arabic Pronouns. I wanted to compile something brief yet
concise for my family to benefit from during their Arabic studies. I based this off some of the well known
texts such as al-Aajurroomiyyah, Qatar-un-Nadaa, and Mulhat-ul-’Iraab and then simplified it using visual
charts charts.
After thorough study of this chart you will have the ability to know and understand how the Arabic
pronoun works within the language. I ask that all who find benefit from this chart to make Duaa’ for me
d k All h t f i d t i i k l d id d t i d d H i and ask Allah to forgive me, and to increase me in knowledge, guidance, and sustenance, indeed He is
the Noble, the Generous.
Your brother in Islaam, the weak one,
Ab ‘I l M k k Aboo ‘Imraan al-Mekseekee
The Arabic language has twelve personal pronouns divided into three categories; 1
st
Person, 2
nd
Person,
and 3
rd
Person. They are considered nouns and stand alone:
ُ ﺔَ ﻠِ ﺼَ ﻔْ ﻨُ ﻤﻟا ُ ﺮِ ﺋﺎَ ﻤﱠ ﻀﻟا
ُ ﻢِّ ﻠَ ﻜَ ﺘُ ﻤﻟا
ُ ﺐِ ﺋﺎَ ﻐﻟا ُ ﺐَ ﻃﺎَ ﺨُ ﻤﻟا
2
nd
Person 3
rd
Person
َ ﺖْ ﻧأ
َﻮُه
1
st
Person
(the one who speaks)
(the one addressed) (one who is absent)
You
(male)
He
3
8
ﺎَ ﻧأ
ِ ﺖْ ﻧأ
ﻮه
َ ﻲِ ه
I
You
(female)
You (two)
He
She, Her
1 4
8
9
ﺎَ ﻤُ ﺘْ ﻧأ
ْﻢُﺘْﻧأ
ﺎَ ﻤُ ه
You (two)
male or
female
You all
(male
Those two
(male or
female)
5
6
10
ُ ﻦْ ﺤَ ﻧ
ﻢﺘﻧأ
ﱠﻦُ ﺘْ ﻧأ
ْ ﻢُ ه
ﱠ ﻦُه
We
(male
plural)
You all
(female
l l)
They
(male)
They
(f l )
2
6
7
11
12
ﻦه
plural)
(female)
1
Here are several examples showing how the pronouns are used in a sentence:
ٌ ﻢِ ﻠْ ﺴُ ﻣ َ نْ ﻮُ ﻤِ ﻠْ ﺴُ ﻣ ﺎَ ﻧأ
I am a Muslim.
ُ ﻦْ ﺤَ ﻧ
We are Muslims.
ِ نﺎَ ﻤِ ﻠْ ﺴُ ﻣ َ ﺖْ ﻧأ ﺎَ ﻤُ ﺘْ ﻧأ ْ ﻢُ ﺘْ ﻧأ ٌ ﻢِ ﻠْ ﺴُ ﻣ َ نْ ﻮُ ﻤِ ﻠْ ﺴُ ﻣ
You are a Muslim. (male) You both are Muslims. (male) You all are Muslims. (male)
ٌ ﺔَ ﻤِ ﻠْ ﺴُ ﻣ ٌ تﺎَ ﻤِ ﻠْ ﺴُ ﻣ ِ نﺎَ ﺘَ ﻤِ ﻠْ ﺴُ ﻣ ِ ﺖْ ﻧأ ﱠﻦُ ﺘْ ﻧأ ﺎَ ﻤُ ﺘْ ﻧأ
You are a Muslim. (female) You both are Muslims. (female) You all are Muslims. (female)
َ ﻮُ ه ﺎَ ﻤُ ه ْ ﻢُ ه ٌ ﻢِ ﻠْ ﺴُ ﻣ ِ نﺎَ ﻤِ ﻠْ ﺴُ ﻣ َ نْ ﻮُ ﻤِ ﻠْ ﺴُ ﻣ
He is a Muslim. Those two are Muslims. (male) They are Muslims. (male)
َ ﻲِ ه ﱠﻦُ ه ﺎَ ﻤُ ه ٌ ﺔَ ﻤِ ﻠْ ﺴُ ﻣ ِ نﺎَ ﺘَ ﻤِ ﻠْ ﺴُ ﻣ ٌ تﺎَ ﻤِ ﻠْ ﺴُ ﻣ
He is a Muslim. Those two are Muslims. (male) They are Muslims. (male)
She is a Muslim. Those two are Muslims. (female) They are Muslims. (female)
2
The Arabic languages has twelve other personal pronouns. They are considered possessive but do not
stand alone. They have to be attached to a noun, verb, or particle:
ُ ﺔَ ﻠِ ﺼﱠ ﺘُ ﻤﻟا ُ ﺮِ ﺋﺎَ ﻤﱠ ﻀﻟا
َ ك
You (said to a
male) ُ ﻩ
His 3 8
ِ ك
You (said to a
female) ﺎَ ه
Hers
ﻲـــ
Me, Mine, My
1
4 9
ﺎَ ﻤُ آ
You both (said to
two males or
females)
ﺎَ ﻤُ ه
Them two
(male or
female)
ﻲِ ﻧ
Me
1 5 10
ْﻢُ آ
females)
You all (said to
a group of
males)
ْﻢُ ه
)
Them
(males)

6 11
ﱠﻦُ آ

males)
You all (said to
a group of
ﱠﻦُ ه

( )
Them
(females)
ﺎَ ﻧ
Ours, Us
2
7 12

females)
ﻦ (females)
3
Here are some examples when the possessive pronoun is attached to the noun:
ُ ﺑﺎَ ﺘِ آ َ ﻚ
َ ك
ُ ﺑﺎَ ﺘِ آ ُ ﻪ
ُ ﻩ
ُ بﺎَ ﺘِ آ
Book (noun)
ُﺑﺎَ ﺘِ آ ِ ﻚ
ك
Your Book.
ُﺑﺎَ ﺘِ آ ﺎَﻬ
ﺎَه
His Book.
Book (noun)
{note the Tanween
has been removed.}
ي
ِ ﺑﺎَ ﺘِ آ ﻲ
ُﺎَﺘآ ﺎَ ُ ﻜ
ِك
Your Book.

ُﺎَﺘآ ﺎَ ُ
ﺎه
Her Book.
ي
My Book.
ُ ﺑﺎﺘِآ ﺎﻤُ ﻜ
ﺎَ ﻤُ آ
Your Book.
ُ ﺑﺎﺘِآ ﺎﻤُﻬ
ﺎَ ﻤُ ه
Their Book.
ﺎَ ﻧ
ُ ﺑﺎَ ﺘِ آ ﺎَ ﻨ
ُ ﺑﺎَ ﺘِ آ ْ ﻢُ ﻜ
ْ ﻢُ آ
ُ ﺑﺎَ ﺘِ آ ْ ﻢُ ﻬ
ْ ﻢُ ه
Our Book.
ُﺑﺎَ ﺘِ آ ّ َﻦُ ﻜ
ﱠﻦُآ
Your Book.
ُﺑﺎَ ﺘِ آ ﱠﻦُﻬ
ﱠﻦُه
Their Book.

ﻦآ
Your Book.
ﻦﻬ
ﻦه
Their Book.
ﻢْ ﺳإ
4
Here are some examples when the possessive pronoun is attached to the verb. Keep in mind that this is the past tense
male conjugation doing the action on the possessive pronoun:
َ ﺑَ ﺮَ ﺿ َ ﻚ َ ﺑَ ﺮَ ﺿ ُ ﻪ
He hit you (to a male)
َ ك ُ ﻩ
He hit him
َ بَ ﺮَ ﺿ
He hit.
َﺑَ ﺮَﺿ ِ ﻚ
َ ﺑَ ﺮَ ﺿ ﺎَ ﻬ
He hit you. (to a male)
ك
He hit him.
ﺎَه
(verb)
َﺑَ ﺮَﺿ ﻲِ ﻨ
ََ َ ﺎَ ُ ﻜ ََ َ ﺎَ ُ
ﻲِ ﻧ
He hit you. (to a female)
ِك ﺎه
He hit her.
ﺑﺮﺿ ﺎﻤُ ﻜ ﺑﺮﺿ ﺎﻤُ ﻬ
He hit me.
ﺎَ ﻤُ آ
He hit you both. (to male or
female)
ﺎَ ﻤُ ه
He hit them both.
َ ﻨَ ﺑَ ﺮَ ﺿ ﺎ
َ ﺑَ ﺮَ ﺿ ْ ﻢُ ﻜ
َ ﺑَ ﺮَ ﺿ ْ ﻢُ ﻬ
ﺎَ ﻧ
ْﻢُ آ
He hit you all. (to a group
ْﻢُ ه
H hit th
َ ﺑَ ﺮَ ﺿ ﱠﻦُ ﻜ َ ﺑَ ﺮَ ﺿ ﱠﻦُ ﻬ
He hit us.

y g
of males)
ﱠﻦُآ

He hit them.
ﱠﻦُه ﻦآ
He hit you all. (to a group
of females)
He hit them.
ﻦه
ﻞْ ﻌِ ﻓ
5
Here are some examples when the possessive pronoun is attached to one of the particles:
ْ ﻦِ ﻣ
From
ْ ﻨِ ﻣ َ ﻚ
َ ك
From you (male)
ْ ﻨِ ﻣ ُ ﻪ
ُ ﻩ
From him
(particle)

From you. (male)
ْﻨِ ﻣ ِ ﻚ
ك
From him.
ْ ﻨِ ﻣ ﺎَ ﻬ
ﺎَه
ِﻣ ﻲﱢ ﻨ
ﻲِ ﻧ
ِك
From you. (female)
ْ ﺎَ ُ ﻜ
ﺎه
From her.
ْ ﺎَ ُ
From me.
ْ ﻨِ ﻣ ﺎﻤُ ﻜ
ﺎَ ﻤُ آ
From you both. (male or
female)
ْ ﻨِ ﻣ ﺎﻤُﻬ
ﺎَ ﻤُ ه
From them both.
ِ ﻣ ﺎﱠ ﻨ
ﺎَ ﻧ
ْ ﻨِ ﻣ ْ ﻢُ ﻜ
ْﻢُ آ
From you all. ( a group of
ْ ﻨِ ﻣ ْ ﻢُ ﻬ
ْﻢُ ه
F th
From us.

y g
males)
ْ ﻨِ ﻣ ﱠﻦُ ﻜ
ﱠﻦُآ

From them.
ْ ﻨِ ﻣ ﱠﻦُ ﻬ
ﱠﻦُه
فْ ﺮَ ﺣ
ﻦآ
From you all. (group of
females)
From them.
ﻦه
6
End of Publication with
the Assistance of Allah
Most High
Daar-ul-Kutub Publications Copyright © 2008
Daar-ul-Kutub Publications: Encouraging the Muslim Community to learn the language of the Quraan

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