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2009 fkdjeïn¾ ui

01 jeks od bßod 12
wd¾Ólh
foaYfm%u
a h" fm!oa.,sl wxYh iy
uyskoa Ñka;kfha wjq,
fm!oa . ,s l wxYfha l% s h dldÍ;a j h wd¾Ólhg iïnka O lr
fkdf.k f,dalfha lsisu rglg meje;sh fkdyel' iudcjd§ l|jqf¾
rgj,a mjd wo fm!oa.,sl wxYfha l%shdldÍ;ajhg by, jákdlïla §
we;' 1977ka miqj wm rgo fm!oa.,sl wxYfha l%shdldß;ajhg jeä
nrla ;nk ,È' kuq;a fm!oa.,sl wxYfha l%shdldÍ;ajh ;ju;a wm
iudcfha we;uqkag wñysß jpkhls' j;auka rcfha m%Odk kHdh m;%h
jk uyskao Ñka;kfha fm!oa.,sl wxYfha bÈß j¾Okhg bjy,a jk
lsisÿ m%;sm;a;suh ldrKhla wvx.= fkdfõ' ta fjkqjg i|yka jkafka
ckm%sh foaYmd,k l:dh' ckm%sh foaYmd,k ;SrK .ekSu wjYH jqj;a
ta yd iu.dój rgg M,odhS m%;sm;a;suh ;SrK .ekSuo jeo.;ah'
j;auka wdKavqj fm!oa.,slrKh k;r lr oud we;' ta fjkqjg
fm!oa.,slrKh lrkq ,enQ rdcH wdh;k úúO l%u u.ska kej;;a
rcfha mßmd,khg hg;alr .kq ±lsh yelsh' Y%S ,xlka .=jka iud.u"
Y%S ,xld rlaIK iud.u wdikak fukau m%Odk WodyrK folh'
wdKavqfõ fuu ms<sfj; foaYysff;IS hehs flfkl=g ;¾l lsÍug
mq¿jk' tfy;a wdKavqfõ fuu uqrKavq l%shd ms<sfj; u.ska imhk
ix{dj jkafka" rfÜ fm!oa.,sl wxYfha wfhdackhka wffO¾h lrkq
,eîuh' fm!oa.,slrKh lrkq ,enQ wdh;k iïnkaOfhka mj;sk
.súiqï ys hï ÿ¾j,;d mj;skafka kï j;auka wdKavqj l< hq;af;a
tajd ksjerÈ lsÍuh' kuq;a uyskao Ñka;kfha tjekakla i|yka fkdfõ'
rdcH wxYhg wdh;khka kej; m;alr .ekSfuka fm!oa.,slrKh
hgf;a f.dv k`.d.;a ld¾HlaIu;djh r|jd.; fkdyelsh' isÿjkafka
kej;;a tjd wld¾HlaIu wdh;k njg m;aùu muKs'
wdKavqjla rdcH wdh;k fm!oa.,slrKh lsÍfï§ fm!oa.,sl
wxYhg ksYaÑ; b,lal ,ndÈh hq;=h' WodyrK jYfhka" fldßhdkq
rch fojk f,dal hqoaOfhka miqj jdfka l¾udka;hg msúfikafka
f,dal nexl=j mjd wOdr fkdlrk ;;ajhla hgf;ah' fojk f,dal
hqoaOfha§ fldßhdjg ,enqKq jkaÈ uqo,a fhdojkq ,enQfha jdfka
ld¾udka;h wdrïN lsÍugh' rdcH wdh;khla jYfhka meje;s fuu
jfka l¾udka;h miqj fm!oa.,slrKh lrkq ,eîh' tys§ fm!oa.,sl
wxYh Wmhk ,dN tajd wksis wdldrfhka ráka msg;g f.k hdug
bv ÿkafka ke;' fldßhka rch úiska fm!oa.,sl wxYhg fldkafoais
mekùh' tkï ,dNfhka fldgila fldßhdfõu ksYaÑ; wd¾Ól
Wjukdjka bIaGjk wdldrfhka kej; wdfhdackh lsÍugh' uyskao
rdcmlaI wdKavqjo BKshd foaYfm%añ rdcH wd¾Ólhla ìys lsÍfï igka
mdGj,g uQjdù ck;dj /jeÜgùug jvd l<hq;= jkafka" fm!oa.,sl
wxYh ksYaÑ; b,lalj,g fhduq lsÍug lghq;= lsÍu;a" ta ;=<
fm!oa.,sl wxYfha odhl;ajh wd¾Ólhg mq¿,a f,i ,nd .ekSu;ah'
ta wdldrfha ¥ro¾Ys ±laula uyskao Ñka;kfha i|yka jkafka
ke;' úfoaY wdfhdaclhska rgg meñfKkafka fyda rg ;=< isák
wfhdaclhska ;Skaÿ ;SrK .kafka idOl /ila iu`.h' tkï wd¾Ól
ia : dhs ; djh" foa Y md,k ia : dhs ; djh" fuka u fm!oa . ,s l wxYfha
l%shdldÍ;ajhg rch ,ndfok m%;sm;a;suh odhl;ajh jeks lreKq
u;h' kuq;a uyskao Ñka;kfha tjeks meyeÈ,s;djhla olakg ke;'
fï .ek i|ykla f,dal nexl=j Y%S ,xldj iïnkaOfhka bÈßm;a
lrk jd¾;djl ±lafõ' f,dal nexl=j 2008 cQ,s 24 jk Èk ksl=;a
lrk Y%S ,xld( rdcH l%fudamdh ^2009 - 2012& jd¾;dfõ 23 jk msgqfõ"
wxl 28 j.ka;sfha fï nj ±lafõ' uyskao Ñka;k m%;sm;a;s m%ldYh
rdcH wdh;kj, jHqyd;aul m%;sixialrKhka isÿlsÍfï jevms<sfj<
wmyeÈ,s nj thska fmkajd § we;' tu jd¾;dj olajk lreK
thdldrfhkau Wmqgd ±laùu jeo.;ah' zz rdcH yd fm!oa.,sl wxYfha
yjq,aldÍ;ajh Wfoid hym;a kS;suh rduqjla ia:dms; lsÍu" wkuH
lïlre kS;s kùlrKh lsÍu iy Wiia wOHdmkh Wfoid fm!oa.,sl
wxYfha odhl;ajh jv;a ,nd.ekSu ms<sn|j uyskao Ñka;k m%ldYfha
i|ykaj we;;a ta i|yd .kq ,nk l%shdud¾." tajd l%shd;aul lrkafka
flfiao hkak iy tajdfha idfmalaI jeo.;alu meyeÈ,sj olajd we;s
njla fkdmfka'ZZ
f,dal nexl= m%ldYh jeo.;ah' thska ms<sìUq jkafka" uyskao
Ñka;kh hkq meyeÈ,s jevms<sj,la fkdjk njg cd;Hka;rfha mj;sk
u;hhs' uyskao rdcmlaI uy;d ckdêm;s OQrg m;aùug fmr ck;dj
bÈßfha ;nk fuu foaYmd,k ,shú,af,a ÈhqKq wd¾Ól úoHd;aul
yrhla ke;s njh' rgla id¾:l wd¾Ól m%;sm;a;s ud,djla bÈßm;a
lsßfï§ tu m%;sm;a;s ud,dj f.dvke.sh hq;= úêl%u we;" kHdh
O¾uhka we;' tajd m%dfhda.sl fukau M,odhs úhhq;=h' uyskao Ñka;k
,shú,a, W.ig ;nd jir 4la fïjk úg wdKavqlr we;;a tjeks
wd¾Ól m%;sm;a;s f.dvk`.d fm!oa.,sl wxYh fldhs wdldrfhka
wd¾Ólhg odhllr .ka f ka o hka k meyeÈ,s ls Í ug wdKa v q j
wfmdfydi;a ù we;'
f,dal nexl= m%ldYfha jeo.;a woyila biau;= lr olajd we;'
tkï Wiia wOHdmkh Wfoid fm!oa.,sl wxYfha odhl;ajh ,nd.ekSu
olajd we;;a" ta i|yd .kq ,nk l%shdud¾. iïnkaOfhka lreKq
meyeÈ,s ke;s njh' Wiia wOHdmkh i|yd fm!oa.,sl wxYfha
odhl;ajh ,nd.ekSfï úYd, yelshdjla we;s rgla jYfhka wm thska
bj;aj isàu lK.dgqjg lrKls' iudcjd§ l|jqf¾ rgj, mjd wojk
úg fm!oa.,sl wxYh Wiia wOHmkh ,nd§ug iïnkaO lrf.k
we;' wo uyck Ökh fm!oa.,sl úYaj úoHd, wdrïN lsÍu w;ska
by, m%.;shla ,nñka isák rgls' kuq;a wm rfÜ tjekaklg bv
ke;af;a BKshd iudcjd§kaf.a Wjukdjka ksid;a" Tjqkaf.a lr msáka
f.dia md,k n,h ,nd.;a md,lhskaf.a ÿ¾j,;djhkq;a ksidh'
Y% S ,xldfõ Wiia fm< úNd.fhka Ôj úoHd wxYfhka
iu;ajkakkaa Èia;%sla moku u; úYaj úoHd,hg we;=,;a lr.ekSfï§"
by, ,l=Kq uÜgula ie,ls,a,g .kakd Èia;%slalfhka ffjoH mSGhg
f;dard .kakd isiqka msßi;a" wju ,l=Kq uÜgula ie,ls,a,g .kakd
Èia;%slalfhka ffjoH mSGhg f;dard.kakd isiqka msßi;a" w;r isiqka
2000lg muK iqÿiqlï we;;a" ffjoH mSGhg we;=,;aùug wjia:djla
,efnkafka ke;' tfia fkd,efnkafka" furg úYaj úoHd,j, ffjoH
mSGhkag n|jd .ekSug m%udKj;a myiqlï fkdue;s ksidh' fï ksid
isiqkaf.ka yelshdj we;s úYd, msßila úfoaY .;ù ffjoH úoHdj
yorkq ,nhs' fuys§ ráka .,df.k hkafka w;súYd, úfoaY úkquh
m%udKhls'
2007 j¾Yfha§ Wiia wOHmdkh i|yd úfoaY .;jQ ;u ore-
±ßhka i|yd furg foudmshka úiska úfoaY rgj,g hjd we;s uqo,a
m%udKh fvd,¾ ñ,shk 60la blaujhs' ì%;dkH ix.uh (The British
Council) lshk wdldrhg furáka ì%;dkHhg Wiia wOHmkh i|yd
hk m%udKh jd¾Yslj 25] - 30] w;r m%udKhlska jeäùula fmkajkq
,nhs' Y%S ,xldfõ fm!oa.,sl ffjoH úoHd, wdrïN lrkafka kï"
foaYSh isiqkag uqo,a f.jd thg we;=,;aùug wjia:dj Èhyelsh'
tfukau úfoaY isiqkag furg§ wOHdmkh ,eîug wjia:dj Èh yelsh'
ta ;=<ska úfoaY úkquh w;s úYd, m%udKhla furgg .,d tkq we;'
wdKavqjo ue;sjrK b,lal lr.;a foaYfm%añ;ajhla fmkajñka fuejeks
jeo.;a m%;sm;a;s .ekSfï lrKdj,ska u`.yer we;' wdKavqfõ m%Odk
kHdh m;%h jk uyskao Ñka;kh ;=, fm!oa.,sl wxYfha iyh jeo.;a
wd¾Ól ldrKd iïnkaOfhka ,nd .kafka flfiao hkak meyeÈ,s
ke;' f,dal nexl=j lshkafkao thhs'
ixj¾Okh jk rgla jYfhka wm l,amkd l, hq;= jkafka"
ixj¾Ok ld¾hfha§ fm!oa.,sl wxYh l%shdYS,sj iïnkaO lr.ekSuh'
wdKavqfõ ld¾hNdrh úhhq;af;a fm!oa.,sl wxYhg wd¾Ólh ;=<
l%shd;aulùug myiqlï iemhSuh' tfukau jeo.;a foh jkafka
fm!oa.,sl wxYhg bnd.df;a hdug bvfkd§" ksYaÑ; b,lal ,nd§"
tu b,lal fj; .uka lsÍug wkqn,§uh' kuq;a m%Yakh jkafka
uyskao rdcmlaI wdKavqjg tjeks meyeÈ,s m%;sm;a;s fkdue;s ùuh'
fm!oa.,sl wxYh wd¾Ólhg noaO lr.ekSu .ek uyskao Ñka;kfha
meyeÈ,s lsisÿ m%;sm;a;s ;SrKhla ±lafjkafka ke;' ta fjkqjg
±lafjkafka fm!oa.,sl wxYfha nÿ f.jkakg ;Sre nÿ rys; jdyk
myiqlï ,nd§u" wvq fmd<shg ksjdi Kh ,nd §u" jeks foaYmd,k
meje;aug fldgq jQ Pkao fmdfrdkaÿh' fujeks l%shd fm!oa.,sl wxYfha
odhl;a j h M,odhs f,i ,nd.; yels m% ; s m ;a ; s ;S r K fkdfõ'
fm!oa.,sl wxYfha wdh;k ysñlrejkaf.a iqLjHyrKh i|yd iy
fiajlhskaf.a iqNidOkh jeä lrk njg§ we;s Pkao fmdfrdkaÿ
hkq" rdcH yd fm!oa.,sl wxYfha yjq,aldÍ;ajhla f.dvke.Sfï
jevms<sfj< hehs is;Su ;rï wkqjKlula ;j;a ke;'

ir;a fyajf.a