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By: Justin, Elizabeth, Izzy, and Geoffrey

Definitions:

1) A polynomial function is an equation in two variables where all variables given are considered

real numbers. Polynomials are the sum of one or more monomials consisting of real coefficients

and non negative integer exponents. (Oregon) The right side of the equation consists of finite

number terms with non negative integer exponents on the variable x. On the left side of the

equation is function notation like f(x) or simply y. (Washington) The exponential function is

highest degree in value. This function is written with the variables arranged in descending order

of their power.

2) A polynomial function is an expression or equation constructed of variables on a linear plane.

3) A polynomial Function is a relationship between two or more independent variables, one

being x^z, and another being a, b, or c. Any curve can be solved with a polynomial function.

4)A polynomial is a monomial (an expression that is either a number, variable, or the product of

a number) or a sum of monomials, and each monomial is a term of the polynomial (Larson 1066,

1062).

2 Polynomial Functions

Skills Needed:

You see polynomials everywhere you just dont know it. These are not very complex they are

basically an expression or an equation. If you can work equations easily you are on the right

road. You should know how variables work in equations. You should know how to solve for

variables in equations and also substitute for the variable. Monomials, a big mathematical term

that most dont realize until they know what they are, are a very important part of polynomials

making every Term. Adding, Subtracting, Dividing, and Multiplying equations to find the

variable makes this much easier and is definitely helpful. The Quadratic Formula is necessary to

find x in hard situations.

Professions:

Animation and animators

Archaeologists

Astronomers

Biology

Cartographer/Cartography

Chemists

Economists

Engineers:

A. Aerospace engineers

B. Chemical engineers

C. Civil engineers

D. Electrical engineers

E. Environmental engineers

3 Polynomial Functions

F. Mechanical engineers

G. Industrial engineers

Meteorologists

Physicists

Polynomial functions in biology

Statisticians

Veterinarian

4 Polynomial Functions

Examples of How Professions use Polynomials:

1) A dog that weighs 45 pounds has a Urinary Tract Infection. He needs 7 mg/kg of

Trimethoprim Sulfa (an antibiotic). You would first have to divide the pounds by 2.2 to turn

them into kilos. That would give us the dogs weight which is 20.45kg. then we would have to

find how many mg the dog needs to have. The equation goes 7 mg/kg so xthen you

would work the ratio by multiplying 7 by 20.45 then dividing by one which leaves the number

the same. After that is done the equation goes xand that is how many mg the dog will

need of the antibiotic Trimethoprim Sulfa (Rottinghaus).

5 Polynomial Functions

2) A screenshot of how a polynomial is used to find height of an object fired into the air

from . Applications of Polynomials.

(Yokoyama, 323)

At the top there is a polynomial that Physicists use a lot of the time. Its located under

the small sentence at the top of the page. The equation shows how high an object goes with

height and velocity. This could be used to calculate how high a rocket might go. Along with

6 Polynomial Functions

that it also gives an example of how you could find the time that the item was in the air.

3) Bezier Curves

Bzier curves are used to outline movement in Adobe Flash and Synfig. The wanted path

is outlined using the equation . The

path of the animation is not the only thing affected by this equation. Things such as the

movement of different limbs can be affected by this function. Arms throwing an object is a good

example of how you would do this. You have to curve the arm forward, and then when the object

is released from the hand, it can either curve up then down, or go down. Without this function,

movement would not be able to be reached in an animation, making this a crucial equation in the

making of animated films and shows.

(Demidov)

4) Zernike Polynomials

Zernike polynomials are a sequence of polynomials that are orthogonal on the unit disk

(Zernike). They play an important role in beam optics. Gaussian Beam Optics

Odd:

Even:

M and N are non-negative numbers where N M

: Azimuth angle

Azimuth Angle: An example is the position of a star in the sky. The star is the point of interest,

the reference plane is the horizon or the surface of the sea, and the reference vector points north.

The azimuth is the angle between the north vector and the perpendicular projection of the star

7 Polynomial Functions

down onto the horizon.

(Zernike)

:

Within the restrictions:

8 Polynomial Functions

Work Cited

Demidov, Evgeny. "How to Teach "shark" to Swim." 3D Animated Models. Web. 23 Apr. 2013.

http://www.ibiblio.org/e-notes/VRML/Anim/Anim.html.

Demidov, Evgeny. "Bezier Spline Curves." 3D Animated Models. Web. 23 Apr. 2013.

http://www.ibiblio.org/e-notes/Splines/bezier.html.

Heal, Robert. Section_.. USU. Mar. .Web.

http://www.math.usu.edu/~rheal/online1050/Precalculus/Section_3.1.pdf

"Keyframe Animation." Lecture. Www.cc.gatech.edu. Georgia Tech. Web.

http://www.cc.gatech.edu/classes/AY2012/cs4496_spring/slides/Keyframe.pdf.

"Keyframe Animation." Lecture. Http://www.tcd.ie/. Trinity College Dublin. Web.

http://isg.cs.tcd.ie/cosulliv/IETAnimation/IET%20Keyframe%2011-12.pdf.

"Keyframing." Lecture. Stanford University. Web.

http://graphics.stanford.edu/courses/cs448-09-spring/keyframing.pdf.

Larson, Ron, Laurie Boswell, Timothy D. Kanold, Lee Stiff. Algebra 2. Evanston, IL: McDougal

Littell, 2001. Print.

Medical Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia.."Medical Dictionary. Web. 15 Apr. 2013.

http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Polynomial+function

Oregon State. "Polynomial Functions." Polynomial Functions. OSU. Web. 30 Apr. 2013.

http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/mth251/cq/FieldGuide/polynomial/lesson.html

Plant, Darrel. "The Math Behind the Bzier Curve." Bezier Curves: The Math. Moshofsky/Plant

Creative Services, 1996. Web. 26 Apr. 2013.

http://www.moshplant.com/direct-or/bezier/math.html.

9 Polynomial Functions

"Polynomials - Austin Community College - Start Here. Get There." - Polynomials.. Web. 13

Apr.

2013. http://www.austincc.edu/jthom/GraphsOfPolynomials.pdf

"Polynomial Function." Oregon State. Web. 11 Apr. 2013.

http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/mth251/cq/Glossary/gloss.poly.html.

"Polynomial function - definition of Polynomial function in the Medical dictionary - by the Free

Online

"polynomial function | planetmath.org."planetmath.org | Math for the people, by the people.

Web. 15

Apr. 2013. http://planetmath.org/polynomialfunction

Rottinghaus, Catherine. Personal Interview. 5 March. 2014.

Washington Mesa. "Graphs of Polynomials Functions. "Graphs of Polynomials Functions. Web.

17

Apr. 2013.

http://www.wtamu.edu/academic/anns/mps/math/mathlab/col_algebra/col_alg_tut35_polyfun.ht

ml.

White, Ron. "What Are Some Careers for Using Polynomials?" Work.Web. 14 Mar. 2014.

http://work.chron.com/careers-using-polynomials-26410.html

Yokoyama, Kevin. "Applications of Polynomials." Web. 7 Mar. 2014.

http://msemac.redwoods.edu/~kyokoyama/math106/Math380pdf/sect5-3.pdf

"Zernike Polynomials." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 18 Mar. 2014. Web. 19 Mar.

2014.

10 Polynomial Functions

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