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Lesson 4: Properties of Minerals
Warm ± Up:
What is one difference between a rock and a mineral?
Students will be able to« Use physical properties to identify minerals.
Notebook: Page 10 Mineral Property Notes
Minerals can be identified by their specific physical properties.
y y y y
Hardness = how easily the mineral can be scratched Luster = how the mineral reflects light Color Streak = color of the powder the mineral leaves behind when scratched Density = mass/volume Magnetism
Hardness is measured on a scale from 1 ± 10.
Very soft minerals can be scratched by a fingernail. Talc has a hardness of 1.
Diamond is the hardest mineral (hardness of 10) and can scratch glass.
Two main types: y Metallic ± shiny like metal
Non-metallic ± not shiny like metal
Scratch the mineral across the streak plate to see what color it leaves behind.
Directions: Start by looking through the Mineral and Rock Pocket Guide to decide which mineral you would like to make a poster on (minerals are located in the front of the book pp. )
1. 2. 3.
Write the name of your mineral on your poster (with color). Draw your mineral using color. List the properties of that mineral: hardness; luster; streak. List one use we have for that mineral (example: the mineral graphite is used to make pencils). Be neat and colorful!!!!!