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SERVICE SCHOOL

2002
1. Loader

2. ELC

3. FLD 1000

4. AutoSafe

5. 3rd - 4th function

6. TMD

7. TCC

8. General hydraulics

9. General attachments

10. Evaluation of welding quality

11. Evaluation template for twisted loader

12. Instruction manual

13. Claims under warranty

14. Trima accessories
Loader / Section 1

■ Operation - Test
■ Troubleshooting
■ Adjustments
■ Other information
Loader operation - Test
Lift and lowering function
Operate all the loader functions to maximum travel.
Check that everything is functioning normally and that
there are no oil leaks.
See the following section if anything does not function
normally:

■ Troubleshooting to locate faults
■ Adjustments
■ Other information for additional details
■ Instruction manual for a description
of the function

Float position
Check that the float position is locked in the position
by moving the lever past the lowering position. A
small resistance must be overcome before engaging
the float position.

If the locked position cannot be reached, see
■ Adjustment of float position
■ Instruction manual

SafeLock
Check that the lever can be locked with the
SafeLock function. Check that the loader does
not begin to drop when SafeLock is in the locked
position.

If SafeLock does not function, see
■ Adjustment of SafeLock
■ Instruction manual
Loader operation - Test
Implement latch
Check the locking mechanism by moving the lever
200 N
back and forth. The lever has an interlock position
that is overcome by pushing the lever backwards.
(20 kg)

It is important for this resistance to be present to pre-
vent the lock from being opened unintentionally.

If the latch requires adjustment, see
■ Adjustments
■ Instruction manual

Implement connection and disconnection
Check that the implement can be connected
and disconnected easily. If it is not possible to
connect the implement, check the connection
hooks of the implement and the implement frame.

For connection and disconnection, see
■ Instruction manual, pages 11-12

Loader connection and disconnection
Check that the loader can be connected and
disconnected readily, and that the loader can be
locked easily with the locking pins. If the loader does
not assume a position in which the locking pin can
be easily inserted, check that the paint has been
removed from the contact surfaces.

For connection and disconnection of the loader, see
■ Instruction manual, pages 15-19
Troubleshooting, loader
Symptom Possible faults
Loader drops External leakage in lift
Check tolerances for rams.
internal leakage for the Internal leakage in lift
loader valve. rams.
(See section 8) Leakage via seal on non
return valve.
Leakage via seal on plug
in connection a1.
Leakage via spool in
loader valve.

Location of fault Visual inspection Remedy
External leakage In the case of visible
( lift rams ) leakage, replace the seal
kit. Also check that no
mechanical damage is
present on the internal
parts of the ram.

Internal leakage Move the loader to its If the loader stops drop-
( lift rams ) maximum lift height. ping, replace the seal kit.
Then move the lever Also check that no me-
to its neutral position. chanical damage is
present on the internal
parts of the ram.

Internal leakage In the case of visible
( control valve ) faults in the o-rings in the
non return valve and the
plug, replace the seals.
Check the o-rings on If the loader continues to
the non return valve drop, replace the control
for the lift spool. valve.
Check the o-ring on
plug a1.
Troubleshooting, loader
Symptom Possible faults
Implement drops External leakage in im-
Check toleraces for plement rams.
internal leakage for the Internal leakage in imple-
loader valve. ment rams.
( See section 8 ) Leakage in shock valve
(210 bar).
Internal leakage
in 3rd or 4th function
valve.
Leakage via seal in non
return valve.
Leakage via seal on plug
b2.

Location of fault Visual inspection Remedy
External leakage in im- In the case of visible
plement rams leakage, replace the seal
kit. Also check that no
mechanical damage is
present on the internal
parts of the ram.

Internal leakage in imple- Lift the loader with a If the implement stops
ment rams load in the implement dropping, see Internal
and with the hoses for leakage in control valve.
the implement function If the implement contin-
disconnected at the ues to drop, the fault lies
control valve. in the implement rams,
Connections A2 and B2. shock valve (210) bar,
AutoSafe valve, if fitted,
or in the 3rd or 4th func-
tions, if fitted.
Troubleshooting, loader
Symptom Visual inspection Possible faults
Internal leakage in Reverse the position If the implement stops
shock valve of the shock valves on dropping, replace the
the cross member. 210 bar shock valve. If
the implement continues
to drop and no extra
hydraulic functions are
installed,
replace the seal kit in the
implement ram. Also
check that no mechanical
damage is present on the
internal parts of the ram

Internal leakage in Bypass the 3rd/4th If the implement stops
3rd/4th function function valve. Use 2 x dropping, replace the
3/8”x3/8” adapters. complete valve.

Internal leakage in Check the o-rings on the In the case of visible
control valve non return valve for the faults in the o-rings in the
lift spool. non return valve and the
Check the o-ring on plug, replace the seals.
plug b2. If the loader continues to
drop, replace the control
valve.

LIFT / TILT
Non return valves
Troubleshooting, loader

Symptom Check specification Possible faults
Lift function weak Tractors

Loader model
hp
kW
45-80
33-59
3.10c 3.20 3.40
60-100
44-74
3.60 3.65
75-150
55-110
4.60
90-150
66-110
4.80 4.85
90-260
66-192
5.80
If the lifting capacity is
too low, this could be
H1 Lift height to pivot point (m) 3,15 3,55 3,55 3,75 3,90 3,70 4,00 4,20 3,85
H2 Lift height under level implement (m) 2,95 3,30 3,30 3,50 3,70 3,50 3,75 3,95 3,60

Lift capacity at pivot point at 185 bar oil pressure
L1a - at ground level (kg) 2100 1800 2200 2200 2100 2400 2800 2500 2650
L3a - max. height (kg) 1300 1350 1900 1950 1800 1950 2300 2150 2200

due to excessively low
Lift capacity, 750 mm from pivot point at 185 bar oil pressure
L1 - at ground level (kg) 1650 1600 1900 2000 1800 2100 2500 2200 2400
L2 - at 1.5 m height (kg) 1400 1250 1600 1800 1650 1850 2250 2050 2200
L3 - max. height (kg) 1200 1100 1500 1600 1600 1700 2050 1900 1950

hydraulic pressure.
Max tear-out force 750 mm from pivot point 1700 1900 2600 2600 2600 3350 3350 3350 2800
B1 crowd anglel SMS/W -frame 35/39 41/45 41/45 41/45 41/45 41/45 42/46 43/47 39/43
B2 crowd angle SMS/W -frame 42/46 50/54 50/54 50/54 50/54 50/54 50/54 50/54 56/62
T1 dump angle SMS/W -frame 56/62 59/55 59/55 59/55 55/51 55/51 54/50 48/44 56/52
T2 dump angle SMS/W -frame 86/82 94/90 94/90 94/90 94/90 99/95 99/95 99/95 84/78

Lift capacity, 750 mm from pivot point at 185 b
L1 - at ground level (kg) 1650
L2 - at 1.5 m height (kg) 1400
L3 - max. height (kg) 1200

Location of fault cause Remedy
Measure the system pres- At a low value, listen to If the sound of fluid trans-
sure with a pressure establish whether the fer is heard, replace the
gauge between the lift relief valve in the loader’s relief valve. If no sound is
hose and the control control valve is blowing. heard, or if no relief
valve. valve is fitted, the hy-
draulic system of the
tractor must be checked
by an appointed work-
bar
shop.
Troubleshooting, loader

Symptom Check specification Possible faults
Implement function is to Tractors

Loader model
hp
kW
45-80
33-59
3.10c 3.20 3.40
60-100
44-74
3.60 3.65
75-150
55-110
4.60
90-150
66-110
4.80 4.85
90-260
66-192
5.80
If the tear out force is too
weak low, this will be due to
H1 Lift height to pivot point (m) 3,15 3,55 3,55 3,75 3,90 3,70 4,00 4,20 3,85
H2 Lift height under level implement (m) 2,95 3,30 3,30 3,50 3,70 3,50 3,75 3,95 3,60

Lift capacity at pivot point at 185 bar oil pressure
L1a - at ground level (kg) 2100 1800 2200 2200 2100 2400 2800 2500 2650
L3a - max. height (kg) 1300 1350 1900 1950 1800 1950 2300 2150 2200

excessively low hydraulic
Lift capacity, 750 mm from pivot point at 185 bar oil pressure
L1 - at ground level (kg) 1650 1600 1900 2000 1800 2100 2500 2200 2400
L2 - at 1.5 m height (kg) 1400 1250 1600 1800 1650 1850 2250 2050 2200
L3 - max. height (kg) 1200 1100 1500 1600 1600 1700 2050 1900 1950

pressure
Max tear-out force 750 mm from pivot point 1700 1900 2600 2600 2600 3350 3350 3350 2800
B1 crowd anglel SMS/W -frame 35/39 41/45 41/45 41/45 41/45 41/45 42/46 43/47 39/43
B2 crowd angle SMS/W -frame 42/46 50/54 50/54 50/54 50/54 50/54 50/54 50/54 56/62
T1 dump angle SMS/W -frame 56/62 59/55 59/55 59/55 55/51 55/51 54/50 48/44 56/52
T2 dump angle SMS/W -frame 86/82 94/90 94/90 94/90 94/90 99/95 99/95 99/95 84/78

Location of fault cause Max tear-out force 750 mm from pivot point 1700 Remedy
Perform the same inspec- B1 crowd anglel SMS/W -frame 35/39 If the measured pressure
B2 crowd angle SMS/W -frame 42/46
tion as for a weak lifting T1 dump angle SMS/W -frame 56/62 is in accordance with the
function T2 dump angle SMS/W -frame 86/82
specification, move the
pressure gauge to the
crowd feed hose. If the
pressure is lower, replace
the 210 bar shock valve
on the cross member.

Location of fault cause Possible faults
Slow loader Check the specification If the loader is slow, this
and measure the time will be due to a low oil
with the oil at its operat- flow.
ing temperature.

Loader Lifting time Working times at a pump
2.10-3.10-3.10c-3.20 5.0 sec. capacity of 40 l/min
1.50-2.20-2.40 6.5 sec.
3.40-3.55-3.60-3.65 6.5 sec.
4.60 8.0 sec.
2.70-4.70-4.75-4.80-4.85 8.5 sec.
5.80 9.0 sec.

Loader Dumping witt full Dumping from parallel
travel of bucket position
2.10-3.20 2 sec. 1 sec.
3.40-3.65 2.5 sec. 1.5 sec.
4.60-4.85-5.80 3 sec. 2 sec.
Troubleshooting, loader

Location of fault cause Possible faults
Check the quick- If a constriction is lo-
couplings and the return cated, replace the defec-
line. tive component.

If no visible problem can If the flow is low, the fault
be identified, check the must be must be cor-
hydraulic flow of the LIFT / TILT rected by an appointed
Non return valves
tractor with a flow meter. workshop.

Fault symptom Possible faults
Lift or implement function Leak in non return valve.
dips slightly before lifting
during operation.

Location of fault cause Remedy
Disconnect the non return Clean and test. If the
valve for the function that fault remains, replace
dips. the non return valve.

Fault symptom Possible faults Remedy
Single-lever control is Lack of lubrication. Clean and lubricate.
difficult to operate.
Cable seized. Check whether the cable
is trapped or is installed
with an excessively small
radius.

Spool seized in Remove the cable cover
control valve. and operate the spool
manually. If it is heavy,
remove the spool and
clean. If any mechanical
damage is evident, re-
place the complete con-
trol valve.
Adjustment of
Float position and SafeLock

Float position, RMT 90 valve
The allen screws (1) holding the adjust-
ment caps on the loader valve must be
removed to allow adjustment of the
loader float position (4 mm allen key).
Rotate the adjusting cap (2) to adjust
the position of the lever.
N.B. To achieve an efficient function for
2
the float position, the single-lever must 1
be adjusted slightly backwards in rela-
tion to the lever housing. Fasten the
adjusting cap with the screws (1) once
adjustment is complete.

Float position, Walvoil valve
The allen screws (16) must be released
16
a few turns (4 mm allen key) to permit
adjustment of the loader’s float position. 15

Rotate the adjusting cap (15) to change Min 400

the position of the lever.
N.B. To achieve an efficient function for
the float position, the single-lever must
be adjusted slightly backwards in rela-
tion to the lever housing. Fasten the
adjusting cap with the screws (16) once
adjustment is complete.

SafeLock
Move the locking mechanism (3) to the
locked position. If it cannot be locked,
move the control lever forwards until
the lock engages.
N.B. The loader must not begin
to drop in this position. The floating
position must be re-adjusted if the 3
loader begins to drop.
ELC / Section 2

■ Operation - Test
■ Troubleshooting
■ Adjustments
■ Other information
Operation - Test ELC

Check that the joystick is Before calibration.
correctly adjusted. See Adjustments.
Check the proportionality
between the joystick and
the loader valve.

Check that the float posi- See General instructions.
tion and the 3rd and 4th In the event of functional
functions can be acti- disorder. See Trouble-
vated and de-activated. shooting.
Troubleshooting, ELC
Problem Cause Remedy
Loader functions fail. Electrical fault Check the power supply to
Lights on the joystick the joystick. Repair as nec-
cannot be activated. essary.
Replace the joystick if the
power supply is correct.

Loader functions fail. Electrical fault Check and repair the power
Lights for the 3rd and supply (wiring) between the
4th functions and the joystick and the loader servo
float position cannot be valve.
activated. Low servo pressure. Check and adjust the servo
(RMT 90 valve only) pressure. 15-20 bar.

Slow loader functions. Low servo pressure. Check and adjust the servo
(RMT 90 valve only) pressure. 15-20 bar.
Incorrectly adjusted Re-adjust the joystick.
joystick

3rd and/or 4th func- Electrical fault Check and repair the power
tions fail. supply between the joystick
and the connector for the
3rd and 4th function. See
also Troubleshooting
– 3rd and 4th functions.

Float position fails. Electrical fault Check and repair the power
(RMT 90 valve only) supply to the float position
solenoid.

Faulty solenoid Test and replace, if required.
Faulty solenoid valve Remove and clean the servo
(RMT 90 valve only) valve. Test. Replace the sole-
noid valve, if required.

Incorrect connection Check the return connection.
of return hose for This must be pressure-free
electrical servo and it may not be connected
(RMT 90 valve only) to other return lines.

Incorrectly adjusted Re-adjust the joystick.
joystick
ADJUSTMENT INSTRUCTIONS
Programming of 3rd and 4th functions

1. Activate the ELC main switch on the instrument panel.
2. Press down the switch on the joystick and turn on the ignition.
3. Release the switch after approx 1 second, after which one or more of the
lamps will light up.
4. Find the alternative that you need in the table below. Move through the alter-
natives by pressing the switch repeatedly until one or more lamps light up
indicating your selection. Only one selection at a time can be programmed.
5. Acknowledge your choice by holding down the switch until the lamp/lamps go
out. Note. A green lamp will light if alternative 2 is selected.
6. “Ready for use” and the selected alternative will now be displayed until an-
other selection is made.

O = lamp extinguished = lamp lit

Programming
Alternative Function
Yellow Green Red
Lamp Lamp Lamp

O 3rd or 4th
Alt: 1
loader function
3rd loader function only
Alt: 2 O
(on – off). Float position
can be used.
3rd loader function only
Alt: 3 O O
or 3rd and external 4th
function simultaneously.

Alt: 4 O O 3rd loader function only
(on-off). Float position
cannot be used
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
3rd and 4th functions and float position
Activated lamp lights Activation and operation
Yellow Green Red
lamp lamp lamp
3rd function: Hold down the switch, and move
the lever to the right until the green lamp lights.
Release the switch, and move the lever to the
neutral position. The 3rd function can now be
operated with a tilting movement of the joystick.
Alt 1 4th function: Hold down the switch, and move
the lever to the left until the yellow lamp lights.
Release the switch, and move the lever to the
neutral position. The 4th function can now be
operated with a tilting movement of the joystick.

3rd function: can be operated with a tilting move-
Alt 2 ment of the joystick when the switch is held
down. Note: Trima bale handler.

3rd function: Hold down the switch, and move
the lever to the right, and then move the lever to
the left, until the green lamp lights. Release the
switch, and move the lever to the neutral posi-
tion. The 3rd function can now be operated with
a tilting movement of the joystick.
Alt 3 External 4th function together with 3rd function:
Hold down the switch, and move the lever to the
right until the yellow and green lamps light up.
Release the switch, and move the lever to the
neutral position. The implement function can now
be operated with a tilting movement of the joy-
stick. Note: Trima V- plough

Connecting float position:
Press down the switch on the joystick and pull
back the lever until the red lamp begins to flash.
The floating position is now programmed so that
it goes “in” when the lever is moved forwards to
its full extent, and “out” when the lever is moved
backwards. The lamp remains lit when the float
position is “in”.

De-activation takes place by repeating the same procedure as for activation.
Note! When the loader is not being used in tractor work the main switch on the
instrument panel should be deactivated to prevent accidents.
ADJUSTMENT INSTRUCTIONS ELC No 1
Valid for joystick 431 835 with production numbers from 00-18-XX.
Manufacturing sign, see joystick bottom.
The adjustment of proportionality between joystick and loader valve shall only be
done if necessary and with warmed up oil. Basic joystick adjustments are made at
Trima.NOTE! When adjusting, always observe loader movements.
Starting position (must always be performed):
1. Hold down the joystick switch, activate the
ELC main switch, start the tractor.
2. Release the switch when all the lamps
light up. (After approx 3 seconds the
lamps will begin to flash, after 3 seconds
more the lamps will show a steady light).
The yellow lamp will now begin flashing.

3. Maintain the engine speed at ca. 1000-
1300 rpm (hand throttle). Use a lower
engine speed for a larger hydraulic pump.

1. Adjustment of lifting function:
2.
4a. The yellow lamp must flash rapidly.
Start position lift.
Pull the lever slowly backwards until the
lifting function begins to react (1), then
slowly allow the lever to return to the posi-
tion at which the function stops (2), not to
the neutral position.

Hold the lever still in that position. Push
down the switch, wait until all the lamps
light. Release the switch. Release the lever
to neutral position.

4b. The yellow lamp must flash slowly.
Max position lift.
Pull the lever slowly backwards to the
position in which the lifting function has its
maximum speed and hold the lever still in
that position.
Push down the switch, wait until all the
lamps light, and release the switch. Re-
lease the lever to neutral position.
1
ADJUSTMENT INSTRUCTIONS ELC No 1
cont´d

1.
2. Adjustment of lowering function:
5a. The green lamp must flash rapidly.
Start position lowering.
Push the lever slowly forwards until the
lowering function begins to react (1),then
slowly allow the lever to return to the
position at which the function stops, not
to the neutral position.

Hold the lever still in that position. Push
down the switch, wait until all the
lamps light, and release the switch.
Release the lever to neutral position.

5b. The green lamp must flash slowly.
Max position lowering.
Push the lever slowly forwards to the
position in which the lowering function
has its maximum speed and hold the
lever still in that position.

Push down the switch, wait until all the
lamps light, and release the switch.
Release the lever to neutral position.
ADJUSTMENT INSTRUCTIONS ELC No 1
cont´d

1.
2.
Adjustment of tilt function:
6a. The yellow lamp must flash rapidly, and
the red lamp must remain lit.
Start position tilt.
Move the lever slowly to the right until
the tilt function begins to react (1), then
slowly allow the lever to return to the
position at which the function stops, (2)
not to the neutral position. Hold the lever
still in that position.

Push down the switch, wait until all the
lamps light, and release the switch.
Release the lever to neutral position.

6b. The yellow lamp must flash slowly, and
the red lamp must remain lit.
Max position tilt.
Move the lever slowly to the right to the
position in which the tilt function has its
maximum speed and hold the lever still
in that position.

Push down the switch, wait until all the
lamps light, and release the switch.
Release the lever to neutral position.
ADJUSTMENT INSTRUCTIONS ELC No 1
cont´d
1. Adjustment of crowd function:
2.

7a. The green lamp must flash rapidly, and
the red lamp must remain lit.
Start position crowd.
Move the lever slowly to the left until the
crowd function begins to react (1), then
slowly allow the lever to return to the
position at which the function stops (2),
not to the neutral position. Hold the lever
still in that position.
Push down the switch, wait until all the
lamps light, and release the switch.
Release the lever to neutral position
7b. The green lamp must flash slowly, and
the red lamp must remain lit.
Max position crowd.
Move the lever slowly to the left to the
position in which the crowd function has
its maximum speed and hold the lever
still in that position.
Push down the switch, wait until all the
lamps light, and release the switch.
Release the lever to neutral position.
The yellow lamp will now begin to flash
rapidly, at the same time as the red lamp
is extinguished. Finish with confirmation.

Confirmation position (must always be
performed):
8. Hold the joystick lever in the neutral
position. Push down the switch, wait
until all the lamps light up, and release
the switch.
The ELC is now ready for use. Test and
readjust if required.

Note 1. Each adjustment phase may be performed separately, but must be pre-
ceded by “Starting position” and terminated with “Confirmation posi-
tion”. Switching between adjustment phases can take place by pressing
the joystick button repeatedly in neutral position.
FLD 1000 / Section 3

■ Operation - Test
■ Troubleshooting
■ Adjustments
■ Other information
Functional testing - FLD 1000
Check that the tractor In the event of functional
can be raised when the disorder.
relief valve is open, and See Troubleshooting.
that the tractor is slowly
lowered when the control
lever is moved to the
neutral position.

Check that the tractor
remains in the raised
position when the relief
valve is closed and the
control lever is moved to
the neutral position.

Check that the suspen-
sion system works when
the relief valve and the
accumulators are acti-
vated.

Troubleshooting, FLD 1000
Symtom Possible fault Remedy
Loader feels solid. Accumulators closed. Open the accumulator
shut-off tap.
Relief valve closed. Open the relief valve.

Loader feels dead with Accumulator fault. Close the press valve.
the accumulators open. Rock the loader. If the
loader is solid, replace
the accumulators.

Loader feels solid with Relief valve fault. Raise the front end of the
the press valve open. tractor with the loader.
The tractor must drop to
the ground when the
single-lever control re-
turns to the neutral posi-
tion. If not, replace the
relief valve.
AutoSafe / Section 4

■ Operation - Test
■ Troubleshooting
■ Adjustments
■ Other information
Functional testing - AutoSafe
Check the function of the See instruction manual
AutoSafe. page 13.
Activate the switch and
crowd the implement
frame, the locking pins
will open.
De-activate the switch
and crowd the implement In the event of functional
frame, the locking disorder.
pins will lock. See Troubleshooting.
Troubleshooting - AutoSafe
Problem Cause Remedy
Locking pins seek to engage Normal None
from the opened, activated
position if the implement
frame is tilted forward
against the mechanical stop.

Locking seeks to engage Internal leakage in Fit new seals to the cylin-
from the activated position the locking cylinder. der (seal kit 420 079).
when the singlelever control Check that there is no
returns to the neutral posi- mechanical damage to
tion after opening. constituent parts of the
Or: cylinder.
Locking seeks to engage
from the open position when
the implement frame is tilted
forwards.

Locking will not open during No power supply to Check the 8 Amp fuse.
activation and operation. the switch.
No power supply Check the wiring.
from the switch.
Defective solenoid. Test and replace the
solenoid if defective.
Defective electrically Clean and test. Replace
actuated valve. the electrically actuated
As above. valve if defective.

Locking will not open during As above. As above.
activation (new installation).
Hoses wrongly con- Reconnect hoses C and D.
nected to the C and
D unions of the
AutoSafe valve.
3:rd – 4th function / Section 5

■ Operation - Test
■ Troubleshooting
■ Adjustments
■ Other information
Functional testing - 3rd and 4th function
Check that the 3rd and/ In the event of functional
or the 4th function oper- disorder.
ate when the switch is See Troubleshooting.
activated. When in use,
the respective function
will be controlled via the
implement function of the
loader. The implement
frame must not move
when these functions are
used.

Troubleshooting 3rd – 4th function
Symtom Possible fault Remedy
3rd or 4th function Electrical fault. Check the fuse and the
does not operate. cable to and from the
switch.

Defective solenoid. Test the solenoid with a
metal tool to determine
whether it becomes mag-
netic on activation. If not,
replace the solenoid.

Spool seized in valve. Remove and clean.

Spool seized after in- Replace the valve.
spection and cleaning.
TMD / Section 6

■ Operation - Test
■ Troubleshooting
■ Adjustments
■ Other information
Functional testing - TMD
Check that the locking In the event of functional
mechanism for the lock- disorder.
ing handle is not seized. See Troubleshooting.
Check that the TMD can
be opened and closed
without resistance. Check
for oil leaks in any cou-
pling component.
Troubleshooting – TMD
Problem Cause Remedy
TMD leaks when Leaking seal in Replace seal “N” in
connected. Oil male coupling. the male coupling in
exits from one or the mobile part
more of the drain (loader part). Test.
holes.

TMD still leaks Leaking seal in Replace female
after implementa- female coupling. coupling “L” in the
tion of the fixed part (tractor
above remedy. part). Test.

TMD still leaks Deformed lever. Check lever “D” and
after implementa- its attachment. Re-
tion of the place the lever if
above remedy. necessary. Test.

TMD leaks when Leaking seal in Replace seal “N” in
connected under male coupling. the male coupling in
pressure. Oil exits the mobile part. Test.
from one or more
Worn female Replace coupling
of the drain holes.
coupling. “L” if necessary.
Worn male cou- Replace coupling
pling. “M” if necessary.
Deformed lever. Check lever “D” and
its attachment. Re-
place the lever if
necessary. Test.

TMD leaks in the Leaking seal in Replace seal “N” in
mobile part male coupling. the male coupling in
(loader part) after the mobile part. Test.
disconnection.
Worn male cou- Replace coupling
pling. “M” if necessary.

TMD leaks in the Worn female Replace coupling
fixed part (tractor coupling. “L” if necessary.
part) after discon-
nection.
TCC / Section 7

■ Operation - Test
■ Troubleshooting
■ Adjustments
■ Other information
Functional testing - TCC
Check that the clutch is In the event of functional
disconnected when any disorder.
of the TCC’s switches are See Troubleshooting.
activated. See Linkage position
Check all the switches. adjustment
Also check that the foot
brake connection (if
present) functions
correctly.
Check this when acti-
vated and de-activated.
Check that the linkage
position for the clutch is
correctly adjusted.

Troubleshooting and operator’s instructions – TCC
Functional faults in conjunction with new assembly.

Problem Cause Remedy
Clutch pedal does not go Electrical fault. Check the electrical in-
down. stallation.

Drain valve open. Close the drain valve.
(Applicable only to accu-
mulator system).

Clutch pedal does not go Incorrect assembly. Check the length of
down fully. stroke of the cylinder
(max 50 mm).

Low pedal pressure. Adjust the pedal pres-
sure.

Clutch “grabs” or slips. Incorrect bite position. Adjust the bite position.
Troubleshooting and operator’s instructions – TCC
Functional disorder after a period of use.

Problem Cause Remedy
Clutch pedal does not go Electrical fault. Check the fuse and elec-
down. trical lines.

Clutch pedal does not go Low pedal pressure. Check the pressure and
down fully. adjust if necessary.

Clutch pedal does not go Accumulator fault. Replace the accumulator.
down after stopping the
engine. (Accumulator
model).

Operator’s instructions
1. The TCC is activated via electrical switches positioned on the gear levers.
2. The TCC is activated via the brake pedal.
3. Electrical switches on the gear levers are convenient during transport driving,
which completely relieves the load on the left leg.
4. Disengagement via the foot brake is more appropriate in conjunction with
loader operation and inching. The foot brake function is engaged via a switch
conveniently positioned on the instrument panel. With the foot brake function
activated, the tractor is automatically disengaged during braking, and en-
gaged again when the brake is released.

When inching, the TCC is activated by depressing the brake pedal, when disen-
gagement takes place automatically. The pressure on the brake pedal is then re-
leased, and the brake pedal is depressed once more when the tractor begins to
move. it is possible to inch in this way by alternately depressing and releasing the
brake pedal. By closing the needle valve progressively, the tractor will move pro-
gressively more slowly.

Note that the foot brake function must not be connected during transport driv-
ing.
TCC – ADJUSTMENT OF THE BITE POSITION
1) Run the tractor until the oil reaches working
temperature.

2) Stop the engine. Remove the outer sleeve on the
6 adjusting rod (No5)

3) Turn the adjusting rod inwards until 10 mm is
visable.
5
4) Close the needle valve ( No 6 ). Start the engine.

5) Disengage the clutch using one of the TCC
switches.

6) Engage 1st gear and increase engine speed to
5 1400 rpm using the hand throttle.

7) Release the handbrake.

8) Release the TCC switch to allow the clutch pedal
to move upwards.

9) Adjust the rod No3 outwards until you feel the
rear wheels begin to turn.

Important! Engage the handbrake, and stop the
engine when this adjustment is being carried out.

10) Opening the needle valve at this point will allow
the pedal to move and engage drive smoothly.

11) In the event of not obtaining the correct bite
adjustment, repeat steps 4,5,6,7,8 and 9.

12) Close the needle valve.

13) Disengage the clutch using one of the TCC switches.

14) Release the TCC switch.

15) Stop the engine, and engage the handbrake.

16) Fit the outer sleeve back onto the adjusting rod.

17) The bite position is now set correctly.
General hydraulics / Section 8
Walvoil- and Nordhydraulik RMT 90 loader valve
Checking for internal leakage

Hydraulic valves returned as defective by dealers are often found to be free of
faults when checked by the valve manufacturer. The customer has frequently com-
plained that the loader sinks abnormally fast. The table below contains approxi-
mate tolerances to help service personnel gain some indication of what measure-
ments may be regarded as lying within the tolerances when a “diagnosis” is to be
made.

Warm up the tractor so that the hydraulic oil reaches its working temperature.
Connect a pressure gauge to the function to be checked. Fill the bucket (or other
implement) until a pressure of ca. 100 bar (kp/cm3) at rest can be read on the
pressure gauge. Raise the loader a little and stop the tractor engine. Measure on
the piston rod the number of millimetres per minute by which the loader/imple-
ment sinks.

Continue to measure for a period of 10 minutes to obtain a more accurate reading.

Loader Implement cylinder Lifting cylinder
mm/min mm/min

730-930-590-790 1,5 1,0
1.10

820-890-912-1020 1,0 1,0
1090

1220-1320-1290 1,0 1,0
2.10-3.10-3.10C-3.20

1190-1420-1390-1490 1,0 0,5
1495-1.50-2.20-2.40
3.40-3.50-3.55

1520-1620-1640-1590 1,0 0,5
1690-1790-1820-1840
2.65-2.70-3.60-3.65
4.60-4.70-4.75

1890-2.80-4.80-4.85 1,0 0,5
5.80
WALVOIL LOADER VALVE
The four hydraulic systems most commonly
fitted to agricultural tractors

SERIES-CONNECTED
OPEN CENTRE SYSTEM
4
When the system is series-connected
and the loader valve is not connected
3 Tractor´s valve
Traktorventil last in the tractor’s hydraulic system,
three hoses must always be connected
to the loader valve: one pump hose,
one tank hose and one series hose. The
P T valve is of the open-centre model
(recirculation pumping) and must be
equipped with a carry over adaptor
Pump
Pumpe
430 280; Item 4. It can also be
equipped with or without a pressure
relief valve, Item 3, depending on
where the valve is connected in the
system.

SERIES-CONNECTED
OPEN CENTRE SYSTEM
5 6 When the system is series-connected
and the loader valve is connected last
in the tractor’s hydraulic system, or if
the loader valve is connected to a sepa-
P T rate system (front pump), two hoses
must be connected to the loader valve:
one pump hose and one tank hose. The
valve is of the open-centre model and
Pumpe
Pump
must be equipped with a plug 435 150
in the series outlet, Item 6, and a plug
430 281 where the pressure relief valve
is normally installed; Item 5.
NOTE. For a front pump installation, the
valve must be equipped with a pressure
relief valve 430 279.
WALVOIL LOADER VALVE
The four hydraulic systems most commonly
fitted to agricultural tractors

CONSTANT-PRESSURE SYSTEM
When the system is of the constant-
pressure type (old JD model), the loader
7
8 valve is not connected last in the trac-
tor’s hydraulic system. Two hoses are
connected to the loader valve; one
pump hose and one tank hose.
P T The valve is of the open-centre model
and must be equipped with a plug 430
281 in the connection in which a pres-
sure relief valve is normally installed;
Pumpe
Pump
Item 7. The valve must also be
equipped with plug 435 285. Item 8.

LOAD-SENSING SYSTEM
When the system is load-sensing, the
loader valve can be connected at any
point in the tractor’s hydraulic system.
P
T
Three hoses are connected to the loader
LS valve: one pump hose, one tank hose
and one signal hose. The valve is of the
closed-centre model (not recirculation
pumping).
Note. This valve must not be used in
any other hydraulic system.
Pumpe
Pump

Note. The electrical servo models of this
type of valve are equipped with identi-
cal hydraulic components to the above-
mentioned hydraulic systems.
RMT 90 LOADER VALVE
The four hydraulic systems most commonly
fitted to agricultural tractors

SERIES-CONNECTED
OPEN CENTRE SYSTEM
4
When the system is series-connected,
the loader valve is not connected last in
3 Tractor´s valve
Traktorventil the tractor’s hydraulic system. Three
hoses are always connected to the
loader valve: one pump hose, one tank
hose and one series hose. The valve is
P T of the open-centre model (recirculation
pumping) and must be equipped with a
carry over adaptor (various);
Pumpe
Pump
Item 4. It can also be equipped with or
without a pressure relief valve (vari-
ous), Item 3, depending on where the
valve is connected in the system.

SERIES-CONNECTED
5 6 OPEN CENTRE SYSTEM
When the system is series-connected
and the loader valve is connected last
in the tractor’s hydraulic system, or if
P T the loader valve is connected to a sepa-
rate system (front pump), two hoses
must be connected to the loader valve:
one pump hose and one tank hose. The
Pumpe
Pump
valve is of the open-centre model and
must be equipped with a plug 435 150
in the series outlet, Item 6, and a plug
435 148 where the pressure relief valve
is normally installed; Item 5.
NOTE. For a front pump installation, the
valve must be equipped with a pressure
relief valve 435 145.
RMT 90 LOADER VALVE
The four hydraulic systems most commonly
fitted to agricultural tractors

CONSTANT-PRESSURE SYSTEM
When the system is of the constant-
pressure type (old JD model), the loader
7
8 valve is not connected last in the trac-
tor’s hydraulic system. Two hoses are
connected to the loader valve; one
pump hose and one reservoir hose.
P T The valve is of the open-centre model
and must be equipped with a plug 435
148 in the connection in which a pres-
sure relief valve is normally installed;
Pumpe
Pump
Item 7. The valve must also be
equipped with a plug 435 184 in the
series outlet; Item 8.

LOAD-SENSING SYSTEM
LS

When the system is load-sensing, the
loader valve can be connected at any
T
point in the tractor’s hydraulic system.
P
LS
Three hoses are connected to the loader
valve: one pump hose, one tank hose
and one signal hose. The valve is of the
closed-centre model (not circulation
pumping).
Note. This valve must not be used in
Pumpe
Pump any other hydraulic system.
General attachments / Section 9
General points relating to attachments
Remove the paint from all contact surfaces on the side frames and the tractor
body.

Offer up the mounting brackets and fit all the bolts before finally tightening them.
Check that the c/c dimension is correct. Standard attachment 842 +/- 5 mm, and
wide attachment 1042 +/- 5 mm.

IMPORTANT:
Remove paint at
these points. C/C 842+-5 (1042+-5)mm

All the bolts must be retightened after ca. 10 hours’ operation, and subse-
quently at every service.
General points relating to attachments

CHECK THE FOLLOWING POINTS AFTER FINAL ASSEMBLY:

■ In the case of an opening wind screen, check that the loader does
not touch the front screen in its raised position.

■ Check that the front wheels do not make contact with the attach-
ment at full oscillation and at full lock. Restrict the movement, if
necessary.

■ Contact between the lift cylinder and the wing/tyre is not serious,
since this situation rarely/never occurs during normal operation.

■ The following table shows the recommended tightening torques
for the various dimensions of bolt that we use.

M 8.8 10.9 12.9
14 128 Nm 181 Nm 217 Nm
16 197 Nm 277 Nm 333 Nm
18 275 Nm 386 Nm 463 Nm
20 385 Nm 541 Nm 649 Nm
22 518 Nm 728 Nm 874 Nm
24 665 Nm 935 Nm 1120 Nm
Evaluation of weld quality
/ Section 10
Evaluation of welds

If a weld has a cold flow for ca. 5-7 cm around the
cross member on the lift arm, an indication of fracture
can occur during normal use of loader. The lifting arm
will then become twisted due to this welding fault. In
such cases, the sides of the arms will be straight in
spite of the weld having failed on the cross member =
warrnaty claim.

“Cold weld” = Unacceptable

Correct weld

If, on the other hand, the weld appears sound in spite
of the indication of fracture, and if the lifting arm is
twisted (sloping bucket), the straightness of the arm
must be checked. If one side has collapsed down-
wards and forwards away from the cross member,
the loader has been abused = warranty does not
apply.

Once an evaluation has been made on the basis of
the above, and it has been decided to invoke the
warranty as a result, the defective section of the lift
arm (arm cross member) must be removed by cutting
and returned to us together with the warranty claim
for our own inspection and evaluation.
Evaluation template for twisted loader
/ Section 11
Troubleshooting template for warped loader
1) Place a 1 m straight-edge on the top surface of
the lift arm at the point where the cross member is
welded in place, taking care to ensure that no
foreign bodies are present. Check both halves of
the arm. If a gap can be seen on either side be-
neath the straight-edge, and if the other side is
good, this indicates that an impact has occurred.
A visual defect of this kind is usually accompanied
by cracking of the paint on the welds around the
cross member. 99% of such warranty claims are
rejected. N.B. the paint and surface coating on
sheet steel may give way under severe normal
loading around welds, allowing rust to form, al-
though this does not necessarily mean that the
welds have fractured.

2) Climb up onto a front tyre. Look down between
the triangulated links which hold the p-linkage
and the implement ram. Assess by eye whether
the front half of the arm is deflected to the left or
right. Check both sides. If one side appears to be
deformed more than the other, it can be expected
that 99% of warranty claims will be rejected.
Troubleshooting template for warped loader
3) Position the implement frame so that it is plumb.
Raise the loader to eye level. Stand in front of the
loader and align the upper part of the implement
frame with the lower part or upper part of the
cross member (whichever is easier to see). If the
visible lines are not level, this indicates that one or
other of the front parts of the arm sides has been
bent downwards. Warranty claim rejection rate:
99%.

4) Raise the loader to eye level. Stand to one side of
the loader, and look at the sides of the lifting arm,
which must lie parallel with one another. If this is
not the case, it may be due to cold welding
around the cross member, which in turn has
caused the weld to fracture, with twisting as a
result. Cold welding occurs when the weld has
taken on only one of the weld materials. This is a
manufacturing defect.
Instruction manual /Section 12
Claims under warranty / Section 13
Trima accessories / Section 14