Types of tourism in global perspective.
Types of tourism offered by India.
Importance of tourism.
Benefits of tourism.

Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure
or business purposes. The World Tourism
Organization defines tourists as people
who "travel to and stay in places
outside their usual environment for
more than twenty-four (24) hours and
not more than one consecutive year for
leisure, business and other purposes
not related to the exercise of an activity
remunerated from within the place
visited". Tourism has become a popular
global leisure activity. In 2008, there were
over 922 million international tourist
arrivals, with a growth of 1.9% as
compared to 2007. International tourism
receipts grew to US$944 billion (euro 642
billion) in 2008, corresponding to an
increase in real terms of 1.8% on 2007.

Despite the recent global recession,
international tourist arrivals during the
first four months of 2008 followed a
similar growth trend than the same
period in 2007. However, as a result of
the economic crisis of 2008, international
travel demand suffered a strong
slowdown beginning in June 2008, with
growth in international tourism arrivals
worldwide falling to 2% during the boreal
summer months, while growth from
January to April 2008 had reached an
average 5.7% compared to its 2007
level. Growth from 2006 to 2007 was
only 3.7%, as total international tourism
arrivals from January to August were
641 million tourists, up from 618 million
in the same period in 2007

Tourism is vital for many countries, such as
the U.A.E, Egypt, Greece and Thailand,
and many island nations, such as The
Bahamas, Fiji, Maldives and
the Seychelles, due to the large intake of
money for businesses with their goods and
services and the opportunity for
employment in the service
industries associated with tourism. These
service industries include transportation
services, such as airlines, cruise ships and
taxis, hospitality services, such as
accommodations, including hotels and
resorts, and entertainment venues, such as
amusement parks, casinos, shopping malls,
various music venues and the theatre


Adventure Tourism
Geo Tourism
Eco Tourism
Medical Tourism
Rural Tourism
Wildlife Tourism

Under these categories there are 42 different sub categories of tourism


Accessible tourism
Archaeological tourism
Atomic tourism
Benefit tourism
Birth tourism
Bookstore tourism
Christian tourism
Cultural tourism
Dark tourism
Dental tourism
Disaster tourism
Drug tourism
Extreme tourism
Garden tourism
Ghetto tourism
Halal tourism
Heritage tourism
Literary tourism

Pop-culture tourism
Poverty tourism
Religious tourism
Responsible Tourism
Shark tourism
Space tourism
Sports tourism
Suicide tourism
Sustainable tourism
Tolkien tourism
Tombstone tourism
Village tourism
War tourism
Water tourism
Wildlife tourism
Wine tourism
Romance tourism
Militarism heritage tourism
Music tourism
Neo Tourism

India has always been known for its
hospitality, uniqueness, and charm –
attributes that have been attracting foreign
travellers to India in hordes. The Indian
government, in order to boost tourism of
various kinds in India, has set up the Ministry
of Tourism and Culture. This ministry recently
launched a campaign called ‘Incredible India!’
in order to encourage different types of
tourism in India.
The result was that in 2004, foreign tourists
spent around US$ 15.4 billion during their
trips to India. Being a country with
tremendous diversity, India has a lot to offer
in terms of tourism and related activities. The
diversity that India is famous for, ensures that
there is something to do for all tourists in
India, no matter what their interests.


Adventure tourism
As a kind of tourism in India, adventure tourism has recently grown in India.
This involves exploration of remote areas and exotic locales and engaging
in various activities. For adventure tourism in India, tourists prefer to go for
trekking to places like Ladakh, Sikkim, and Himalaya. Himachal Pradesh
and Jammu and Kashmir are popular for the skiing facilities they offer.
Whitewater rafting is also catching on in India and tourists flock to places
such as Uttranchal, Assam, and Arunachal Pradesh for this adrenalinpacked activity.

Wildlife tourism
India has a rich forest cover which has some beautiful and exotic species of
wildlife – some of which that are even endangered and very rare. This has
boosted wildlife tourism in India. The places where a foreign tourist can go
for wildlife tourism in India are the Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary, KalaDeo
Ghana National Park, and Corbett National Park


Medical tourism
Tourists from all over the world have been thronging India to avail
themselves of cost-effective but superior quality healthcare in terms of
surgical procedures and general medical attention. There are several
medical institutes in the country that cater to foreign patients and impart topquality healthcare at a fraction of what it would have cost in developed
nations such as USA and UK. It is expected that medical tourism in India will
hold a value around US$ 2 billion by 2012. The city of Chennai attracts
around 45% of medical tourists from foreign countries.

Pilgrimage tourism
India is famous for its temples and that is the reason that among the
different kinds of tourism in India, pilgrimage tourism is increasing most
rapidly. The various places for tourists to visit in India for pilgrimage are
Vaishno Devi, Golden temple, Char Dham, and Mathura Vrindavan.


Eco tourism
Among the types of tourism in India, ecotourism have grown recently. Ecotourism
entails the sustainable preservation of a naturally endowed area or region. This is
becoming more and more significant for the ecological development of all regions
that have tourist value. For ecotourism in India, tourists can go to places such as
Kaziranga National Park, Gir National Park, and Kanha National Park.

Cultural tourism
India is known for its rich cultural heritage and an element of mysticism, which is
why tourists come to India to experience it for themselves. The various fairs and
festivals that tourists can visit in India are the Pushkar fair, Taj Mahotsav, and Suraj
Kund mela.
The types of tourism in India have grown and this has boosted the Indian economy.
That it continues to grow efforts must be taken by the Indian government, so that
the tourism sector can contribute more substantially to the nation’s GDP.


There are a number of benefits of tourism for both the tourist and the host
destination. On a large scale it offers a good alternative to some more
destructive industries for generating income both on nationally and privately.
The tourism industry encompasses many different areas, so it also creates
jobs in many different areas. With tourism comes hotels, resturants, car
rental agencies, tour companies, service stations, souvenier shops, sports
equipment rentals, and much more. All of this creates many different levels
of employment for people in a given community.
In many places the introduction and development of tourism allows local
people an opportunity for economic and educational growth that would not
otherwise be available. In addition, it allows both the tourist and the local
community a chance to experience other cultures, which broadens
If properly used, tourism generated income can be tremendously beneficial
to the host country and it's local communities. Tourism generated income
can be used on a national and local level to better education, improve
infrastructure, to fund conservation efforts, and to promote more responsible

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