Pits anidados

(Nested Pits)
 Grupos definitivos
◦ Asignación de parámetros de diseño

 Fechas de Controles

 Fecha de terreno

 Quizz
◦ Ley de corte critica

 Flotación manual

 Clase
◦ Parámetros técnico económicos a incorporar en el calculo de pits

 Vulcan
 Considerando los siguientes parámetros:
◦ Precio Cu: 1.2 US$/lb
◦ Costo Mina: 1US$/tonne
◦ Costo Planta: 5US$/tonne
◦ Costos Gerenciales: 1.1US$/tonne
◦ Costo Venta: 0.4US$/lb
◦ Recuperación Metalúrgica: 75%

 (4ptos) Calcule la ley a partir de la cual se obtiene un
beneficio económico al procesar una unidad de material.

 (2ptos) De que le sirve este valor?

 1tonne = 2204.62lb
Parámetros de diseño
Mine Planning Block
Model
Technical Parameters
Pit Final Definition
Planning Sequence
Preliminary Reserves
Design Phases
Long Term Planning
Declaration of Formal
Reserves
Economic Evaluation
Optimization Algorithm
Economical Parameters
Planning Sequence
Preliminary Reserves
Design Phases
Long Term Planning
Declaration of Formal
Reserves
Economic Evaluation
Mine Planning Block
Model
Technical Parameters
Pit Final Definition
Planning Sequence
Preliminary Reserves
Design Phases
Long Term Planning
Declaration of Formal
Reserves
Economic Evaluation
Optimization Algorithm
Economical Parameters
Planning Sequence
Preliminary Reserves
Design Phases
Long Term Planning
Declaration of Formal
Reserves
Economic Evaluation
 Archivos Texto
 *.bmf, *.dm, etc


 Origen de coordenadas:
◦ OX: 504380
◦ OY: 713490
◦ OZ: 470

 Tamaño del bloque: 40 x 40 x 12

 Numero de Bloques:
 Nx: 89
 Ny: 120
 Nz: 78

 Campos especificados:
◦ Cu, Au, As
◦ Densidad
◦ Tipo de Roca
◦ Zone:
◦ 1 roca
◦ 0 aire
Mine Planning Block
Model
Technical Parameters
Pit Final Definition
Planning Sequence
Preliminary Reserves
Design Phases
Long Term Planning
Declaration of Formal
Reserves
Economic Evaluation
Optimization Algorithm
Economical Parameters
Planning Sequence
Preliminary Reserves
Design Phases
Long Term Planning
Declaration of Formal
Reserves
Economic Evaluation
 Lerchs & Grossmann



 Cono Flotante



 Modelos de Mezcla
Mine Planning Block
Model
Technical Parameters
Pit Final Definition
Planning Sequence
Preliminary Reserves
Design Phases
Long Term Planning
Declaration of Formal
Reserves
Economic Evaluation
Optimization Algorithm
Economical Parameters
Planning Sequence
Preliminary Reserves
Design Phases
Long Term Planning
Declaration of Formal
Reserves
Economic Evaluation
Economical Parameters Suply Value
Cost Model
Single Product Multi Product
Prices
Process
Mining
Economical Parameters Suply Value
Cost Model
Single Product Multi Product
Prices
Process
Mining
 Precio productos
◦ US$/unit
 Lb, oz, tonne, tons, etc.
 Tener en cuenta unidades del modelo de bloques
◦ Cu: 0.75 – 1.5 US$/lb
◦ Au: 380 – 450 US$/oz

 Costo Venta

◦ TRCR, F&R, Venta, etc.
◦ Mismas unidades que el precio.
◦ Cu: 0.25 – 0.4 US$/lb
Economical Parameters Suply Value
Cost Model
Single Product Multi Product
Prices
Process
Mining
 Por tipo de roca
◦ Costo Proceso
 3.5 – 7 US$/tonne
 Variable MB.

◦ PCAF: Procesing cost adjustment
factor
 Ej: WorkIndex, CO3

 Por Producto
◦ Ley mínima – ley máxima
admisible, threshold

◦ Recuperación Metalúrgica (%)
 Valor, Formula, Variable MB.

◦ Costo adicional o marginal

 Método de selección del
mineral
 Cutoff
 Todos los productos / al
menos uno
 Suma leyes/cutoff >1

 Revenue (cash flow) > 0
 Costo de rehabilitación (Ej.
relaves)

Economical Parameters Suply Value
Cost Model
Single Product Multi Product
Prices
Process
Mining
 Costo Mina
◦ 0.7 – 1.4 US$/tonne

 Recuperación Minera
◦ Perdidas < 3%

 Dilución Minera
◦ Dilución < 4%

 MCAF: Mining Cost Adjustment Factor
◦ Roca Dura – Presencia de Agua, etc.

 PMCAF: Positional Mining Cost Adjusment Factor
◦ Transporte
Mine Planning Block
Model
Technical Parameters
Pit Final Definition
Planning Sequence
Preliminary Reserves
Design Phases
Long Term Planning
Declaration of Formal
Reserves
Economic Evaluation
Optimization Algorithm
Economical Parameters
Planning Sequence
Preliminary Reserves
Design Phases
Long Term Planning
Declaration of Formal
Reserves
Economic Evaluation
 Taludes (slopes)
◦ Bearing
◦ Angle

◦ Por tipo de roca
◦ Por zonas en el modelos de bloques

 Bancos para la generación de
taludes
◦ Nro bancos desde el fondo hacia
arriba para generar taludes

◦ Mas bancos
 Menor error
 Mayor tiempo de calculo

◦ Admisible 1%


 Tipo de Roca
◦ Def, Aire: Valor económico=0
◦ Variable.

Mine Planning Block
Model
Technical Parameters
Pit Final Definition
Planning Sequence
Preliminary Reserves
Design Phases
Long Term Planning
Declaration of Formal
Reserves
Economic Evaluation
Optimization Algorithm
Economical Parameters
Planning Sequence
Preliminary Reserves
Design Phases
Long Term Planning
Declaration of Formal
Reserves
Economic Evaluation
 Pits Anidados
◦ Revenue Factor
 Se aplica sobre Precio productos.
 Usualmente RF = [0.3 – 1.8]

 Produce una secuencia de pits anidados
◦ Pits mas pequeños, leyes mas altas
◦ Incidencia sobre el VAN

 Pit Final
Mine Planning Block
Model
Technical Parameters
Pit Final Definition
Planning Sequence
Preliminary Reserves
Design Phases
Long Term Planning
Declaration of Formal
Reserves
Economic Evaluation
Optimization Algorithm
Economical Parameters
Planning Sequence
Preliminary Reserves
Design Phases
Long Term Planning
Declaration of Formal
Reserves
Economic Evaluation

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