Periodic Table of the Elements

1A
1

1

H

Some Common Polyatomic Ions

±1

2A

Hydrogen

1.008
3
+1 4

2

+2

Li

Be

Lithium

Beryllium

6.941
9.0122
11
+1 12
+2

3

Na

Mg

Sodium

Magnesium

-1

3B

-4
6

4B

5B

6B

7B

8B

8A

C2H3O2−1, acetate
NO3−1 , nitrate
NO2−1, nitrite
HCO3−1, bicarbonate
HC2O4−1, binoxalate
CN−1, cyanide
OH−1, hydroxide
O2−2, peroxide

2

3A
5

8B

1B

2B

+1 22 +2,3,4 23 +2,3,4,5 24 +2,3,6 25 +2,3,4,7 26 +2,3 27 +2,3 28 +2,3 29 +1,2 30

K

Ca

Sc

Potassium

Calcium

Scandium

5A

± 4,2 7

+3 6

6A

± 3,1,2,4,5

C

N

Carbon

Nitrogen

8

7A
−2 9

O

Oxygen

He

0

Helium

4.003
−1 10
0

F

Ne

Fluorine

Neon

10.81
12.011 14.007 15.999 18.998
20.18
13
+3 14 ± 2,4 15 ± 3,5 16 ± 2,4,6 17 ± 1,3,5,7 18
0

HSO4 , bisulfate

8B

B

4A

Boron

-1

H2PO4 , dihydrogen phosphate Fe(CN) , ferrocyanide

22.989 24.305
19
+1 20
+2 21

4

CO3−2, carbonate
C2O4−2, oxalate
MnO4−1, permanganate
ClO4−1, perchlorate
ClO3−1, chlorate
ClO2−1, chlorite
ClO−1, hypochlorite
SCN−1, thiocyanate

NH4+1, ammonium
Hg2+2, mercury(I)
AsO4−3, arsenate
PO4−3, phosphate
Cr2O7−2, dichromate
CrO4−2, chromate
SO3−2, sulfite
SO4−2, sulfate

Ti

V

Cr

Mn

Fe

Co

Ni

Cu

Zn

Titanium

Vanadium

Chromium

Manganese

Iron

Cobalt

Nickel

Copper

Zinc

Al

Si

P

S

Cl

Ar

Aluminum

Silicon

Phosphorus

Sulfur

Chlorine

Argon

26.982 28.086 30.974
32.06
35.453
39.95
+2 31
+3 32 ± 2,4 33 ± 3,5 34 ± 2,4,6 35 ± 1,5 36 0,+2

Ga

Ge

As

Se

Br

Kr

Gallium

Germanium

Arsenic

Selenium

Bromine

Krypton

39.098
40.08
44.956
47.90
50.941 51.996 54.938 55.847 58.933
58.71
63.546
65.38
69.72
72.59
74.922
78.96
79.904
83.80
37
+1 38
+2 39
+3 40
+4 41 +3,5 42 +3,6 43 +4,6,7 44
+3 45
+3 46 +2,4 47
+1 48
+2 49
+3 50 +2,4 51 ± 3,5 52 ± 2,4,6 53 ± 1,5,7 54 0,+2,4,6

5

Rb

Sr

Y

Zr

Nb

Mo

Tc

Ru

Rh

Pd

Ag

Cd

In

Sn

Sb

Te

I

Xe

Rubidium

Strontium

Yttrium

Zirconium

Niobium

Molybdenum

Technetium

Ruthenium

Rhodium

Palladium

Silver

Cadmium

Indium

Tin

Antimony

Tellurium

Iodine

Xenon

Rn

85.468
87.62
88.906
91.22
92.906
95.95
98.906 101.07 102.91
106.4
107.87 112.40 114.82 118.69 121.75 127.60 126.90
131.3
55
+1 56
+2 71* +3 72
+4 73
+5 74
+6 75 +4,6,7 76 +3,4 77 +3,4 78 +2,4 79 +1,3 80 +1,2 81 +1,3 82 +2,4 83 +3,5 84 +2,4 85 ± 1,3,5,7 86
0

6

Cs

Ba

Lu

Hf

Ta

W

Re

Os

Ir

Pt

Au

Hg

Tl

Pb

Bi

Po

At

Cesium

Barium

Lutetium

Hafnium

Tantalum

Tungsten

Rhenium

Osmium

Iridium

Platinum

Gold

Mercury

Thallium

Lead

Bismuth

Polonium

Astatine

Radon

208.98

(209)

(210)

(222)

132.91 137.34 174.97 178.49 180.95 183.85 186.2
87
+1 88
+2 103**
104
105
106
107

7

Fr

Ra

Lr

Francium

Radium

Lawrencium

(223)

226.03

(257)

Rf

Rutherfordium

(261)

Db

Sg

Bh

Dubnium

Seaborgium

Bohrium

(262)

* 57

La

Chemical
Symbol

Z

±x

Sy

oxidation #s or
ionic charges

chemical name
Average Mass

x.x
or(xx)

Mass Number

(266)

Ce

Cerium

Hs

(264)

+3 58 +3,4 59

Lanthanum

atomic number

190.2
108

Pr

Hassium

(277)

+3 60

Praseodymium

192.22 195.09 196.97 200.59
109
110
111
112

Mt

Und

Unu

Unb

Meitnerium

Unnildecium

Unnilunidecium

Unnilunibieniu
m

(268)

+3 61

(281)

(272)

204.37

Unq

Unniluniquatrium

(289)

(285)

+3 62 +2,3 63 +2,3 64

207.2
114

+3 65

+3 66

Nd

Pm

Sm

Eu

Gd

Tb

Neodymium

Promethium

Samarium

Europium

Gadolinium

Terbium

+3 67

+3 68

+3 69

Dy

Ho

Er

Dysprosium

Holmium

Erbium

+3 70 +2,3

Tm

Yb

Thulium

Ytterbium

138.91 140.12 140.91 144.24
(145)
150.4
151.96 157.25 158.93 162.50 164.93 167.26 168.93 173.04
** 89
+3 90
+4 91 +4,5 92 +3,4,5,6 93 +3,4,5,6 94 +3,4,5,6 95 +3,4,5,6 96
+3 97 +3,4 98
+3 99
100
101
102

Ac

Th

Pa

U

Np

Pu

Am

Cm

Bk

Cf

Es

Fm

Md

No

Actinum

Thorium

Protactinium

Uranium

Neptunium

Plutonium

Americium

Curium

Berkelium

Californium

Einsteinium

Fermium

Mendelevium

Nobelium

(227)

232.04

231.04

238.03

237.05

(244)

(243)

(247)

(247)

(251)

(254)

(253)

(256)

(254)

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