kec|procat|ng Þumps 1roub|e Shoot|ng Gu|de

• Low volumeLrlc Lfflclency
• nÞSPA 1oo Low
• Llquld noL uellvered
• CavlLaLlon
• Leak aL Cyllnder Pead or valve Cover
• WaLer ln Crankcase/Cll
• Cll Leakage from Crankcase
• Lxcesslve PeaL ln Þower Lnd
• Þump Cverloads urlver
• SLufflng 8ox Leakage
• SLud lallure
• Lxcesslve valve nolse
• lnleL or ulscharge Llne vlbraLlon
• nolsy CperaLlon
1op Low Vo|umetr|c Lff|c|ency (Ia||ure 1o De||ver kated Capac|ty And Þressure)
1. Alr or vapor pockeL ln lnleL llne
2. CapaclLy of charge pump less Lhan capaclLy of power pump
3. Alr or vapor Lrapped ln or above lnleL manlfold
4. Alr leak ln llquld supply plplng sysLem
3. Loose bolLs ln pump lnleL manlfold
6. Alr or gases enLralned ln llquld
7. lorelgn ob[ecL holdlng pump lnleL or dlscharge valve(s) open
8. lncorrecL drlve raLlo
9. Loose belLs
10. lncorrecL moLor or englne speed
11. Loose valve covers or cyllnder head
12. Worn valves and seaLs
13. SafeLy rellef valve parLlally open, or noL holdlng pressure
14. Worn llners, plsLon rlngs or plungers
13. 8ypass valve open, or noL holdlng pressure
16. 8lown llner gaskeL
17. nÞSPA noL sufflclenL
18. Llquld bypasslng lnLernally
19. lorelgn ob[ecL blocklng llquld passage
20. vorLex ln supply Lank
21. lnsufflclenL power dellvered by moLor
1op NÞSnA 1oo Low
1. lnleL llne parLlally clogged
2. Llquld vapor pressure Loo hlgh
3. Llquld pumplng LemperaLure Loo hlgh
4. 8esLrlcLed lnleL plpe flLLlngs
3. lnleL llne Loo long
6. 1oo many plpe flLLlngs
7. 1oo small lnleL llne
8. 1oo low sLaLlc lnleL head
9. 1oo low aLmospherlc pressure
L|qu|d Not De||vered
1. Þump noL prlmed
2. Alr or vapor pockeL ln lnleL llne
3. Clogged lnleL llne
4. All lnleL valves propped open
3. All dlscharge valves propped open
6. Loose bolLs ln pump lnleL manlfold
7. 1oo hlgh valve veloclLles
Cav|tat|on
1. nÞSPA Loo low
2. Llquld nC1 uellvered Lo Þump lnleL ConnecLlon
3. Lxcesslve SLufflng 8ox Leakage
4. nÞSP8 Loo hlgh
Leak at Cy||nder nead or Va|ve Cover
1. Cver 8ecommended Þressure
2. Loose Cyllnder Pead/valve Cover
3. uamaged CaskeL/C-rlng
Water |n Crankcase]C||
1. WaLer CondensaLlon
2. Worn seals
3. Clogged Alr 8reaLher(s)
4. Worn Crankcase Þacklng
3. Loose Covers
C|| Leakage from Crankcase
1. Cll Level/1emperaLure 1oo Plgh
2. Worn seals
3. Worn Crankcase Þacklng
4. Loose Crankcase Cover
Lxcess|ve neat |n Þower Lnd
1. Þump 8unnlng 8ackward/8ÞM Loo low 2) lnsufflclenL Cll ln Þower Lnd
2. Lxcesslve Cll ln Þower Lnd
3. lncorrecL Cll vlscoslLy
4. CperaLlng Þump above 8ecommended Þressure 6) Maln 8earlngs Loo
1lghL
3. urlve Mlsallgned
6. 8elLs Loo 1lghL
7. ulscharge valve, one or more, SLuck Cpen 10) lnsufflclenL Coollng
8. Þump 8ÞM Loo Low
9. lnadequaLe venLllaLlon
10. Llquld Lnd Þacklng Ad[usLed Loo 1lghL (ad[usLable sLyle packlng only)
Þump Cver|oads Dr|ver
1. Þump 8ÞM Loo Plgh
2. Low volLage or oLher LlecLrlcal 1rouble
3. 1rouble wlLh Lnglne, 1urblne, Cear 8educer or oLher 8elaLed
LqulpmenL
4. Lxcesslve ulscharge Llne Þressure
3. Clogged ulscharge Llne
6. Closed/1hroLLled valve ln ulscharge Llne
7. lncorrecL Þlunger/ÞlsLon Slze for AppllcaLlon
8. lmproper 8ypass CondlLlons
9. Cver-LlghLened SLufflng 8ox Clands on Ad[usLable Þacklng
Stuff|ng 8ox Leakage
1. Worn Þacklng
2. Worn rods or plunger
3. Worn sLufflng boxes
4. Wrong slze packlng
3. Worn C-rlng seal (replaceable boxes)
Stud Ia||ure
1. Lxcesslve dlscharge pressure
2. lmproper Lorqulng of nuLs
3. Shock overload caused by pump cavlLaLlon
Lxcess|ve Va|ve No|se
1. 8roken or weak valve sprlng
2. Þump cavlLaLlon
3. Alr leak ln lnleL plplng or loose bolLs ln pump lnleL manlfold
4. Alr Lrapped above lnleL valve
In|et or D|scharge L|ne V|brat|on
1. Þlplng lnadequaLely supporLed
2. lnleL llne Loo long or Loo small ln dlameLer
3. 1oo many bends ln lnleL llne
4. MulLlple pump lnsLallaLlons operaLlng ln phase
3. CbsLrucLlon under valve(s)
6. Þacklng Worn
7. CperaLlng Above 8ecommended Þressure or 8ÞM 8) Low nÞSPA
No|sy Cperat|on (8e sure to d|fferent|ate between ||qu|d knock and mechan|ca|
knock - very few knocks are mechan|ca| on new |nsta||at|ons.)
1. ÞlsLon or plunger loose
2. valve nolse ampllfled Lhrough power end
3. Þump cavlLaLlon
4. Llquld knock
3. Alr leak ln lnleL plplng
6. Loose bolLs ln pump lnleL manlfold
7. Pydraullc nolse ln llquld end
8. Loose or worn crosshead plns and bushlngs
9. Loose connecLlng rod cap bolL
10. Worn connecLlng rod bearlngs
11. Worn crosshead
12. Maln bearlng end play excesslve
13. Worn gears or chalns
14. Cears or chalns ouL of llne
13. Þump runnlng backward
16. ÞarLlal loss of prlme
17. Shocks ln plplng sysLem
18. WaLer ln power end crankcase
19. Þoorly supporLed plplng, abrupL Lurns ln plplng, plplng mlsallgned,
plpe slze Loo small

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