VOLTAIRE

1694-1778

(FRANCOIS MARIE AROUET)

Early Life 
Born November 21, 1694
In Paris 

Went to Louis-le-Grand a Jesuit College  Left school at the age of 17  1717, imprisoned for writing a scrutiny of the

French government.  In prison he wrote Oedipal
Became his theatrical success

Voltaire s Exile 
Insulted Chevalier De Rohan
Imprisonment or exile 

Exiled from 1726-1729 and lived in England  Influenced by the ideas of John Locke and Isaac Newton  Studied parliament of England and religious tolerance  Returned to France and published Letters on the English on the efficient English government
Seen as a criticism of French government Forced to leave Paris in 1734

The Second

Exile 

Moved into the home of Marquise du Chatelet
Château de Cirey near Lunéville (1706-1749) Stupides Natural science 

1738 published Elements of Philosophy of Newton
Popularized the thoughts of Newton 

1746, voted into the Academie Francaise  Moved to Potsdam at invitation of Frederick the Great  1753, returned to France

His Later Life 
Bought an estate called Fernery
Near French-Swiss border Became central learning place in Europe 

Wrote many books, plays, and plays
Wrote letters to his friends Criticized religious tolerance and persecution 

1755 wrote a poem about an earthquake that killed 60,000

people in portugal

Questioned on his pessimistic veiw by conteporary writers 

1759, wrote a novel called Candide
Attacked war, religious persecution, and unwarrented optimism about the human condition 

Believed that society should be improved

Death 
Returned at the age of 83  He died in Paris because of the excitement of

the trip
Denied burial in church ground Buried at an abbey in Champange 

1791, moved to the Pantheon in Paris

Bibliography 
Kagan, Donald, Steven Ozment, and Frank M.

Turner. The Western Heritage. AP edition. Pearson Prentice Hall, 2007. Print.  "Voltaire Author and Philosopher." Lucidcafe: Library. Web. 10 Nov. 2009. <http://www.lucidcafe.com/library/95nov/volt aire.html>.

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