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3

1

=%

2

;

χ calculat = ∑

( f o − ft ) 2

;

a) 3 ≤ N ≤ 7 :

; V=n-1

b) 8 ≤ N ≤ 10 :

2

MF = z *

s

IF ( X ) = µ ± z *
IF ( µ) = X ±MF

N

s

IF ( X ) = µ ± MF

N

MF = z *

σ

p*q
N

x (1) − x ( N −
1)

A =

x (1) − x ( 3)
x (1) − x ( N −
1)

x (1) − x ( 3)
x (1) − x ( N −2 )

P = 96 % => Z = 2,05

IFE (%) = q ± z *

p*q
N

P = 97 % => Z = 2,17
P = 98 % => Z = 2,33
P = 99 % => Z = 2,58

4

MF = z *

A =

N

IFE (%) = q ± MF

p*q
N

x (1) − x ( 2 )

A =

P = 95 % => Z = 1,96

σ

IFE (%) = p ± MF
MF = z *

d) 14

N

p + q = 100 %
IFE (%) = p ± z *

x (1) − x ( N )

ft

c) 11 ≤ N ≤ 13 :
IF ( µ) = X ± z *

x (1) −x ( 2 )

A =

p*q
N

X=

;

s=

p + P = 100 %
5

ft=

Total _ linie * Total _ coloană

7

Total _ general

( f o − ft )
2
χ calculat = ∑
ft

2

ν = (Linie –1)*(Coloana – 1 );

6

a = % în. * % dp. * N

c = % în. * % dp. * N

b = % în. * % dp. * N

d = % în. * % dp. * N

ν = (Linie –1)*(Coloana – 1)

N1 + N 2 = N
8

R1=

a)

X −Y

t=

∑x

2

+ ∑y2

Nx + Ny −2

R2=
x=X– X ;

*

Nx + Ny
Nx * Ny

y = Y – Y ; v = Nx + Ny – 2

t tabelar = t v ; 1 - α
b)

8

t=

t=

x=X– X ; y=Y– Y ;
| Z calculat| = …
2
sx =

∑x
Nx

2

;

22
v = Nx + Ny – 2 ;

sy =

∑y
Ny

D
sD

sD =
;

9

D=∑ X–Y;

∑D
N

D=

2

− ( D)²

v = N - 1;

sD =

∑D
N

∑D

2

N

− ( D )²

t tabelar = t v ; 1 - α
23

t tabelar = t v ; 1 - α

a) K = 2: χ2=[(a*d-b*c)2*T general] : [(a+b)*(c+d)*(a+c)*(b+d)] b) K ≥ 3: χ 2 calculat = ∑ ( f o − ft ) ∑x 2 Nx . Ny sY = sx 2 ∑x ∑ xy r = ∑x 2 ∑ xy r = * ∑y . s = 2 y sy = sy sx = N y −1 ∑y Ny sX = 2 . 11 y=Y– Y s X −Y = s x −y = s x2 = sx = sx N x −1 ∑x 2 Nx . 22 s X2 + sY2 − rXY * s X * sY s x2 + s 2y 12 ft= X −Y s X −Y z= Total _ linie * Total _ coloană Total _ general K = 2T N ( N −1) . .Ry . anterior / f int.10 z= X −Y s x −y x=X– X . 2 t = 2 * ∑y 2 N −2 r 1 −r 2 v = N – 1 => α tabelar= … 2 ft ρ =1 − 6 * ∑d 2 N * (N 2 −1) . anterioară + i * (q2 – f c. curent) T =( suma d-) + (suma d+) Q2 = Med. ν = (Linie –1)*(Coloana – 1) 23 . t = ρ N −2 2 1 −ρ q2 = N : 2 sau q2 = 50% * N d= Rx . v = N – 1 => α tabelar= … Q2 = Vs. ∑y sy = sy Ny Nx 1 3 .

j= 1 i< j 1 8 19 2 χ  12 = N ( N +1)  R2 j ∑ n j  −3( N   +1) χ2McNemar corijat = (|B-C| – 1)2/(B+C) χ2Yates = Σ[(|fo-ft| – 0. ) ÷ N q = nr. răsp.3 = 7 . . c. răsp. re p i = nr. răsp. răsp. greșite σT = ∑x 2 N ϕ= p ij − p i * p j 2 pi − pi * a) s2i = pi*qi = pi*(1-pi) = 2 pj −pj 2 ( p i * 1) − ( p i * p i ) = p i − p i f i = nr. pi j = ( nr. ÷ N s2 i = p i * qi . g. g. răsp. ÷ N . ÷ N p+q=1 b) 1 1 Covij = pij − pi * p j r12.5)2/ft] 2 0 2 22 ϕ= χ2 N ϕc = χ2 N * ( L −1) 23 . p i + qi = 1 nr. g. nr. qi = 1 . corecte X p = corespondenți răspunsuri greșite ÷ nr. răsp.pi x=X– X . p i = nr. răsp. răsp. r12 − r13 r23 2 2 1 − r13 * 1 − r23 s2 i = p i * qi ∑ xy r = pi j = ( nr. p = nr.1 4 r pbis = X p −Xq σT SAU pq r pbis = X p −XT p σT q 1 5 X p = corespondenți răspunsuri corecte ÷ nr.pi . ) ÷ N. ÷ N . qi = 1 . g. răsp. c. răsp. c. n ∑x p i + qi = 1 rtet = cos(180 * n s = ∑ s + 2∑ Covij 2 x i= 1 2 i 2 * ∑y 2 b*c b*c + ) a*d i. g. c. răsp.