Brimstone is the old name for sulfur, its foul smell associated with demons and the fires

of Hades.
But sulfur is one of the minerals most crucial to life, and an organic form of it, known as MSM, has
many remarkable therapeutic properties, from nourishing hair and nails to fighting parasites, clearing
up allergies, dealing with digestive problems and relieving the pain of arthritis. Renowned health
authority Earl Mindell shows you how to use MSM to maximize your health and well-being.

Earl Mindell, R.Ph., Ph.D., Professor of Nutrition Studies at Pacific Western University in Los
Angeles, a licensed pharmacist and Master Herbalist, is one of America's most widely read authors
in the health field. His Vitamin Bible has sold more than 7 million copies and has been translated
into 30 languages. In two dozen other books he has covered children's health, anti-aging,
homeopathy, garlic, herbal medicine-virtually the entire range of natural health. In addition to
contributing articles to professional and general publications, Dr. Mindell lectures extensively
around the U.S. and in many other countries.

The MSM
Miracle
Enhance your health
with organic sulfur

Contents
The Miracle of Minerals .................................................... 7
Sulfur: An Underappreciated Nutrient ........................ 10
Sulfur-Containing Compounds ...................................... 20
Nutrition for Skin, Hair and Nails ............................... 24
Nothing to Sneeze at ....................................................... 29
Something's in You Besides You .................................. 33
Something You Can Stomach ........................................ 36
MSM and Pain Relief ...................................................... 39
Discoveries of MSM Benefits Continue ....................... 42
Bibliography ...................................................................... 46

Long before there were any animals or vegetation on earth there were huge deposits of pulverized
minerals. Primeval rains washed minerals into the seas, triggering development of the first life
forms.
Minerals are inorganic elements. While our bodies can synthesize some vitamins, the fact that
minerals are inorganic means that no living thing, plant or animal, is able to manufacture or create
them. Minerals, however, are able to bond with other molecules in animals and plants, giving them
different properties without actually changing the chemical structure of the minerals themselves.
CONVERTED BY PLANTS
You can always count on Mother Nature to find a way, and she has provided an easy path for
minerals to nourish the human body. Plants need minerals to function, and readily absorb them. They
take up minerals, including sulfur, from the soil where they grow. When minerals have been
converted and bound to carbon by plants, the human body can easily absorb them from the
vegetables, fruits and other plants we eat as well as from meat and milk. All humans (excluding
vegetarians) meet their mineral needs by eating both plants and animals, and drinking water. The
"organic" minerals found in plants and animals are in a form easier for the body to absorb and
utilize than the inorganic forms.
While humans can tolerate a deficiency of vitamins for a while, even the slightest change in the
level of certain minerals may endanger health and survival. Vitamins cannot function without
minerals present. When you consider that as many as 22 minerals have been recognized as necessary
for optimal human health, you can begin to appreciate the need to eat a variety of foods and
supplements for your body to stay fully functional.
MAJOR OR TRACE BUT NOTHING MINOR
Minerals make up just four percent of body weight, yet are indispensable for many functions of the
body. There is widespread awareness of the important role major essential minerals like calcium,
magnesium, sodium, potassium and phosphorus play in the maintenance of a properly functioning
body. After all, almost everyone takes a multivitamin and mineral supplement every day.
Less well known is the body's need for trace minerals, so called because the amount needed is
much less than the major minerals. Trace minerals are sometimes called "trace elements," and those
needed to maintain health are called "essential" trace minerals or elements. Only tiny amounts of trace
minerals are needed to keep the body functioning smoothly. For example, in the absence of only a
little over one millionth of an ounce of iodine, the thyroid gland enlarges.
v Although needed consumption of trace minerals is measured in micrograms, and needed amounts
of major minerals are measured in milligrams, it doesn't matter whether the amount required is large
or small. The fact remains, a significant, prolonged deficiency in either category can be fatal.
The minute amounts of trace minerals needed meant that their importance eluded detection until
only recently. As recently as 1928 just three trace minerals were recognized: iron, which was found
to be needed for healthy blood; iodine, shown to prevent thyroid deficiency; and copper, found to be
needed for the absorption and utilization of iron.
In the years that followed, additional minerals were found to play a role as components of body
tissue and fluids, as cofactors for several important enzymes and to participate in blood formation,
hormone and vitamin formation, immunity, muscle function, nerve signal transmission, energy
production, and, most recently with regard to sulfur, a unique and vastly important role in tissue
structure and cell permeability, as you will learn later in this book.
The strong, consistent structure of minerals makes them essential in the body's structures, from
calcium, phosphorus and boron, all contained in the bones, to silicon, an important component of
collagen, the principal structural component of skin. Silicon forms long, complex molecules, which
need to be strong and flexible. Vitamin C is another major component of collagen.
Minerals are known for their role as catalysts, speeding up chemical reactions in the body. As
catalysts, minerals reduce the energy required for formation or breakdown of substances, so that
processes such as digestion and healing occur more quickly and efficiently. Minerals perform in the
body like worker ants in an ant colony, making sure everything that is needed for the colony to
function properly gets handled efficiently.
MINERAL DEFICIENCIES
Maintaining good health and preventing disease through adequate mineral intake should be a
natural result of eating the proper foods. And, up until the industrial expansion of the 19th century, the
cycle of minerals was mainly undisturbed, as vegetables, meat, fish and dairy foods remained reliable
sources of most minerals. Today, however, increasing air and water pollution, intensive farming,
deforestation, the refined and highly processed foods we eat, along with the use of prescription drugs,
have had the cumulative effect of depleting the natural availability of dietary minerals. It is my belief
that the mineral depletion so evident in today's crop-growing soils is reflected in the depleted state of
health of people all over the world.
I don't want anyone fooled by those nutrition tables you see listing the amount of vitamins and
minerals in foods. They don't reveal if produce was grown in a mineral-balanced soil or comes from
overfarmed or polluted soil. Nor can they give any indication of naturally occurring variations in
soils from different geographic areas. What's more, I can tell you that some nutrition tables haven't
been updated in over twenty years! As long as practices exist which continue to rob the soil of
mineral content, even one year can make a difference to food values. For this reason, food that might
have been nutritious at some point in the past may well prove to be totally devoid of any food value
by the time you eat it.
The sulfur our bodies need is available in animal protein foods such as meats, fish, poultry, eggs
and milk. Grains, legumes and fresh, unprocessed vegetables like onions, garlic, cabbage, Brussels
sprouts and broccoli contribute lesser amounts of this important mineral. Consequently, vegetarians
and other people who may have inadequate intake of protein or those with a higher protein need
(growing children, for example), may also lack sufficient sulfur to meet the body's needs.
As the sciences of biochemistry, physics and geology continue to discover and define the role
minerals play-like the recent revelation of organic sulfur-we can all look forward to developing even
better ways of fine-tuning our bodies for healthier and longer lives. Meanwhile, since it appears
virtually impossible to compensate for mineral deficiencies with food, the need grows daily for
supplements to assure an adequate mineral supply for anyone interested in maintaining optimal health.

It's referred to in the Book of Genesis as brimstone and, reminiscent of hellfire, it also appears in the
vicinity of volcanoes and hot springs. Greeks used it as it occurs in garlic to treat arthritis and even
psychosis. Our forefathers knew it as a component of black gunpowder. Later it proved useful in the
vulcanization of natural rubber. Farmers and growers are aware of its value as a fungicide and as a
phosphoric fertilizer. In springtime, Grandma and Grandpa may have downed a little with some
molasses for their combined tonic effect. It's widely distributed in nature in iron pyrites, galena,
sphalerite, cinnabar, gypsum, Epsom salts, celestite and barite. It's even found on the Moon.
I'm referring to that pale yellow, brittle, nonmetallic mineral sulfur. And while it is the fourth most
plentiful mineral in the body, and so essential to life that it is found in every cell of every animal and
plant, sulfur has not received the nutritional attention it deserves. Sulfur has been overlooked
probably because it occurs not as the smelly, inorganic form we're all familiar with, but is usually
referred to in the context of its presence in certain amino acids that form part of the proteins we
ingest. As a result, despite the vital roles that sulfur itself plays in the body, its value as a critical
nutrient has gone underappreciated. This book is about to change that by turning the spotlight on
sulfur, more specifically organic sulfur, the kind your body can absorb and use. This form of sulfur is
called methylsulfonylmethane, for simplicity usually shortened to MSM.
Long before the first living thing ever set foot or fin on land, algae and phytoplankton were living
in the surface layer of Earth's ancient seas. Scientists explain that these very simple forms of marine
life assimilate and convert inorganic sulfur into organic molecules which then release a volatile
substance called dimethyl sulfide, eventually to lodge in the upper reaches of the atmosphere in the
ozone layer. There the dimethyl sulfide, catalyzed by ultraviolet light, is oxidized into DMSO
(dimethyl sulfoxide) and into MSM. Both these compounds dissolve in atmospheric moisture, are
caught up in clouds which move over land surfaces, and return to earth dissolved in rain. When it
rains, plant roots attract and voraciously absorb sulfur-rich MSM. When researchers added MSM to
soil around plants at five parts per million in water, in only a few hours the root concentration
reached levels exceeding 100 parts per million. Little wonder that it's possible to obtain the sulfur
our bodies require from the fresh plants we consume as food.
It's hard to imagine that some of the sulfur that is now a part of your body may have originated from
algae growing in some warm, far-off tropical sea that was eventually absorbed by plants and used to
build amino acids and other organosulfur compounds. Yet it is this miraculous, never-ending
chemical process that occurs thousands of feet above us and returns as raindrops that supplies the
sulfur needed for all living things.
As noted earlier, animal protein_foods have a comparatively high content of sulfur and grains,
legumes and such vegetables as onions, garlic, asparagus, cabbage, Brussels sprouts and broccoli
have significant but not abundant quantities. About the only foods with enough sulfur content to even
darken a silver spoon are eggs and red peppers. Unfortunately, most of the volatile MSM present in
unprocessed foods is lost in the washing, cooking or steaming that is involved in the modern
preparation of these plant foods for consumption.
WHAT IS MSM?
MSM is a safe and natural, assimilable food derived from the ocean. Dr. Stanley Jacob of the
Oregon Health Sciences University discovered that, when heated, DMSO would crystallize and
isolate 99.9 percent of the beneficial component MSM. While they are chemically similar, you cannot
compare DMSO with the derivative. Each is unique. MSM is a pure, natural, stable, white crystalline
powder without the unpleasant smell or taste of DMSO. MSM is odorless and does not produce
intestinal gas or body odor which may occur with other forms of sulfur. MSM is a dietary element
derived from many raw foods. DMSO is not.
MSM is neither a medicine nor a drug. It is a member of the sulfur family but should never be
confused with sulfa drugs, to which some people are allergic. MSM has been used as a dietary
supplement for several years, with no reports of intolerance or allergic reaction. Acute, intermediate,
and long-term studies indicate that MSM exhibits very low toxicity no matter how it is administered.
How low? Its profile is similar to that of water! Within limits, you cannot overdose with MSM
because the body will take and use whatever it needs, and after a 12-hour period, will flush any
excess amounts from the body.
Sulfur is highly important. Approximately half of the total body sulfur is concentrated in the
muscles, skin and bones. It is present in keratin, the tough substance in the skin, nails and hair. Sulfur
is necessary for making collagen, the primary constituent of cartilage and connective tissue. It is
responsible for the conformation of body proteins through the formation of disulfide bonds, which
hold connective tissue together. You'll also find 1.2 milligrams of inorganic sulfur compound in every
100 milliliters of blood.
In conjunction with vitamins and amino acids, MSM provides the body with the necessary raw
materials to create healthy new cells. Optimal health is dependent on maintaining the process for
producing healthy and flexible cells. It's a 24-hour-a-day job because the body never stops producing
new cells. Without proper nutrition, however, the body can run short of the materials it needs.
Lacking sufficient MSM, the body is a compromised system, deficient in its ability to repair or
replace damaged tissue and organs. The inability of the body to do its work causes it to produce
dysfunctional cells which can lead to illness and disease.
The nerves that sense pain are located mainly in the soft tissues of our bodies. Many types of pain
can be attributed to pressure differential involving the cells that make up tissue. When outside
pressure drops, cells inflate and become inflamed. Nerves register the inflammation and we
experience pain symptoms. Did you ever hear of anyone predicting weather changes because of pain
they feel in their joints? Often, what contributes to the pain is the lack of flexibility and permeability
in the fibrous tissue cells. Use of MSM has been shown to add flexibility to cell walls while allowing
fluids to pass through the tissue more easily. This softens the tissue and helps to equalize pressure
thereby reducing if not totally eliminating the cause of the pain. Later we'll learn how this
extraordinary property of MSM can help treat a wide variety of conditions that afflict millions of
people every day.
It is important to recall that we lose a great deal of MSM in the normal preparation of food and as
a result may be denying our body a critical nutritional tool it needs
EFFECTIVE DOSAGE
Due to its positive wide-spectrum effect, particularly in maintaining healthy cell formation, dietary
nutritional supplementation of MSM is recommended at a daily rate of 2,000 to 6,000 mg. The
optimum effective dosage would depend on body size, age, the MSM blood level prior to
administration, and the nature and severity of the condition you are treating. This means you can
experiment with different doses to find out what works best for you. Studies suggest that the systemic
concentration of MSM declines with age, so you would want to boost your supplementation as you
grow older.
As MSM is largely inert, nontoxic and nonallergenic, the precise amount of daily dosage is not
critical. Please be aware that a single dose of MSM has not been found to be an effective treatment. It
generally needs to be taken for at least a few days when you're treating a specific condition, and
sometimes for up to three weeks. I include it as part of my daily supplementation regimen.
When it is taken by mouth with meals in powder or caplet form, the body will distribute MSM
where it is needed. Worth noting is the positive synergistic effect on the building of healthier cells
when MSM is taken in combination with vitamin C. In the continuous process of forming new cells,
the body uses up a little of our vitamin C and, without MSM to bond with it, our tissues would be
rigid and less permeable.
In lotion form, MSM can be applied topically to the areas where it may prove most beneficial for
reducing localized inflammation. Special MSM blends incorporate complementary natural skin
softeners and moisturizers. For eye-specific problems, you'll want to look for eyedrop formulas
containing MSM that you can apply directly to the eyes. As the uses for MSM become better known,
you can expect to see other forms of this miraculous supplement.
AMINO ACIDS
While sulfur is required by both plants and animals, neither can use elemental sulfur directly. The
inorganic form of sulfur is not well utilized by our bodies because it is not readily bioavailable to
living things. Our need for sulfur is met more from organic compounds, notably amino acids. When
plants absorb DMSO and MSM from rain water, they convert these compounds into the amino acids
methionine and cysteine. The acid-forming mineral sulfur is part of the chemical structure of both
these amino acids. (Taurine and cystine, the only other two known sulfur-amino acids, are synthesized
from cysteine.)
Methionine and cysteine, along with other amino acids, are the building blocks of protein. Proteins
are chains of amino acids linked by what are known as peptide bonds. The principal reason sulfur is
so vital is that protein cannot hold its molecular structure without these sulfur linkages.
The body manufactures about 80 percent of the amino acids it needs and these are classified as
nonessential. The remaining 20 percent, called essential amino acids, must be obtained from food you
eat or through supplementation. In addition to methionine, the essential amino acids are lysine,
tryptophan, isoleucine, leucine, valine, phenylalanine and threonine. If just one of these essential
amino acids is missing from the body's reserves, the production of proteins would stop, leading to a
range of debilitating physical disorders and eventually death.
The Sulfur Amino Acids
Methionine: This may have been one of the very first organic substances. In experimental origin-
of-life studies, methionine was shown to be a product of a spark discharge in an atmosphere designed
to simulate that which prevailed on primitive Earth.
By increasing production of lecithin, this essential amino acid works to break down fat, and as a
result helps prevent accumulation of fats in the liver and arteries that could restrict the flow of blood
to the heart, brain and kidneys. For this reason methionine is used in the treatment of certain types of
liver damage. It is also required for protein synthesis and the formation of DNA/RNA, and plays an
important role in detoxifying harmful agents like lead, cadmium, mercury and arsenic.
Methionine helps diminish muscle weakness and has proven beneficial in the treatment of
rheumatic fever and osteoporosis; it also promotes the excretion of estrogen.
Recent studies involving laboratory animals indicated that a high intake of methionine might help
prevent kidney stones by counteracting free radicals. A deficiency of methionine and taurine has been
associated with certain allergies and autoimmune disorders. Methionine is a part of the peptide
responsible for pain relief as well as various mood-elevating endorphins. By supplying sulfur, it
helps prevent problems of the hair, skin and nails, while it nourishes cartilage.
Methionine is not synthesized in the body and so must be obtained from food sources or from
dietary supplements. The minimum daily requirement for methionine suggested by the National
Academy of Sciences is 10 mg per kilogram of body weight for adults. Other studies indicate that
requirements vary widely, depending on age, sex and diet.
Good food sources for methionine include beans, eggs, onions, garlic, lentils, soybeans, yogurt,
fish and meat. A cup of low-fat cottage cheese will contain up to a gram of this sulfur amino acid, and
one exceptionally good dietary source of methionine is sunflower seeds.
The synthesis of the sulfur amino acid taurine depends on the availability of methionine, and the
body converts methionine into the sulfur amino acid cysteine, a precursor of the important amino acid
glutathione.
Cysteine: As with all other amino acids, the vital role of cysteine is to contribute to the structure of
protein, which it does in the form of cystine. Cystine is created when two cysteines oxidize and bond
together. Cystine holds proteins in shape and determines the form and properties of animal and plant
proteins.
Cysteine is present in keratin, the main protein that makes up nails, skin and hair. It aids in the
production of collagen and provides elasticity in the skin. Cysteine is important in energy production
because it can be converted to the sugar glucose which the body can burn. This sulfur amino acid,
along with methionine, is important in manufacturing the antioxidant lipoic acid which can reduce
diabetics' need for insulin.
Like its sister sulfur amino acid, methionine, cysteine appears to possess the extraordinary
capability to render toxic chemicals and carcinogens harmless, according to recent studies.
Moreover, it promotes healing from respiratory disorders and severe burns as well as helping
prevent damage from the free radicals generated by radiation and chemotherapy. Cysteine is often
administered in hospital emergency rooms to prevent liver damage from drug or alcohol overdose.
Cysteine is currently being used successfully to raise T-cell levels in AIDS patients. Recent studies
have indicated relative deficiencies of sulfur-bearing cysteine in some psychotic patients. Foods that
contain high levels of cysteine include onions, garlic, yogurt, wheat germ and red meat.
Taurine: This lesser-known sulfur amino acid can be synthesized from cysteine in the liver and
from methionine elsewhere in the body. For vegetarians, this internal synthesis is crucial, since
taurine is not found in vegetable proteins. It is one of the most abun dant amino acids in the body and
is considered conditionally essential for adults. Taurine is essential to infants, in whom it is critical
to development of the central nervous system and muscle tissue. Cysteine and vitamin B6 are the most
critical nutrients to support the manufacture of taurine.
Taurine is not incorporated into proteins, yet is key to metabolism. It does not appear to function as
an antioxidant but to provide a stabilizing effect on cell membranes, helping maintain their integrity
and strength. Taurine facilitates the transition of calcium, potassium, magnesium and sodium in and
out of cells. Taurine lends its protective ability to particularly sensitive tissues and is found in
relatively high concentrations in white blood cells, the kidney, brain, heart and the retina of the eye.
Taurine is the second most important inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain. This helps account
for its anticonvulsant and antianxiety properties and its use to treat epilepsy and seizures.
Taurine is also the most important and abundant free amino acid in the heart. A double-blind study
by Dr. J. Azuma and colleagues in 1983 found that taurine brought improvement to 19 out of 24
congestive heart failure patients. Where it is involved in the metabolism of calcium in the heart,
taurine is thought to affect the transmission of nerve impulses.
In 1982 Dr. M. J. Voaden and colleagues found that people suffering from the eye disease retinitis
pigmentosa showed reduced levels of taurine in their blood as well as within the eye. Cats make less
of their own taurine than humans and become blind on taurine- or methionine-deficient diets. This
blindness is due to degeneration of the light-sensitive cells in the eye and is reversible when detected
early and the cat's diet is supplemented with taurine. To date, however, no conclusive evidence exists
to indicate the role taurine may play in treating or preventing this cause of blindness in humans.
Excessive consumption of alcohol is associated with urinary loss of taurine and causes the body to
lose its ability to properly use the amino acid. Diabetes increases the need for taurine, but
supplementation with it along with cysteine may decrease the need for insulin. Taurine is also a
component of bile, which is utilized in the digestion of fats, absorption of fat-soluble vitamins, and
control of cholesterol levels.
Taurine is highly concentrated in animal and fish protein, particularly in organ meats. As noted
earlier, it is not found in vegetable proteins. I should emphasize that with conditions linked to taurine
deficiencies (depression, hypertension, hypothyroidism and kidney failure, for example), or when the
body produces inadequate supplies, dietary sources by themselves will not furnish sufficient amounts
of taurine. In these cases, supplements would almost certainly be necessary. Effective oral
supplementation ranges between 500 mg and 5 grams (5,000 mg).
The minimum requirements for total sulfur-containing amino acids have been reported by
researchers to be as high as 1400 mg per day but will vary in relation to diet, age and gender.
PROTEIN: IT'S ALL IN HOW IT'S ARRANGED
Each type of protein is made up of a unique collection of amino acids in a specific combination.
There are approximately 28 known amino acids, including the sulfur ones just discussed. The way
they are linked is what determines the composition of all the different tissues found in the body
including muscles, ligaments, tendons, organs and glands. Many body fluids, plus the enzymes and
hormones that regulate all bodily processes, are also proteins.
The properties of specific forms of protein vary according to the number and type of individual
amino acids and their arrangement. For example, muscle is made up of fibrous proteins aligned in
long parallel chains, while spherical globular proteins will be found in hemoglobin (which carries
oxygen and nutrients to the tissues via red blood cells) and insulin. Peptides are what determines
whether your hair is curly or straight. It is the presence of sulfur in keratin, found in skin, hair and
nails, that provides strength, shape and hardness to these particular areas. Did you ever accidentally
singe your hair? It is the cystine in keratin in the hair that's responsible for that sulfur smell.
COMPLETE PROTEINS PROMOTE GROWTH
After water, protein is the most plentiful substance in our bodies and represents about 20 percent
of our weight. The functions of protein are growth and maintenance throughout the body, regulation of
body processes, and supplying energy. Proteins are nutritionally classified as either complete or
incomplete. When complete, the protein is capable of promoting growth and health.
As proteins are the major part of all living cells, and cell building and regeneration is the basis for
life, it is clear that a continuous supply of protein must be maintained. Yet because the essential
amino acids are not synthesized in sufficient amounts by the body, they must be secured from the food
we eat. Foods that furnish all the essential amino acids are high in animal protein such as meat,
chicken, fish, milk products and eggs. Plant foods such as grains and legumes provide protein but
must be combined to provide all the essential amino acids. Strict vegetarians may not get sufficient
amounts of the essential amino acids even though onions, garlic, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, and
broccoli contain important sulfur compounds.
Because sulfur-containing amino acids are among the most limited of all amino acids in our diet,
supplemental sources are necessary. Here again I want to emphasize that the body is able to address
the health challenges it faces when given the nutritional tools it needs to repair, regenerate and defend
itself.
SULFUR AND THE B VITAMINS
Need more proof just how mighty and indispensable sulfur is to human nutrition? Then consider
that as a component of the B vitamin biotin, sulfur contributes to the process of metabolizing fat and,
of special significance to diabetics, as a part of thiamine (vitamin BI) and of insulin, sulfur is also
required for carbohydrate metabolism. Both biotin and thiamine, along with pantothenic acid and
potassium, aid the body to assimilate sufficient amounts of MSM nutritional sulfur.
Vitamin C and all the B vitamins-including biotin and thiamine, riboflavin (B2), niacin, pyridoxine
(B6), cobalamine (B12), folic acid and pantothenic acid-are water soluble and are more easily lost
than fat-soluble vitamins. These vitamins move within the body's blood and lymph systems and are
ultimately eliminated in the urine.
The B vitamins in general are vital to maintaining healthy nerves, skin, hair, eyes, muscle tone and
liver. The so-called Bcomplex vitamins work synergistically: they perform better taken together as a
group. For particular illnesses, individual B vitamins are taken in larger individual doses. While
available in a wide variety of foods, most B vitamins are sensitive to light and heat and as a result are
lost in normal food processing.
BIOTIN
Biotin assists in cell growth and in the metabolism of fat and proteins. This vitamin is a critical
part of glucokinase, the enzyme involved in the utilization of glucose. A biotin deficiency, while rare
in adults, can cause high blood sugar. Diabetes is a condition brought on in part due to poor
metabolism, resulting in excess blood sugar and insufficient production of insulin. Sulfur is a
component of insulin, the protein hormone secreted by the pancreas that is essential to carbohydrate
metabolism. A lack of nutritional sulfur in the diet may result in low insulin production.
Diabetics should note that a diet containing plenty of sulfur may enhance the body's ability to
produce enough insulin to allow reduction of insulin injections.
Biotin has been shown to be useful in the treatment of pain, tingling or numbness as a result of
nerve inflammation particularly when the condition is diabetes related. Adequate quantities of biotin
are also needed for maintaining healthy nerve tissue, skin, hair, and bone marrow. Both plant and
animal foods contain biotin and good dietary sources include organ meats, cooked egg yolks and milk.
THIAMINE (Bl)
Thiamine is essential for converting carbohydrates into energy by burning starch and sugar. This
vitamin assists in blood formation and enhances circulation and proper digestion. It is needed for
muscle tone of the heart and intestines. Thiamine also serves as an antioxidant, protecting the body
from the degenerative effects of excess alcohol and smoking.
Antibiotics, alcohol abuse and oral contraceptives may cause the level of thiamine to decline. In
addition, if the diet is high in fats and sugar, chances are that vitamin Bl intake is not adequate.
Symptoms of thiamine deficiency include fatigue, weight loss, constipation, muscle atrophy, numbness
in the extremities, and enlarged liver. A prolonged deficiency could result in permanent damage to the
nervous system. Vitamin Bl is not stored in large quantities in the body and must be frequently
supplied in the diet. The vitamin is plentiful in pork, beef, liver, brown rice, whole grains, nuts, fish,
and egg yolks.
SULFUR AND SULFITES
Earlier we reviewed and underscored the biological importance of the sulfur-containing amino
acids methionine, cysteine and taurine, all of which are organic. Most inorganic forms of sulfur are of
little value to the body and may even cause harm. Sulfites are one example. We are all familiar with
sulfites because they are used as an additive in many processed foods as a preservative to retard
spoilage or prevent discoloration. Sulfites can also be found in many wines, where they are used to
prevent bacterial growth. Sulfites are just one of the many food additives or artificial ingredients the
food processing industry has been using for years that I've constantly warned people about.
At best, additives and preservatives offer no nutritional benefit. At worst, they represent a threat to
your health and may even prove fatal. Sulfites, for example, destroy vitamin BI, bring on asthma
attacks and stimulate allergies. Normally, sulfite is converted to a harmless sulfate form in the
presence of the trace element molybdenum. If, however, molybdenum is deficient or missing, the key
enzyme responsible for this conversion cannot be activated. Watch out for sulfites in foods such as
dried fruits, processed potatoes and other prepared items, where it may occur as sulfur dioxide,
sodium sulfite, or sodium or potassium bisulfite (and metabisulfite).
Those who are susceptible and react negatively to inorganic forms of sulfur as sulfites or sulfa
drugs, are typically not similarly affected by beneficial organic sulfur compounds, some of which
we'll be discussing in the following chapter.

A number of nutritional supplements that benefit nearly every part of the body contain sulfur. The
sulfur groups that MSM contributes to participate in a variety of ways. Some of the major sources and
compounds whose activity are dependent on sulfur are summarized in this section.
GLUTATHIONE
This amino acid is a tripeptide made from the sulfur-bearing amino acid cysteine plus glycine and
glutamic acid. Glutathione is produced mainly in the liver. It is found in the cells of nearly all living
organisms on Earth, and its principal function is waste disposal. When there are free radicals
threatening to start an oxidation reaction, glutathione neutralizes them and often transfers them to
another antioxidant such as vitamin E. In the liver, glutathione attaches to toxic substances and binds
to them in a form the liver can excrete without being damaged. Glutathione also prevents red blood
cells from being damaged by neutralizing unstable forms of oxygen.
This remarkable antioxidant also plays a role in cellular repair after a stroke, fighting cancer,
stabilizing blood sugar and preventing oxidation of LDL cholesterol which damages the arteries. It's
also crucial in protecting the lymphatic and digestive systems from unstable fats and oils. When
glutathione levels drop, the burden of toxic stress goes up. A study done in England in a community of
elderly people showed that low glutathione levels were associated with a 24 percent higher rate of
illness and death, higher cholesterol and higher body weight. Glutathione is known to promote good
eye health and low levels accompany almost every type of eye disease.
Our level of glutathione drops as we get older. Levels can also be depleted by excessive intake of
polyunsaturated and partially hydrogenated vegetable oils, overexposure to toxic substances such as
pesticides, and by pharmaceutical drugs that stress the liver. Since glutathione often passes off its
neutralized waste products to antioxidants such as vitamin C and vitamin E, a deficiency of these
vitamins can diminish its full function. I should also emphasize that low dietary intake of either
cysteine or methionine can result in depletion of glutathione, which is needed to create taurine,
another sulfur amino acid. When it is necessary to heighten glutathione levels, you could eat foods
containing sulfur amino acids, but the best way is by taking a cysteine supplement, preferably in the
more stable form of NAC (N-acetylcysteine) which is a building block of glutathione.
GLUCOSAMINE
Glucosamine is the building block for ligaments, tendons, fluid in the joints, digestive and
respiratory tract membranes, heart valves, eyes, nails, skin and bone. It is manufactured in the body
when the simple sugar glucose combines through enzyme action with glutamine. The result of this
action is then sulfated by other enzymes to form glucosamine. In this form it gives cartilage its
strength, structure and resiliency.
Sulfur bonds are required as essential structural components of all connective tissue. And while
we don't often think about it, the fact is that our connective tissue system is literally what holds us
together. This tissue runs from head to toe, supporting and connecting our internal organs, forms the
walls of blood vessels, and attaches muscles to bones. One component of connective tissue is
collagen, which holds water and gives connective tissue its flexibility. Proteoglycans are another
component of connective tissue, and they are the basic substance of joint cartilage.
Taken by mouth glucosamine has been found to be well tolerated, with no side effects,
contraindications or drug interactions.
HOMOCYSTEINE
Homocysteine is a natural amino acid that exists temporarily in the body as a by-product when the
sulfur amino acid methionine is metabolized. Homocysteine is toxic but in a healthy body it is quickly
transformed into harmless substances before it builds up. If you have a deficiency of certain B
vitamins, or a genetic predisposition that interferes with the metabolism of homocysteine, the levels
of it in your blood will rise, as will your risk of heart disease and stroke. Your risk of cardiovascular
disease is significantly increased when homocysteine levels are just 20 percent above normal,
according to Dr. Mason of Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston.
Most people will never hear about elevated levels of homocysteine from a doctor because the
treatment is so simple and inexpensive, involving only a few common vitamins. Nobody's going to
make a lot of money from this treatment! Even so, there are more than 20 studies involving over 2,000
patients that have shown homocysteine levels are significantly higher in people who have coronary
artery disease and strokes. Some researchers estimate that high levels of homocysteine may account
for the 30-40 percent of people who have heart disease without exhibiting any of the better-known
risk factors such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure and obesity.
While it's known that homocysteine damages arteries, nobody yet has figured out how. What
evidence exists suggests it causes certain kinds of arterial cells called endothelial cells, to literally
fall apart. This is the kind of damage that would attract cholesterol in an attempt to repair it.
Unfortunately, the "bad" cholesterol accumulates and eventually clogs the arteries. Antioxidants will
help significantly in reducing the amount of "bad" cholesterol in the blood, but when homocysteine
levels remain high, the damage to arterial walls will continue.
One large Canadian study compared homocysteine levels in 584 healthy people and 150 people
with coronary artery disease. Their levels of vitamin B12, B6, pyridoxal phosphate and folic acid
were also evaluated. The results clearly showed that the higher the homocysteine, the lower the levels
of folic acid, B12 and pyridoxal phosphate (a form of vitamin B6). Those with low levels of these B
vitamins and high homocysteine had a greater risk of heart disease.
High homocysteine levels can also be caused by drugs, particularly those that interfere with folic
acid like methotrexate, an immunosuppressive drug given to patients with cancer, rheumatoid arthritis
and psoriasis, and the anticonvulsant drugs phenytoin (Dilantin) and carbamazepine (Tegretol,
Epitol). Even cholesterollowering drugs such as the bile acid sequestrants cholestipol (Col- estid)
and cholestyramine (Questran), prescribed to reduce heart disease, may actually cause it by raising
homocysteine levels!
The good news is homocysteine can be easily and inexpensively lowered by taking certain B
complex vitamins. If your homocysteine levels are high, in addition to your regular vitamin intake,
you should take 200 mg daily of vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) and 1-4 mg of folic acid daily until your
homocysteine levels are back to normal. Adding betaine to your supplements, in the form of betaine
hydrochloride, can also aid in lowering homocysteine levels when combined with the B vitamins.
LIPOIC ACID
Lipoic acid is a potent antioxidant and vitamin cofactor that enhances the action of vitamin E,
vitamin C and glutathione. It also plays a role in the generation of energy and in glucose balance. In
Germany, lipoic acid has been used for nearly 30 years to treat diabetes. Aipha-lipoic acid (also
known as thioctic acid) directly supports the detoxifying abilities of the liver and has been used
successfully in cases of exposure to heavy metals, to treat alcohol-induced liver disease and viral
hepatitis. Diabetics should use alpha-lipoic acid with caution as it can cause hypoglycemia.
COENZYME A
Pantothenic acid, a B vitamin, is converted to coenzyme A, its only known biological form. It is
important in the oxidation and synthesis of fatty acids, and synthesis of cholesterol and the substances
made from it (bile, vitamin D, and steroid hormones). Coenzyme A also functions in the making of red
blood cells and the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. The Greek word "pantos" means "everywhere,"
which befits the wide presence of this vitamin in the body as well as in the diet. It's no surprise that
coenzyme A deficiency in humans is relatively rare.
FIBRINOGEN
Fibrinogen is a component of blood which like cholesterol is a vital substance unless it occurs in
excess quantities. It is a benefi cial clotting agent, but when there is too much of it, your blood
becomes overly sticky. In this state, fibrinogen can add to existing plaque deposits and compound
restricted blood vessels. Excess fibrinogen would be particularly harmful to people under stress, who
smoke or who are obese. In a study of 652 subjects between the age of 40 to 60 who had at least one
known cardiovascular risk factor (blood pressure, smoking, cholesterol) the extent of atherosclerosis
was found to be related to the levels of fibrinogen and triglycerides. In another study of 664 men with
no prior history of myocardial infarction, it was found that fibrinogen was a predictor of premature
death and coronary artery disease in middleaged men and nonsmokers. It goes without saying that
quitting smoking, stress reduction and weight loss are positive steps in the direction of healthy
arteries and managing the level of fibrinogen. You could also try eating more garlic, olive oil, cold-
water fish, a little red wine and fiber-rich foods like whole grains.

SKIN AND COLLAGEN PROTEIN
Skin is your largest organ. It has two main layers, a thin outer layer called the epidermis and an
inner one known as the dermis which is about four times thicker. The epidermis itself consists of
three sublayers. The outermost layer consists of scaly, dead cells, rich in protective keratin. This
layer is constantly shedding dead cells. New cells are always moving toward the surface, replenished
from the deepest, or basal, layer of the epidermis. The basal layer also contains the pigment, or
melanin, which gives skin its color.
The thicker dermis layer anchors blood vessels, sweat glands, sense receptor cells, hair follicles
and oil-producing sebaceous glands. Sebaceous glands open to hair follicles in the skin while sweat
glands release perspiration through different holes in the skin known as pores. Beneath the dermis is a
final layer called the subcutis which is an insulating layer of fat.
Something has to bind all the structures of skin together, and this is done by a tough protein called
collagen. Collagen is a major component of connective tissue, which is found wherever different
tissues and body parts need to be bound. This protein is produced by cells in the connective tissue
called fibroblasts. Collagen is formed in fibers which align themselves in various ways to fit specific
functions. In skin, collagen fibers lie in a flat crisscross pattern.
Collagen is the most abundant protein in the body and the dominant component of tissue and bones.
It is high in silicon, a mineral that forms long, complex molecules, suitable for parts of the body that
need to be strong and flexible. Collagen works with fibers of another protein called elastin, which
gives skin its elasticity. The two types of fibers together account for the degree of resilience and skin
tone found in skin.
MSM is responsible for the flexible bond between cells, including those that make up the skin. It
acts to block undesirable chemical and physical cross-linking or bonding of collagen which is
associated with tough, aging skin. Consequently, MSM enhances tissue pliability and encourages the
repair of damaged skin. Tests conducted among laboratory animals indicated that wound healing
occurred faster with a group receiving MSM, but the fastest healing was among a group receiving
MSM plus vitamin C. If there is insufficient MSM in our body when new cells are being
manufactured, the new cells become rigid. This rigidity can contribute to cracking, wrinkles, and scar
tissue. When sufficient MSM is present, it serves to make the skin softer, smoother and more flexible,
allowing it to stretch easily with movement.
Scars are overgrowths of collagenous tissue that appear on skin as the cut or wound heals.
Normally, the wound heals flat and firm leaving little sign of the injury. However, when the body is
deficient in MSM and vitamin C, the new tissue will be elevated leaving an unattractive, raised scar.
With adequate MSM along with vitamin C, these unsightly scars have been observed to disappear
over time.
Some plastic surgeons and dermatologists will recommend collagen injections for minimizing
wrinkles and scars. Injected collagen, however, will be broken down by enzymes in about two years.
Money that people spend on cosmetic products with collagen as an ingredient is equally wasted,
since skin cannot absorb the protein. Nutritional support of our body's own collagen, including MSM
supplementation, is a much better idea, as the following case history clearly illustrates.
Hank was trapped in a burning car for twenty minutes, leaving parts of his body badly burned. For
years afterward he would lie awake nights from the pain caused by the scarred tissue and adhesions.
Finally he heard about nutritional sulfur (MSM) and after only a few days of applying it on his flat
and purple burned areas, Hank's pain dramatically subsided, the scar tissue virtually disappeared and
the purple areas returned to a healthy pink. This is the result of the effect of MSM stimulating the
production of healthy collagen while bringing elasticity back to his skin.
The, minerals that nourish healthy skin, including nutritional sulfur or MSM, and copper can be
obtained from eating raw, dark, leafy vegetables, shellfish and whole grains, or via convenient
supplements. Iron is another nutritional mineral important to skin and found in organ meats, poultry
fish and parsley. Vitamin C, required for the production of collagen, is abundant in a variety of fruits
and vegetables. A good multiple vitamin and mineral supplement will provide most of your daily
requirements, but MSM is not included and must be obtained separately. As a daily dietary
supplement, I suggest taking 1,000 mg of MSM with each meal.
DETOXIFICATION BY THE SKIN
By keeping cells and tissue soft and permeable, MSM allows the skin to serve as an "auxiliary
kidney," as millions of sweat glands excrete substances that are toxic to the body. With vigorous
exercise or at high temperatures our sweat output increases from an average of about a pint a day to
several quarts!
There are two types of sweat glands. Eccrine glands eliminate mostly water and excess mineral
salts, including sodium chloride, which is why sweat tastes salty. These sweat glands work hardest
with exercise, high temperatures or under stress. Apocrine sweat glands are found in the genital
region and the armpits. They excrete nitrogen-containing wastes, as well as water and salts, through
the pores of our skin. Apocrine glands are the ones to blame for body odor. The sweat from these
glands creates body odor when mixed with bacteria and is produced at times of stress.
ACNE
Acne involves overproduction of sebum and consequently breaks out in the most dense locations of
sebaceous glands. Male sex hormones such as testosterone stimulate production of keratin and sebum,
enlarging the sebaceous glands. Hormone levels increase at puberty in both boys and girls, but are
higher in males, which are the reasons why acne afflicts mainly teenagers and is most common in
males. Teenagers will be heartened to learn that studies have been conducted which indicate that
acne, including the severe acne rosacea, responds favorably to a diet supplemented with MSM.
Good nutrition helps the skin carry out its detoxification role and keeps down the levels of toxins it
has to manage. Poor diet can be a contributory factor to pores and sweat glands getting clogged.
Sweat itself can become loaded with material that feeds bacteria. Antibiotics destroy B vitamins,
including biotin, and hinder the natural ability of our intestines to produce this nutrient. One symptom
of biotin deficiency is dry skin. As noted earlier, both plant and animal foods contain biotin, and good
dietary sources include organ meats, cooked egg yolks and milk. To aid synthesis of biotin in the gut, I
also recommend that you eat yogurt or take acidophilus supplements.
HEALTHY HAIR
The only side effect of MSM, if you want to call it that, is that it will make your hair and nails
stronger. That's because the sulfur amino acid cysteine, one of the building blocks of protein, is
present in keratin, the main protein found in large amounts in your hair, fingernails and toenails.
While all the B vitamins are important to healthy hair and nails, sulfur-bearing biotin is especially
important. Look at the ingredients of many shampoo brands and you'll see biotin listed. Be aware,
however, that it will do you more good on the inside than the outside. Although a biotin deficiency is
rare, it can cause hair loss and fragile nails.
Like plants in pots, hair grows from tiny sacs called follicles located just below the surface of the
skin. On average, a healthy head will number 100,000 hairs. The root of the hair is surrounded by a
bulb that feeds each strand the tough, fibrous protein keratin. Just above the bulb and below the skin
are sebaceous glands which produce an oily substance called sebum which lubricates and protects the
hair.
Every follicle has its own blood supply, which is why good circulation is important for healthy
hair. The size of the opening in the follicle determines the thickness of the hair. Attached to each
follicle are tiny muscles called erector pili muscles. When you're cold or scared, they contract. When
you're frightened, it's what makes hair stand on end and when you're cold, they'll give you
goosebumps.
The shaft of hair is made of three layers, the center core or medulla, the thicker middle layer called
the cortex, and the tough outer layer called the cuticle. Relative to its circumference, hair is very
strong-stronger than a copper wire of the same thickness. Hair is straight, curly or wavy depending on
the shape of the hair shaft. Straight hair has a round shaft, curly hair has a kidney shape and wavy hair
has a slightly curved shaft.
NAILS AND KERATIN
The nails are 98 percent composed of a tough protein with a high sulfur content called keratin,
produced by the cells under the nail. Fingernails and toenails grow from near the bone about a quarter
of an inch past the base of the nail. This area is called the nail root. Forming a protective barrier
between the nail and the skin is a small flap of tissue called the cuticle. Under the nails is the nail
bed, which is rich with blood vessels and very sensitive. The pink color of the nails is caused by
blood vessels close to the surface.
Fingernails grow about an eighth of an inch per month, and toenails grow about a sixteenth of an
inch per month. Once we believed that eating gelatin would create strong nails, but this is not so. Both
hair and nails are composed primarily of protein, and gelatin is far from being a total protein. Neither
will calcium build stronger nails, because the amount of calcium in nails is minimal. Actually, there
is very little you can do to create hard nails from outside the body. Good nutrition and genetics will
determine your nail strength. Nonetheless, if you have brittle or soft nails, it is important to make sure
you're getting plenty of MSM and B vitamins not just from dietary sources, but also in supplement
form.
I should also point out that vitamins A and E are key nutrients for healthy skin and hair and nails.
One of the signs of vitamin A deficiency or excess is hair loss and soft or brittle nails. If you're eating
a balanced diet of yellow and orange vegetables and fruits, and dark green leafy vegetables, chances
are good that you're getting sufficient vitamin A. In supplement form, you should be taking 10,000 to
15,000 International Units of beta-carotene in your daily vitamins, which the body will convert to
vitamin A as needed. Food sources of vitamin E are olive oil, whole grains, avocados and nuts. As a
supplement, take 400 IU of vitamin E daily.

If you are an allergy sufferer, you've got a lot of company. Over 40 million people are affected by
allergies with reactions ranging from somewhat bothersome to potentially fatal. That's why it's so
important to learn as much as you can about prevention and treatment and why you'll be excited to
learn about the role of MSM in helping bring relief to your suffering.
An allergic response occurs when the body's immune system, ever ready to do battle with viruses
and bacteria, goes a little haywire and reacts to otherwise harmless substances we call allergens.
Your body will produce antibodies to fight the allergens. The antibodies then attach themselves to
special cells in the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts where they eventually explode, releasing
chemicals including histamine, a powerful compound that actually causes allergic symptoms. Once
our immune system decides that a particular type of pollen is a hostile invader, it becomes
"sensitized" to it, and can react with allergy symptoms for years, and perhaps a lifetime.
Allergy drugs only suppress symptoms rather than treating the cause of the allergy and often result
in unpleasant side effects. Antihistamines, for example, such as Chlor-Trimeton (chlorphenir- amine)
and Benadryl (diphenhydramine) suppress histamines but also cause drowsiness. Newer, nonsedating
antihistamines such as Hismanal (astemizole) and Allegra (fexofenidine) also function to suppress
histamines but they have a long list of other possible side effects, including potentially fatal abnormal
heart rhythms.
Pollen, dust, mold or animal dander in the air get in your face and result in sneezing, runny nose,
tearing eyes, sore throat, ear infection, stomach cramps, itchy skin or hives, headaches, urinary
frequency, stuffiness, fatigue, diarrhea, and possibly asthma-a chronic and sometimes life-threatening
respiratory problem that is close kin to allergy.
Allergy symptoms are simply your body's reaction to something foreign in your system. Symptoms
are actually caused by a specific antibody called immunoglobulin E or IgE, a protein molecule that
the body produces to fight off foreign substances. When there is sufficient MSM in your system, your
cells become more permeable, enabling your body to quickly flush out any undesirable foreign
particles. If your body is sulfur deficient, the cell walls become hard and stiff, hindering the flow of
fluid through the cell walls. MSM softens the cell walls, allowing allergens, foreign proteins and any
free radicals to be moved out of your system.
The tendency to develop allergies may be inherited, but almost every human has the potential to be
allergic to something sometime. It's just that we all have different thresholds to allergens. Allergy
shots don't get rid of the allergy, they simply raise the threshold so we can tolerate more of whatever
is bugging us before any symptoms show up. Moreover, the threshold level of individuals will vary
depending on age, stress, viral illness, overexertion, exposure to chemicals, and even weather
conditions. In the case of hay fever, for example, the allergy may be year-round, seasonal or random
(episodic).
ENVIRONMENTAL ALLERGENS
There are medical allergies, food allergies and skin allergies but arguably the most vexing are the
sneaky airborne particles that gravitate towards your nose. I'm talking about such common, everyday
things as pollen, grasses, mold spores, mildew, dander from furry or feathered creatures, smoke,
exhaust, perfume, aerosol sprays, pesticides, cosmetic products, cleaning solvents, mothballs, paints
and varnishes, glues and adhesives, dyes, woodburning fireplaces and "new carpet syndrome" ... our
reaction to the formaldehyde found in carpets and old insulation.
DUST MITES
Certainly the most common allergen we're all exposed to is plain old everyday house dust. About
80 percent of house dust is us. By that I mean the millions of dead cells every one of us continuously
sloughs off. People shed about one gram of skin flakes per day. That's about the weight of a regular
paper clip. The more people in a house, the more dust contributors. A family of four could fill a quart
Baggie in a month. And dust mites eat the flakes of skin we involuntarily and relentlessly serve up.
One ounce of house dust can host a veritable metropolis of 13,500 mites.
Allergic reactions are not caused by the mites themselves, but by a protein that is secreted in the
feces of the mite. A single mite can excrete twenty fecal pellets a day which, in the lifetime of a mite,
amounts to 200 times its own body weight. It's actually the mite particles and any dander in house dust
that trigger the classic runny nose and headachy allergic reactions. Thomas Platts-Mills, director of
Asthma and Allergic Diseases at University of Virginia, believes the dust mite is the single most
important allergen. Mites affect a substantial portion of the 26 million Americans with hayfever type
allergies and the 15 million with asthma. Experts estimate that if there were no mites, many people
would not have year-round allergy symptoms.
Mites are not insects but microscopic arachnids, nasty looking eight-legged spiderlike scavengers
that teem in carpets, beds and upholstery, doing their bit to make the world a cleaner place while they
undermine the health of the allergenic. About the size of a sharp pencil dot, mites under magnification
look like miniature hairy dinosaurs complete with armor plates but also with pincers. The number of
mites in a home has nothing to do with the cleanliness of the home or the presence of animals. It is
related to the amount of cozy fabric (in carpet, chairs, blankets, pillows, stuffed animals, etc.) and the
humidity level found in the house (mites require a relative humidity of 50 percent or more).
You might imagine mites would find the couch where people sit and eat potato chips and shed skin
cells for hours, to be a great home for mites and a place to contract a case of "couch potato allergy."
But the very best home in the house for mites is your bed. After all, in bed is where you spend at least
one-third of your life, all the while shedding a smorgasbord of spent skin cells. It's warm there and
it's humid, the result of approximately one pint of water vapor we provide for them each night through
perspiration and breathing.
All in all, the bed is an ideal breeding ground for these gross bedfellows. A double-bed mattress
can easily hold 2 million mites, and a six-year-old pillow may count 10 percent of its weight in mites,
dead mites and their droppings. Sleep research studies show that most people toss and turn up to 60
times during one night of sleep. This action catapults mites and their little mementos into the air,
where they remain suspended for up to 24 hours. In the air, they are easily inhaled and ultimately
cause allergic reactions. Multiply the 2 million mites in your bed times 20 droppings a day and you
can begin to understand the magnitude of the socalled "dust allergy" problem. It also helps explain
why some people wake after a good night's sleep feeling stuffy and tired.
Unfortunately, there is no way to totally remove the supply of mite food, and it's not always
possible to control bedroom humidity. Using plastic coverings on mattresses, pillows and box springs
will help. But because your perspiration will no longer be absorbed, using plastic covers will make
you feel cold and clammy. It'll cut down unwanted population if you wash your bedding regularly in
water that's at least 130 degrees Fahrenheit. Wholehouse filtration systems work better on dander than
on the smaller mite pellets, but neither allergen floats around in the air long enough for filters to
provide much relief. It's a constant battle to control mites because the development of the house dust
mite from an egg to adult takes only three or four weeks. The adults live for about six weeks, during
which time females produce 40 to 80 eggs each.
A direct correlation between concentration of MSM used and resistance to allergens has been
established. And although MSM alone may not totally eliminate allergic responses, subjects with
chronic to severe cases of allergies to environmental materials report substantial to complete relief of
their symptoms after successive daily doses of MSM. Additionally, a majority of subject individuals
with allergic asthma reported equivalent or better control of symptoms with one-fourth or less the
amount of antiallergy medication they had been taking when concurrently ingesting MSM.
If you're suffering from allergies, I recommend you begin taking at least 6,000 mg of MSM per day
for three weeks and then drop back to a 3,000 mg daily rate. In addition to taking MSM to help the
body flush out allergens, I recommend that allergy sufferers also drink more water and increase their
intake of vitamin C to lower histamine levels. I further suggest that you add to your daily supplement
plan the antioxidant quercetin plus the B vitamin pantothenic acid to strengthen the adrenal glands.

Many parasite-based illnesses can mimic diseases more familiar to the doctor. As a result, any
symptoms that puzzle doctors are frequently misdiagnosed and are actually the result of the activities
of several types of parasite in the body. Additionally, making an accurate diagnosis gets tricky when a
patient's symptoms come and go, possibly mirroring the irregular reproductive cycle of the parasite.
Untrained or unfamiliar with the field of parasitology, it is easy to inaccurately diagnose parasite-
related syndromes, which include chronic fatigue, hypoglycemia, hypothyroidism, hypoadrenalism,
chronic upper respiratory tract ailments, endometriosis, decreased libido, and depression.
When you are hosting uninvited guests in your body, sometimes for as long as 30 years, you are in
effect sharing all your nutrients. When there are parasites feasting in your intestines and depriving you
of needed nutrients and energy, is it any wonder you might get sick? Specific symptoms attributed to
the presence of parasites (but often associated with other causes) include itching, lethargy, slow
reflexes, unexplained gas or bloating, heart pain, blurred vision, muscular pain for no good reason, a
burning sensation in the stomach, numb or cold hands, unexplained menstrual problems, sexual
dysfunction, loss of appetite and overeating.
Parasites are not just some Third World phenomenon that only affects people in undeveloped
countries traditionally associated with poor hygiene and malnutrition. It is estimated that 85 percent
of Americans are hosting at least one parasite in their body. It is a silent epidemic of which most
doctors in this country are generally unaware. The fact is that worms, from the microscopic amoeba
to tapeworms which can exceed 30 feet in length, are a fundamental cause of disease in America
today and are responsible for health problems that go beyond the gastrointestinal disturbances we
expect. Roundworm infection, for example, has been misdiagnosed as peptic ulcer. Diabetes and
hypoglycemia can be caused by tapeworms.
Internal parasites have become prevalent to the point where Americans today are host to more than
130 different kinds of parasites. The principal reasons for the recent rapid increase in parasitic
infestation are the rise in international travel (including the return of armed forces from overseas),
contamination of our water supplies, the huge influx of immigrants and refugees from highly parasite-
infested areas, the growing popularity of exotic foods, a higher pet population, the use of
immunosuppressive drugs, increased sexual contact and increased use of day-care centers. All of
these developments serve to increase the likelihood of exposure and accelerate the transmission of a
variety of parasitic diseases.
Forgive me if I'm opening a can of worms (and for phrasing it that way!), but you should be aware
that parasites come in hundreds of shapes and sizes, capable of instigating almost an equal number of
symptoms. Most parasites invite themselves in by way of the nose or mouth and move on to the
intestinal tract. However, some come aboard and migrate to the bloodstream, joints and muscles or go
directly to organs like the liver and lungs. The body is capable of defending itself against minor
parasitic invasions when your immune system is strong, your diet is good, and your intestinal tract
isn't burdened with excess mucus.
World travelers are familiar with the short-term effects of parasitic invasion in the form of extreme
diarrhea and cramps. You should know, however, that some parasites can and will lie low in your
system for months and even years, waiting for an opportune time to cause major distress. And they are
difficult to detect in your body. You could spend a lot of time and money on stool tests and still not
find the culprits. Some parasites would show up only intermittently due to erratic reproductive
cycles. Others might just cling to the lining of the intestines while other parasites may not be hanging
around in the intestines at all and so wouldn't show up in a stool test.
A blood test could reveal eosinophilia, indicating an increase of a specific kind of white blood
cell caused by inflammation and tissue damage and therefore the possible presence of parasites.
Measuring a parasite-specific antibody in a saliva test might also detect parasites or eliminate the
possibility.
Once verified, there are several natural ways to deal with parasites. One of the most traditional
and effective is to simply take the herb garlic either as part of your diet or as a supplement in capsule
form. Another herb that can kill a variety of parasites, including Giardia (often found in freshwater
rivers and streams frequented by animals), is goldenseal, which contains a powerful compound called
berberine. Grapefruit seed extract, black walnut, mugwort, butternut root bark, thyme and,
appropriately, wormwood are all antiparasitic herbs.
The most recent natural treatment is organic sulfur or MSM which has demonstrated amazing
antiparasitic action against Giardia, Trichomonas, roundworms, nematodes, Enterobius and other
intestinal worms. Tests indicate that MSM may present a blocking interface between the parasite and
host by competing for binding or receptor sites at the mucous membrane surface. It's as though MSM
puts down a coating on the lining of intestines like Teflon that parasites find impenetrable and can't
cling to. And if they can't get attached, then they can't chow down at your expense, can't excrete
toxins, and can't reproduce. Unable to hang on, the parasites are simply flushed out of your system,
preventing the symptoms usually ascribed to parasitic infestation.
If you are hosting uninvited guests, put out the unwelcome mat by taking 10,000 mg of MSM daily
for three or four weeks. You could then drop back to a regular rate of 3,000 mg per day. One subject
specifically diagnosed with Giardia was given only 500 mg of MSM by mouth three times a day for
two weeks. By the eighth day he was symptom free and stool samples confirmed that no organisms
were present.
Mainstream medicine will typically treat parasites with potent antifungal drugs such as
metronidazole (Flagyl) and quinacrine. Both subject people to the risk of highly unpleasant side
effects, several negative drug interactions and the possibility of a rebound yeast infection. Avoid them
if at all possible. After any parasite treatment, it is a good idea to take a probiotic containing
acidophilus for at least a couple of weeks to help correct the imbalance and restore beneficial
bacteria in your intestines. As a preventative measure before traveling to a suspect country, get your
intestines in fighting form by taking some acidophilus up to three weeks before you visit. And don't
forget to pack the MSM.
If your house were infested with cockroaches, you would know what action to take. And now you
know what you can do to rid your body of unwelcome infestation.

Good digestion and absorption of nutrients is one of the keys to good health and longevity. It's all
about how we process fuel. And, just as with a car, if it isn't done properly, you're not going to get
very far. Naturopathic doctors estimate that some 60 percent of the patients they see with previously
unexplained symptoms are suffering from a dysfunctional gastrointestinal system. Fortunately, one of
the major pharmacological benefits to be derived from taking MSM is the positive effect it has on the
utilization of the food we eat.
To begin with, use of MSM has been shown to add flexibility and permeability to most forms of
tissue. Tissue malfunction anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract can result in long-standing
digestive disorders including inflammation of the mucous membranes, diarrhea, constipation, nausea
and hyperacidity. People with these gastrointestinal symptoms often experience dramatic relief
through oral administration of as little as 100 to 500 mg of MSM supplementation daily, but to start I
suggest you take 3,000 mg a day.
Food allergies can be a source not only of immune system deficiencies and fatigue but of major
indigestion problems. It is noteworthy that individuals who experience an allergic response to certain
foods (e.g. cereals, shrimp, milk, citrus and wheat) report an improved or complete tolerance to these
substances when they take MSM. The digestion process benefits from the ability of MSM to coat
mucosal surfaces such as those lining the digestive tract, occupying the binding sites that challenging
food allergens would otherwise use. MSM will bind with the offending agent and through sulfur
conjugation produce harmless substances which are then excreted from the body. This facilitates
normal digestion and assimilation and allows the body to extract the maximum nutritional value from
a variety of foods that might otherwise prove allergenic.
Enzymes secreted by the pancreas and small intestines are the primary catalysts of the digestive
process but they don't work alone. They require an amino acid and a cofactor, such as a vitamin or
mineral, to complete the job. Among these, the B vitamins riboflavin and pantothenic acid plus the
sulfur-bearing vitamins thiamine and biotin help us metabolize and digest starches, fats and proteins.
Both biotin and thiamine, along with pantothenic acid and potassium, aid the body to assimilate
sufficient amounts of MSM, so vital to the digestion process.
CONSTIPATION
Constipation is one of the most common health complaints and contributes to many serious
diseases. It starts, or more accurately ends, in the colon, where the body deposits digested solid
wastes. If digestion is poor there will also be undigested food present. As the waste material moves
through the colon, water is pulled out of it and by the time the wastes reach the end of the colon, they
form a compact mass that in a healthy body is easily excreted through the rectum and anus as feces.
Your colon is designed to safely handle loads of toxins day after day for years. When you're
constipated, forcing out hard, dry stools on an irregular basis, the toxins remain in the colon longer
than they should. This poses the risk they'll be reabsorbed back into the body or actually harm the
colon itself.
The colon is heavily populated with bacteria which are normal intestinal flora that keep "bad"
bacteria under control. Antibiotics, steroids, poor digestion, nutritional deficiencies and stress can
kill the good bacteria, leaving an overabundance of the bad guys, most of which are a fungal yeast
called Candida albicans. An overgrowth of yeast in the intestines can cause constipation, gas,
diarrhea, and a long list of secondary symptoms.
Twenty-one subjects with a history of constipation were given 500 mg doses of MSM together
with 1,000 mg of ascorbic acid daily. All subjects with abnormal colon function returned to normal
and remained normal while MSM was a part of their diet. In addition to MSM supplementation of at
least 2,000 mg per day, some other ways to treat constipation include extra dietary fiber from fresh
vegetables and fruits. If that doesn't get things moving, add bran and prunes and if that doesn't help
you can take psyllium in the morning before breakfast. Stir in one to three teaspoons in eight ounces of
water or juice and drink it immediately.
Another step is to drink more water to assist the elimination process. When you're dried out, your
stools will be hard and dry. This is painful and can cause bleeding and hemorrhoids, so drink plenty
of clean water throughout the day.
And when you get the urge, go, because chronically holding back bowel movements can also cause
constipation.
Check your medicine cabinet, too. Some drugs that can cause constipation include diuretics,
painkillers, decongestants, narcotics, antihistamines, antidepressants and tranquilizers. Iron tablets
can cause constipation. It's common to become constipated when we travel-long hours of sitting,
changes in diet and water, and a change in our daily routine, can make us "irregular." Pack a few
prunes.
Magnesium can cause diarrhea, which means it can also be a remedy for constipation. This is
particularly true when pregnancy is causing constipation. Taking 300 mg of magnesium is a safe and
nutritional way to combat constipation.
STOMACH ACIDITY AND HEARTBURN
Your stomach starts producing digestive juices when you just think about eating. And when you
start to chew food it stimulates the gallbladder and pancreas to secrete their digestive juices and
enzymes. The better you chew your food, the better chance it has of being broken down into small
enough particles to be absorbed easily into the bloodstream from the small intestines.
Contrary to what you hear, stomach acid is your best ally when it comes to breaking down foods in
the stomach. Hydrochloric acid strong enough to etch metal is released as you chew, along with the
enzyme pepsin which begins to break down proteins. The acid also kills undesirable bacteria and
parasites, allows the body to absorb minerals, and sets the stage for the absorption of B12 and folic
acid in the small intestine. If the stomach doesn't contain enough hydrochloric acid, the valve to the
small intestines won't function properly, which will cause food to remain in the stomach for hours.
If sufficient hydrochloric acid is the first step towards good digestion, then why are we taking so
many antacids and H2 blockers such as Tagamet (cimetidine) and Zantac (ranitidine), which block
hydrochloric acid? Because when food sits undigested in your stomach for hours, it can cause pain
not only in the stomach, but from reflux, or burping, which burns the lining of the esophagus. That's the
symptom we call heartburn. Antacids and H2 blockers will temporarily block those symptoms, but
over time these medications may actually make matters worse. Antacids neutralize the acid in the
stomach, preventing proper digestion and interfering with the absorption of minerals and some B
vitamins, which leads to continued indigestion. Moreover, aluminum-based antacids can cause
constipation, and those with calcium carbonate can cause a rebound effect, resulting in the stomach
producing more acid once the antacid's effect wears off.
One study reveals that at least 75 percent of subject individuals taking one or more antacids or H2
histamine receptor antagonists were able to sharply eliminate or reduce such medication within a
week of initiating MSM as a dietary supplement. The study points out that the fact that MSM often is
more effective than even combinations of H2 blockers and neutralizing antacids suggests that gastric
acid secretion and digestive enzyme release is a more complex process than previously believed.
Start with a dosage of 3,000 mg per day.
A simple solution to deficient hydrochloric acid is to take it as a supplement called betaine
hydrochloride. But before you do that, review your eating habits. Maybe you're eating in a hurry?
Eating big meals? Eating a lot of fried and fatty foods? More spicy foods? Drinking a lot of coffee or
drinking cold liquids before or with meals? Perhaps the family dinner table has become a stressful
gathering. Could citrus or tomatoes be causing your upset? If the answer to any of these questions is
"yes," try changing the circumstance to see what happens.

Pain of any kind is your body's warning signal that something is wrong. Your first response to pain
should be to determine exactly what's causing it and if possible, eliminate it. It might be as simple as
warming up before you exercise to avoid pain caused by straining your muscles. If you suffer from
arthritis pain, you could try an elimination diet to find out if a food sensitivity is causing the
inflammation in your joints. A headache could be the result of allergies, stress, or perhaps it's a side
effect of some prescription drug you're taking.
ARTHRITIS
Arthritis is the inflammation of the knees, wrists, elbows, fingers, toes, hips and other joints of the
body, characterized by pain, swelling, stiffness and a restricted range of motion. The physiological
structure of all joints is basically the same: two or more adjoining movable bones, whose adjacent
surfaces are covered with a layer of cartilage, are surrounded by a fluid-filled capsule encasing
ligaments. More than 50 million Americans suffer from osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and
related conditions.
Earlier it was noted how glucosamine helps keep cartilage strong and flexible, and how it can also
play a role in repairing damaged cartilage. In recent clinical studies, glucosamine has not only
relieved the symptoms of osteoarthritis, but actually appears to reverse the disease. In a healthy body,
when the cartilage found in tendons, ligaments and other connective tissue becomes damaged, it is
slowly replaced by new cartilage. As we grow older, it appears that our bodies become less efficient
at repairing cartilage. Glucosamine is a key substance in the cartilage rebuilding process.
Several studies have been done comparing the effects ofglucos- amine versus NSAIDs
(nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) such as ibuprofen and aspirin. In each study the NSAIDs group
improved faster during the first two weeks, but after a month the effectiveness began to wear off and
side effects such as stomach and digestive problems began to appear. In contrast, after four to eight
weeks the glucosamine groups showed a high degree of relief from pain, joint tenderness and
swelling. Before-and-after electron micrographs of cartilage taken from both a placebo and a
glucosamine group showed continuing arthritis in the placebo group and nearly healthy cartilage in the
glucosamine group. None of the glucosamine groups reported any significant side effects.
One of the most significant applications of organic sulfur, MSM, is its demonstrated ability to
alleviate pain associated with systemic inflammatory disorders. People with arthritis report
substantial and long-lasting relief while supplementing MSM in their diet with daily dosages ranging
from a low of 100 to a high of 5,000 mg. This beneficial effect is due in part to the ability of MSM to
sustain cell flow-through, allowing harmful substances (lactic acid, toxins) to flow out while
permitting nutrients to flow in, thereby preventing pressure buildup in cells that causes inflammation
in the joints and elsewhere.
In one study, eight people suffering various forms of intractable pain were given MSM by mouth in
differing amounts for periods up to 19 months. All reported reduced levels of pain. If you are
suffering from osteoarthritis, bursitis, joint pain, swelling or tenderness, you might want to try the
sulfur sisters, MSM and glucosamine. It can't hurt.
MUSCLE SORENESS AND CRAMPS
The nerves which sense pain are mainly located in the soft tissue of our bodies such as the
muscles. Many types of pain can be attributed to pressure differential involving the cells that make up
tissue. When outside pressure drops, cells swell and become inflamed. Nerves register the
inflammation and we experience pain symptoms. Often what's contributing to the pain is rigid fibrous
tissue cells which lack flexibility and permeability. Use of MSM has been shown to restore flexibility
to the protein layer of cell walls, allowing fluids to pass through the tissue more easily. This softens
the tissue and helps to equalize pressure thereby reducing if not totally eliminating the cause of the
pain. MSM, by equalizing cell pressure, treats the cause of inflammation, unlike an aspirin which
would treat the symptom by shutting off the nerve.
MSM has demonstrated the remarkable ability to reduce the incidence of or eliminate entirely
muscle soreness, and leg and back cramps, particularly in geriatric patients who have such cramps
during the night or after long periods of inactivity, and in athletes after high physical stress.
Marathon runners and other athletes who compete or exercise vigorously can learn from trainers of
million-dollar racehorses. Trainers will administer MSM to their prize horses both before a race to
prevent muscle soreness and afterward to lessen the risk of cramping. Postathletic fatigue syndrome,
which generally follows intense athletic activity and usually persists for eight to ten days, was gone in
two to three days in individuals who had taken 1-2 grams (1,000 to 2,000 mg) of MSM per day in
split dosages for the preceding six months. It's just good horse sense to take advantage of the natural
preventative benefits that can be derived from MSM.

We have reported how the mighty sulfur supplement, MSM, is a unique substance with healing
properties that only now are beginning to be fully identified. What's making MSM so hot in nutritional
circles is that it brings a multitude of exciting health benefits and relief to those suffering from a
variety of ailments but who never had a clue that sulfur possessed such a broad influence in
normalizing the functions of the body. Study after study has shown that a low concentration of MSM is
associated with tissue and organ malfunction, a heightened susceptibility to disease, and adverse
physical as well as psychological stress. Every day I hear of more applications for this amazing
mineral.
DIABETES
Diabetes is a condition brought on in part by poor metabolism resulting in excess blood sugar and
insufficient production of insulin or cell resistance to insulin. As noted earlier, a deficiency in the
sulfur-bearing B vitamin biotin can cause high blood sugar. This vitamin is a critical part of
glucokinase, the enzyme involved in the utilization of the sugar glucose. Sulfur is also a component of
insulin, the protein hormone secreted by the pancreas that is essential to carbohydrate metabolism.
Lack of nutritional sulfur in the diet can result in low insulin production. Of special interest to
diabetics is the fact that a diet containing plenty of organic sulfur might enhance the body's ability to
produce insulin to the point at which injections of insulin can be reduced.
Experts theorize that with diabetes the cells in the body may have become rigid and impermeable.
Consequently, when insulin carries the blood sugar to your cells, it can't be absorbed. The pancreas
must then work harder and faster to compensate for the deficiency, but then becomes overworked and
stops functioning properly. The blood sugar that is not being used saturates the bloodstream, creating
a high level of blood sugar. Studies indicate that taking MSM regularly (I recommend a minimum of
2,000 mg per day) causes cells to become permeable and the pancreas to return to normal as blood
sugar is absorbed through cell walls, balancing the sugar levels.
THE EYES
Think of your eyeball as a balloon full of water, but instead of being rubber, it is a protein
membrane. Optical tissue normally allows fluids to flow through the membrane wall which acts like a
filter, cleaning out harmful particles, keeping your eyes clear and your vision good as it allows
nutrients to permeate. But should the membranes become tough like leather, the fluids are trapped and
particles begin to accumulate. If this buildup continues, your vision will seem as if you're looking
through frosted glass, a condition known as cataracts.
When eyedrops containing the proper amount of MSM are applied, the membrane becomes
permeable, and this has reversed the problem. It is also important that the eye remain flexible so that
the muscles can alter its contour and focus as needed. In the event that its membranes and muscles
become rigid and tough, the eye will not be able to focus properly, resulting in blurred vision. The
MSM in eyedrops soothes and softens the membranes, permitting fluids to pass through the optical
tissues to stabilize the pressure, repair any damage, clear up red spots and bloodshot vessels, and
remove floaters and other particles in the eye.
In one case, a 15 percent solution of MSM in isotonic saline was a soothing treatment for the eye
following accidental injury due to particulate matter in the eye. In a test with an irritated eye of a
rabbit, the eye cleared when treated every hour with a 10 percent aqueous solution of MSM. Be
assured, the concentration in the MSM eye drops you get will be sufficient. Follow the instructions on
the label.
As noted earlier, the B vitamins in general and the sulfur-related amino acids and compounds are
vital to maintaining healthy eyes. Specifically, we've learned that glucosamine is the starting material
for the eyes, that glutathione promotes good eye health and low levels accompany almost every type
of eye disease. We also know that people suffering from the eye disease retinitis pigmentosa show
reduced levels of taurine within the eye.
STRESS
While stress is often considered either a mental or psychological problem, it has very real physical
effects. You've heard people attri bute stress-related symptoms to "nerves," and there's no doubt
stress usually affects parts of the body that are related to the nervous system particularly through the
digestive organs. As we learned earlier, use of MSM can be beneficial in many digestive disorders.
I have a fish story to tell you. One stress study quoted in the literature for MSM involves 50
goldfish in a large aquarium. Half of them were removed and placed in a small aquarium (designated
A) and the other 25 were placed in an identical aquarium (designated B). The fish in A were fed
regular goldfish food and those in aquarium B received the same food treated with MSM. The fish in
both aquariums were then stressed equally by manipulation of their confinement, movement, and
temperature range. By day ten, 11 fish died in aquarium A but only one went belly-up in the MSM-
treated tank.
Stress, both physical and psychological, is an unavoidable part of life. We've learned how MSM
has proven to be useful in the treatment of a number of physiological problems, and now limited
evidence suggests that low levels of MSM have been associated with adverse psychological stress as
well. For now, we'll just have to wait for confirming evidence on this potentially exciting
application. I recommend beginning your stress control program with 3,000 mg of MSM daily.
MENTAL NORMALCY
Mental normalcy in humans is demonstrated by alertness and an inner calmness that is not subject
to sharp mood swings. What literature exists suggests that individuals on MSM generally report
increased alertness, a plateau of mood changes, and very infrequent depression. A few subjects taking
depression medication observed that MSM relieved their depression within hours rather than days, as
had been their prior experience with the antidepression medication. Students report that while on
MSM their ability to concentrate is enhanced. The most useful application for MSM seen to date in
the field of mental normalizing is as an aid to the terminally ill to relieve anxiety and depression. Try
up to 9,000 mg per day to start then taper down to 3,000 mg.
LUNG DYSFUNCTION
In one study, seven subjects with respiratory deficiency were given MSM to take by mouth. Five
had emphysema, and two had lung tumors plus fluid accumulation. Before and during the test period,
at two-week intervals, the five subjects with emphysema were required to walk a measured distance
compatible with their physical capabilities. Within four weeks of beginning to take MSM, all
emphysema sufferers had at least doubled their walking distance. The two subjects with lung tumors
were assessed by attending physicians and nurses and their family as being more alert and with a
better attitude than before the test. The lung fluid had disappeared during the first months of the test
period. MSM could be introduced into the lungs and bronchial tree as a solution in aerosol form.
ORAL HYGIENE
Subjects who had not had professional dental cleaning for at least four to six months and who
demonstrated minor yet discernible gum inflammation, probably due to plaque irritation, were given a
commercial toothpaste or powder mixed 50/50 with MSM, which they used twice daily. Following
one week of use, the oral mucosa were free of signs of inflammation. In other tests, subjects with bad
breath associated with smoking or food such as onion or garlic reduced or eliminated the bad breath
by cleansing the teeth and mouth with a preparation containing MSM.
Begin with a dosage of up to 10,000 mg of MSM per day then, once results are observed, gradually
reduce the dosage to 3,000 mg daily.
INSECT BITES AND SUNBURN
MSM reacts with foreign protein, such as venom and toxins injected by insects, by locking them
up, neutralizing the poisons, which can then be harmlessly eliminated. Subjects in a test who took
MSM daily had much milder reactions to insect bites, with a significant reduction in post-bite
irritation and itching. MSM is also reported to take the itch out of poison ivy and poison oak. Because
MSM contributes significant permeability and pliability properties to all tissues, including the skin, it
prevents blistering and promotes faster healing from sunburn or wind damage. People who took from
0.5 to 2 (500 to 2,000 mg) grams of MSM suffered only mildly after about four hours of exposure to
summer sun and wind, while their companions who took no MSM were severely sun- and
windburned. In cases involving the skin, lotions containing MSM would be the preferred form of
application.
SNORING
While the snore wars are fought externally, snoring is really an internal problem generally caused
by the narrowing of the nasopharyngeal airway such that turbulent airflow during relaxed breathing
vibrates the soft parts of the oropharyngeal passage. That's when you kick someone or they kick you!
Experiments to determine the effectiveness of the instillation of MSM as a snoring reduction agent
have been carried out with an initial sampling of fifteen individuals with a known history of snoring.
In each case, the subjects were instructed to instill approximately .5 to 1.0 milliliters (8-16 drops) of
the solution containing the MSM about ten minutes to one hour before going to sleep. The observation
of the presence or absence of snoring was made by the subject's mate. The observing party was not
told that the subject was employing internasal MSM. The subject's mates reported the lessening or
absence of snoring in 80 percent of the cases. Subsequent experiments using higher concentrations of
MSM showed even more positive results.
If you or someone you know snores, try the recommended daily dosage of 3,000 mg per day to
determine if MSM can help everybody get a good night's sleep.

0 : ,:'"'
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