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and inequalities

By: Gabriella Whited

Whited, Gabriella Tuesday, November 19, 2013 9:48:44 AM Paciﬁc Standard Time 70:56:81:af:f0:3d

Distributive property I

• Distributive Prop. 5(f + 10) = 55

•

The distributive property deﬁned: the product of a number and a

sum is equal to the sum of the individual products and addends and

the numbers.

• The basics: First you multiply (5 x f = 5f) + (5 x 10= 50) (5f +50= 55)

• After: 5f+50=55 next solve like an equation subtract 50 from both sides of the equation, after

you get 5 you have 5f=5 divide ﬁve from both sides and you end up with f=1 (5f + 50=

55)

- 50 = -50

0 = 5

5f = 5

5/5 = 5/5

f = 1

Whited, Gabriella Tuesday, November 19, 2013 9:48:44 AM Paciﬁc Standard Time 70:56:81:af:f0:3d

Associative Property I

• Associative Prop of add (6+x) +16= 6+(x+16)

• Basics: The associative prop is basically changing the parenthesis in

the equation, while still having having an equal equation.

• The answer: The answer to this problem is inﬁnitive EXAMPLE:

say x=1 (6+1)+16=6+(1+16) but sides of the equation equal 23

concluding x can be any number.

• Associative Prop of multiplication (6 x r) x 16= 6 x (r x 16)

Just like the associative prop of add the associative prop of

multiplication works the same way all you doing is changing around

the parenthesis and the answer is inﬁnitive

Whited, Gabriella Tuesday, November 19, 2013 9:48:44 AM Paciﬁc Standard Time 70:56:81:af:f0:3d

Commutative Property I

• Commutative prop of add: 6+r+16=16+r+6

• Basics: All your doing in this property is switching the order of the

numbers in the equation while still having it be equal

• The answer for (r) is inﬁnitive EXAMPLE: 6+5+16=16+5+6 both equal

27

• Commutative prop of multiplication: 6 x r x 16= 16 x r x 6

• Just like the commutative prop of add all your doing is switching the

order of numbers and the answer is inﬁnitive

Whited, Gabriella Tuesday, November 19, 2013 9:48:44 AM Paciﬁc Standard Time 70:56:81:af:f0:3d

II Simplify 4(7x - 3) + 2x

• 4(7x -3) + 2x First: Distribute 4(7x - 3) by

multiplying 4 x 7x which equals 28x next

multiply 4 x 3 which equals 12 and you should

end up with 28x - 12, 28x - 12 + 2x

• Next combine like terms 28x - 12 + 2x, 28x +

2x = 30x

• 30x -12 this is what you should have come up

with this is the simplest form

Whited, Gabriella Tuesday, November 19, 2013 9:48:44 AM Paciﬁc Standard Time 70:56:81:af:f0:3d

III Solve 7x-10-9x= -13

• First combine like terms 7x-10-9x= -13 7x-9x= -2x, subtract 7x from

9x and get -2x

• After: -2x-10= -13 no get rid of -10 by adding a positive 10, Do this to

both sides of the equation -2x-10= -13

( +10= +10 )

• Now you have -2x= -13 +10 which equals -3, -2x= -3 next divide -2 on

both sides of the equation leaving x alone -2x = -3

• -2/-2 x = -3/-2

• x = .67

Whited, Gabriella Tuesday, November 19, 2013 9:48:44 AM Paciﬁc Standard Time 70:56:81:af:f0:3d

IV Solve 5x/6 + x/3 - 1/2 = 11/6

• 5x/6 + x/3 - 1/2 = 11/6 First: change the denominators to 6

x/3 multiply 3 x 2 and X x 2 (x2/6) change 1/2 by multiplying 2x3

and 1x3 (3/6)

• 5x/6 + x2/6 - 3/6 = 11/6, combine like terms add 5x/6 + 2x/6= 7x/6

• 7x/6 - 3/6 = 11/6 now to get rid of -3/6 add 3/6 to both sides of the

equation, 7x/6 - 3/6 = 11/6

( +3/6 = +3/6

• 7x/6 = 14/6 since both denominators are the same

you can cross them out, 7x= 14 now divide both sides by fourteen

• 7/7 = 14/7

• x = 2

Whited, Gabriella Tuesday, November 19, 2013 9:48:44 AM Paciﬁc Standard Time 70:56:81:af:f0:3d

V Solve and Graph 2!x/-5

• 2 !x/-5 First get rid of -5 by multiplying -5 to both sides

• 2 x -5 " -5 x-5 keep in mind the sign has change because whenever you multiply or

divide an negative to both the sides the sign will change, 2 x -5 " x/-5 x-5

• -10 " x

• When you would go to graph this you would show that x is less than -10 therefore

the arrow would be going farther negative and away from the -10 , and when you

graph you make a number line and above the number you have either an open or a

closed circle to show if it can equal the num or not and then you draw the arrow in

either direction depending on the problem, in this case the circle would be closed.

Whited, Gabriella Tuesday, November 19, 2013 9:48:44 AM Paciﬁc Standard Time 70:56:81:af:f0:3d

VI Solve -4x + 4 " -8

• -4x + 4 ! -8 First subtract 4 from both sides of the equation

• - 4 ! -4

• -4x ! -12 now divide -4 from both sides of the equation

• -4/-4 x ! -12/-4

• x ! 3

• keep in mind the sign changed because whenever you multiply or divide

a negative you switch the sign, x is at most 3 to graph this you would

show the arrow moving negatively away from 3 closer to the zero.When

you graph you make a number line and above the number you have either an open

or a closed circle to show if it can equal the num or not and then you draw the

arrow in either direction depending on the problem, in this case the circle would be

closed.

Whited, Gabriella Tuesday, November 19, 2013 9:48:44 AM Paciﬁc Standard Time 70:56:81:af:f0:3d

VII Open and Closed Circles

• An open circle means less than or

greater than this number

• A closed circle means at most or at least

this number

Whited, Gabriella Tuesday, November 19, 2013 9:48:44 AM Paciﬁc Standard Time 70:56:81:af:f0:3d

VIII Solve Inequality word problems

• Chris wants to buy a bike that cots $160. If she saves $12 each week, what is the

fewest number of weeks she must save in order to buy the bike

• Inequality: $160 ! w x 12 First we have to get rid of 12 by dividing it on both sides

• $160/12 ! w 12/12

• 13.333 ! w

• It asks what the fewest number of weeks it must take for her to save to buy the bike,

and you cant say 13.333 weeks so the fewest number of weeks it will take her is 14

weeks.

Whited, Gabriella Tuesday, November 19, 2013 9:48:44 AM Paciﬁc Standard Time 70:56:81:af:f0:3d

VIII Solve Inequality word problems

• Mark worked on math homework less than 1/3 the amount of time that his brother

did. He spent 25 mins on his math homework than how much time did his brother

spend.

• Inequality: 25 ! b x 1/3, to get rid of 1/3 you must divide 1/3 on both sides

• 25/1/3 ! b / 1/3 After that you have to divide 25 by 1/3

• 75 ! b In the end the brother at least spent 75 mins

Whited, Gabriella Tuesday, November 19, 2013 9:48:44 AM Paciﬁc Standard Time 70:56:81:af:f0:3d

VIII Solve Inequality word problems

• One this of a number, decreased by 36 is at most 22. Find the number

• First: Get rid of -36 by adding it on both sides

• 1/3 x f - 36! 22

• +36!+36

• 1/3 x f! 58 Now divide 1/3 on both sides

• /1/3 f! 58/1/3

• f! 174 THE NUMBER IS AT MOST 174

Whited, Gabriella Tuesday, November 19, 2013 9:48:44 AM Paciﬁc Standard Time 70:56:81:af:f0:3d

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