xq: gksbu

]
lukru lR;xq:
efMe<³e Leecemeve
ekful tkfrdks okLrfod leL;k
ekful tkfrdks leL;k ikuhdks dfe] xfjch] ujkezks ljdkj ok csjkstxkjh
gksbuA urk 'kkjhfjd chekjh Vh- ch-] dSalj ok ,M~l gksA okLrfod leL;k
,d vn`"; vkfRed voLFkk gksA 'kfjj] çk.k j vkRekek iQSfy,dks fo"k]
tlykbZ gkeh iki HkUnNkSaA iki thfor ,oa lR; ijes'ojdks fojksèk gks]
mgk¡dks lR;rkçfr frjLdkj gks j mgk¡dks bPNkdks mYya?ku gks ;lys ijes'ojckV
uftd gquckV cf×pr xjkm¡nN j lEcUèk foPNsn xjkm¡nNA
iki] ijes'ojdks bPNk j xq.kg:dks foijhr thou gks j ;lys ekfuldks
thouek 'kkjhfjd j vkfRed e`R;q mRiUu xjkm¡nNA
pkjSfrj vk¡[kk mBk,j fopkj xuqgZ ksl~ pksjh] MdSrh] fgalk] j gR;k] cyRdkj
èkksdk] Hkz"Vpkj] vU;k; j vèkeZ iQSfy,dk Nu~A ckfgjdks dqjk NksfM+
vkiQSfHk=k fu;kyh gsjkSa fd bZ";kZ] Øksèk] cSj] >xM+k] fojksèk] ykyp] okluk]
?ke.M j >wV bR;kfn Hkfj,dk NSuu~ j\
gkezks thoudk mís';g:ykbZ fopkj xfj gsjkSa r gkehykbZ Fkkgk gqusN gjsd
dkedks iNkfM+ LokFkZ yqfd,dks NA nkuiq.; xNkS± rj lkFklkFkS ukm¡ ifu
dekmu pkgUNkSaA xjhcg:dks enr xuZ pkgUNkSa rj if=kdkek ukm¡ Nikmu
ifu pkgUNkSaA fNesdhg:ykbZ vLirky r yfxfnUNkSa rj lkVksek dsfg vk'kk
ifu jk[NkSaA
dks gjk,dks N\
ijes'oj fd gkeh\ tLrks fd esykek ,d ckyd gjkm¡nN rj lksaPNkSa fd
ckyddk ekrk&firk gjk,dk Nu~A rj lR; dqjk ;gh gks fd ekrk&firk
gksbu] ckyd uS gjk,dks gksA ;lS çdkjys ijes'oj gksbu] ekful tkfr uS
gjk,dks NA
tclEe gkehek ;ks lR;rk çxV gqn¡ uS ~ rclEe gkeh vkiQ~uk ç;klg:}kjk
ijes'ojykbZ HksV~Vkmu lDusNSukSa] l`f"VdÙkkZ ijes'ojykbZ ;l l`f"Vdks futhZo
oLrqg:ek [kksft uS jgus NkSaA

1

lalkfjd xq:
vkt lalkjek vusdkSa f'k{kdg: Nu~A èksjS xq:g:ys gjsd mk¡mek èkeZ
çpkj j lHkkg: xfjjgsdk Nu~A iqLrdg:] jsfM;ks ,oa Vh- oh- ek çopug:
fnbZjgsdk Nu~A Kku gjsd Bk¡mek N rj thou NSu~A cksfybUN ,mVk dqjk
xfjbUN vdSZ dqjkA bZ'ojh; thou r NSuA~ çHkq ;s'kwys ledkyhu èkeZx:
q g:dks
fo"k;ek HkUuqHk,dks N& f;uhg:dks ifN ykxs urk eqfDr] LoxZ u bZ'oj uS
çkIr gqUN rj vUrek ujddks vfXudq.M vo'; çkIr xusZNkSA uk'keku
ekfulys ;fn Lo;aykbZ xq: ?kksf"kr xNZu~ j vkÝuks Kku ck¡Vsj ekfulg:ykbZ
Hkzeek ikNZuA vkÝuks fufEr vuq;k;h ,oa psykg: tek xNZu~A vkiQw
flagkluek cLNu~ j BwyBwyk èkeZLFky cukm¡Nu~A lwu&pk¡nh ,d=k xNZu~ j
vkÝuk vuquk;hg:ckV nku nf{k.kk fyUNu~ j vkÝuks lsok xjkmu yxkm¡Nu~A
lukru lR;xq:
çHkq ;s'kwys HkUuqHk;ks dksfg ekfyd cUu pkgUN Hkus m lcSdks lsod cuu~
j tks Bwyks cUu pkgUN r m lcSdks uksdj cuwu~A lukru lR;xq: çHkq ;s'kw
vkluckV gVuqHk;ks] mgk¡ys uksdjdks oL=k yxkmuqHkk;ksA ikuh fy,j mgk¡ys
vkÝuk psykg:dks ikm¡g: |ksbZ fnuq Hk;ks j HkUuqHk;ks tkÅ bZ'ojh; thou
çn'kZu xjA tljh eSays xjsa j frehg:ys ifu ;ljh uS xjA
çHkq ;s'kw LoxZckV vkmuqHk;ks j R;gk¡dks dqjk crkmuqHk;ks ;lSdkj.k gkehys
mgk¡dks dqjkekfFk fo'okl xuZiNZA
çHkq ;s'kw eqfDrnkrk ijes'ojdks vorkj ;l lalkjek ekuo :i èkkj.k xjsj
vkmuqgqUN] ;gk¡ vk,j mgk¡ HkUuqgqUN fd LoxZek dquS MjykXnks ijes'oj
gqugq Uq u [kwuh bZ'oj] rjokj Hkkyk ok gfr;kj fy,j oLuq Hk,dks NSu~ rj LoxZdk
bZ'oj gkezks ifo=k j çsfe firk gquqgqUN] tlys gjsd ekfulykbZ ,d firkys
ej.k'kÕ;kek iqxsdks ckydykbZ >Sa çse xuqZgqUNA ;LrS çdkjys ijes'ojys
gkehykbZ çse xuqgZ Uq N rj gkezks ikih voLFkkykbZ ?k`.kk xuqgZ Uq NA mgk¡ys gkehykbZ
cpkmu pkguqgqUN] gkezks e`R;q j jksxdks mipkj xuZ pkguqgqUN j ;gh dkj.k
gks fd ckbcyys HkUN ijes'oj çse gquqgqUNA
çHkq ;s'kwdks Øw'kek e`R;q
çHkq ;s'kw ekful tkfrdks ikiekspudks fufEr Øwlek cfynku fnuq gq¡nk]
mgk¡dk lkFkek ,dkifV~V ,dtuk pksj ifu Øwlek enSZfFk;ksA R;l pksjys çHkq
;s'kwle{k vkÝuk lkjk dqdeZ vFkkZr iki ekfufyUN j LoxZyksdek mlykbZ
lE>uk xusZ ;kpuk xNZA çHkq ;s'wkys mlykbZ freh vkt uS eflr LoxZyksdek
gqusNkS HkUuqgqUNA j ;ljh mlys eqfDr çkIr xNZA

2

iki deZys ek=k mRiUu gqn¡ uS ~ rj ;ks] deZdks iNkfM+ fopkj ,oa mís';g:dks
:iek yqfd,dks gqUNA tLrks fd çHkq ;s'kw HkUuqgqUN gR;k ikidks iQy gks j
ân;ek Hkfj,dks Øksèk ifu gR;k cjkcj gksA ijes'ojdks n`f"Vek gR;k j Øksèk
leku iki gksA
çHkq ;s'kwek gjsd ikidks ykfx vk'kk NA pkgs erokyh gksl~ ok dquS os';k
ok gksl~ Mkdw] >wVk ik[k.Mh èkeZxq: uS] lcSdks eqfDrdks mik;s NA ;lSdkj.k
çHkq ;s'kwdks lqlekpkjdks çpkj xfjbUNA
ijes'ojys lalkjykbZ ;Lrks çse xuqZHk;ks j mgk¡ys vkÝuks ,dykSrs iq=k
fnuqHk;ks] ;lSys fd tl dlSys mgk¡ekfFk fo'okl xNZ u"V ugksl~ rj R;lys
vuUr thou ikvksl~A ;wgUuk 3%16
,d ?kVuk
:lek ,dtuk jktk fFk, tldks ukm¡ tkj fudksyl fFk;ksA jkrek fruh
Hks"k cnysj vkÝuk lSfudg:dk pkSdhg:ek x,j ds gq¡nSN fopkj xusZ xFksZA
,d fnu fruys ,mVk lSfudykbZ VscyekfFk Vkmdks jkf[k lqfrjgsdks HksVV~ km¡Nu~A
Vscyek ,mVk dkxt ifu fFk;ks tlek èksjS fe=kg:ckV fy,dk yk[kkSa
:fi;kdks ½.k fy,dks gjfglkc fFk;ksA j ryfrj ¶dlys esjks ½.k pqdkbZ
fnus\¸ Hkfu ysf[k,dks fFk;ksA tkj fudksylys dye mBk,j R;gk¡ gLrk{kj
xfjfnUNu~ j ysf[kfnUNu~] ¶e pqdkm¡NA¸ j ;ljh vkRekgR;k xuZ ykxsdks
lSfudys NqVdkjk ikm¡NA ;ks ,mVk lk¡pks ?kVuk gksA çHkq ;s'kwys ifu ;lS
xuqZHk;ks] gkezk ikig:dks eksy ijes'ojdks U;k;vuqlkj e`R;q n.M}kjk uS
pqdkmuq iusZ Hk,dksys mgk¡ ikiekspudks fufEr Lo;a Øwlek cfy gquqHk;ksA
ujddks vkxksek yStkus 'kkjhfjd R;lifNdks vkfRed e`R;qckV gkehykbZ
çHkq ;s'kwys ek=k cpkmuq lDuqgqUNA
çHkq ;s'kwys ;Lrks ds pkgh¡ xuqZHk;ks\
çHkq ;s'kwys LoxZek bZ'ojh; vfèkdkj R;kx xfj ekfuldks :i èkkj.k
xuqZHk;ksA vkiQwykbZ fjR;kbZdu dekjkdks :i fy,j ekfulg:dks lekurkek
gquqHk;ks (fiQfyIih 2%5&10)
ek=k ekfuldks lsod cUuqHk;ks j LoxhZ; firkdks çse çxV xuqZHk;ks j
nnZukd e`R;q gkezks ikig:dks [kkfrj HkksXuqHk;ksA çHkq ;s'kwdks Øwlek ;l
lalkjdks U;k; gksbu rj vU;k; >qf.M,dks fFk;ksA ekfuldks Øksèk] bZ";kZ]
ykyp j ?ke.M >qf.M,dks fFk;ksA mgk¡ykbZ xk¡fM+;ks j rslkz s fnuek mgk¡ys vkÝuks
bZ'ojh; lkeFkZ çxV xuqZHk;ks mgk¡ ckSjh mB~uqHk;ks! ckSjh mB~uq Hk,j mgk¡
;:'kyse 'kgj j ofjifjdk Bk¡mg:ek lSdM+kSa ekfulg:dks ek>ek ns[kk

3

iuqZHk;ks j ijes'ojdks jkT;dks jgL; ekfulg:ek [kksfyfnuqHk;ksA lSdM+kSa
ekfulg:ys gsnkZgsnSZ mgk¡ LoxkZjksg.k gquqHk;ksA mgk¡ys HkUuqHk;ks] e iQsfj
vkmusNq j R;l csyk lalkjdks U;k; gqusNA
;ks dFkk gksbu rj bfrgklek ?kVsdks lR; ?kVuk gksA
ijes'oj HkUuqgUq N] ekfuldks ,diYV tUe gquq R;lifN mldks U;k; gquq
ifu vo'; NA
vc ç'u ds N r\
rikbZdksek vUèkdkj N fd thfor ijes'ojdks T;ksfr\ lR; N fd
ekfuldks >wV\ gkj N fd ijes'ojdks thou\ ikiekspu N fd fn[kkokVh
èkeZdeZ\
ds rikbZ çHkq ;s'kwykbZ xzg.k xuZ pkgu gqUN\ mgk¡ thfor gquqgqUNA ds
rikbZ mgk¡ ekfFk Hkjkslk xuZ pkguqgUq N\ çHkq ;s'kwys lk¡pks 'kkUrh fnuqgUq N] ;Lrks
'kkfUr tlys MjykbZ gVkbZfnanN j nq%[kekfFk fot; fnuqgqUNA
çHkq ;s'kwdks ukm¡ fy,j gsugZq ksl]~ vkt rikbZys eqfDr ikmulDuqgUq NA rikbZ
pkgs dquS èkeZ] tkfr jax ok :idks fdu ugqugq ksl]~ çHkq ;s'kwekfFk fo'okl xuqgZ ksl]~
mgk¡dks ukm¡ fyuqgksl~ j eflr iw.kZ fo'okldks lkFk ;ks çkFkZuk nksgksjkmuqgksl~A
çHkq ;s'kw ;l lalkjek vkmuqHk;ks] mgk¡ l`f"VdÙkkZ gquqgqUF;ks rj lalkjys
mgk¡ykbZ fpusu] çHkq ;s'kw T;ksfr gquqgqUF;ks rj vUèkdkjys mgk¡ykbZ xzg.k xjsu]
mgk¡ vkÝuS ?kjek vkmuqHk;ks rj mgk¡dk vkiQUrg:ys xzg.k xjsuu~ (;wgUuk
1%5]10]11)
çHkq ;s'kw vkt thfor gquqgqUN] mgk¡ fpgkuek gquqgqUu] mgk¡ dquS ,mVk
futhZo oLrq] fp=k ok dsoy 'kfDr gquqgqUuA mgk¡ l`f"VdÙkkZ gquqgqUN] tlys
ijes'ojdks Lo:iek gkeh lcSykbZ jPuqHk;ksA
eqfDrdks çkFkZuk
gs çHkq ;s'kw e deZ ,oa fopkj j mís';g:dks dkj.k ikih NqA rikbZ Lo;a
ijes'ojdks iq=k Hk,j ;l lalkjek vkmuqHk;ks j esjk ikig:dks eksy pqdkmu
rikbZys vkÝuks ifo=k jxr cgkmuqHk;ks] e`R;q HkksXuqHk;ks j vkt ifu rikbZ
thfor gquqgqUNA rikbZys esjk ikig: {kek xfjfnuqgksl~! j eykbZ u;k¡ thou
fnuqgkslA~
eykbZ rikb±dks ifo=k vkRekdks nku fnuqgksl~ rkfd e rikb±dks thou
ikmuld¡w j dsoy rikb±dks ekxZek fgaMu+ ldwAa vktnsf[k e rikb±ykbZ esjks xq:
cukm¡nNA rikb±ekfFk esjks lEiw.kZ fo'okl j Hkjkslk NA
vkesu~
SHISHYASHRAM
305 D/A Sheeshmahal, Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi-110 088
e-mail: jawabjawab@yahoo.com

4

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.