(3j{¥yJE!!!.L~d gro~~~e!

: extends from the mandibular foramen d~~Iiw"aiii'~""~~d forw ~f4s belovi, -tlle,l1jj; 111 yo"ICiiin e: "'~~~ro1toi(rprotess'; "~l~~~p proj ection in f.9E.! ,.<if. Jh"e~ag4il:)Ular notch .

.. 40hdylaicl pr~ce.ss: p;-~ect;·&;h'~d the mandibular nqi<;:1Y, It"ql.IJ~ists of

·-.t:;·C~'" __ , , "."" ,,_.' ,_,_.~ .- ...... =- .... _ .. --..-"w~ .'. ,~~ .,".. __ ..•.. ~.....,.~ .... ~ .... r"":"""_~f __ :::~..::;:.,.r.,.;.·,:...;. ...... It'~ .' ' •• -

(l)lleq:?': is the 'llpper expanded end

....... \ .. r~f

(2) Ne'ck: is the constriction below the head, it shows a depression

'calledpterygoid fovea.

(3) f!iiryg;id"jove~: depression in front of the neck.

'~~"<~;"~'~~', . __ ... __ ,, __ .,' ',I ••• ' .... , .J ••• _"_.' • 'I ••

Particular features Muscles attached to the mandible (A) Five muscles are inserted into the mandible

(lJ Masseter: to the outer surface of the ramus and the coronoid process, (2) Temporalis : into the coronoi.9-_"p~"ocess (medial surface, apex and margins). TI1e insertion extends along the anterior border of the ramus down to the ~ooth.

(3) L,ate!..al pt~rygoid : into the anterior surface of the neck of the mandible (pterygoid fovea).

(4) MediaLpterygeJid : into the rough area on the inner surface of the

• ,T':' ,¥.

ramus below and behind the mylohyoid groove.

(5) Platysma : to the lower border of the body (base) of the mandible,

(B) N:in~ _:n:1!1scles take origin from the mandible:

(1) Myi~iy~ii;f~~~t11e mylohyoid line.

(2) Antel10r belly of digastric: from the digastirc fossa. (3YBucci11~t~r : from the alveolar margin opposite the molar teeth. (4) Superior constrictor muscle of the phanjnx : from above the

post~rior end of the mylohyoid line.

(5) Gf}!!fqgIoS5us : from the superior genial tubercle. (6) Geniohyoid: from the inferior genial tubercle. (7) Mentalis: from the incisive fossa.

(8) Depressor labii inferioris ; from the anterior part of the oblique line. (9) Depressor anguli oris : from the anterior part of the oblique line.

Lig~ments attached to the mandible

(1) Lateral ligament of Temporomandibular joint : to the lateral surface of the neck.

(2) SphenOl11.Qlldibular 11:ia~11~;t : to the lingula."' "

..... ".;-.-

(3) Stylomandibular ligamnet : to the angle.

(4) Pterygomandibular ligament : to the posterior end of the mylohyoid line.

Nerves related to the mandible

(1) Inferiar.alueolar : in the mandibular canal.

(2) ~rye : come(~~t' from!b~ _~I].taJ fo:-amerl (3) ~e.rJ.:~e to mylohyoid: in the mylohoid groove.

(4) Lingual nerve : lies in a shallow groove below and behind the last molar tooth where it is only covered by mucous membrane (dangerous position). (5) Auriculotemporal :,medial to the neck?

." . ..- ... - ~ - -.- .. -.--~----~--.-..,- ... '~'-

(6) Nerve to masseter : pnSses laterally thorugh the mandibular notch.

(7) Buccal nerve: passing forwards along the medial surface of the ramus.

v. '-:.....' \

Art~r.ies related to themandible

1 _ ;" ~ "",

r' '_"_"'_' _' .~

I:

(1) First part of m,axillcuy arterg :~D,1\2_qj~lt?t~~_I\e."2k. v12) Inferior alveolar artery: in the mandibular canal.

~

(3) Facial artery: crosses the lower border of the mandible.

,/"" (4)¥ental artery: comes out from the~~~a1 ~ra~~l.

'/ (5J-Mylohyoid arlen) : in the mylohyoid groove.

/(6) Artery to masseter : passes through the mandibular notch.

(7) Te,!!~ir~atioll of extemal carotid artery ; ~ci the neck of the mandible where it divides into superficial temporal and maxillary arteries.

Glands related to the mandible

(1) Sublingual salivary gland: in the sublingual fossa.

(2) Submandibular salivary gland: in the submandibular fossa.

(3) Parotid gland: related to the posterior border of the ramus.

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Stria.ted Arch Nerve
Arch lizam muscles ;rte~

---



1) Malleus 1) Muscles of Ma:rl11ary ~pdibJl18:
E.ir:9t
mastication . artery. ~.+
Arch ;'.
..., 2) Incus, ~-'~ .... .-,-'" .,.;11 ...
2) Tensor
3) Spheno- nala~ .
mandibular Jon. S
ligament. 3)~
=-
Anterior ligament Em pani-=.
4:}
of malleus. 4) ~!ylohy~.
----
5) Mandible & 5) Anterior
.---
---;- b~of
maxllla.
6) Palatine bone. .QJ.gastric.
Third

.e.r.ch ..

1) S,.iapes.

2) Styloid. process,

3) Lesser norn and uppe:;- i of body of hJi9id bone.

4) ~ln1:!.yoid. . Iizament ~.

Greater horn & la-ner t of body, of h oid bone .

1)~ carti1a~e.

2) arm

car:EJage.

1) Muscles of . ~~ecdi:::' a~l.-

~e, and ~eIJ:' /

wricle

2) Occipito:. tronta.li~

3) Platysm!k

4) ~st. b..@y· ..9i. Qig:~tri9·

5) SUlohyoid...

6) S~Wi.

Facial

----

nerve.

Comm<:>n and . Internal parotki artepr.

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Superior

l~al

?'uimon!ll'Y a.de::ies

on both

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