HSDPA by Siemens

Full Speed Ahead
White Paper
Content
1 Introduction............................................................................................................ 3
2 oti!ation "or HSDPA............................................................................................ #
3 $ar%et ar&et and Applications............................................................................'
3.1 Market Overview............................................................................................... 6
3.2 HSDPA applications......................................................................................... 7
3.3 HSDPA target groups.....................................................................................10
# HSDPA $echnolo%y.............................................................................................11
( HSDPA Plannin%.................................................................................................. 1)
.1 !overage Di"ensioning.................................................................................17
.2 !#annel !ar$ Di"ensioning...........................................................................1%
' HSDPA Solution "rom Siemens...........................................................................1*
) Conclusions......................................................................................................... 2(
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1 Introduction
.#e wireless in$ustr' is currentl' )acing "an' c#allenges. Mo&ile penetration #as
reac#e$ saturation point in "an' countries an$ revenue )ro" voice is $eclining. So
t#e "o&ile operators are looking )or new opportunities to increase t#e revenue. .#e
situation is si"ilar wit# t#e )i/e$ line operators an$ internet service provi$ers. .#e'
are also looking )or new opportunities to increase t#e revenue. Mo&ile operators are
tr'ing to increase t#eir revenue &' provi$ing new services &ase$ on packet
tec#nolog' an$ are also looking )or opportunities to su&stitute t#e )i/e$ line services
like PS.0 an$ DS1 wit# wireless services. On t#e ot#er #an$ )i/e$ line operators are
also tr'ing to )le/ t#eir "uscles in t#e wireless )iel$. .ec#nological $evelop"ents like
21A0 302.11&, 302.16, c$"a 2000 4+5DO #ave ena&le$ t#e )i/e$ line operators
an$ alternate "o&ile operators to )ocus in t#e )iel$ o) )ast growing $ata
co""unication. .ec#nological $evelop"ents like 6P7S84D6489M.S #ave #elpe$
"o&ile operators to increase t#eir revenue &' provi$ing new $ata services to a
certain e/tent. However, t#ese tec#nologies #ave not &een a&le to re$uce t#e cost o)
$elivering per M&'te o) $ata to t#e en$ user to a level w#ere 6SM "o&ile operators
can co"pete wit# t#e alternative tec#nologies )or a pro)ita&le &usiness growt#.
.o en#ance t#e co"petitiveness o) 9M.S new tec#nological evolution )or 9M.S
calle$ HSDPA (Hig# Spee$ Downlink Packet Access* #as &een stan$ar$i:e$ wit#in
36PP in release . HSDPA is to 9M.S as 4D64 is to 6SM; a tec#nolog' w#ic# acts
as an upgra$e to e/isting in)rastructure, en#ancing network per)or"ance wit#out t#e
!AP4< &ur$en o) overla'ing an entirel' new ra$io network. HSDPA provi$es a two5
)ol$ i"prove"ent in network capacit' an$ &oost $ata spee$s up to 1-M&ps8user. 4n$
user spee$s o) 2Mp&s are e/pecte$ to &e ac#ieva&le 5 even #ig#er un$er opti"al
network con$itions. S#orter network latenc' an$ &etter response ti"es are also
ena&le$ &' t#e tec#nolog' upgra$e, allowing ti"e5$epen$ent applications, like live
vi$eo strea"ing an$ "ulti5pla'er ga"ing, to per)or" "ore e))ectivel'.
HSDPA will ena&le t#e "o&ile operators to=
 re$uce costs 8 M>'te &' up to )actor 2
 create ric# an$ attractive new services )or lucrative en$5user seg"ents
 unleas# 9M.S &usiness to ac#ieve its )ull potential
 counter t#e "o&ile operators using c$"a 2000 4+5DO tec#nolog'
 counter e"erging access tec#nologies like 302.// an$ service provi$er using
suc# tec#nologies
 position as a "o&ile DS1 Service Provi$er
 provi$e trul' converge$ voice an$ $ata solution to t#e en$ user using single
$evice an'ti"e, an'w#ere
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2 oti!ation "or HSDPA
2.1 .#e "arket an$ tec#nical "otivation )or intro$ucting HSDPA are=
 +earin% up today "or tomorro,
!onsu"er &e#avior an$ li)e st'le is c#anging. .ec# savv' 'oung generation
o) to$a' will ask )or "ore )ro" t#e "o&ile operators in ter"s o) $ata spee$
an$ new services in co"ing 'ears. ?"agine a tec#nolog' t#at ena&les users
to &rowse 2e& pages )aster on cell p#ones t#an conte"porar' &roa$&an$
users can $o on P!s; a tec#nolog' t#at is "ore t#an 10 ti"es as )ast as
to$a'@s 9M.S )or spee$', trul' satis)'ing vi$eo strea"ing, teleworking an$
ga"ing )or suc# users. 4nterprising M0Os nee$ to $eplo' suc# tec#nolog'
to$a' to "eet to"orrow@s $e"an$.
 -pportunity &noc&s
?n a )iercel' co"petitive co""unication "arket w#ere growt# in $ata &its is
e/pecte$ to outstrip growt# in revenues, t#e &est wa' to get a#ea$ o) t#e
ga"e is to provi$e )aster, #ig#er Aualit' services an$ ric#er applications.
M0Os are now looking to opti"i:e networks to support to"orrow@s $o"inant
tra))ic t'pe. .#oug# gearing up )or "ore &an$wi$t# poses a c#allenge, it also
spells a tre"en$ous opportunit'.
 $he shi"tin% tra""ic paradi%m
.#e in$ustr' consensus #as it t#at in "ature "o&ile co""unication "arkets,
packet5switc#e$ tra))ic will soon surpass circuit5switc#e$ tra))ic. ?n$ee$, in
"ost )i/e$ networks, ?P5&ase$ tra))ic volu"e #as eclipse$ circuit5switc#e$
tra))ic. Mo&ile networks are sure to )ollow suit as new ?P5&ase$ "o&ile
services e"erge an$ eager users a$opt t#e". So "o&ile operators nee$
tec#nolog', w#ic# can $eliver $ata to t#eir en$5users at an accepta&le price,
 Promisin% prospects.
Pu&lic acceptance o) cell p#ones #as &een overw#el"ing, an$ )aster
connections to a$vance$ "o&ile services are &oun$ to receive a si"ilarl'
war" welco"e. 4n$5users are sure to e"&race t#ese sop#isticate$ o))erings,
wit# savv' su&scri&ers 5 power &usiness users an$ consu"ers wit# a #ealt#'
appetite )or $ata5ric# applications B lea$ing t#e wa'. >est o) all, t#is en$5user
seg"ent is willing to pa' a pre"iu" )or spee$', secure "o&ile $ata services.
 $a&in% the mobile data sector by storm.
HSDPA o))ers )ar "ore per)or"ance at lowest cost, ena&ling real "ass5
"arket "o&ile ?P "ulti"e$ia. Operator can increase co"pan'@s pro)ita&ilit'
&' $elivering #ig#er Aualit' services at lower costs. Hig#er CoS an$ greater
capacit' is $estine$ to $rive $e"an$ )or $ata5intensive services, t#ere&'
&oosting operator@s &otto"5line.
 inimi/in% ris&0 ma1imi/in% opportunity.
An' suc# new tec#nolog' nee$s to &e evolutionar' to keep t#e "arginal cost
o) intro$ucing it to "ini"u".
HSDPA is evolution o) t#e alrea$' $eplo'e$ 9M.S tec#nolog' an$ t#us can
&e $eplo'e$ wit# "ini"u" !AP4< an$ OP4< )or t#e operators.
 Competiti!e $hreat.
.#ere are "an' new tec#nologies like 302.//, c$"a2000 4+5DO84+5D+ t#at
are &eing $eplo'e$ &' "o&ile operators an$ ot#er service provi$ers w#ic#
poses t#reat to t#e 6SM "o&ile operators.
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HSDPA will ena&le M0O@s to counter t#reats )ro" operators8service provi$ers
suc# tec#nologies.
Pric' &usiness applications like +P0 services "an$ate ut"ost securit',
availa&ilit' an$ relia&ilit'. HSDPA )its t#e &ill. So "uc# "ore t#an a #ot spot
tec#nolog', it o))ers w#at 21A0s can@t B trust center5class $ata securit',
service coverage &e'on$ #otspots, network relia&ilit', an$ convenient &illing
via conventional p#one &ill. An$ wit# #all"arks suc# as re$uce$ response
ti"e, DS15like latenc', i"prove$ peak rate an$ packet $ata t#roug#put,
en#ance$ spectral e))icienc', an$ i"prove$ trans"ission an$ error correction,
HSDPA is a genuine leap )orwar$ )ro" 36 7%%.
2.2 oti!ation "or obile -perators to introduce HSDPA.
All t#e general "otivations "entione$ a&ove are applica&le )or M0O@s to intro$uce
HSDPA. Due to HSDPA@s #ig# Aualit' an$ average $ata rates o) 2M&ps "o&ile
operators can generate a$$itional revenues &' positioning t#e"selves as 2ireless
DS1 provi$ers.
HSDPA will #elp M0O@s to increase t#eir revenue t#roug# earlier a$option o) 9M.S
$ata services a"ong its users an$ also a$$ition o) new su&scri&ers )or wireless DS1
service.
A$$itional revenue generation )or wireless DS1 su&scri&ers can &e )orecaste$ as
&elow. $he calculations are based on certain assumptions "or simplicity and
are "or indicati!e purpose only. For more detailed calculation re%ardin%
business case detailed discussion ,ith the customer is necessary.
Assumptions.
2it# t#e intro$uction o) wireless DS1 services )ro" M0O@s so"e o) t#e DS1
custo"ers o) )i/e$ DS1 service provi$ers will switc# to wireless DS1 )ro" Mo&ile
operators $ue to
– Sea"less service coverage in5#ouse an$ w#ile on t#e wa'
– One $evice, one &ill, one user inter)ace )or "o&ile services an$
&roa$&an$ internet access
– Secure an$ relia&le $ue to carrier gra$e "o&ile tec#nolog'
!#urn 7ate= D )ro" ot#er )i/e$ DS1 provi$ers su&scri&ers.
So"e o) t#e <DS1 packages (co"para&le to t#e wireless DS1 service t#at can &e
provi$e$ wit# HSDPA* &eing o))ere$ &' t#e service provi$ers are as )ollows. (.'pical
situation, assu"ptions*
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<DS1 Service
Provi$er
Data rate
D1891 E&ps
Mont#l' Fee (G*
Service provi$er 1 20-3833- 1
Service provi$er 2 102- 833- 23
>ase$ on t#e a&ove tari)) structure Mo&ile Operators s#oul$ &e a&le to c#arge
"ont#l' )ee o) 20 G per su&scri&er )or wireless DS1 service (102- E&ps8123 E&ps* as
su&scri&ers are willing to pa' so"e pre"iu" )or t#e "o&ilit'.
.#e nu"&er o) wireless DS1 su&scri&ers o) t#e assu"e$ M0O is t#e nu"&er o)
su&scri&ers w#o leave t#e <DS1 services o) t#e ot#er service provi$ers an$ is s#own
&elow.
2006 2007 2003
H o) users SP1 an$ SP2
(in Million* 11 12 13
D c#urn 10D 10D 10D
M0O 25DS1 su&s (in Million* 0.6 0.6 0.7
A7P9 in G= 20
7evenue (in Mill.* 220( 2#0( 2'0(

.#us wit# HSDPA, Mo&ile Operators can generate "ore t#an 22, Million 4uro per
'ear )ro" 'ear 2006.
3 $ar%et ar&et and Applications
3.1 ar&et -!er!ie,
?t is e/pecte$ t#at in ne/t )ew 'ears t#e A7P9 $ue to "o&ile $ata services will
increase signi)icantl'. ?t is e/pecte$ t#at $ata A7P9 will reac# a&out 3D o) total
A7P9 &' 'ear 2010. Please see &elow )or t#e e/pecte$ growt# o) "o&ile $ata in t#e
worl$ "arket an$ Asia till 'ear 2010. .#e e/pecte$ growt# in "o&ile $ata in )uture
provi$es M0O an e/cellent opportunit' to increase t#eir revenue wit# new innovative
services.
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Fi%ure 1. obile data upta&e
?n Mala'sian "arket also t#e i"portance o) $ata is e/pecte$ to increase
signi)icantl' as it will contri&ute "ore an$ "ore )or operator@s revenue in
co"ing 'ears. >' 'ear 2010 it is e/pecte$ t#at t#e $ata A7P9 reac# a&out %
4uro )or total A7P9 o) a&out 2 4uro. .#is is in line wit# e/pecte$ growt# o) $ata
A7P9 )or t#e worl$ "arket as $epicte$ in )igure 1. See t#e )igure &elow )or t#e
)orecast )or Mala'sia "arket (Source= Sie"ens ?!M 0 SM Market Assess"ent
Fi%ure 2. 21pected Data and 3oice A4P5 and 4e!enue +ro,th in alaysia
3.2 HSDPA applications
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HSDPA is &est suite$ )or services8applications reAuiring &ackgroun$,
interactive an$ strea"ing t'pe Aualit' o) service )or e/a"ple internet8intranet
access. .#e signi)icant i"prove"ent in $ownloa$ ti"es as s#own in )igure
&elow can i"prove t#e perception o) t#e users towar$s t#e "o&ile $ata
applications an$ en#ance t#e accepta&ilit' an$ usage o) "o&ile $ata services.
Fi%ure 3. Per"ormance o" HSDPA "or data do,nload
Since HSDPA opti"i:es t#e $ownlink c#annels, it suits Ias'""etric tra))icJ t'pe o)
applications, w#ic# reAuire #ig#er tra))ic on $ownlink rat#er t#an on uplink $irection.
.#ere)ore, it is reco""en$e$ to $eplo' HSDPA in operator@ network to cater t#e
)ollowing services categories=
- 1ocation &ase$ applications (cit' gui$e, "o&ile tracking8)in$er, a$vertise"ent*
- Mo&ile +P0K (corporate access to e"ail, )ile $ownloa$, intranet*
- ?n)otain"ent (vi$eo strea"ing, "usic $ownloa$, "o&ile .+, "o&ile ga"ing*
- Mo&ile internet ()ile $ownloa$, internet &rowsing*
- Open new "arket as wireless DS1 or 21A0 service provi$er
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K+P0= +irtual Private 0etwork
Fi%ure #. HSDPA "or ser!ices ,ith more than (67 do,nlin& direction
.o i$enti)' potential success)ul )uture applications, Sie"ens #as con$ucte$ en$ user
surve's in west 4uropean region. .#e results suggest signi)icant $e"an$ )or
applications supporte$ &' HSDPA. HSDPA supporte$ applications are "arke$ wit#
pink as $epicte$ in t#e c#art &elow.
Sources= Sie"ens Mo&ile 0etworks Marketing, April 2003;
Sie"ens 4n$59ser Surve' I4na&ling ServicesJ, Octo&er 2002; .0S 4"ni$ I36 MonitoringJ,
Dece"&er 2002
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Fi%ure (. Siemens end user sur!ey
Operators can )urt#er &ene)it &' i"ple"enting Sie"ens a$vance$ ?P Multi"e$ia
Su&s'ste"s (?MS* solution wit# HSDPA. .#is will o))er a co"&ination o) "ulti"e$ia
real5ti"e services (voice8vi$eo* wit# non5real ti"e in)or"ation8$ata services on a
single $evice, t#us raising A7P9 via increase$ custo"er &ase service usage )ro"
person5person an$ group5to5group co""unications. 2e &elieve t#at ?MS (?P5&ase$
Multi"e$ia Su&s'ste"* can pla' a ver' i"portant role in t#is part. As e/a"ple, t#ere
are two 2!DMA8HSDPA8?MS applications scenario, w#ic# tr' to e/ploit $i))erent
services approac# to &oost tra))ic an$ revenue.

21ample 1. Sports 8e,s.
• Peter is a )an o) M9 an$ registere$ as M9 portal "e"&er.
• He also registers so"e o) #is )rien$s in a 6oal5!o""unit' 6roup.
• Once a goal is score$, Peter is noti)ie$. He clicks on t#e provi$e$ link an$
starts $ownloa$ing t#e vi$eo o) t#e goal.
• >' clicking on t#e ?con L6oal !o""unit'I #e can
- Start a Pus# .o .alk or +i$eo !on)erencing session
- S#ow t#e goal to #is &u$$ies (in #is contact list*
- Forwar$ t#e +i$eo clip to #is )rien$s (an$ pa' )or it*
- Or sen$ instant "essaging to #is &u$$ies
21ample 2. usic Fan Club.
• Mart#a is a &ig )an o) IMa$onnaJ an$ s#e su&scri&es to t#e IMusic!#annelJ
• 2#enever Ma$onna new vi$eo is release$, Mart#a gets an ?M noti)ication
wit# vi$eo an$ c#at ?cons attac#e$. Mart#a clicks on +i$eo ?con to view t#e
vi$eo.
• S#e reall' loves t#e vi$eo an$ starts a Pus#5to5.alk Session.
• 2#ile talking to 1isa an$ Anna s#e sen$s part o) t#e vi$eo as a pus#5to5see
so t#e' can watc# it.
• .#en Mart#a clicks on c#at link an$ Moins t#e current session o) t#e Ma$onna
c#at co""unit' using Pus#5to5.alk $ial5in to $iscuss t#e vi$eo an$ Ma$onna
news.
3.3 HSDPA tar%et %roups
Mo&ile network operator (M0O* can &asicall' o))er its HSDPA &ase$ applications to
&ot# &usiness as well as resi$ential su&scri&ers. Mo&ile +P0 services )or instance
are "ainl' $e$icate$ )or &usiness users an$ t#e in)otain"ent services are )or
resi$ential or 'out# su&scri&ers. 2it# t#e availa&ilit' o) HSDPA "o$ule )or P!8laptop
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users, HSDPA will ena&le M0O to o))er 21A0, wireless DS1 services to #o"e an$
SM4 users as well.
Fi%ure '. HSDP tar%et %roups
# HSDPA $echnolo%y
Hig# Spee$ Downlink Packet Access, known as HSDPA was intro$uce$ into t#e
36PP 9.7A0 stan$ar$s )or &ot# FDD an$ .DD )ro" 7elease . HSDPA re)ers to a
nu"&er o) s#are$ c#annels, o) w#ic# t#e $ata5&earing c#annel is known as IHS5
DS!HJ. Ee' )eatures o) HSDPA are as )ollows=
 ?t is a $ownlink onl' service; it provi$es no en#ance"ent )or t#e 91
 ?t is a packet $ata service, in w#ic# t#e network allocates resources )or
trans"itting packets over t#e air to $i))erent ter"inals on a I&est e))ortJ &asis
 .#e MA! la'er in t#e network ensures packet $eco$ing &' a ter"inal an$
packet sc#e$uling )or trans"ission in a s#are$ "e$ia Aualit'
 .'pical ac#ieva&le t#roug#put is in t#e range 25 M&it8sec ("a/. t#roug#put is
13.%3 M&it8sec*
 36PP is currentl' working on M?MO )or HSDPA, w#ic# it is clai"e$ will &e
a&le to increase t'pical t#roug#put to 10M&it8sec
#.1 Features used in HSDPA.
.#e per)or"ance i"prove"ent t#at is o&taine$ &' HSDPA tec#nolog' is ac#ieve$ &'
"eans o) a nu"&er o) a$$itional )eatures &uilt on top o) t#e pre5e/isting FDD (or
.DD* stan$ar$s=
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 Fast sc#e$uling &' t#e no$e >
 H'&ri$ A7C
 A$aptive Mo$ulation an$ !o$ing
 Hig#er or$er "o$ulation
 Fast )ee$&ack o) c#annel state in)or"ation
Fi%ure ). HSDPA &ey principles
#.1.1 Fast schedulin% by the node 9
?n 7elease %% an$ 7elease - 9M.S s'ste"s, all "anage"ent o) ra$io resources is
per)or"e$ at t#e controlling 70!. ?n t#e case o) t#e $ownlink s#are$ c#annel, s#are$
resources are set up t#at are accessi&le to a nu"&er o) ter"inals, &ut t#e !70!
"akes a $ecision &ase$ on tra))ic volu"e an$ &u))er occupancies to grant t#e s#are$
resources particular ter"inals )or $e)ine$ a"ounts o) ti"e.
>asing all ra$io resource "anage"ent at t#e !70! allows e))ective control o)
"acrocellular per)or"ance issues suc# as "o&ilit', so)t #an$over an$ inter5cell
inter)erence. However latencies involve$ in co""unications across t#e ?u& inter)ace
&etween t#e 70! an$ no$e >, an$ 77! connections to t#e ter"inal "ean t#at t#e
!70! cannot accuratel' &ase its resource $ecisions on up to $ate c#annel state
in)or"ation. For e/a"ple, to grant DS!H resources &ase$ on t#e S?7 e/perience$
&' a ter"inal woul$ reAuire an S?7 "easure"ent to &e per)or"e$ at t#e ter"inal an$
trans"itte$ across t#e air an$ t#en via t#e ?u& inter)ace to t#e !70! (i) t#e !70! is
not t#e serving 70!, )urt#er trans"issions across ?ur "a' &e reAuire$*. ?) t#e !70!
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t#en $eci$es to grant DS!H resources, )urt#er ?u& (an$ possi&le ?ur* signalling is
reAuire$.
?n HSDPA, t#e controlling 70! allocates a &lock o) HS5DS!H resources (co$e tree
an$ trans"it power* to t#e no$e > t#at t#e no$e > is allowe$ to autono"ousl'
allocate &etween ter"inals on a $'na"ic &asis. Since t#ere e/ists onl' t#e 9u
inter)ace &etween no$e > an$ ter"inal, t#e no$e > can collect c#annel state
in)or"ation )ro" t#e ter"inals &' "eans o) )ast la'er 1 signaling an$ t#en "ake a
)ast HS5DS!H allocation to ter"inals.
#.1.2 Adapti!e odulation and Codin%
2#en t#e sc#e$uling algorit#" #as allocate$ HS5DS!H resources to a ter"inal, t#e
no$e > is )urt#er a&le to opti"ise its trans"ission )or"at accor$ing to t#e link level
con$itions. .#e ter"inal sen$s to t#e no$e > an in$ication o) t#e Aualit' o) t#e ra$io
link using t#e !C? (!#annel Cualit' ?n$icator**. >ase$ on t#is, t#e no$e > can a$apt
t#e link as )ollows=
 .#e no$e > is a&le to switc# &etween CPSE an$ 16CAM
 .#e no$e > is a&le to set t#e co$ing rate &' a$Musting t#e a"ount o)
puncturing applie$ to tur&o co$e$ $ata &' "eans o) var'ing t#e a"ount o)
$ata trans"itte$ in a ..?.
.#e selecte$ co$ing rate an$ "o$ulation )or"at re"ain constant )or t#e $uration o)
an HSDPA ..? (2"sec )or FDD*. .#e trans"it power o) t#e HS5DS!H is kept at a
constant level an$ t#e co$ing an$ "o$ulation )or"at is c#osen to "a/i"ise
t#roug#put to t#e ter"inal. ?ncreasing t#e co$e rate or "oving )ro" CPSE to 16CAM
increases t#e si:e o) t#e transport &lock t#at can &e sent $uring t#e ..?, #owever t#e
pro&a&ilit' o) t#e transport &lock &eing in error also increases. .#e opti"al tra$eo))
point &etween t#ese two contra$ictor' e))ects $epen$s upon c#annel con$itions an$
is selecte$ accor$ing to t#e !C?.
#.1.3 Hybrid A4:
On receiving an$ $e"o$ulating a HS5DS!H ..?, a ter"inal &u))ers t#e resulting
so)t&its t#at relate to t#e co$e$ transport &lock. 4ac# ti"e a trans"ission is receive$;
t#e ter"inal atte"pts to $eco$e t#e trans"ission an$ sen$s &ack an
acknowle$ge"ent. ?) $eco$ing was success)ul (t#is is in$icate$ &' "eans o) a !7!
attac#"ent to t#e transport &lock*, a positive acknowle$ge"ent is sent an$ t#e so)t&it
&u))er relating to t#e receive$ &lock is erase$. However, i) t#e &lock coul$ not &e
$eco$e$, a negative acknowle$ge"ent is sent to t#e no$e > an$ t#e so)t&it &u))er is
retaine$.
.#us, t#e no$e > re5sc#e$ules a trans"ission o) t#e transport &lock an$ t#e ter"inal
co"&ines t#e new trans"ission wit# t#e )irst at t#e so)t&it level to i"prove t#e signal
to noise ratio an$ t#e c#ances o) success)ull' $eco$ing t#e &lock. .#e
retrans"ission process "a' &e repeate$ several ti"es i) necessar'. ?n t#is wa', t#e
94 is a&le to $eco$e t#e correct signal even i) all trans"itte$ &locks are $istur&e$.
HSDPA &' Sie"ens Page 13 (o) 2* +7, 13
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#.2 HSDPA Channels.
#.2.1 Do,nlin& HSDPA channels and si%nalin%
HSDPA uses t#e )ollowing c#annels in t#e $ownlink=
HS;SCCH.
.#e HS5S!!H, or Hig# Spee$ S#are$ !ontrol !#annel carries la'er 1 signaling in
t#e $ownlink. .#e c#annel ter"inates in t#e p#'sical la'er an$ #ence t#ere is no
associate$ transport c#annel. .#e HS5S!!H is use$ to announce allocation o)
resources to a ter"inal, an$ contains t#e )ollowing in)or"ation=
 .#e i$entit' o) t#e ter"inal t#at is sc#e$ule$
 .#e resources allocate$ to t#e ter"inal (in FDD, t#e nu"&er o) sprea$ing
)actor 16 co$es an$ t#eir i$entit'*. A )i/e$ ti"ing relations#ip e/ists &etween
HS5S!!H an$ HS5DS!H t#at allows t#e ter"inal to know w#en t#e
sc#e$ule$ interval &egins. .#e $uration o) t#e sc#e$ule$ interval is eAual to
t#e HS5DS!H ..? (2"sec or 3 slots in FDD*
 2#et#er t#e trans"ission is a )irst HA7C trans"ission or a re5trans"ission
 .#e "o$ulation )or"at an$ co$e5&lock si:e t#at will &e use$
.#e no$e > "a' trans"it "an' HS5S!!Hs, to $i))erent groups o) ter"inals. ?) it #as
not &een sc#e$ule$, a ter"inal "ust listen to up to - HS5S!!HS. Once it is
sc#e$ule$, it rea$s t#e HSDS!H at t#e appropriate ti"e an$ continues to "onitor
onl' 1 HS5S!!H.
HS;PDSCH.
A HS5DS!H transport c#annel "a' &e "appe$ onto one or "ore HS5PDS!Hs. .#e
..? o) HSDS!H is 2"sec. HS5PDS!Hs alwa's use sprea$ing )actor 16 an$ "a' use
eit#er CPSE or 16CAM "o$ulation. ?n FDD, t#e HS5PDS!H consists onl' o) $ata
s'"&ols; i.e. no pilot, .F!?, .P! etc are "ultiple/e$.
?t carries actual packet $ata. 1 HS5PDS!Hs per cell are possi&le. !o$e wit#
Sprea$ing Factor (SF* N 16, CPSE816CAM is use$ )or HS5PDS!H.
#.2.2 5plin& HSDPA channels and si%nalin%
HSDPA uses t#e )ollowing c#annels in t#e uplink=
HS;DPCCH
.#e HS5DP!!H is use$ )or trans"itting two co"ponents o) 91 in)or"ation=
 A!E80A!E B .#is relates to t#e HA7C an$ is trans"itte$ a)ter processing o)
a HSDS!H ..? is co"plete.
 !#annel Cualit' ?n$icator; !C?. .#e !C? in$icates to t#e no$e > t#e Aualit' o)
t#e D1 c#annel. ?n FDD, it is trans"itte$ at regular intervals. .#e !C? value
consists o) a "o$ulation )or"at an$ co$ing rate, w#ic# are esti"ate$ &' t#e
ter"inal to give "a/i"u" $ata rate w#ilst not e/cee$ing 10D >147. .#e
no$e > uses !C? to "ake $ecisions on w#at co$ing )or"at to allocate in HS5
DS!H trans"issions, #owever t#e no$e > is not "an$ate$ to use t#e sa"e
)or"at as is speci)ie$ in t#e !C? (t#e !C? is use$ onl' as a gui$e*.
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.#e HS5DP!!H is a p#'sical la'er c#annel wit# no associate$ transport c#annel.
.#e lengt# o) a HS5DP!!H trans"ission is 2"sec.
Fi%ure <. HSDPA Channels
#.3 Implications o" HSDPA $echnolo%y "or the 8et,or& and $erminal
#.3.1 4adio 8et,or& Controller
.#e i"pact o) HSDPA on t#e ra$io network controller is relativel' li"ite$. .#e 70!
"ust allocate HSPDA para"eters, w#ic# inclu$e t#e nu"&er o) co$es allocate$ )or
HSDPA, t#e a"ount o) no$e > power reserve$ )or HSDPA an$ so"e para"eters )or
t#e )ee$&ack c#annel, suc# as t#e power o))set )or A!E80A!E signaling.
Furt#er"ore, t#e 70! nee$s to "onitor HSDPA relate$ "easure"ents an$ a$Must
para"eters as necessar'.
#.3.2 8ode9
4F subsystem
.#e 0o$e> 7F su&s'ste" nee$s to &e capa&le o) trans"itting up to 16 SF16 co$es
using CPSE or 16CAM.
9aseband subsystem
.#e &ase&an$ processing )or HSDPA is si"ilar to t#at )or ot#er 7elease %%87elease
- c#annels alt#oug# so"e new DSP algorit#"s nee$ to &e written )or trans"ission o)
HS5DS!H an$ HSS!!H an$ $etection o) HS5DP!!H, an$ t#e 2"sec ..? nee$s to
&e supporte$ a$$itionall', HSDPA #as #ig#er t#roug#put reAuire"ents on t#e
&ase&an$ car$s wit# a "a/i"u" t#roug#put o) up to 1-M&ps 8 cell.
Hi%her layers
.#e 0o$e> nee$s to i"ple"ent t#e MA!5#s protocol, w#ic# is responsi&le )or
sc#e$uling &etween ter"inals, AM! an$ "anage"ent o) $ata Aueues )or eac#
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ter"inal (inclu$ing HA7C*. .#is non5trivial ele"ent intro$uces a$$itional
IintelligenceJ into t#e no$e > t#at was not present )or 7elease -87elease O%%.
#.3.3 $erminals.
.#e ter"inal nee$s to "onitor HS5S!!H an$ to $eco$e HS5DS!H as necessar',
generating acknowle$ge"ents )or t#e purposes o) HA7C. Furt#er"ore, t#e ter"inal
nee$s to regularl' report !C?.
.#us a$$itional )unctionalities reAuire$ )or an HSDPA ter"inal, co"pare$ wit# a
ter"inal supporting 7elease- 8 7elease %% are=
 7eception o) 16CAM ($epen$ent on ter"inal capa&ilit'*
 Support )or reception o) , 10 or 1 si"ultaneous HSDPA co$es, $epen$ent
upon ter"inal capa&ilit'
 Support )or so)t5&u))ering an$ co"&ining reAuire$ )or HA7C
 Support )or #ig#er a"ount o) processing power reAuire$ )or $eco$ing HS5
DS!H peak t#roug#put rates
 !C? calculation
 Support )or HSDPA p#'sical c#annels
.#e 36PP stan$ar$s #ave $e)ine$ 12 categories o) HSDPA ter"inals P36PP .S
2.306Q. .#e ter"inal in)or"s 9.7A0 o) its HSDPA categor' in or$er t#at t#e
network will take it into account w#en sc#e$uling $ata. .#e para"eters w#ic# $e)ine
categories are as )ollows=
 Support )or CPSE onl', or CPSE an$ 16CAM.
 .#e "ini"u" ti"e t#at "ust elapse &etween reception o) 2"sec HS5DS!H
..?s. .#is para"eter a))ects t#e a"ount o) processing ti"e reAuire$ &' t#e
ter"inals an$ t#e nu"&er o) HA7C processes t#e' support.
 .#e nu"&er o) si"ultaneous SF16 co$es t#e ter"inal "ust &e a&le to
receive. .#is a))ects 7F an$ &ase&an$ processing co"ple/it'.
 .#e a"ount o) so)t&it "e"or' t#at "ust &e availa&le. .#is a))ects t#e nu"&er
o) si"ultaneous HA7C processes t#at can &e supporte$ an$ t#e a"ount o)
puncturing t#at nee$s to &e per)or"e$ on co$e$ transport &locks.
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$able 1. HSDPA $erminal cate%ories
( HSDPA Plannin%
?n general t#e planning steps )or HSDPA tra))ic are t#e sa"e as t#e 7elease%%.
(.1 Co!era%e Dimensionin%
?n HSDPA t#e &it rate per user is not )i/e$ &ut will &e $'na"icall' allocate$ to t#e
user accor$ing #is ra$io situation an$ t#e ra$io situation o) t#e ot#er HSDPA user in
t#e cell. .#e cell range is nor"all' $eter"ine$ &' t#e release%% &earers.
.#ere)ore t#e cell range is given. .#e link &u$get )or HSDPA calculates t#en t#e
"a/i"u" possi&le $ata rate )or a user at t#e cell &or$er in t#e loa$e$ network in D1.
As state$ &e)ore t#e &it rate o) t#e user is $epen$ing on its ra$io situation an$ ot#er
user in t#e cell. ?n t#is case t#e 12 k&ps un$ t#e 763k&ps are reac#e$ at a cell
&or$er. However in t#e case, t#at t#e 94 is nearer to t#e 0o$e> an$ t#e inter5cell
inter)erence is lower t#ese "a/. $ata rates can &e given to a user. .#e "a/i"u"
possi&le &it rate per user is $epen$ing on t#e inter)erence situation at t#e user place.
.#e )ollowing e/a"ple plot $epicts t#is=
HSDPA &' Sie"ens Page 17 (o) 2* +7, 13
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Figure %= Ma/i"u" possi&le &it rate per user (HSDPA*
("a/. &it rate= 'ellow= 123k&ps; green= 26 k&ps; &lue= 12k&ps; pink= R6-0k&ps*
Fro" #ar$ware point o) view t#e 0o$e > can serve at "a/i"u" 1 HS5PDS!H
co$es per cell. ?n t#e )irst HSDPA release categor' 6 "o&iles are supporte$.
.#ere)ore t#e "a/i"u" peak rate per !H! is up to 1- M&ps. ?n )uture release t#e
s'ste" will also support ot#er "o&ile t'pes. A "a/i"u" peak rate o) 1 co$es in
16CAM "o$ulation is a&out 1- M&ps is given in 36PP. For t#e t#roug#put in t#e
network o) course ot#er in)luences will li"it t#e t#roug#put like inter)erence, availa&le
power o) t#e 0o$e>, an$ user &e#avior. .#e user $ata rate will $epen$ on t#e
nu"&er o) co$es an$ t#e co$ing sc#e"e.
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.a&le 2. 9ser Data rate
(.2 Channel Card Dimensionin%
.#e !H! can support up to 1 HSDPA co$es, an$ t#e re"aining resources )or ot#er
c#annels processing are 918D1 %6 !4, 918D1%6 AM7 4C. So sa"e !H! can
support &ot# HSDPA an$ non HSDPA tra))ic. ?) HSDPA is use$ t#e HSDPA
t#roug#put s#all &e consi$ere$. 4ac# HSDPA cell reAuires one !H! a&le to work in
HSDPA "o$e. However i) t#e HSDPA tra))ic is not ver' #ig# t#ere is also a possi&ilit'
t#at one !H! in HSDPA "o$e can serve up to t#ree HSDPA cells.
At "a/i"u" 1 !H! per HSDPA cell can &e use$.
' HSDPA Solution "rom Siemens
Sie"ens is one o) t#e lea$ing ven$ors )or 9M.S wit# "ore e/perience )ro"
co""ercial 9M.S networks t#an an' ot#er ven$or.
9niAue selling points o) Sie"ens HSDPA solution are=
 Spearheadin% the HSDPA brea&throu%h throu%h technolo%ical
leadership
Designe$ wit# )uture "o&ile $ata applications in "in$, Sie"ens 36
eAuip"ent is rea$' )or HSDPA. 2it# Sie"ens HSDPA Solution MO>?14
OP47A.O7 can earn "one' )ro" t#e )irst $a' o) its $eplo'"ent. 2#at@s
"ore, &ecause t#e Sie"ens solution is a so)tware upgra$e, t#e costs o)
HSDPA &' Sie"ens Page 1% (o) 2* +7, 13
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en#ancing network capacit' are low an$ swi)test ti"e to "arket is assure$.
An$ all t#at a$$s up to a$$itional revenue strea"s an$ )ast 7O?.
So"e o) t#e ke' )eatures Sie"ens plans to support wit# HSDPA are=
♦Support o) all &asic HSDPA )unctionalit'.
♦?u& )low control to control t#e tra))ic &etween 0o$e> an$ 70!.
♦CPSE, 165CAM, HA7C, si"ple sc#e$uler an$ interactive8&ackgroun$
tra))ic classes.
♦Support o) inwar$ an$ outwar$ "o&ilit' as well as &asic HO scenarios
♦"a/ i$eal Peak 7ate .#roug#put per user in $ownlink= 3.6 M&ps (94
capa&ilit' class 6*
♦t'pical capacit' i"prove"ent o) 60530D per cell (po5tra))ic*
♦up to 6- 94s on HS5DS!H
♦up to 6- HSDPA users per cell
♦up to 1 HS5PDS!H co$es per cell
 $ime to ar&et
Siemens alon% ,ith our partner 82C is "irst to introduce HSDPA in the
mar&et. 2e are working closel' wit# our custo"ers in Sapan an$ 4urope to
launc# HSDPA co""erciall' in 200. >ase$ on our earl' e/perience wit#
HSDPA in $evelope$ "arket like Sapan an$ 4urope we can provi$e &est
HSDPA solution to MO>?14 OP47A.O7 earlier t#an our co"petitors.
 Smooth up%rade to HSDPA
Our approac# to "igration to HSDPA is s"oot# an$ painless as $escri&e$
&elow. Suc# s"oot# "igration o) our 0o$e > an$ 70! ena&les MO>?14
OP47A.O7 to intro$uce HSDPA wit# "ini"u" !AP4<.
HSDPA Support in 8ode 9.
0o$e>-// (--08--18-20* is #ar$ware prepare$ )or HSDPA. 2#ile ot#er
suppliers@ eAuip"ent reAuires p#'sical upgra$es, 0o$e>s can &e upgra$e$
over t#e air wit# no $ownti"e an$ no over#ea$ )or )iel$ service. Sie"ens is
using 2n$ generation o) no$e > plat)or", w#ic# is prepare$ )or )uture
evolutions like HSDPA, re"ote ra$io #ea$s etc., w#ile our co"petitors are
still using t#e 1
st
generation o) plat)or".
!#annel car$ %6 (!H!%6* is alrea$' prepare$ )or HSDPA. 2e o))er t#e "ost
)le/i&le c#annel car$s on t#e "arket, w#ere no $e$icate$ HSDPA "o$ule is
reAuire$, t#oug# t#e resources are s#are$ &etween 7el. %% an$ HSDPA an$
w#ere we can con)igure t#e !H! in a one to "ulti cell con)iguration. ?t "eans
no $e$icate$ HSDPA eAuip"ent reAuire$. An$ wit# a 05to5100D capacit'
increase per 0o$e>, MO>?14 OP47A.O7@s invest"ent, t#oug# low, goes a
ver', ver' long wa'.
HSDPA &' Sie"ens Page 20 (o) 2* +7, 13
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Fi%ure 16. HSDPA 4eady 89 ##=
HSDPA Support in 48C.
Sie"ens 70! is a&le to support HSDPA wit# "ini"al c#ange in #ar$ware.
.#e )ollowing two new car$s s#all &e i"ple"ente$ on t#e 70! to support
HSDPA to support new protocols an$ #ig#er $ata rate.
• HS;DS$= a car$ supporting MA!5$ entit', HS5DS!H FP an$ t#roug#put
#ig#er t#an current DH..
• HS;P4>C= a car$ supporting sa"e )unctionalit' wit# P71!, &ut wit# #ig#er
t#roug#put.
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Fi%ure11. 5p%rade o" 48C to support HSDPA
 2nd to 2nd Solution
2it# t#e "ost a$vance$ tec#nolog' an$ "ost sta&le networks to our cre$it,
Sie"ens@ 9M.S e/perience is unrivalle$. 2e partner wit# top5$rawer c#ip set
an$ "o&ile suppliers to turn up a true en$ to5en$ HSDPA solution. >esi$es t#e
in)rastructure support Sie"ens will provi$e P! car$s )or HSDPA to ensure earl'
availa&ilit' o) en$ to en$ solution. HSDPA capa&le "o&ile p#ones will )ollow later.
So MO>?14 OP47A.O7 can launc# HSDPA service to &usiness users or
resi$ential users using laptops earlier t#an t#e co"petitors.
HSDPA &' Sie"ens Page 22 (o) 2* +7, 13
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Fi%ure 12. 2nd to 2nd HSDPA Solution "rom Siemens
.
Fi%ure 13. 2nd to 2nd HSDPA 4oadmap
HSDPA &' Sie"ens Page 23 (o) 2* +7, 13
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 First in reliability0 "irst in per"ormance
Sie"ens 9M.S solution is t#e "ost relia&le an$ )iel$ proven wit# 12 out o) 22
co""erciall' launc#e$ network (as o) Ma' 200-* supplie$ &' Sie"ens804!.
Fi%ure 1#. Commercially operatin% 5$S net,or&s
Moreover t#e per)or"ance o) Sie"ens 9M.S solution is one o) t#e &est. .#is #as
&een proven &' in$epen$ent stu$' $one &' e/ternal agenc' in 6er"an' in +o$a)one
network.
HSDPA &' Sie"ens Page 2- (o) 2* +7, 13
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Fi%ure 1(. 4esult o" Study sho,in% better per"ormance o" Siemens 5$S net,or&
Since t#e Sie"ens HSDPA solution is onl' so)tware upgra$e in t#e no$e > si$e
our HSDPA solution will &e also #ig#l' relia&le wit# &est per)or"ance.
) Conclusions
• HSDPA is t#e &reak t#roug# 9M.S )eature5set w#ic# satis)ies #ig#er capacit'
$e"an$s as well as $e"an$s )or new services.
• MO>?14 OP47A.O7 can use HSDPA to provi$e wireless DS1 services to
generate "ore revenue.
• Sie"ens is rig#t partner )or MO>?14 OP47A.O7 )or HSDPA $ue to )ollowing
reasons=
♦ Mo&ile Operators (M0O@s* can intro$uce HSDPA wit# "ini"u" !AP4< an$
OP4< as Sie"ens 0o$e >s are #ar$ware prepare$ )or HSDPA.
♦ Sie"ens can provi$e en$ to en$ solution )or HSDPA earlier t#an co"petitors
so t#at M0O@s can #ave earl' "over a$vantage.
HSDPA &' Sie"ens Page 2 (o) 2* +7, 13
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