Carlyle, one of the greatest thinkers of the past century, described Prophet Muhammad’s sincerity thus: the great

man's sincerity is of the kind he cannot speak of: nay, I suppose, he is conscious rather of insincerity; for what man can walk accurately by the law of truth for one day? No, the great man does not boast himself sincere, far from that; perhaps does not ask himself if he is so: I would say rather, his sincerity does not depend on himself: he cannot help being sincere! (1840, p. 59) Carlyle’s glowing description of the Prophet, based on his research of the Prophet’s interactions with others and his desire for them to do according to God’s will, continued describing the Prophet Muhammad as: a silent great soul, he was one of those who cannot but be in earnest, whom nature herself has appointed to be sincere. While others walk in formulas and hearsays, contented enough to dwell there, this man could not screen him in formulas; he was alone with his own soul and the reality of things. . . Such sincerity, as we named it, has in very truth some thing of divine. The word of such a man is a voice direct from nature's own heart. Men do and must listen to that as to nothing else, - - - all else is wind in comparison. (1840, p. 71) Carlyle described Prophet Muhammad’s fidelity in the following situation with his wife Ayesha thus: It is a boundless favour. He never forgot this good kadijah. Long afterwards, Ayesha his young favourite wife, a woman

who indeed distinguished herself among the moslems, by all manner of qualities, through her whole long life; this young brilliant Ayesha was, one day, questioning him. “Now am not I better than kadijah? She was a widow; old, and had lost her looks: you love me better than you did her?” “No, by Allah!” answered Mahomet: “no, by Allah! She believed in me when none else would believe. In the whole world I had but one friend, and she was that!... (1840, p.76)