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Livelihood Strategies and Food Security in Southern Ethiopia

Livelihood Strategies and Food Security in Southern Ethiopia

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Published by adugnaw

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: adugnaw on Nov 20, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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In this study, it is assumed that the ultimate goal of rural households’ livelihood strategy is

primarily to ensure food security of its members. Since, it is logical to assess livelihood

strategies outcome food security status of the rural households as food security and livelihood

strategies are inextricable phenomenon in agrarian societies like Ethiopia (Tesfaye, 2003).

There are a number of food security measurement techniques as has been discussed in

literature review part of this study. Keeping in mind the objectives stated food security at the

household level is measured by direct survey of income, expenditure, and consumption and

comparing it with the minimum subsistence requirement. In this regard, expenses are used to

compute the status of food security, i.e., food energy intake method to find a monetary value


of the poverty line at which “basic needs” are met was employed. To obtain the estimated cost

of acquiring the calorie recommended daily allowance (RDA) that is, 2200 kcal per adult

equivalent per day. The calorie intake result was calculated by using the standard food

composition table prepared by Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Institute (EHNRI, 2000) and

Food and Nutrition Bulletin (Tilahun et al., 2004) (see also Appendix Table 3). The value of

RDA at an average price of grain in 2006/2007 local market was estimated.


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