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Soofer Falls

THE MOST SATISFYING PLACE ON EARTH


Elliott Soofer
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
SECTION 1
The jewel of the rainforest glimmers
as the warm, glittery water plum-
mets down covered by grey mist hov-
ering over a small pond. The fog
dances around the waterfall as the
small birds chirp nesting on there
trees. The smell of the moist damp
leaves surrounding the pond gives a
Introduction
1
This image displays the geography upon which the civilization Soofer falls will thrive.
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
rich sensation to the forest. When the rainforest
animals look down at the water, expecting to see a
reection, all they see is darkness because of the
millions of rocks that cover the pond oor. The
river that leads up to the waterfall comes from a
small lake that is rapidly getting drained out. Un-
der the
waterfall
there is a
small
cave with
stalac-
tites, that
very
much look like icicles. The weather in the rainfor-
est is unbearably hot. If you would look down
from the clouds, all you would see would be vege-
tation, water and rocks. The sounds of little but-
teries apping their wings are like the tatter of a
woodpecker. All the sounds that the animals
make sound like a symphony of instruments. It is
a magnicent representation of Mother Nature.
Upon this land will be born the civilization of
Soofer Falls . A civilization whose design has been
inspired from the study of past civilizations such
as the Aztecs, the Romans, the Greeks, the Arabs,
and many more. This book will document the
steps needed to be taken for the design of a suc-
cessful civilization; specically in regards to modi-
cations of physical environment, infrastructure,
development, and the favorable characteristics of
government, spiritual belief systems, and culture.
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Above the trees of a rainforest
Image 1.1 Rainforest
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
Upon this land will be born the civilization of
Soofer Falls . A civilization whose design has been
inspired from the study of past civilizations such
as the Aztecs, the Romans, the Greeks, the Arabs,
and many more. This book will document the
steps needed to be taken for the design of a suc-
cessful civilization; specically in regards to modi-
cations of physical environment, infrastructure,
development, and the favorable characteristics of
government, spiritual belief systems, and culture.
3
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
A strong, successful man is not the victim of his environment. He creates
favorable conditions. His own inherent force and energy compel thing so
turn out as he desires. - Orison Swett Marden
CHAPTER 1
4
Modifications
Slash and Burn
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
SECTION 1
Part 1 - Analysis of the Problem
A Rainforest is a very hard place to start a civiliza-
tion due to the fact that there is barely any wild-
life, land for farming, and clean water. Vegetables
are very scarce and the civilization of Soofer Falls
would rely on fruit and animals. Sooner or later
animals would go into extinction and the Soofer
falls colony would be left with only fruit and a no
Human Changes to the Land
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The crazy jungle of Soofer falls
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
protein based diet. The people of Soofer falls
would slowly die out. Even if a civilization found
a piece of land to use it would be very hard to
grow crops because of the alight amount of sun-
light that shines on Soofer Falls. The water that
ows in the
waterfall is
very dirty
and could con-
tain many dis-
eases. This
would be a
very big problem for a civilization. The people
would have to some how lter the water so that it
would be safe to drink. They would probably
have to store water by making watersheds, but
that is risky because some of the animals might
swim in the water and contaminate it. A tough
task that the people would have to face is a certain
area to build a shelter.
That is a hard decision
because there is a dan-
ger of poisonous snakes
and spiders and other
creatures that could
harm a civilization while they are sleeping. If it
were going to rain, (which happens a lot) the rain-
fall would not hit the roof as hard if trees covered
them. The civilization of Soofer Falls would strug-
gle a lot in this rainforest.
Part II - Proposed Solutions
6
This is a image of a modication that which Soofer
Falls would use
Image 1.2 Reservoir
Floating Gardens
Image 1.3 Floating Gardens
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
In order for a civiliza-
tion to thrive, it had
to be able to modify
its environment so
that it can develop a
stable reliable food
supply. An environ-
mental modication
is any change that a being(s) makes to the physi-
cal environment to better suit its needs. For exam-
ple, slashing and burning a forest so that a civiliza-
tion has at land for farming. Making two levies
so that the lake would not overow. A civilization
that cannot transform and modify its environment
to t there basic needs will not thrive and prosper.
.Soofer Falls is located in a rainforest which pro-
vides little to none land to plant food and crops.
To x this problem the people of Soofer Falls
could make oating gardens in the lake and also
use the technique of slash and burn to make open
land. Then the land would be cleared and there
would be area to plant crops. This would give the
Soofer Falls civilization a great amount of food
available.
2.The water that ows through the waterfall may
contain many diseases so the people of Soofer
Falls would not be able to drink out of the lake.
The civilization would make very high water
sheds so that the rain would ll up the water-
sheds. (Arabs Frey 77-80) They would be so high,
that animals would not be
able to access the water.
This would give them an
unlimited amount of wa-
ter due to the good
amount of rainfall that
happens each day.
3. Many poisonous animals are in the rainforest,
which means you have to be careful where you set-
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Poisonous red dart frog
contaminated waterfall
Image 1.5 Poisonous frog
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
tle. The civilization would have to make a shelter
is up above the trees so that animals would not be
able to get to the people while they are sleeping.
There is a danger of rain damaging the thatched
roof that the civilization would make, so they
would have to make there houses under trees so
that the rainfall wouldnt be as powerful hitting
the roofs. It is a tough decision to make on where
you locate your home.
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Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
A government big enough to give you everything you want is a
government big enough to take from everything you have.
CHAPTER 2
9
Law and Government
- Gerald R. Ford
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
SECTION 1
Lessons on Democracy
In ancient Athens, the democracy let everyone
have an opinion. As Frey states, Athens became
a direct democracy around 500 B.C.E. Unlike mod-
ern democracies, Athens allowed only free men to
be citizens. (261) Every citizen could take part in
cities government. A group called the council of
500 met every day. In addition, the Assembly met
This is a illustration of a Roman senate gathering.
Maintaining Civil Order
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on a hill every 10 days. At least 6,000 citizens had
to present for a meeting to take place. As Frey
states, The assembly debated and voted on laws
proposed by the Council. Every citizen had the
right to speak at Assembly meetings.(261) If a citi-
zen did not come to the meeting, they
would be dragged to the
assembly with a red rope.
This is the same method
U.S.A uses too (But not
with a red rope, they would just re that person
from there job). Everyone has a chance to speak
up, freedom of speech, no matter who you are.
Overall Athens didnt want just one ruler; they
wanted their whole civilization to have a voice.
An important lesson to learn from Sparta is age re-
quirement. For example, if kids were running the
government, Sparta would be chaotic and unor-
ganized because the kids would not have any wis-
dom nor knowledge for running a government.
As Frey states, To be elected into the Council of
Elders, you have to be 60 years or older and serve
for life. (265) The council of elders held the real
power in Sparta. As Frey states, It prepared laws
for the Assembly to vote on, and it had the power
to stop any laws passed by the assembly that the
council members didnt like. (265) The Assembly
didnt have much power; basically they made
laws for the council of Elders to really submit
them to the public.
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This is a drawing of a Assembly in Rome.
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/co
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
An important lesson to learn from Rome is that
everyone should have the same rights no matter
what. If not there will be a revolt. An example of
this is when the plebeians stopped working and
camped out until they got more rights. Same as
the Bart strike, when the workers stopped doing
their job for more money. The plebeians had to
ght for what they wanted. As Frey states, They
began to demand more political rights. The strug-
gle between the plebeians and the patricians were
known as the Conict of orders, or conict be-
tween the classes. (320) They hated each other be-
cause the patricians (5% of Rome) had all the
power, and the plebeians (95% of Rome) had no
power. The Plebeians revolt led to a major change
in Roman government. As Frey states, The patri-
cians agreed to let the plebeians elect ofcials
called Tribunes of Plebs. The tribunes spoke for
the plebeians to the senate and the consuls.(320)
The plebeians nal gained some political rights,
but they still had less than the patricians. Over the
next 200 years the plebeians protested till they
had equal political rights. As Frey states, First,
they demanded that the laws be written down.
That way, the patricians couldnt change them at
will. The laws were written down on tablets
called the Twelve Tables. (320) After 200 years of
struggle, the plebeians had won their ght
equally.
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Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
Code of Laws
Several major threats that Soofer
Falls was suffering from were
natural, humanly and many oth-
ers. Having laws helped the civili-
zation of Soofer Falls to draw a
line so that the civilization didnt get out of hand.
Laws show people what the limit is to everything
and what the consequence is for doing something
one is not supposed to do.
1. If one murders someone else, the persons
toes, ngers, and hair will be cut off and a symbol
of shame will be tattooed onto the citizens head.
This person will be thrown in jail for life.
2. If one steals, he/she will be brought to court,
and if it is a big robbery, he/she will spend a large
amount of years in jail, if it is a minor robbery,
fewer years in jail. (At least on year).
3. If a single person wants to immigrate into
Soofer Falls, he/she must pay a large amount of shil-
lings; if a family wants to live here, they must pay
triple the ne of a single person. If not you may not
come in.
4. Citizens must have an I.D that says that then
are allowed to be armed. To get an I.D you must be
in the security department or the army. Also you
could have an I.D if you are a hunter, but you must
past a test to become one. If not carrying an I.D and
you are armed, you are kicked out of the civiliza-
tion.
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This is the Code of Hammurabi.
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wi
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
5. You must ask the government for permission
to modify the environment, if one does not ask,
he/she will pay a big ne and the criminals
whole house will be taken down.
6. If one wants to live in Soofer Falls, they must
work 6 days a week and be productive. Either
at their own house or at a workplace.
The laws must be obeyed for our civilization to be
successful. We are trying to get the message to our
citizens that violent crime is unacceptable.There
are very bad consequences for doing such a thing.
It is not worth the risk. As for stealing, we hope
this does not happen a lot. Whoever wants to live
in Soofer Falls, must be able to get food and sup-
plies on their own. We want our civilization to
represent power and wealth so in order to immi-
grate into my civilization you must pay. If you are
able to pay the amount of money that means that
you are wealthy. Requiring every citizen wealthy,
there will be no ghts between the poor and the
rich. When the new citizens come in they pay the
shillings to the government. The government uses
the money to keep the civilization clean and to
keep making the surrounding wall bigger and
sturdier. The safer Soofer Falls gets, the more sur-
rounding successful it gets. By making every
armed man or women wear an I.D, this makes the
citizens feel safer when they see people armed. It
is important to Soofer Falls to make everyone feel
safe about where they are living. Lastly, Soofer
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Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
Falls is a very big yet there are many people living
inside the walls. We would like everyone to have
the same type of house but maybe with a few
modications. But most importantly you must ask
before you do so. This is very important for any
civilization. We want Soofer Falls to grow and by
making many modi-
cations it could take
up too much space.
The law of theft in-
spired me to make
my law because it
shows that we mean business and dont try any-
thing funny or else you will get killed. The law is
very similar to his. We put the victim in jail but he
killed the victim right away. I feel like criminals
should suffer and not take the easy way out.
Political Leadership Lessons from Julius Caesar
Political lessons that Soofer Falls have learned
from Julius Caesars rule are to make the citizens
happy, continuing to expand and grow the wealth
of a civilization, making everyone feel equal and
happy. For example, as Frey states, To keep the
poor happy, he staged gladiator contests they
could watch for free. (Frey 17) This shows how
much he cared for the citizens of Rome. He also
limited the amount of slaves people could own so
that poor people could nd better jobs.
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This shows how important he was to Rome
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
To add on to that he reduced taxes and made tax
collections fairer. By doing this more people
wanted to come to Rome because of the low tax
rate. Caesar was smart by doing this. Because his
civilization grew, he actually made more money
than before because there were more people living
there, but just paying slightly less taxes. As Frey
states, The aristocrats of Rome and many sena-
tors feared that the republican government would
never be restored and Caesar would hand down
his leadership to an heir. He was warned by con-
spiracy, but Caesar chose to ignore. (Frey 170)
Soofer Falls learned from Caesars mistake to al-
ways come prepared and dont ignore what is
warned against you. My government is always
prepared for a murder and is always making sure
everyone is happy with what is going on. We have
weekly meetings making sure that everyone
doesnt have a problem with how our civilization
is being ran.
Political Leadership of
Augustus Caesar
The civilization of learned that a good leader is
one who keeps peace. Augustus was that type of
leader.
One of his main priorities was to prevent civil
wars from happening. Civil wars are one of the
This is a statue of augustus Caesar
http://www.alloftimeonline.com/A
ugustusCaesar.jpg
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Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
worst things that could happen to Soofer Falls be-
cause all the hard work go down the drain be-
cause of the war. Once a civil war is started it is
very hard to stop. Augustus thought of a way to
prevent this from happening. First, he gained alle-
giance from Roman senators, and then he made
soldiers swear allegiance to him, not the senate.
This helped him solve his problem because he
knew the soldiers were now on his side. To get all
the citizens on his side, he had to improve the
quality of life and safety for the people of Rome. I
think this is very important to Soofer Falls be-
cause Soofer Falls wants everyone to feel like their
home is safe and there is nothing to be worried
about. Caesar established a police and re depart-
ment to make sure everything was in hand and
not to crazy. By including this into a civilization,
the leader worries less about keeping the civiliza-
tion straight, and it also makes the citizens feel
safer. According to Mrs. Lomaxs power point,
Augustus restored forums, and built temples so
that the quality of Rome would be the best it
could be. This makes a civilization feel prouder
about their work and city, and it gives them moti-
vation to keep doing what they are doing. Sooner
or later Augustus knew that he needed Rome to
be more efcient. First, he built new roads to im-
prove communication and trade. Second, he or-
dered a census to count people in the empire so
tax collection would be more efcient. By using
Caesars methods to speed up the efciency of a
civilization, it makes Soofer Falls always having
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Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
something to do because there is no time for sit-
ting around. If Soofer Falls follows Augustuss
ideas, my civilization will be one of the most
peaceful places in the world.
The Decline of the Western Roman Empire
The Western Roman Empire had many political
and social problems, but perhaps the biggest prob-
lem was trying to guard the perimeters of Rome.
For Soofer Falls not to make the same mistake
Western Rome did, my civilization will build a
wall that will surround Soofer Falls. By doing this,
the guards dont have to watch over too much
land. Checkpoints will be located about every kilo-
meter so that the guards make sure no one is try-
ing to brake in. By putting fewer guards on the pe-
rimeter of Soofer Falls, there is money left to pay
the guards in the interior of the civilization. Since
the Romans owned so much land, it was very
hard for
them to
guard all of
it. Also, a
big disad-
vantage
from having so much land is taking car and clean-
ing the streets of Rome. Rome couldnt afford to
keep the civilization clean, guard their citizens or
even make job opportunities for the poor. As Frey
states, The huge size of the empire made it hard
to defend. It sometimes took weeks for leaders to
communicate with the generals. (Frey 7-8).
Soofer Falls strategies would be, if they had too
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This shows the decline of Western Rome
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
much land, they would sell a quarter of their land,
and make a lot of money doing that. By having
less land, the civilization would not have to take
care of as much land, and they would have money
to pay for Soofer Falls to keep clean. It is a win,
win.
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Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
All the religions of the world, while they may differ in other respects, unitedly proclaim that nothing
lives in this world but Truth. - Mahatma Gandhi
CHAPTER 3
20
Belief Systems
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
SECTION 1
Utopia Soofer Falls
What would it be like if the
world didnt have belief systems and
moral values? There would be no di-
rections to tell between right and
wrong. This would cause chaos be-
cause the citizens will do whatever
they wanted with no limits and this
Imapct of Belief Systems
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Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
would cause the civilization to crumble. With a be-
lief system, the citizens of Soofer Falls will be able
to have some limits and not go too crazy. For ex-
ample, in ancient western Rome, they started to
decline because the territory started getting bigger
and bigger and they did not have a limit of how
much land they can control. They kept conquer-
ing and conquering more land, so that when they
were nished they
werent able to take care
for all of the land. When
that happens, there are
not enough security and
other civilizations can take over much of you
land. The result of this happening is that Rome
could have just sold the land and made a lot of
money, but instead the enemy got the land for
free. Soofer Falls will have a belief system for
sure, because without one, our
civilization will not be able to
thrive and protect our citizens.
In order to better understand
the importance of belief systems
within a civilization and how
they can inuence the actions
and decisions of a people, please consider the fol-
lowing moral dilemma:
A Callous Passerby
Roger Smith, a skillful swimmer, is out for a lei-
surely stroll. During the course of his walk he
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Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
passes by a deserted pier from which a teenage
boy who apparently cannot swim has fallen into
the water. The boy is screaming desperately for
help. Smith recognizes that there is absolutely no
danger to him if he jumps in to save the boy; he
could easily succeed if he tried. Nevertheless, he
chooses to ignore the boy's cries. "Why should I in-
convenience myself for this kid," Smith says to
himself, and passes on.
If Roger Smith were a Hindu, he would have
thought differently. Hindus think that if one lived
well, was kind and had no regrets, in the next life,
this person would be in a higher caste. As Frey
states, If people lived well, they might be born
into a higher class in their next life. If he were a
Hindu, Roger would have jumped into the water
and saved the child so that in his next life he
would be in a higher caste. Roger Smith decided
not to, and as a Hindu, that would have been a
bad decision and would lead to bad karma. This
would be not wise because as Frey states, If they
live badly, they could expect to be reborn in their
next life. (149). Roger might even be reborn as an
animal. Also, by Roger jumping in and trying to
save the child, he is risking his life. And if Roger
Smith dies trying to save the child, he might leave
his family devastated, and his wife lonely with no
one by her side, yet he would have good karma.
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Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
Overall, the right decision is to jump in and try to
save the child.
If Roger Smith were a Buddhist, he would have a
moral obligation to save the child. As the Eight-
fold Path states, Live a life of selessness, love
and nonviolence(8). Roger Smith was being self-
ish by saying that he doesnt want to ruin his day
for saving the child. He only thought about him-
self not about the kid who was about to maybe
drown. The Eightfold Path also states, Do not
kill, steal, or lie. Be honest Roger would be techni-
cally killing the boy by not jumping in and trying
to save him. He also might lie and say that he
never saw a child drowning and that would be
against the Eightfold Path. Either way he should
jump in and save the child.
Roger Smith wasnt a very wise man to just ignore
the child. As part of Confucianism, Roger would
not be following Confuciuss ways of teaching. As
Frey states, Confucius taught, Do not do to oth-
ers what you would not want done to you.(8)
Roger walked by the child, not feeling empathy
for the child. He only had to ask, what if I was in
that situation, would I want someone just to walk
by me, or try to help me? If Roger Smith had
kids or was going to have kids and some how his
children nd out what happened, that would be
setting a bad example for his children. As Frey
states, In return, those with authority such as rul-
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Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
ers, fathers, husbands, and older siblings, must set
a good example. If Roger Smith were a Confu-
cian, he should have at least called for help or
jumped in and tried to save the child who was
drowning.
Roger Smith, a great swimmer, was walking and
saw a kid drowning and just walked past him.
First off, he should have at least called the police,
or helped guide the kid how to get out. He didnt
and just pretended to not see the child. This was
just a bad decision in every way, he is going to
have bad Karma and in his next life he is going to
be in a lower caste. If the kid drowns, Roger will
always have the thought of killing a child. He will
regret this no matter what.
Samid
The Great pyramid of Giza inuenced Soofer
Falls amazing design of the Samid. Soofer Falls
Samid honors the afterlife of every citizen. Lo-
cated in the pyramid are three temples. Respect is
very important to the civilization; when some one
passs away, we must honor him/her with much
respect. With respect comes responsibility; Soofer
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The Great Pyramid of Samid
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
Falls is responsible to
bury every citizen no
matter what. Also like
the Samid, the Great
pyramid of Giza has
three temples, called the kings chamber, Queens
chamber, and the subterranean chamber. Unlike
my civilization, the Egyptians only honored three
people. As National Geographic states, The Great
Pyramid was the centerpiece of an elaborate com-
plex, which included several small pyramids, ve
boat pits, a mortuary temple, a causeway, a valley
temple, and many at-roofed tombs for ofcials
and some members of the royal family. Although
the design of the Samid is very much alike the
Great Pyramid of Giza, Egyptians worshipped
one family, and us Sooferians believe that our
whole community is one family. Another moral
value that Soofer Falls follows is Health. The fami-
lies of the dead people want to feel good about
where there loved one is going to be treated. It
wont be healthy for families see their family mem-
ber just thrown into a hole. They want to make
sure there loved one is going to be in good hands.
Soofer Falls needs to know that the Samid is a
very sacred and valuable place in my civilization.
Without it there would be no place to pray or
burry there loved ones. The Samid gives an oppor-
tunity for citizens to connect with the dead and
pray for them. The main goal for Soofer Falls is to
be happy; for this to be successful we must be re-
spectful to each other. If we have respect, responsi-
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The Great Pyramid of Giza
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
bility, and health, we will become a very powerful
civilization
Coat of Arms
My symbols repre-
sent night, day,
light, and sadness.
The color red rep-
resents ghting and protecting yourself from ene-
mies. Yellow represents hope and responsibility.
Black and white represents Ying Yang. Orange rep-
resents fun and happiness. Grey represents the cir-
cle of life, from birth, to death. These colors repre-
sent the skies. The skies communicate to people to
tell them what type of day it is going to be.
Role of the Church
The church had the power and resources to con-
vince people of what was right or wrong and also
tell them what to do. The church was the center of
medieval life. They helped everything stay in or-
der and made sure everyone stayed healthy and
happy. The church gained ten percent of every-
ones earnings, so they had food and shelter for
the poor. This made the church a good place for
people to seek refuge and have some food that
they could not afford it. They built the rst univer-
sities in Western Europe and this helped people
learn how to read and write better. But the church
leaders somewhat regretted building these univer-
sities and letting people study writers who might
27
This is a picture of my Coat of Arms
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
lead to people questioning the churchs teachings.
The church had power over most people. As Frey
states, The church taught people who gained
salvation, or entry into heaven and eternal life by
following the churchs teachings and living a
moral life.(34) To believers, hell was a real and
terrifying place. Thats why the people would do
anything to get into heaven. As Frey states, At
times the churchs power brought it into conict
with European monarchs. One key struggle in-
volved Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV, the Holy
Roman emperor(32). The pope threw out henry,
and he lost his salvation. He waited for 3 days out-
side in the cold to gain back his salvation. This
shows that even the emperor obeyed the church.
The reason why the emperor and many other peo-
ple obeyed the church was because they were
scared that they wouldnt make it to heaven. They
also thought more about how there life of chaos
right now was worth it, because they will gain sal-
vation for eternity. This is why the church had the
power to convince people of what is right or
wrong.
28
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
At all times, think like a writer, and keep those antennae
twitching - that way, you pick up new ideas.-Ian Rankin
CHAPTER 4
29
Ideas
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
Humanists Ideas
Europe changed in the early 1300s because of
new ideas, questions, and ways of thinking
brought by Humanism. Humanists were people
that tried to put ancient ideas into practice. As
Frey states, Humanist ideals also affected peo-
ples thinking about social standing(321). Hu-
manists also believed that all people had the abil-
ity to control their own lives and achieve great-
ness. As Frey states, One of the rst humanists
was a Italian poet Francesco Petrarch(320). The
renaissance brought many advances to many dif-
ferent things. Scholars and others made great ad-
vances in science and mathematics. As Frey states,
Before the Renaissance, most of what people be-
lieved about the natural world was based on ideas
in ancient Greek and Roman texts(329). Instead,
of relying on books and theories, scientist began
to perform experiments. One of the most creative
renaissance thinkers was Leonardo da Vinci. He
was a scientist, inventor, and an artist. As Frey
states, Leonardo was endlessly curious. He did
not accept anything as true until he proved it him-
self(329). This made people question the church
because there was no proof that the church was
right. The beliefs of humanists challenge the idea
of the catholic church because people would ask
for valid explanation. During the renaissance,
many scientist were discovering the truth of plan-
ets and the world. The Roman Catholic church
had lost its power because of new beliefs from sci-
30
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
entists. According to Frey, Renaissance scientists
proposed new ideas about stars and planets
(321). this quote shows there were more theories
to challenge the church. The beliefs and ideas of
humanists challenge the ideas and changed the
tradition of paintings by making paintings much
more realistic. Adding feelings to faces, realistic
backgrounds, use of perspective. Renaissance art-
ists used several different techniques to indicate
depth. One was the size of objects. As Frey states,
The smaller a painted object, the farther way it ap-
pears to be. The larger an object, the closer it ap-
pears to be(326). Many painters also learned that
a felling of depth could be created by lines that
came closer together as they receded into the dis-
tance. In conclusion, Europe changed in the early
1300s because of new ideas, questions, and ways
of thinking brought by Humanism.
Humanist Paragraph 2
If Humanism
were brought to
Soofer Falls, many
laws would be
changed, and the
environment
would be more focused on nature than the people
of Soofer Falls. As Frey states, This way of think-
ing. Humanism sought to balance religious faith
with an emphasis on individual dignity and an in-
31
http://www.timetoast.com/t A Vesuvian Man-
Man
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
terest in nature and human society(320). This
quote shows that Humanists believed that every
individual should be honored, nature should be
respected, and every human should be treated the
same. Soofer Falls would benet from humanists
because there would be a healthier environment,
and no one would be complaining about social
ranking and such. As the laws of Soofer Falls
states, If one wants to live in Soofer Falls, they
must work 6 days a week and be productive. Ei-
ther at their own house or at a workplace(Soofer
29). Humanist would question the belief system of
getting a job because they think each person
should do what they want, not having someone
tell them what to do. The reason why I made this
law exists is so that everyone who lives in the civi-
lization will not just be sitting there, they will be
productive citizens. Humanists would believe
that if would believe that if you want money food
and shelter, you must work. A person can still be
in the civilization is you dont work, but the citi-
zen may not earn money. Humanists would also
question Soofer Falls focusing on humans so
much. Humanists believe that the citizen should
take care of nature and treat it very well. Human-
ists would make everyone reuse, reduce, and recy-
cle plastic and limit plastic entering the air. If na-
ture stays healthy, Soofer Falls stays healthy. Hu-
manist ideas will help Soofer Falls change and
thrive and make the civilization much better than
before.
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Questionable practices and teachings of the
Catholic Church
The Reformation began in the early 1500s and
lasted into the 1600s. Until it began, all Christians
in Western Europe were Catholics. Humanists
were often not religious in their thinking. The Hu-
manists believed in free thought and questioned
many accepted beliefs.
There were two major problems that weakened
the Catholic Church. As Frey states, The rst was
worldliness and corruption within the church.
The second was political conict between the
pope and European monarchs(348). The church
was a political and economic organization as well
as a religious one. People who were supposedly
dedicated to the church failed to live up to their
role as religious leaders. Some seemed to ignore
Christian values and morals. People were trou-
bled by the way many church ofcials tried to get
money to support the church. One practice was
the selling of indulgences. An indulgence was
when a person was released of all of his/hers sins.
As Frey states, During the Middle Ages, the
church granted indulgences in return for gifts to
the church and other good works(348). Many
Catholics were very mad because of the abuse of
33
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
selling Indulgences. As Frey states, The church
also sold ofces, or
leadership posi-
tions. This practice
is called simo-
ny(348). People
questioned other practices as well. All Catholics
had to pay taxes to the church. Many people
didnt want to pay taxes to Rome as well as to
their own government. The church members got
tired of paying taxes and watching the clergys
robes get more and more bejeweled.
By the early 1500s, there was considerable trouble
in the church. The ideas and questions of Reform-
ers such as Martin Luther and John Wycliffe
changed what Christians though about the
church. The Reformers thought that salvation was
given from God, not from buying indulgences. As
Frey states, No one, he believed, could earn sal-
vation. Instead, salvation was a gift from God that
people received in faith(352). Also John Wycliffe
challenged the churchs right to money that it de-
manded from England. As Frey states, He also at-
tacked indulgences and immoral behavior on the
part of the clergy(350). Jan Hus was a priest in Bo-
hemia; who criticized the wealth of the church
and spoke out against the popes authority. As
Frey states, Hus wanted to purify the church
and return it to the people. He called for an end to
corruption among the clergy(351). The church
was not fond of Jan Hus beliefs, and so burned
34
http://www.biography.c
Martin Luther
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
Hus at the stake. The church was now being ques-
tioned about all of the practices such as simony, in-
dulgences and many others.
Many Germans saw Luther as a hero. The
church wanted to change that. The ways the
church tried to stop the Protestants was burning
them to the stake, usually. Even though many hu-
manists and other people were dying off, the
church was still being questioned. By the late Mid-
dle Ages, the Catholic Church had been weakened
by corruption and political struggles.
Power of Ideas 3
If the civilization of Soofer Falls were to nominate
someone to raise the bar of intelligence and engi-
neering, Leonardo Da Vinci would be the guy.
Leonardo brings in many talents that Soofer Falls
could take advantage of. As Frey states, Leon-
ardo was gifted in many elds. He was an accom-
plished painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, and
inventor(344). Leonardo had one of the greatest
creative minds of all time. Soofer Falls would
thrive under his ideas and inventions. The goal of
this civilization is to keep improving and Leon-
ardo would help the people of Soofer Falls to get
to that goal. Many of the inventions he drew such
as a helicopter and submarine were way more ad-
vanced than the time they were in. As Frey states,
Leonardos art inspired other great artists, such
as Michelangelo. With his many interests and tal-
ents, Leonardo is a nearly perfect example of the
spirit of the Renaissance(344). Leonardo would
35
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3
inuence all of Soofer Falls and inspire many peo-
ple to be like him. Not only would Da Vinci have
an effect on Soofer Falls itself, but he would also
inspire the citizens living there.
36
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SECTION 1
Bibliography
37
Frey, Wendy. History Alive!: The Ancient World. Palo Alto, CA: Teachers Curriculum Institute, 2011. Print
Frey, Wendy. History Alive!: The Medieval World and Beyond. Palo Alto, CA: Teachers Curriculum Institute, 2011. Print
Dr. Mr. Elliott Soofer Thursday, June 5, 2014 9:30:45 AM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:d0:a3